Abu Yahya Abu Bakr ash-Shahid

Abu Yahya Abu Bakr ash-Shahid (Arabic: أبو يحيى أبو بكر الشهيد) or Abu Bakr was a grandson of the Caliph Abu Ishaq Ibrahim I, he ruled Tunisia for just 17 days in 1309.[1][2]

Abu Yahya Abu Bakr ash-Shahid
Caliph of the Hafsid Sultanate
Reignin September 1309
PredecessorAbu Asida Muhammad II
SuccessorAbu-l-Baqa Khalid An-Nasr
Hafsid Sultanate


The Caliph Abu Asida Muhammad II died in 1309, and, in accordance with the agreement signed by him with his nephew Abu-l-Baqa Khalid An-Nasr, he was to be proclaimed a caliph. The sheikhs of Almohad sheikhs of Tunis however elevated Abu Bakr to the throne. After 17 days he was deposed and executed by Abu-l-Baqa, who arrived with an army from Bejaia. He was thereafter known as "Ash-Shahid" ("the martyr").[3]: 126–7 


  1. ^ Muzaffar Husain Syed; Syed Saud Akhtar; B D Usmani (2011-09-14). Concise History of Islam. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. p. 148. ISBN 978-93-82573-47-0. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  2. ^ Ilahiane, Hsain (2006). Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen). Lanham Maryland: The Scarecrow Press. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-8108-5452-9. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
  3. ^ Brunschwig, Robert (1940). La Berberie Orientale sous les Hafsides. Adrienne-Maisonneuve. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
Preceded by Hafsid dynasty
Succeeded by