Abdurrahman Shihab

Anregurutta professor Habib Abdurrahman Shihab[1] (Arabic: عبد الرحمن شهاب, romanizedʿAbd ar-Raḥman Šihāb; Arabic pronunciation: [ʕabd ar-raħmaːn ʃihaːb]; 14 January 1915 – 1986) was an Indonesian academician, politician, and Qur'anic interpretation expert (mufassir) from Makassar, South Sulawesi. As a politician, Abdurrahman was a member of the Constitutional Assembly of Indonesia (9 November 1956 – 5 July 1959) from the Masyumi Party fraction. Meanwhile, as an academican, he served as 2nd rector of the Indonesian Muslim University of Makassar in the period 1959–1965 and the 3rd rector of the Alauddin Islamic State University from 1973 to 1979.

Anregurutta professor Habib
Abdurrahman Shihab
عبد الرحمن شهاب
Abdurrahman Sjihab.jpg
Portrait of Abdurrahman Shihab as a member of the Constituent Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia
Member of Constitutional Assembly of Indonesia
In office
9 November 1956 – 5 July 1959
PresidentSukarno
Prime MinisterAli Sastroamidjojo
Djuanda Kartawidjaja
Parliamentary groupMasyumi
ConstituencySouth-Southeast Sulawesi
2nd Rector of the Indonesian Muslim University of Makassar
In office
1959–1965
Preceded byProf. Muchtar Lintang
Succeeded byLa Tunrung
3rd Rector of the Alauddin Islamic State University
In office
1973–1979
Preceded byDrs. H. Muhyiddin Zain
Succeeded byDrs. H. A. Moerad Oesman
Personal details
Pronunciationʕabd ar-raħmaːn ʃihaːb
Born
(1915-01-14)14 January 1915
Makassar, Celebes, Dutch East Indies
Died1986 (aged 70–71)
Ujung Pandang, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
NationalityIndonesian
Political partyMasyumi Party
Children13 (including Umar Shihab, Quraish Shihab, Alwi Shihab, and Ahmad Nizar Shihab)
ResidenceMakassar
EducationJamiat Kheir
Occupation

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Abdurrahman Shihab was born in Makassar, South Sulawesi[2] as the only child of Habib Ali bin Abdurrahman Shihab, a preacher and education cleric from Hadhramaut, Yemen.[3] Abdurrahman came from the Arab Hadhrami family of the Ba 'Alawi sada group surnamed Aal Shihab-Uddīn.[4] His father had immigrated from Hadhramaut to South Sulawesi since he was young to preach, he died in Makassar in 1333 AH (around 1915 AD) at the age of 52 when Abdurrahman was a baby.[3]

EducationEdit

Because Abdurrahman had been orphaned since a baby, stepping on young he was invited by his uncle to Jakarta to be sent to school at Jamiat Kheir.[5] He began his education at the madrasah ibtidaiyah level (Europeesche Lagere School level) in Jamiat Kheir and graduated in 1927. After that he continued his education at the madrasah tsanawiyah level (Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs level) and graduated in 1930, while at the madrasah aliyah level (Algemene Middelbare School level) he completed in 1934.[2] After graduating from Jamiat Kheir, Abdurrahman then returned to South Sulawesi and lived in Rappang, Sidenreng Rappang Regency for 10 years.[3]

Personal lifeEdit

 
Abdurrahman with his wife and children around the 1950s

After staying for 10 years at Sidenreng Rappang, Abdurrahman married a Bugis girl, a local noble daughter named Asma Aburisy.[3] From his marriage to Asma, Abdurrahman was blessed with 13 children, including Nur Shihab, Ali Shihab, Umar Shihab, Quraish Shihab, Wardah Shihab, and Alwi Shihab, his first six children were born in Rappang, Sidenreng Rappang Regency.[6] While seven other children were born in Kampung Buton, Makassar, because after the birth of Alwi, Abdurrahman took his family to Jalan Sulawesi Lorong 194/7 Makassar City.[7] The seven children born in Kampung Buton included Nina Shihab, Sida Shihab, Ahmad Nizar Shihab, Abdul Mutalib Shihab, Salwa Shihab, Ulfa Shihab, and Latifah Shihab.[6]

Of the thirteen children, some of them followed in the footsteps of Abdurrahman as a mufassir (Qur'anic exegete), academician, and politician.[8] Like his third child, Umar, was a cleric who sat on the ranks of members of the Indonesian Ulema Council.[9] While the Quraish and Alwi were Qur'anic interpreters and both once sat in the government seat as a ministers.[10] Aside from being interpreters who wrote monumental works of Tafsir Al-Mishbah, Quraish was also the Minister of Religious Affairs in the Seventh Development Cabinet of the Suharto era,[6] while Alwi was the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the National Unity Cabinet of the Abdurrahman Wahid era and the Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare in the United Indonesia Cabinet of the Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono era. As a politician, Alwi had even been the chairman of the National Awakening Party for the 2002–2005 period, and in 2006 he became one of the founders of the Ulema National Awakening Party.[11] Meanwhile, Nizar, Abdurrahman's ninth child was an anesthesiologist and had been a member of the People's Representative Council of the Republic of Indonesia for the period 2009–2014.[12]

CareerEdit

PoliticalEdit

 
Abdurrahman Shihab (center) with Sukarno (right) at Constitutional Assembly of Indonesia.

Abdurrahman began actively working in politics since the 1950s. During 1950–51, he was active as a member and administrators of the Makassar branch of the Masyumi, only in 1951–52 was he appointed a member of the Majelis Syuro Masyumi for the Sulawesi region, and in 1952–56 he became a member of the Masyumi leadership for the Sulawesi region.[2]

In the 1955 Indonesian Constituent Assembly election, Abdurrahman succeeded in occupying the parliamentary seat as a member of the Constituent Assembly of Indonesia from the Masyumi Party fraction in the electoral district of South-Southeast Sulawesi with membership number 322.[2]

ReferencesEdit

FootnotesEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Hidayat, Syahrul; Fogg, Kevin W. (1 January 2018). "Profil Anggota: Abdurrahman Sjihab" [Member Profile: Abdurrahman Sjihab]. Konstituante.Net (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  • Mappanganro, Jumadi, ed. (4 August 2017). "Wasiat AGH Habib Abdurahman Shihab ke Putranya, Prof Quraish Shihab" [Testament of Habib Abdurahman Shihab to his Son, Prof. Quraish Shihab]. Tribun Timur. 1 (in Indonesian). Jakarta: TRIBUNnews.com Network. Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  • Mappanganro, Jumadi, ed. (4 August 2017). "Wasiat AGH Habib Abdurahman Shihab ke Putranya, Prof Quraish Shihab" [Testament of Habib Abdurahman Shihab to his Son, Prof. Quraish Shihab]. Tribun Timur. 2 (in Indonesian). Jakarta: TRIBUNnews.com Network. Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  • Muhammad, Firdaus (11 November 2015). Aldy (ed.). "50 Tahun UIN Memanggungkan Peradaban" [50 Years of UIN to Perform Civilization]. Tribun Timur (in Indonesian). Jakarta: TRIBUNnews.com Network. Archived from the original on 6 September 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  • "Profile: Muhammad Quraish Shihab". M. Quraish Shihab official website (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 18 August 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  • "Profil Dr. Alwi Abdurrahman Shihab" [Profile of Dr. Alwi Abdurrahman Shihab]. VIVA.co.id (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Viva Media Baru. Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
  • "Ahmad Nizar, dari Dokter Anastesi Menjadi Politisi" [Ahmad Nizar, from an Anesthetist Became a Politician]. Kompas.com (in Indonesian). 29 September 2009. Archived from the original on 7 September 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2018.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit