Abuzar Aydamirov

Abuzar Abdulkhakimovich Aydamirov, Russian: Абузар Абдулхакимович Айдамиров (29 October 1933 – 27 May 2005) was a Soviet and Chechen novelist and poet, author of a historical trilogy dedicated to Caucasian Wars (Long Nights; A Lightning in Mountains; A Tempest) and of the Anthem of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.

Abuzar Aydamirov
Aydamirov in his Youth
Aydamirov in his Youth
BornAbuzar Abdulkhakimovich Aydamirov
(1933-10-29)October 29, 1933
Meskety, USSR
DiedMay 27, 2005(2005-05-27) (aged 75)
Meskety, Russia
OccupationPoet, novelist
LanguageRussian and Chechen
Notable awardsOrder of the Red Banner of Labour
Order of Friendship of Peoples


He was born in October, 1933, in the village Meskety of Nozhaj-Jurtovsky district. Abuzar was from the Alaroy teip (Kusha-Bukhoy branch) and spent his early childhood in his home village with his father Abdul-Khakim, mother Mukhazar and his several siblings. He was faced with tragic events during this early childhood when his father was arrested and exiled to Siberia which left the family in poverty. Misfortune haunted their family as the family twin children died and their oldest son was arrested because of some shortage of collective farm corn at the warehouse where he worked, and exiled to Siberia. Zainabi, the soul of their family and sister of Abuzar, suddenly died. The death of her daughter finally crippled the health of the unfortunate mother. In February after eight years of exile, Abdul-Khakim returned home. It was trough his father Abdul-Khakim that Abuzar learned the history of the Chechen people, Abuzar saw him as a model of high morality, courage, and dignity.[1] Abuzar and his entire people were deported to Central Asia during the Deportation of the Chechens and Ingush. It was there where his father and role-model died in 1949. He grew up and studied there for a big part of his life until he along with the rest of the Chechen people moved back to their Homeland [1]

Quote from Abuzar Aydamirov's memoir:[1]

“Father did not recover from the last illness. He died on April 14, 1949 in the village of Uspenovka, Karavan region. I lived with my father for eight years, from 1941 to 1949. I saw him both in sorrow and in joy, he served me as a model of high morality, courage, and dignity. And if I retained in myself kindness, patience, mercy, courage - all this I inherited from my father.

— Abuzar Aydamirov, Memoirs. Roads of my life

The first story of Abuzar Aydamirov was published in 1957.[2] As one of the oldest teachers and mentors in Chechnya he devoted more than half a century to the education and training of the younger generation in the Chechen language.[3] In 1963, A. Aydamirov graduated from the correspondence department of the Faculty of History and Philology of ChIGPI. In 1967-1969 he passed the Higher Literary Courses at the Literary Institute. M. Gorky. He was awarded the honorary badges "Excellence in Education of the RSFSR" (1997), "Excellence in Education in the USSR" (1985), and in 2002 he was awarded the title "People's Teacher of the Chechen Republic". In addition, he is a People's Writer of Chechen-Ingushetia (1977), Honorary Professor of the Chechen State University (1993), Honorary Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic (1993). In 1976 he was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. For thirty years he was a permanent deputy of the Nozhai-Yurt district council, and in 1989-1991 he was a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In 2004 he was elected chairman of the Writers' Union of the Chechen Republic.[4]

The 60s became fruitful for Abuzar. One after another his books are published: "Mother's heart", "In the native mountains", "Light in the mountains", "The exploits of Genarsolta", "In the hive", and "In the name of freedom". His poems and stories become known to a wide range of readers.[4] Abuzar is credited by many as having reinvigorated interest in Chechen language novels with such novels as his trilogy books on the Caucasian War "Long Nights", "Lightning in the Mountains" and "The Tempest" which have been translated into Arabic, Turkish, French and other European languages. The first book of the trilogy "Long Nights" sold over 5000 copies in just 2 months [5] No other Novel in the Chechen language sold this many copies and hundreds of people have specifically learned to read Chechen in order to read this novel.[4] The novel "Long Nights", was in Abuzar's desk for ten years because he refused to make small changes in accordance with the instructions of the officials of the regional committee of the CPSU. But all the same, the novel was released, it was published in 1972 and for a long time was under an unspoken ban. It was translated into Russian only in 1996, and in 1998 it was published in Arabic.[6]

The trilogy and his other two novels describe the history of Chechnya during the Caucasian War in the 19th-century until the October Revolution of 1917. Among the heroes of his novels are dozens of ordinary people, peasants, national heroes, as well as Abrek Zelimkhan, Naib Baysangur of Benoa and other leaders of the uprisings of the mountaineers [7] Abuzar died in 2005 after a long battle with an illness.[1]


  • In 2006 the A. Aydamirov Literary-Memorial Museum was opened in Meskety.[8]
  • A Biography of Abuzar Aydamirov's life was released in 2007 by his daughter Mashar Aydamirova.[9]
  • In 2008, B. Khmelnitsky Street in Grozny was renamed into A. A. Aydamirov Street.[10]
  • On October 30, 2013, on the occasion of the 80th anniversary of the birth of A. A. Aidamirov, the National Library of the Chechen Republic was renamed after him.[11]
  • In November 2018, a bust of Abuzar Aydamirov was installed on the Writers' Alley of the cultural and historical complex "Courtyard of the Cyrillic alphabet" in Bulgaria. [12]

Awards and TitlesEdit

  • Order of the Red Banner of Labor (06/17/1981);
  • Order of Friendship of Peoples (15.08.1991);[13]
  • People's Writer of Checheno-Ingushetia (1977);
  • "Excellence in Education of the USSR" (1985);
  • Honorary Professor of the Chechen State University (1993);
  • Honorary Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Chechen Republic (1993);
  • "Excellence in Education of the RSFSR" (1997);
  • "People's Teacher of the Chechen Republic";


  1. ^ a b c d "Свет "Долгих ночей"". vesti95.ru. Retrieved 2021-05-23.
  2. ^ Узел, Кавказский. "На смерть народного писателя". Кавказский Узел.
  3. ^ Узел, Кавказский. "Народный писатель и Народный учитель ? одновременно". Кавказский Узел.
  4. ^ a b c "Абузар Айдамиров". ИА Чеченинфо (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-05-23.
  5. ^ "Свет "Долгих ночей"("Вести республики") | Информационное агентство "Грозный-Информ"". www.grozny-inform.ru.
  6. ^ "Айдамиров Абузар Абдулхакимович" Check |url= value (help). xn--80atcxa4d.
  7. ^ "ЧЕЧЕНСКИЙ".
  8. ^ "Литературно-мемориальный музей А. Айдамирова — Ножай-Юртовский район, с. Мескеты, ул. А.А.Айдамирова, д. 16. Подробная информация о музее: расписание, фото, адрес и т. д. на официальном сайте Культура.РФ". Культура.РФ.
  9. ^ "Состоялась презентация книги "Жизнь и творчество Абузара Айдамирова" | Информационное агентство "Грозный-Информ"". www.grozny-inform.ru.
  10. ^ Узел, Кавказский. "Улица в Грозном названа в честь известного чеченского писателя". Кавказский Узел.
  11. ^ "Национальная библиотека Чеченской Республики им. А. Айдамирова отмечает 110-летие | Информационное агентство "Грозный-Информ"". www.grozny-inform.ru.
  12. ^ "В Болгарии установили памятник Абузару Айдамирову". ИА Чечня Сегодня.
  13. ^ «Ведомости Съезда народных депутатов СССР и Верховного Совета СССР», № 34 за 1991 год, ст. 976

External linksEdit