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Qaeda Quwet Abu Fadl al-Abbas (QQAFA; Arabic: قائدة قوة أبو الفضل العباسQa‘īda Quwa ‘Ābū al-Faḍl al-‘Abbās), or the Abu al-Fadl al-Abbas Forces, is a Shiite militia operating in Iraq, formed following the June 2014 during ISIL advances. The force is affiliated with Sheikh Aws al-Khafaji, who was previously aligned with Muqtada al-Sadr. The group claims an affinity with the similarly named Liwa Abu al-Fadhal al-Abbas group fighting in Syrian Civil War on behalf of the Syrian government.[3][4] QQAFA also appears to have deep links to Kataib al-Imam Ali.[1]

Abu al-Fadl al-Abbas Forces
قوات أبو الفضل العباس
Participant in the Iraq conflict (2003–present), and the Syrian Civil War
SSI of the Abu al-Fadl al-Abbas Forces.svg
Flag of the Abu al-Fadl al-Abbas Forces.svg
Abu al-Fadl al-Abbas Forces Emblem & Flag
ActiveJune 2014 – present
IdeologyIraqi nationalism
Shia Islamism
LeadersSheikh Aws al-Khafaji
Sheikh Abu Kamil al-Lami[1]
Area of operations Iraq
 Syria
Split fromSadrist Movement
Allies Kata'ib Hezbollah
Iraq Iraq
 Syria
Kata'ib al-Imam Ali[1]
Liwa Abu al-Fadhal al-Abbas[2]
Opponent(s) Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Popular Mobilization Forces
Battles and war(s)

In February 2019, The Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) raided a base belonging to the group, during the raid the group's leader Aws al-Khafaji was arrested by Iraqi forces, the Popular Mobilization Forces claimed that the raid was part of an ongoing operation to crack down on fake groups claiming to be part of PMF in order to commit crimes. The group also never formally declared itself as part of PMF nor had it ever registered as part of PMF with the Iraqi government.

The group's leader Aws al-Khafaji has also expressed ideological differences with Iran, and has been critical of Iranian influence in Iraq, and though having a falling out with Muqtada al-Sadr still adheres to the Sadrist ideology. Khafaji also voiced support for protests in Iraq in mid-2018 over Iranian and Turkish policies causing high salinity in Iraqi water.

During the protests against Iranian policies and influence in Iraq, another commander in the group wrote, "Every noble Iraqi must boycott Iran and Turkey in business, tourism and politics. This is the fate of a country and the Messenger of God (SAWS) said: a non-Arab has shown no compassion for an Arab at all by the Lord of the Ka'aba." Prior to the arrest of the group's overall leader, Khafaji, he made statements in the media criticizing Iran, supporters of the group have claimed that his opposition and criticism of Iran are the real reasons for Khafaji's arrest. Other members of the group have condemned Iran on social media citing that they are not part of PMF as it contains several factions loyal to Iran. The group's branch in Syria and other allied militias composed of Iraqis released a statement condemning the arrest Khafaji.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Iraqi Shiite Foreign Fighters on the Rise Again in Syria".
  2. ^ https://www.alsouria.net/content/الأمين-العام-للواء-أبو-الفضل-العباس-مازلنا-نقاتل-بسورية
  3. ^ "Abu al-Fadl al-Abbas Forces".
  4. ^ http://www.newsweek.com/2014/12/05/militias-baghdad-287142.html
  5. ^ http://www.aymennjawad.org/22523/the-arrest-of-aws-al-khafaji-looking-at-the-abu