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The Accelerated Mobile Pages Project (AMP) is an open-source initiative to improve the performance of web contents and ads through a publishing technology known as AMP. The AMP Project led by Google is a competitor to Facebook's Instant Articles,[1] and includes several other large search, social and web publishing platforms around the world.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Prior to LaunchEdit

The AMP Project was announced by Google on October 7, 2015 following discussions with its partners in the European Digital News Initiative (DNI), and other news publishers and technology companies around the world, about improving the performance of the mobile web.  More than 30 news publishers and several technology companies including Twitter, Pinterest, LinkedIn and WordPress were announced as initial collaborators in the AMP Project.

LaunchEdit

AMP Pages were first exposed to web users in February 2016, when Google began to show the AMP versions of webpages in mobile search results.  

Initially links to AMP Pages were restricted to a “Top Stories” section of Google’s mobile search results; by September 2016 Google started linking to AMP content in the main mobile search results[2] area.  AMP links in Google search are identified with an icon.

Growth and ExpansionEdit

In February 2017, a year after AMP’s public launch, Adobe reported that AMP Pages accounted for seven percent of all web traffic[3] for top publishers in the United States.

In May 2017, Google reported that 900,000 web domains were publishing AMP Pages with more than two billion AMP Pages published globally.[4]

In June 2017 Twitter started linking to AMP Pages from its iOS and Android apps.[5]

TechnologyEdit

Open Web FormatEdit

AMP Pages are published on the open web and can be displayed in most modern browsers. When a standard webpage has an AMP counterpart, a link to the AMP Page is usually placed in an HTML tag in the source code of the standard page.  Because most AMP Pages are easily discoverable by web crawlers, third parties such as search engines and other referring websites can choose to link to the AMP version of a webpage instead of the standard version.

AMP FrameworkEdit

The AMP framework consists of three components: AMP HTML which is a standard HTML with web components; AMP JavaScript which manages resource loading; and AMP Caches which can serve and validate AMP Pages.[6]

Most AMP Pages are delivered by Google’s AMP Cache, but other companies can support AMP Caches.  Internet performance and security company Cloudflare launched an AMP Cache in March 2017.[7]

Third Party IntegrationsEdit

Any organization or individual can build products or features that will work on AMP Pages, provided they comply with AMP's specifications. As of July 2017, the AMP Project’s website listed around 120 advertising companies and around 30 analytics companies as AMP Project participants.[8]

PerformanceEdit

Google reports that AMP Pages served in Google Search typically load in less than one second and use 10 times less data than the equivalent non-AMP pages.[9]

CNBC reported a 387% decrease in mobile page load time for AMP Pages over non-AMP pages.[10]

Gizmodo reported that AMP Pages loaded three times faster than non-AMP pages.[11]

Industry ParticipationEdit

Search EnginesEdit

Search Engines linking to AMP content include Google, Bing[12], Baidu (China), Sogu (China), Yahoo Japan. [13]

Social PlatformsEdit

Social and distribution platforms presenting AMP content include Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Reddit, Nuzzle, Tencent Qzone (China), Weibo (China).

Content Publishing PlatformsEdit

Content publishing platforms supporting AMP include WordPress, Medium, Canvas, Drupal, Squarespace and Tumblr.

eCommerce PlatformsEdit

eCommerce platforms building pages with AMP include eBay, SnapDeal (India), AliExpress (China).

ReceptionEdit

Comparison to Facebook Instant Articles, Apple NewsEdit

AMP is often compared to Facebook Instant Articles and Apple News.  All three formats were announced in 2015 with the stated goal of making mobile content faster and easier to consume.  [14][15] AMP Project supporters point out that AMP is a collaborative effort among publishers and technology companies, and that AMP is designed to work on the open web instead of proprietary mobile apps.

Google’s Richard Gingras said:

“There's a very big difference between having a proprietary platform that says it's open, and having an open-source platform that is open to anyone to modify and adapt. It's the difference between saying come into my walled garden vs. not having a walled garden.”[16]

Google ControlEdit

Some publishers and industry observers have expressed concerns about Google’s role and motives regarding the AMP Project.

Matthew Ingram wrote:

“In a nutshell, these publishers are afraid that while the AMP project is nominally open-source, Google is using it to shape how the mobile web works, and in particular, to ensure a steady stream of advertising revenue… More than anything else, the concerns that some publishers have about AMP seems to be part of a broader fear about the loss of control over distribution in a platform-centric world, and the risks that this poses to traditional monetization methods such as display advertising.”[16]

Google rebuts these charges, stating that AMP must be a collaborative industry initiative in order for it to succeed in the long term. Google’s Madhav Chinnappa said:

“I get a little bit irritated when sometimes people call it Google’s AMP, because it’s not … AMP was created as an open source initiative and that for me is the reason for its success.”[17]

MonetizationEdit

Some publishers reported that AMP pages generate less advertising revenue per page than non-AMP pages.[18]

The Wall Street Journal’s Jack Marshall said:

"AMP pages rely heavily on standardized banner ad units, and don’t allow publishers to sell highly-customized ad units, sponsorships or pop-up ads as they might on their own properties"[19]

Other publishers have reported better success with AMP monetization. The Washington Post has been able to generate approximately the same amount of revenue from AMP pages as from standard mobile pages, according to director of product Joey Marburger.  CNN chief product officer Alex Wellen said AMP Pages “largely monetize at the same rate” as standard mobile pages.[20]

To improve advertising performance, the AMP Project launched the AMP Ads Initiative which includes support for more advertising formats and optimizations to improve ad load speed.[21][22]

External LinksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Bohn (2016-08-02). "Google’s Instant Articles competitor is about to take over mobile search". The Verge. Retrieved 2017-05-25. 
  2. ^ "Google opens the AMP fire hose". Search Engine Land. 2016-10-03. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  3. ^ "Google AMP: One Year Later | Adobe". Digital Marketing Blog by Adobe. 2017-02-23. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  4. ^ "Turbocharging AMP – AMP". www.ampproject.org. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  5. ^ "Twitter ramps up AMP". Search Engine Land. 2017-07-07. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  6. ^ "Overview – AMP". www.ampproject.org. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  7. ^ Inc., Cloudflare,. "Cloudflare Announces Ampersand, the First Open AMP Cache, to Give Publishers More Control of their Mobile-Optimized Content". GlobeNewswire News Room. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  8. ^ "Supported Platforms, Vendors and Partners – AMP". www.ampproject.org. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  9. ^ "Search results are officially AMP’d". Google. 2016-09-20. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  10. ^ "CNBC – AMP". www.ampproject.org. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  11. ^ "Gizmodo – AMP". www.ampproject.org. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  12. ^ "Bing App joins the AMP open-source effort". Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  13. ^ amphtml (2017-03-07). "AMP grows its footprint". Accelerated Mobile Pages Project. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  14. ^ "Introducing Instant Articles | Facebook Media". Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  15. ^ "Apple Announces News App for iPhone & iPad". Apple Newsroom. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  16. ^ a b Ingram, Mathew. "Google Says It Wants to Help Publishers Fight Facebook". Fortune. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  17. ^ "'It's not our project' says Google of AMP as the open format gains advantage over Facebook’s Instant Articles". The Drum. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  18. ^ "Publishers are pleasantly surprised by Google AMP traffic - Digiday". Digiday. 2016-10-14. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  19. ^ "Publishers are struggling with AMP page monetization | Search Engine Watch". Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  20. ^ Marshall, Jack (2016-10-28). "Google AMP Gets Mixed Reviews From Publishers". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  21. ^ "AMP Ads – AMP". www.ampproject.org. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 
  22. ^ "Growing the AMP Ads Initiative – AMP". www.ampproject.org. Retrieved 2017-08-31.