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Ethécatl, the Acolhua God of Wind, Musée du quai Branly

The Acolhua are a Mesoamerican people who arrived in the Valley of Mexico in or around the year 1200 CE.[1] The Acolhua were a sister culture of the Aztecs (or Mexica) as well as the Tepanec, Chalca, Xochimilca and others.

It is likely that the ruling family of the Acolhua were descended from Otomi speakers and did not speak Nahuatl until decreed by their ruler (tlatoani) Techotlalatzin.[2]

The Acolhua became the allies of the Aztecs against Tepanec.[3] The Acolhua settled most of the eastern Basin of Mexico. Their capital was Texcoco.[3]


  1. ^ Smith (1984, p.171), who arrives at this date by averaging six dates mentioned in early codices.
  2. ^ Davies (1980, p.129); Smith (1984, p.170).
  3. ^ a b Evans, Susan T. (1985). "The Cerro Gordo Site: A Rural Settlement of the Aztec Period in the Basin of Mexico". Journal of Field Archaeology. 12 (1): 1–18. doi:10.2307/529371. JSTOR 529371.