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Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya

Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya (also known as Abu Abdellah al-Shaykh Muhammad ben Yehya, Abu Abdallah Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya or Muhammad ibn Yahya al-Sheikh) was the first Wattasid Sultan of Morocco and King of Fez between 1472 and 1504.[1]

Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya
Kingdom of Fez
Reign1472-1504
SuccessorAbu Abd Allah al-Burtuqali Muhammad ibn Muhammad
Died1504
DynastyWattasid
FatherYahya ibn Abi Zakariya Yahya
ReligionSunni Islam

BackgroundEdit

Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya was born into the powerful Wattasid family that had ruled the eastern Rif from Tazouta (near present-day Nador) since the late 13th century. While theoretically subject to the Marinid sultans, they were largely autonomous. By the start of the 15th Century, the Wattasids had accumulated power while the Merinids were distracted attempting to repel Portuguese and Spanish invasions with the Granadans. When Abd al-Haqq II came to power at the age of one in 1421, they held the regency, which they continued to hold when Abd al-Haqq II came of age.[2] In 1459, Abd al-Haqq II ordered the slaughter of the Wattasids, leaving Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya one of the few of his family left alive.

Rise to PowerEdit

In the chaos that followed the 1465 Moroccan revolt, Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya fought against the Joutey branch of the Idrisids. In 1471, he defeated their leader, Muhammad ibn Ali Amrani-Joutey, who had declared himself Sultan. He went on to rule the Kingdom of Fez which controlled the northern part of Morocco.

SuccessionEdit

He was succeeded by his son Abu Abd Allah al-Burtuqali Muhammad ibn Muhammad.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Syed, Muzaffar Husain; Akhtar, Syed Saud; Usmani, B D (2011). Concise History of Islam. New Delhi: Vij Books. p. 150. ISBN 978-9381411094.
  2. ^ Julien, Charles-André (1994). Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830. Paris: Payot. p. 196. ISBN 9782228887892.
Abu Abd Allah al-Sheikh Muhammad ibn Yahya
Preceded by
Muhammad ibn Ali Amrani-Joutey
Sultan of Morocco
1472-1504
Succeeded by
Abu Abd Allah al-Burtuqali Muhammad ibn Muhammad