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Aberdeen, North Carolina

Aberdeen is a town in Moore County, North Carolina, United States. It is part of the Raleigh–Durham–Cary-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area. The population was 6,350 at the 2010 census.

Aberdeen
Aberdeen train station
Aberdeen train station
Location in Moore County and the state of North Carolina.
Location in Moore County and the state of North Carolina.
Aberdeen is located in North Carolina
Aberdeen
Aberdeen
Location in Moore County and the state of North Carolina.
Aberdeen is located in the United States
Aberdeen
Aberdeen
Aberdeen (the United States)
Aberdeen is located in North America
Aberdeen
Aberdeen
Aberdeen (North America)
Coordinates: 35°7′54.3″N 79°25′37.3″W / 35.131750°N 79.427028°W / 35.131750; -79.427028Coordinates: 35°7′54.3″N 79°25′37.3″W / 35.131750°N 79.427028°W / 35.131750; -79.427028
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyMoore
Government
 • TypeCommissioner-manager
 • MayorRobert A. (Robbie) Farrell[1]
Area
 • Total6.2 sq mi (16.0 km2)
 • Land6.2 sq mi (16.0 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
344 ft (105 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,350
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
7,708
 • Density1,000/sq mi (400/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
28315
Area code(s)910
FIPS code37-00160[3]
GNIS feature ID1018757[4]
Websitewww.townofaberdeen.net

HistoryEdit

Scottish emigrants were the first Europeans to settle the area beginning in 1745. They were drawn to the area by bountiful hunting and virgin land, and they founded the communities of Bethesda and Blue's Crossing by the late 18th Century.

During the American Revolution, the people of what is now Aberdeen were generally Loyalists.[5] There were a few small skirmishes in the vicinity of Aberdeen, most notably the one at Ray's Mill Creek, in which Colonel Philip Alston of the House in the Horseshoe, who was in pursuit of Loyalist Colonel David Fanning, savagely beat Kenneth Black, a local who had acted as Fanning's guide through the area.[6]

One of the earliest industries of Bethesda and Blue's Crossing was naval stores due to the abundance of pine trees in the area. These goods were transported to market initially via the Cape Fear River to Wilmington, and later by plank road.

Over 1,500 residents of what is now Aberdeen participated in the Civil War. Nearly one-third of the soldiers sent were killed, which decimated the labor supply. After the Civil War, however, the Raleigh and Augusta Air Line Railroad connected the community of Blue's Crossing to the rest of the country, allowing them to sell their naval stores and timber to the rest of the country.

In 1877, a post office was established and Malcolm J. Blue was appointed postmaster. Four years later, Allison F. Page bought numerous forested acres to build a rail line, as well as to clear the land for timber. This land was later sold to James Walker Tufts for $1 an acre, and later became home of the historic golf resort, Pinehurst Resort. Blue's Crossing's name was officially changed to the present Aberdeen in 1888.

In the early twentieth century, tobacco farming came to the town. Aberdeen's proximity to Pinehurst resulted in a boom in the tourism and retirement industries, which remain a major part of the local economy today.[5]

The Aberdeen Historic District, Bethesda Presbyterian Church, John Blue House, and Malcolm Blue Farm are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7]

GeographyEdit

Aberdeen is located at 35°8′19″N 79°25′40″W / 35.13861°N 79.42778°W / 35.13861; -79.42778 (35.138494, -79.427701).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.2 square miles (16 km2), of which, 6.2 square miles (16 km2) of it is land and 0.16% is water.

EducationEdit

The following schools are located in Aberdeen:

  • The Academy of Moore County
  • Aberdeen Primary School
  • Aberdeen Elementary School
  • Southern Middle School[9]
  • The O'Neal School[10]

In addition, the area is served by Pinecrest High School and Sandhills Community College.[9]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1890227
1900559146.3%
191079442.0%
19208588.1%
19301,38261.1%
19401,076−22.1%
19501,60349.0%
19601,531−4.5%
19701,5924.0%
19801,94522.2%
19902,70038.8%
20003,40025.9%
20106,35086.8%
Est. 20187,708[11]21.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 3,400 people, 1,526 households, and 929 families residing in the town. The population density was 551.6 people per square mile (213.1/km²). There were 1,655 housing units at an average density of 268.5 per square mile (103.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 73.03% White, 21.76% African American, 0.94% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 1.76% from other races, and 1.29% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.97% of the population.

There were 1,526 households out of which 25.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the town, the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,911, and the median income for a family was $42,383. Males had a median income of $30,906 versus $23,403 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,045. About 9.8% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 19.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2015 Moore County Elections". AberdeenTimes.com. November 10, 2015.
  2. ^ "US Census Bureau QuickFacts". Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b Town of Aberdeen. "History of Aberdeen". Town of Aberdeen. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  6. ^ "The American Revolution in North Carolina - Ray's Mill Creek". www.carolana.com. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ a b "Schools - Aberdeen NC". townofaberdeen.net. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  10. ^ "The O'Neal School - College Preparatory Private School". www.onealschool.org.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 5, 2019.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Aberdeen, North Carolina at Wikimedia Commons