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Acadia Parish, Louisiana

Acadia Parish (French: Paroisse de l'Acadie) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,773.[2] The parish seat is Crowley.[3] The parish was founded from parts of St. Landry Parish in 1886, and later an election was held to determine the parish seat, ending when Crowley beat Rayne and Prairie Hayes.[4]

Acadia Parish
Parish of Acadia
The first courthouse of Acadia Parish, completed June 30, 1888
The first courthouse of Acadia Parish, completed June 30, 1888
Map of Louisiana highlighting Acadia Parish
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°16′N 92°24′W / 30.27°N 92.4°W / 30.27; -92.4
Country United States
State Louisiana
Founded1886
Named forThe Acadians
SeatCrowley
Largest cityCrowley
Area
 • Total657 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Land655 sq mi (1,700 km2)
 • Water2.3 sq mi (6 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total61,773
 • Estimate 
(2018)[1]
62,190
 • Density94/sq mi (36/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.appj.org/index.html

Acadia Parish is included in the Lafayette, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

The name of the parish is derived from the former French colony of Acadia in Canada (which consisted of the modern provinces of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and much of Maine) many of whose French-speaking inhabitants were deported to France and then migrated to Louisiana in the Great Upheaval (see Cajuns).

The parish itself was formed from the southwestern portion of St. Landry Parish. On Wednesday May 19, 1886, a bill was introduced in the house entitled "An act to create the parish of Nicholls, and to provide for the organization thereof." The title was later changed to read: "An act to create the parish of Acadia." Father Joseph Anthonioz, the first pastor of the Catholic Church at Rayne, is credited with having suggested the name, Acadia Parish. The bill passed the house on June 11, the senate on June 28, and was approved by Governor Samuel D. McEnery on June 30.[5] On October 6, an election was held to affirm the creation of the parish, with 2,516 votes for and 1,521 votes against the creation. The population of the new parish was anywhere from 10,000 to 12,000. Acadia Parish population in 1890 was 13,231.[6]

After a close election held on March 1, 1887, Crowley was chosen as the parish seat, gathering 698 votes to Rayne's and Prairie Hayes' 560 and 519, respectively. The election also determined the first officers in the parish: Elridge W. Lyons, first sheriff of Acadia, and R. T. Clark, first clerk of court. The first courthouse was therefore constructed in Crowley and completed on June 30, 1888, and continued to be used until May 1, 1902, when it was destroyed to make way for the second building.[7]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 657 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 655 square miles (1,700 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.4%) is water.[8]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent parishesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
189013,231
190023,48377.5%
191031,84735.6%
192034,8209.3%
193039,32612.9%
194046,26017.6%
195047,0501.7%
196049,9316.1%
197052,1094.4%
198056,4278.3%
199055,882−1.0%
200058,8615.3%
201061,7734.9%
Est. 201862,190[9]0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790–1960[11] 1900–1990[12]
1990–2000[13] 2010–2013[2]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 61,773 people residing in the parish. 79.5% were White, 18.1% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.6% of some other race and 1.3% of two or more races. 1.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 43.7% were of French, French Canadian or Cajun, 10.8% American and 8.0% German ancestry.[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 58,861 people, 21,142 households, and 15,666 families residing in the parish. The population density was 90 people per square mile (35/km²). There were 23,209 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 80.73% White, 18.25% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.04% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home.[1]

There were 21,142 households out of which 38.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.50% were married couples living together, 14.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.90% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the parish the population was spread out with 29.80% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.80 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $26,684, and the median income for a family was $31,812. Males had a median income of $29,353 versus $17,179 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $13,424. 24.50% of the population and 21.00% of families were below the poverty line. 30.30% of those under the age of 18 and 25.20% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

EducationEdit

Acadia Parish is served by Acadia Parish Schools [2].

  • Acadia Parish Head Start - Church Point
  • Church Point Elementary (Grades PK-5) (Church Point)
  • Church Point Middle (Grades 6-8) (Church Point)
  • Church Point High (Grades 9-12) (Church Point)
  • Acadia Parish Head Start - Rayne
  • Central Rayne Kindergarten (Grades PK-1) (Rayne)
  • Martin Petitjean Elementary (Grades 1-3) (Rayne)
  • South Rayne Elementary (Grades 4-5) (Rayne)
  • Armstrong Middle (Grades 6-8) (Rayne)
  • Rayne High (Grades 9-12) (Rayne)
  • Acadia Parish Head Start - Crowley
  • Crowley Kindergarten (Grades PK-K) (Crowley)
  • North Crowley Elementary (Grades K-5) (Crowley)
  • Ross Elementary (Grades K-5) (Crowley)
  • South Crowley Elementary (Grades K-5) (Crowley)
  • Crowley Middle (Grades 6-8) (Crowley)
  • Iota Elementary (Grades PK-5) (Iota)
  • Iota Middle (Grades 6-8) (Iota)
  • Iota High (Grades 9-12) (Iota)
  • Acadia Parish Head Start - Estherwood
  • Branch Elementary (Grades PK-8) (Branch)
  • Egan Elementary (Grades PK-8) (Egan)
  • Estherwood Elementary (Grades PK-7) (Estherwood)
  • Evangeline Elementary (Grades PK-8) (Evangeline)
  • Mermentau Elementary (Grades PK-7) (Mermentau)
  • Mire Elementary (Grades PK-8) (unincorporated Rayne)
  • Morse Elementary (Grades PK-7) (Morse)
  • Richard Elementary (Grades PK-8) (unincorporated Church Point)
  • Crowley High (Grades 9-12) (unincorporated Crowley)
  • Midland High (Grades 8-12) (unincorporated Midland)

Acadia Parish is also served by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lafayette with five schools:

  • St. Francis School (Grades PK-8) (Iota)
  • Rayne Catholic Elementary School (Grades PK-8) (Rayne)
  • St. Michael Elementary School (Grades PK-8) (Crowley)
  • Our Mother of Peace Elementary School (Grades PK-8) (Church Point)
  • Notre Dame High School (Grades 9-12) (Crowley)

Additionally, Acadia Parish is served by one unaffiliated private school:

  • Northside Christian School (Grades PK-12) (Crowley)

Acadia Parish is served by two institutions of higher education:

Acadia Parish Library operates branches in the parish [3].

National GuardEdit

C Company 3-156TH Infantry Battalion resides in Crowley, Louisiana. As part of the 256th IBCT this unit deployed to Iraq twice, 2004-5 and 2010.

CommunitiesEdit

 
Map of Acadia Parish, with municipal labels

CitiesEdit

TownsEdit

VillagesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Other unincorporated communitiesEdit

More information on these communities can be found at https://web.archive.org/web/20070525094238/http://www.acadia.lib.la.us/newpage1.htm

Notable peopleEdit

  • Bill Cleveland, Crowley real estate developer and member of both houses of Louisiana state legislature from 1944 to 1964; defeated for third term in state Senate in 1964 by Edwin Edwards
  • Francis Dugas, state representative from Lafourche Parish from 1956 to 1960, was born in Rayne in Acadia Parish in 1919.
  • Paul B. Freeland coauthored Acadia Parish, Louisiana: A History to 1900. His collection of photographs and memorabilia of the Crowley area can be accessed from the archives of the Acadia Parish Library in Crowley
  • George Stanley, sculptor for the design of the Oscar statue and the Muse Sculpture at the Hollywood Bowl
  • Mary Alice Fontenot, journalist and author of children's books and books on Louisiana history

PoliticsEdit

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 77.3% 21,162 20.6% 5,638 2.2% 589
2012 74.3% 19,931 24.5% 6,560 1.3% 344
2008 72.0% 19,229 26.3% 7,028 1.7% 454
2004 63.8% 16,083 35.4% 8,937 0.8% 210
2000 59.5% 13,814 38.3% 8,892 2.3% 532
1996 38.6% 9,246 51.4% 12,300 10.0% 2,381
1992 36.7% 9,017 50.0% 12,276 13.3% 3,275
1988 49.0% 11,319 49.8% 11,510 1.2% 281
1984 60.6% 14,906 37.7% 9,262 1.8% 434
1980 52.2% 11,533 45.0% 9,948 2.8% 619
1976 35.7% 6,296 61.3% 10,814 3.1% 538
1972 63.8% 9,698 29.0% 4,406 7.2% 1,090
1968 18.7% 3,178 24.1% 4,098 57.2% 9,715
1964 41.5% 6,706 58.5% 9,463
1960 17.3% 2,616 75.8% 11,440 6.8% 1,028
1956 40.0% 4,204 58.2% 6,122 1.8% 191
1952 41.6% 4,167 58.5% 5,863
1948 11.7% 784 35.7% 2,382 52.6% 3,512
1944 18.7% 1,023 81.3% 4,439
1940 12.4% 719 87.5% 5,058 0.0% 2
1936 8.9% 441 91.1% 4,504
1932 8.9% 351 91.1% 3,583
1928 22.8% 1,071 77.2% 3,633
1924 30.2% 691 64.7% 1,481 5.1% 116
1920 51.8% 1,141 48.0% 1,058 0.3% 6
1916 14.5% 202 83.9% 1,165 1.6% 22
1912 3.3% 51 75.1% 1,147 21.6% 330

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. August 15, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Acadia Parish History". Acadia Parish Library. Archived from the original on July 7, 2010. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
  5. ^ Fontenot, Mary.Acadia Parish, Louisiana. The Center for Louisiana Studies, 1976, p. 244.
  6. ^ Fontenot, Mary.Acadia Parish, Louisiana. The Center for Louisiana Studies, 1976, p. 254.
  7. ^ Fontenot, Mary.Acadia Parish, Louisiana. The Center for Louisiana Studies, 1976, p. 298.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  14. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder". factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 14, 2018.

External linksEdit