Abu Darda

Abu Dardā' al-Anṣāri (Arabic: أبو الدرداء الأنصاري‎, d. 32 AH/652 CE)[2] was a companion of prophet Muhammad. He was the husband of fellow companion Umm al-Darda al-Kubra.

Hakīm ul Ummāh[1]

Abu Darda
Abi Al-Daardaa.JPG
The tomb of Abu Al-Dardaa was found in the Bab Al-Soghair
Born
'Uwaymir

Died652
Burial placeBab al-Saghir
Spouse(s)Umm al-Darda al-Kubra
Umm al-Darda as-Sughra

BiographyEdit

Abu Darda was a trader in Medina and belonged to the al-Ḥārith clan of the Banu Khazraj tribe. He converted to Islam after the Battle of Badr.[3] He was declared the brother of Salman the Persian[4] and served as a Governor in Syria during the caliph Uthman's reign.

He died in Damascus before the assassination of the third Rashidun Caliph Uthman.

TeachingEdit

A hadith transmitted by him states that Muhammad enjoined to him three things: to fast three days every month, to offer the Witr salat before sleep, and to offer two rakat sunnah of Fajr[citation needed] -from Al-Tabarani and Majma al-Zawa'id.

Abu Darda's own preaching focused on the insignificance of worldly wealth and the minor details of life. According to him, this life was comparable to a loan.

It is said of Abu Darda that once a friend went to visit him at his home. On reaching there, the friend noticed, with grave concern, the appalling condition of Abu Darda's house. According to the friend, Abu Darda's house was shorter than the full height of a standing man. It was also as narrow as it was short, and the household utilities were less than basic. When the friend inquired from Abu Darda why he lived in such dire conditions, Darda's response was: "Do not worry my friend, this is just my temporary shade. I am building a proper house somewhere, slowly putting good things deserving thereof." When, on another occasion, the friend went back and found the same deprived shade, he demanded to know why Abu Darda had not moved to his better house. It was then that Abu Darda revealed to him that the house he referred to was the Kabr (the grave).

He also strongly advocated the acquisition of knowledge, saying, “None of you can be pious unless he is knowledgeable, and he cannot enjoy knowledge unless he applies it practically.” Abu Darda praised scholars of Islam greatly for their knowledge and application of it. He lauded both the student and the teacher, saying they would receive equal reward.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Siyar A'lam al-Nubala, v. 2
  2. ^ Al-Dhahabi, Siyar A'lam al-Nubala, v. 2, pg. 336 (in Arabic)
  3. ^ Arthur Jeffery: Art. Abu'l-Dardā, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, vol. 1. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2nd edition 1986, p. 113
  4. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari, 3:31:189

External linksEdit