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The Academy of Saumur (French: Académie de Saumur) was a Huguenot university at Saumur in western France. It existed from 1593, when it was founded by Philippe de Mornay,[1] until shortly after 1683, when Louis XIV decided on the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, ending the limited toleration of Protestantism in France.[2]

Contents

AmyraldismEdit

The Academy was the home of Amyraldism, an important strand of Protestant thought of the seventeenth century. Also called Salmurianism or hypothetical universalism, it was a movement remaining within Calvinism.[2]

The French theologians at Saumur, in the 17th century, taught also that Christ came into the world to do whatever was necessary for the salvation of men. But God, foreseeing that, if left to themselves, men would universally reject the offers of mercy, elected some to be the subjects of his saving grace by which they are brought to faith and repentance. According to this view of the plan of salvation, election is subordinate to redemption. God first redeems all and then elects some.[3]

The Helvetic Consensus and Westminster Confession were concerned to combat the tendency Amyraldism represented. [4]

FacultyEdit

StudentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^   Jackson, Samuel Macauley, ed. (1909). "Du Plessis-Monary, Philip". New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. 4 (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls. p. 34.
  2. ^ a b c d e f   Jackson, Samuel Macauley, ed. (1911). "Saumur". New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. 10 (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls. p. 213.
  3. ^ Hodge, Charles (1940). "§ 2. Proof of the Augustinian Doctrine". Systematic Theology. II. Grand Rapids, Michigan: WM.B. Eerdmans Publishing.
  4. ^   Warfield, Benjamin B. (1908). "Calvinism". In Jackson, Samuel Macauley (ed.). New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. 2 (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls. p. 362.
  5. ^ "Boyd, Robert (1578-1627)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  6. ^ "Burgersdijk [Burgersdicius], Franco". The Galileo Project. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  7. ^ Michael Heyd, Orthodoxy, Non-Conformity and Modern Science: The case of Geneva, p. 110 in Myriam Yardeni (editor), Modernité et non-conformisme en France à travers les âges (1996).
  8. ^ Hubert Cunliffe-Jones, History of Christian Doctrine (2006), p. 436.
  9. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Lefebvre, Tanneguy" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 372.
  10. ^ "Chapter 9: Later Dutch Thinkers". prca.org. 18 February 2003. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  11. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abbadie, Jakob" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  12. ^   Bonet-Maury, G. (1908). "Beausobre, Isaac de". In Jackson, Samuel Macauley (ed.). New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. 2 (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls. p. 19.
  13. ^ Garber, Daniel; Ayers, Michael (2003). The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-century Philosophy. II. p. 1402.
  14. ^ Brevint, Daniel. "The Christian Sacrament and Sacrifice, by Daniel Brevint (1847 edition)". Project Canterbury. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  15. ^ Blaikie, William Garden (1886). "Colomiès, Paul" . In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 6. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 98–99.
  16. ^   Lejay, Paul (1908). "André Dacier" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  17. ^ "Charles Drelincourt (1595-1669)". Musée virtuel du Protestantisme (in French). Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  18. ^   Veen, S.D. van (1909). "Des Marets, Samuel". In Jackson, Samuel Macauley (ed.). New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. 3 (third ed.). London and New York: Funk and Wagnalls. p. 412.
  19. ^ "De_Moivre biography". Turnbull Server. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  20. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Rapin, Paul de" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 909.

Further readingEdit

  • J.-P. Dray, The Protestant Academy of Saumur and its relations with the Oratorians of Les Ardilliers, History of European Ideas, 1988, p. 465-478.