Abolqāsem Lahūtī Russian: Абулькасим Ахмедзаде Лахути, romanized: Abuljkasim Ahmedzade Lahuti; Tajik: Абулқосим Лоҳутӣ / ابوالقاسم لاهوتی, romanized: Aʙulqosim Lohutī; 12 October 1887 – 16 March 1957) was an Iranian Kurd-Soviet poet and political activist who was active in Iran during the Persian Constitutional Revolution and in Tajikistan in the early Soviet era.
12 October 1887
|Died||16 March 1957 (aged 69)|
Moscow Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Pen name||Abolqasem Lahouti|
|Literary movement||Socialist realism, Persian Modern Poem|
Born in Kermanshah to an Iranian Kurdish poet by the name Mirza Ahmad Elhami and an Iranian Kurdish mother, his first poem was printed in the newspaper Habl al-Matin (magazine) in Calcutta at the age of 18.
After being convicted by a court in Qom to death, he fled to Turkey, but soon returned and joined forces with Sheikh Mohammad Khiabani in Tabriz. His forces defeated Mahmud Khan Puladeen's troops, but were soon disbanded by freshly dispatched forces. He fled to Baku.
While living in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, he became interested in Communism. After marrying a Russian poet by the name Cecilia Banu (Sisil Banu), being unable to initiate a coup d'etat against the central government of Iran, he gave up and moved to USSR where he remained until his final days.
Lahuti is the author of the Tajik SSR anthem. Lahuti's other works include "Kovai Ohangar" ("Kaveh the Blacksmith", 1947), "Qasidai Kremel" ("Ode to the Kremlin", 1923), and "Toj va Bairaq" ("The Crown and the Flag", 1935). His collection of poetry, in six volumes, was published between 1960 and 1963. He died on March 16, 1957, in Moscow.
- 'Alí Rizā Awsatí (عليرضا اوسطى), Iran in the Past Three Centuries (Irān dar Se Qarn-e Goz̲ashteh - ايران در سه قرن گذشته), Volumes 1 and 2 (Paktāb Publishing - انتشارات پاکتاب, Tehran, Iran, 2003). ISBN 964-93406-6-1 (Vol. 1), ISBN 964-93406-5-3 (Vol. 2).
- Iraj Bashiri, Prominent Tajik figures of the twentieth century, Dushanbe, 2002
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abolqasem Lahouti.|
- Abu’l-Qāsem Lāhuti, Encyclopædia Iranica