The Achensee Railway (German: Achenseebahn) is a 6.78 kilometres (4.21 mi) long metre gauge railway running between Jenbach ( ) and Seespitz ( ) on Lake Achensee in Tyrol (Austria). Within its length it rises some 440 metres (1,444 ft) in height, with the steeper sections using the Riggenbach rack system. It is Europe's oldest cog railway which is still steam operated.
Two locomotives at Jenbach station
|Line length||6.78 km (4.21 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
|Minimum radius||134 m (440 ft)|
|Maximum incline||Adhesion 2.5 %|
Rack rail 16 %
In 1886, Theodor Friedrich Freiherr von Dreifuss proposed to connect Jenbach to the Achensee. Despite concerns by villagers in the area, the proposal was supported by the monastery at Fiecht, which owned the Achensee and ran steam boats on the lake.
Consent to build the line was given on 1 August 1888 by Emperor Franz Josef. The line was constructed by the Soenderop Company of Berlin. The official opening of the line was on 8 June 1889. The line originally ended a short distance short of the pier for the steamboats as it was intended to run a luggage service between Seespitz station and the pier at an extra charge. The railway was extended to a new station serving the steamboats in 1916.
The railway carried its highest numbers of passengers during World War II and after the war the railway was an important method of supplying the region with goods and materials. In 1950, the Tirolean Water Company (TIWAG) acquired a majority of the shares in the railway, passing them to the villages of Achenkirch, Maurach and Eben in 1979. Carriage of freight ceased in 1973. The railway was remodelled with support from TIWAG, the Federal Government and State Government.
On 16 May 2008, the engine shed at Jenbach railway station was destroyed in a fire. Locomotives No.1 was damaged, but will be restored, as will the engine shed. Already at the season opening 2009 the shed has been completed and the No.1 was rebuilt.
All steam locomotives are 0-4-0RT engines.
|Number and name (original name)||Builder||Works number/year||Notes||Photo|
Eben am Achensee (Theodor)
|Wiener Lokomotivfabrik, Floridsdorf||701/1889||Damaged in 2008 fire. On display in Achenseer Museumswelt since 2009.|
|Wiener Lokomotivfabrik, Floridsdorf||702/1889||In service.|
|Wiener Lokomotivfabrik, Floridsdorf||703/1889||In service.|
|Wiener Lokomotivfabrik, Floridsdorf||704/1889||Withdrawn 1930, dismantled 1955 for spares.|
|Built using old frames of No.2, mechanism from No.3 and undamaged parts from No.1 and a second-hand boiler from Polandzh. In Service since 2008.|
The locomotives running services in June 2015 were No. 2 named "Hermann" and No. 3 named "Georg".
The Achensee Railway has four open and two closed four-wheel coaches. The open coaches dated from 1889 and were built in Graz. The closed coaches date from 1903 and 1907 and were built in Esslingen.
The Achenseebahn had four lowside open wagons, one highside open wagon and one van on opening. Three more lowsides were acquired new in 1926. These three vehicles were in service until 1973; the others were withdrawn in 1955.
The 6.78 km route has a track gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in). It runs between Jenbach and Achensee Schiffstation. The Riggenbach rack system is installed between Jenbach and Eben, from which point the line descends gently to Achensee Schiffstation. Upwards trains propel to Eben, where the engine runs round and hauls the coaches to the Achensee terminal. The engine leads throughout on the downward journey.
- "scenic train trips, steam train rides & dinner trains in europe". Traintraveling.com. Archived from the original on 2008-09-15. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
- Williamson, Kenneth G (September 2008). "Once upon a line: Achenseebahn". Continental Modeller. 30 (9): 558–563. ISSN 0955-1298.
- Karl Arne Richter (editor), Europäische Bahnen '11, Eurailpress, Hamburg, 2010, ISBN 978-3-7771-0413-3;