Abu l-Hasan al-Isfahani

Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Abu al-Hasan al-Musawi al-Isfahani (Arabic: أبوالحسن الموسوي الأصفهاني‎; 1861–November 4, 1946) was an Iranian-Iraqi Shia marja'.[1]


Abu al-Hasan al-Isfahani
أبوالحسن الموسوي الأصفهاني
Abu l-Hasan al-Isfahani.jpg
Personal
Born1861 (1861)
DiedNovember 4, 1946(1946-11-04) (aged 84–85)
ReligionIslam
JurisprudenceTwelver Shia Islam
Muslim leader
Based inNajaf, Iraq
Period in office1937–1946
PredecessorMuhammad Hossein Naini
SuccessorMuhsin al-Hakim
PostGrand Ayatollah

al-Isfahani became the leading marja' of the Shia world after the death of Muhammad-Hussein al-Naini.

BiographyEdit

al-Isfahani was born in Madiseh to Sayyid Muhammad al-Isfahani, a renowned alim of Isfahan.

He passed his preliminary training in Nimarud School in Isfahan and traveled to Najaf in 1890. He joined the lessons of Akhund Khorasani, who soon recognized the talents of his disciple. al-Isfahani received his degree of Ijtihad from Khorasani. After the death of his contemporary scholar, Ayatollah Mirza Hussein Naini, he became as sole Marja' for most of Shia Muslims.[1] Isfahani was banished to Iran for protecting Iraqi Muslims against colonial policies. Also, he had a strong position towards the incidents of the Goharshad Mosque in Mashhad.[2][3]

al-Isfahani had a grandson named Musa al-Musawi who studied with him for 17 years, Musa al-Musawi was a renowned academic and philosopher, he wrote a revisionist text on Shia Islam where he sought to purify schism from innovation and bring it closer to the majority of Muslims.[1]

WorksEdit

In Fiqh, Wasila al-Naja which due to its comprehensive nature, has been elucidated by many Fuqaha including Ruhollah Khomeini.[3]

StudentsEdit

[3]

DeathEdit

He died in Kadhimiya on 1946.[2][3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Rainer Brunner; Werner Ende (1 January 2001). The Twelver Shia in Modern Times: Religious Culture and Political History. BRILL. p. 178. ISBN 90-04-11803-9.
  2. ^ a b Jibouri, Yasin (2005). Uswat Al-Aarifeen: A Look at the Life of Ayatullah Bahjat. Beirut, Lebanon: Al-Kharsan Foundation for Publications.
  3. ^ a b c d "Ayatullah al-Uzma Sayyid Abul Hasan Isfahani". imamreza.net. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016.