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In Greek mythology, Achaeus[pronunciation?] or Achaios (Ancient Greek: Ἀχαιός Akhaios derived from achos αχος "grief, pain, woe") was, according to nearly all traditions, a son of Xuthus and Creusa, and consequently a brother of Ion and grandson of Hellen.[1] Servius alone calls Achaeus a son of Jupiter (Zeus) and Pithia,[2] probably a misspelling of Phthia, who was otherwise known as the daughter of Phoroneus[3] compare the account of Clement.[4] His children were Archander and Architeles.

Achaeus
Eponymist of the Achaean race as well as their home, Achaea in Phthiotis
Abode Athens, Lacedaemon, Achaea in Phthiotis
Personal Information
Children Archander and Architeles
Parents Xuthus and Creusa or Jupiter (Zeus) and Phthia
Siblings Ion

Contents

MythologyEdit

The Achaeans regarded him as the author of their race, and derived from him their own name as well as that of Achaia, which was formerly called Aegialus. When his uncle Aeolus in Thessaly, whence he himself had come to Peloponnesus, died, he went there and made himself master of Phthiotis, which now also received from him the name of Achaia.[5][6][7]

Genealogy of HellenesEdit

Genealogy of Hellenes
 
Prometheus
 
Clymene
 
Epimetheus
 
Pandora
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deucalion
 
Pyrrha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hellen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dorus
 
Xuthus
 
Aeolus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Achaeus
 
Ion

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Catalogue of Women fr. 10a.20–4.
  2. ^ Servius on Aeneid 1. 242 [1] (Latin)
  3. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867), "Achaeus (1)", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, Boston, p. 8 
  4. ^ Clement, Recognitions, 10. 21, where Phthia, daughter of Phoroneus, is given as the mother of Achaeus by Jupiter (Zeus)
  5. ^ Pausanias, 7.1.2 [2]
  6. ^ Strabo, 8.7 [3]
  7. ^ Bibliotheca 1.7.3 [4]

SourcesEdit