Acetaldehyde (data page)

This page provides supplementary chemical data on acetaldehyde.

Material Safety Data SheetEdit

The handling of this chemical may require safety precautions. The directions on the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) should be followed.

Structure and propertiesEdit

Structure and properties
Index of refraction, nD 1.3392 at 18°C
Abbe number ?
Dielectric constant, εr 21.1 ε0 at 21 °C
Bond strength ?
Bond length ?
Bond angle ?
Magnetic susceptibility ?
Surface tension[1] 22.3 dyn/cm at 10°C
21.2 dyn/cm at 20°C
17.0 dyn/cm at 50°C
Viscosity[2] 0.2751 mPa·s at 0°C
0.2521 mPa·s at 10°C
0.2307 mPa·s at 20°C

Thermodynamic propertiesEdit

Phase behavior
Triple point ? K (? °C), ? Pa
Critical point[3] 466 K (183 °C), 5570 kPa
Std enthalpy change
of fusion
, ΔfusHo
2.310 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of fusion
, ΔfusSo
15.43 J/(mol·K)
Std enthalpy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapHo
26.12 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapSo
? J/(mol·K)
Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHosolid
? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sosolid
? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp ? J/(mol K)
Liquid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHoliquid
–196.4 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Soliquid
117.3 J/(mol K)
Enthalpy of combustion, ΔcHo –1167 kJ/mol
Heat capacity, cp 96.21 J/(mol K) at 0°C
89.05 J/(mol K) at 25°C
Gas properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHogas
–170.7 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sogas
250.3 J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp 55.32 J/(mol K) at 25°C

Vapor pressure of liquidEdit

P in mm Hg 1 10 40 100 400 760
T in °C –81.5 –56.8 –37.8 –22.6 4.9 20.2

Table data obtained from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 44th ed.

 
log10 of Acetaldehyde vapor pressure. Uses formula:    obtained from CHERIC[3]

Spectral dataEdit

UV-Vis
λmax ? nm
Extinction coefficient, ε ?
IR
Major absorption bands[4]
(liquid film)
Wave number transmittance
3432 cm−1 72%
3001 cm−1 66%
2846 cm−1 42%
2733 cm−1 44%
1727 cm−1 4%
1629 cm−1 79%
1429 cm−1 36%
1401 cm−1 41%
1350 cm−1 25%
1179 cm−1 70%
1114 cm−1 29%
945 cm−1 77%
767 cm−1 61%
514 cm−1 35%
NMR
Proton NMR  
Carbon-13 NMR  
Other NMR data  
MS
Masses of
main fragments
 

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed. pp 1661-1663
  2. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed. pp 1669-1674
  3. ^ a b "Pure Component Properties". Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Archived from the original on 3 June 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2007.
  4. ^ "Spectral Database for Organic Compounds". Advanced Industrial Science and Technology. Archived from the original (Queriable database) on 5 May 2006. Retrieved 9 June 2007.

"NIST Standard Reference Database".

Except where noted otherwise, data relate to standard ambient temperature and pressure.

Disclaimer applies.