Abu Salama

Abū Salama ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Asad (Arabic: أَبُو سَلَمَة عَبْد ٱلله ٱبْن عَبْد ٱلْأَسَد‎) was one of the sahabah of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He was also a cousin and a suckling-brother of Muhammad.[1]

BiographyEdit

Abū Salama was one of the early companions of Muḥammad. He was born to Barrah bint Abdul Muttalib and ʿAbd al-Asad, thus making him the first cousin of Muḥammad; as Barrah was the full sister of Abdullah bin Abdul Muttalib.[2] He was married to Umm Salama, and they were among the first who converted to Islam. They had four children: Salama, ʿUmar, Zaynab and Durra.

Abū Salama was also involved in the migration towards Ethiopia but later came back under the protection of his uncle Abu Talib bin Abdul Mutallib.[2]

Military campaigns during Muhammad's epochEdit

Abū Salama died from a wound he sustained during the Battle of Uhud that reopened after he had led the Expedition of Qatan. After his death, Muhammad married his widow Umm Salama.

He also participated in the Expedition of Qatan in which Muḥammad ordered to attack the Banu Asad bin Khuzaymah tribe after receiving intelligence that they were allegedly plotting to attack Medina.[3] 3 people were captured by Muslims during the expedition[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ibn Qudāma, al-Tabyīn fī Ansāb al-Qurashīyīn. Ed. by Muḥammad Nāyif al-Dulaymī (n.p: Manshūrāt al-Majmaʿ al-ʿIlmī al-ʿIrāqī, 1982), 38.
  2. ^ a b Ibn Hisham, Volume 1
  3. ^ Mubarakpuri, The sealed nectar: biography of the Noble Prophet , p. 349.
  4. ^ Sa'd, Ibn (1967). Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir. 2. Pakistan Historical Society. p. 150. ASIN B0007JAWMK.