Kuber Nath Rai
Kuber Nath Ray
Rai on a 2019 stamp of India
|Born||26 March 1933|
Matsa Village, Dildarnagar Kamsar, Ghazipur, Uttar Pradesh, British India
|Died||5 June 1996(aged 63)|
|Occupation||Writer, essayist, scholar, poet|
|Notable works||Gandha Madan, Priya neel-kanti, Ras Aakhetak, Vishad Yog|
|Notable awards||Bharatiya Jnanpith|
Kuber Nath Ray was born in Matsa village of Ghazipur district in Uttar Pradesh, India. His father's name was Vakunth Narayan Rai. He got his early education at village Matsa. However he did his matriculation from Queen's College, Varanasi. For higher studies he got enrolled in Banaras Hindu University (BHU). He did his master's in English Literature from Calcutta University. As an academician he started his career with Vikram Vishvavidyalaya but after a short period he moved to Nalbari, Assam as a lecturer of English literature. He got retired from Swami Sahajanand Mahavidyalaya as its principal.
From 1958 to 1986 he was in Nalbari College, Assam as a lecturer in English Department. From 1986 to 1995 he was in Swami Sahajanand Saraswati PG College, Ghazipur, UP as a Principal. He got the Moortidevi Award from Bharatiya Jnanpith and many awards from UP, WB and Assam Government.
Kuber Nath Ray dedicated his writing entirely to the form of the essay.
His collections of essays Gandha Madan, Priya neel-kanti, Ras Aakhetak, Vishad Yog, Nishad Bansuri, Parna mukut have enormously enriched the form of essay. A scholar of Indian culture and western literature, he was proud of Indian heritage. His love for natural beauty and Indian folk literatures and preference for agricultural society over the age of machines, his romantic outlook, aesthetic sensibility, his keen eye on contemporary reality and classical style place him very high among contemporary essayists in Hindi.
- Andhkaar Mein Agnishikha, Prabhat Prakashan, ISBN 81-85826-61-7.
- Priya Neelkanthi, Bharatiya Jnanpith, 1969.
- Ras Aakhetak, Bharatiya Jnanpith, 1971.
- Gandhmaadan, Bharatiya Jnanpith, 1972.
- Nishad Bansuri, 1973.
- Vishad Yoga, National Publishing Hause (Delhi), 1974.
- Parn mukut, Lok Bhāratī Prakāśana (Allāhābād), 1978.
- Mahakavi ki Tarjani, National Publiśiṅg Hāuse (Delhi), 1979
- Patr:Maniputul ke naam, Viśvavidyālaya Prakāśana (Vārāṇasī), (1980) reprint 2004.
- Manpawan ki Nauka, Prabhāt Prakāśana (Delhi), 1983.
- Kirat nadi mein Chandramadhu, Viśvavidyālaya Prakāśana (Vārāṇasi), 1983.
- Dristi Abhisaar, National Publiśhiṅg Hāuse (New Delhi), 1984
- Treta ka vrihatsaam, National Publiśhiṅg Hāuse (New Delhi), 1986.
- Kaamdhenu, Rājapal& Sons (Delhi), 1990.
- Maraal, Bharatiya Jnanpith, 1993.
- Agam ki Nav
- Vani ka kshirsagar
- Ramayana Mahateertham, Bharatiya Jnanpith (New Delhi), 2002
- Kanthamani (Kavya Sangrah), Viśvavidyālaya Prakāśana, (Vārāṇasī), 1998
- Uttarkuru, 1993.
- Cinmaya Bhārata: ārsha-cintana ke buniyādī sūtra, Hindustānī Academy, (Allahabad), 1996
Anthologies of essaysEdit
- Kuberanātha Rāya ke pratinidhi nibandha, Sāhitya Bhavana (Allahabad), 1991
- Kuber Nath Rai Sanchayan, Sahitya Academy
- Maheshwari, Suresh (1999). Lalita nibandhakāra Kuberanātha Rāya : vyaktitva-kr̥titva kī lalita ālocanā. Bhavana Prakashan. p. 192. ISBN 978-81-7667-000-5.
- Tiwari, Vishwanath Prasad (2007). Bharatiya Sahitya ke Nirmata. Sahitya Akademi.
- Datta, Amaresh Datta (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian literature vol. 2. Sahitya Akademi. p. 914. ISBN 978-81-260-1194-0.
Works on RaiEdit
- Rajiv Ranjan, 'Bhartiyata Ki Sankalpana Aur Kuber Nath Rai' (2009) Dept. Of Lit. Mahatma Gandhi Anatrrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya, Wardha Maharashtra
- Kuber Nath Rai: Parichay Aur Pahchan, Rajiv Ranjan,2014, Ashish Prakashan Kanpur, ISBN 9788189457891
- DR. Ajay RAI, "Lalit Nibandh Parampara Aur Kubre Nath Rai" V.B.S Purvanchal University , Jaunpur, U.P.
- Sankar Chandak, Kuber Nath Rai Ke Nibandhan Ka Swaroop Aur Shilpa Vidhan. V.B.S Purvanchal University , Jaunpur, U.P., 2001.
- Vishwanath Prasad Tiwari, Bhartiya Sahitya ke Nirmata, Kubernath Rai, Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (2007)ISBN 81-260-2523-9
- Aman Mohindra;Kubernath Rai ke Lalit Nibandhon Ka Saanskritik Vishleshan, Punjabi University, Patiala.2003
- Suresh Maheshwari, Lalit Nibandhakar Kuberanath Ray: Vyaktitva-Krtitva Ki Lalit Alocana, Bhavana Prakasana; 1st edition (1999), ISBN 81-7667-000-6
- Odisha Public Service Commission http://www.opsc.nic.in/ocs-main.pdf
- "Mahatma Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya". hindivishwa.org. Retrieved 10 May 2014.