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Acton (UK Parliament constituency)

Acton was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, created for the 1918 general election. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election.

Acton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County1918–1965: Middlesex
1965–1983: Greater London
19501983
Number of membersOne
Replaced byEaling Acton
19181950
Number of membersOne
Type of constituencyCounty constituency
Created fromEaling
Acton in Middlesex, 1918–45
Acton in Middlesex, 1945–50

The constituency was abolished for the 1983 general election, and replaced by the new Ealing Acton constituency.

BoundariesEdit

The seat was incepted by the Representation of the People Act 1918 which increased the number of seats where population had expanded such as in Middlesex due to the conurbation growing around the County of London. It was based on the town of Acton. The seat consisted of the Acton Urban District which became a Municipal Borough in 1921.

A redistribution of Parliamentary seats, which took effect at the 1950 United Kingdom general election made no change to the boundaries; its legislation, affecting election expenses and returning officer re-classified, the seat as a borough constituency.

In 1965 the area became part of the London Borough of Ealing and Greater London.

In the redistribution which took effect at the February 1974 general election, the seat to the west, Ealing South, was abolished and this seat absorbed most of its area to reach the electoral quota, it having been heavily underweight in electorate. The seat in statute and statutory instrument became variously Ealing: Acton and Acton under a heading of London Borough of Ealing (from 1983 it formally acquired the name Ealing Acton - see Ealing Acton).

Components
  • 1945-1974: Acton M.B.[1][2]
  • 1974-1983 (abolition): Six wards (being the area before with the addition of the centre of the new borough) in the London Borough of Ealing: Central, East, Hanger Hill, Heathfield, Southfield and Springfield.[3]

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election 1918: Acton [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Harry Brittain 11,671 73.3 N/A
Labour Robert Dunsmore 4,241 26.7 N/A
Majority 7,430 46.6 N/A
Turnout 15,912 53.9 N/A
Registered electors 29,539
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1922: Acton[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Harry Brittain 10,208 49.9 −23.4
Labour Mary Richardson 5,342 26.2 −0.5
Liberal Neville Dixey 4,877 23.9 N/A
Majority 4,866 23.7 −22.9
Turnout 20,427 67.1 +13.2
Registered electors 30,425
Unionist hold Swing −11.5
General election 1923: Acton [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Harry Brittain 8,943 44.9 −5,0
Labour Herbert Alphonsus Baldwin 6,069 30.5 +4.3
Liberal Bertram Arthur Levinson 4,909 24.6 +0.7
Majority 2,874 14.4 −9.3
Turnout 19,921 63.5 −3.6
Registered electors 31,394
Unionist hold Swing −4.7
General election 1924: Acton [5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Harry Brittain 12,799 55.2 +10.3
Labour Herbert Alphonsus Baldwin 5,583 24.0 −6.5
Liberal Bertram Arthur Levinson 3,074 13.2 −11.4
Democratic Labour Mary Richardson 1,775 7.6 N/A
Majority 7,216 31.2 +16.8
Turnout 23,231 72.6 +9.1
Registered electors 31,999
Unionist hold Swing +8.4
General election 1929: Acton [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Shillaker 13,206 41.4 +17.4
Unionist Harry Brittain 12,739 39.9 -14.2
Liberal Frank Medlicott 5,981 18.7 +5.5
Majority 467 1.5 31.6
Turnout 31,926 75.5
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +15.8

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hubert Duggan 24,196 66.99
Labour James Shillaker 11,924 33.01
Majority 12,272 33.98
Turnout 75.5
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hubert Duggan 19,137 58.5
Labour William McLaine 13,559 41.5
Majority 5,578 17.1
Turnout 67.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940sEdit

1943 Acton by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Longhurst 5,014 60.3
Ind. Labour Party Walter Padley 2,336 28.1 N/A
Independent Dorothy Crisp 707 8.5 N/A
Independent Edward Godfrey 258 3.1 N/A
Majority 2,678 32.2
Turnout 8,315
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Sparks 19,950 56.1
Conservative Henry Longhurst 12,134 34.8
Liberal Francis Joseph Halpin 3,172 9.1
Majority 7,456 21.4
Turnout 77.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1950
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Sparks 21,751 49.1
Conservative George F Willment 19,116 43.1
Liberal Pauline Furniss 2,781 6.3
Communist Albert F Papworth 663 1.5
Majority 2,635 6.0
Turnout 87.8
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Sparks 23,287 52.2
Conservative Leslie Frank Ramseyer 21,296 47.8
Majority 1,991 4.5
Turnout 86.9
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Sparks 20,645 50.6
Conservative John Leslie Bott 20,120 49.4
Majority 525 1.3
Turnout 82.6
Labour hold Swing
General election 1959
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Holland 19,358 51.2
Labour Joseph Sparks 18,438 48.8
Majority 920 2.4
Turnout 80.7
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1964
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bernard Floud 17,022 49.3
Conservative Philip Holland 14,423 41.8
Liberal Barwys Niel Martin-Kaye 3,049 8.8
Majority 2,599 7.5
Turnout 77.4
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1966
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bernard Floud 18,541 57.7
Conservative Kenneth Baker 13,600 42.3
Majority 4,941 15.4
Turnout 74.0
Labour hold Swing
1968 Acton by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Baker 12,242 48.67 +6.36
Labour Walter Johnson 8,522 33.88 -23.81
Liberal Frank Davis 2,868 11.40 N/A
National Front Andrew Fountaine 1,400 5.57 N/A
Independent Harold Fox 75 0.30 N/A
Independent William Gold 44 0.17 N/A
Majority 3,720 14.79
Turnout 25,151
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1970
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Nigel Spearing 13,960 48.0 -9.7
Conservative Kenneth Baker 13,300 45.7 +3.4
Liberal Dion Scherer 1,583 5.44 N/A
Communist Maurice Costin 258 0.9 N/A
Majority 660 2.3 -13.1
Turnout 29,101 66.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General election February 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Young 18,492 43.3
Labour Nigel Spearing 17,041 39.9
Liberal Mario Uziell-Hamilton 7,160 16.8
Majority 1,451 3.4
Turnout 75.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election October 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Young 17,669 45.2
Labour Glen Alexander Barnham 16,861 43.1
Liberal Mario Uziell-Hamilton 4,569 11.7
Majority 808 2.1
Turnout 69.9
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Young 21,056 51.9
Labour Glen Alexander Barnham 15,258 37.6
Liberal S Rowley 3,549 8.7
National Front C Wakley 501 1.2
Irish National Party J O'Leary 243 0.6
Majority 5,798 14.3
Turnout 71.4
Conservative hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948, Sch. 1, at Middlesex (B) Borough Constituencies (page 107) http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1948/65/pdfs/ukpga_19480065_en.pdf
  2. ^ Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970 number 1674), Sch 1 (list of contents of existing seats) at page 5454 (or 11 of 76)
  3. ^ Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970 (S.I. 1970 number 1674), Sch 2 (list of contents of new seats) at page 5491 (or 48 of 76)
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1922
  5. ^ a b c d Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 421. ISBN 0-900178-01-9.
  6. ^ Walker, Michael. "Labour Candidates 1922 and 1923 - West London". Hayes People History. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  7. ^ "The General Election. First Returns, Polling In The Boroughs". The Times. 31 May 1929. p. 7.