Abdullahi Issa

Abdullahi Issa Mohamud (Somali: Cabdullaahi Ciise Maxamuud, Arabic: عبد الله عيسى محمد‎ (November 11,[citation needed] 1922 – March 11,[citation needed] 1988) was a Somali politician. He was the 1st Prime Minister of Italian Somaliland during the trusteeship period, serving from February 29, 1956, to July 1, 1960.[1]

Abdullahi Issa
عبد الله عيسى
Abdullahi Issa Mohamud.jpg
1st Prime Minister of Somalia
In office
29 February 1956 – 1 July 1960
Preceded byInaugural
Succeeded byMuhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal
Personal details
BornNovember 11,[citation needed] 1922
Afgooye, Italian Somaliland
DiedMarch 11,[citation needed] 1988 (aged 65)
Rome, Italy
Political partySomali Youth League


Issa was born in 1921 in the southern town of Afgooye.[2] He hailed from the Sacad Habar Gidir clan,[3] and his mother, Marera Dini was from the Marehan clan.[4] Issa's father died a couple of months after his birth. After he frequented the Qur'anic school in Buloburde, his mother subsequently moved the family to Mogadishu.[5]

Nicknamed "Bidaar",[2] Issa frequented an Italian primary institution in the capital, as well as a local Qur'anic school (madrassah).[5] When the Second World War broke out, he was still a student.[6]

Issa later relocated to the port of Merca at the age of sixteen, where he would work as a postal clerk from 1939 to 1941. He thereafter returned to Mogadishu and assumed a position in the Department of Economic Affairs. Following the British military occupation of Italian Somaliland in the early 1940s, Issa was relieved from his duties. He then embarked on a business career.[5]

After the turmoil of the war years, Issa joined the Somali Youth League (SYL) at its onset. He typified the Somali political elite of the period, as he was "young (age 38), intelligent, largely self-educated, confident, and determined".[7] He quickly rose through the ranks to become one of the party's leaders. In 1948, he was appointed to the SYL's central committee, and eventually as its Secretary-General.[5]

Issa later went to Paris and New York as an SYL delegate to proclaim the right of the Somali people to independence. From 1950 to 1954, he was represented the SYL at the United Nations Trusteeship Council. After being appointed to office as an SYL deputy in the political elections of 1956, he was called in the same year to form Somalia's first government, thus becoming the nation's first Prime Minister.

Re-elected in 1959, he was re-confirmed as Premier, and held for some time also the portfolios of Foreign Affairs, Interior and Grace and justice. In the government formed after Somalia's independence in July 1960, Issa was later appointed Foreign Minister.[8] In this capacity, he took part in many international conventions, in particular the United Nations General Assembly and the conferences in Addis Abeba, among other cities. With the conclusion of the general election of March 1964, Issa returned to the National Assembly as an SYL deputy for Beledweyne.

A few years later, the Supreme Revolutionary Council (SRC) seized power. The new military government subsequently appointed Issa as Somalia's Ambassador to Sweden in 1974. He held the position until early 1983, when he resigned from public office after a long career in politics.[2]

Issa spent his retirement years in Rome, Italy. He died there in March 1988, and was transported to Mogadishu for burial.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Somalia - Worldstatesmen.com
  2. ^ a b c d Ali, Salah Mohamed (2005). Huddur & the History of Southern Somalia. Nahda Bookshop Publisher. pp. 487–488.
  3. ^ Somalia at the Crossroads. Adonis & Abbey. 2007. p. 10.
  4. ^ Ghalīb, Jama Mohamed (1995). The Cost of Dictatorship: The Somali Experience. L. Barber Press. p. 41. ISBN 0936508302.
  5. ^ a b c d Hempstone, Smith (1961). The New Africa. Faber and Fabe. p. 145.
  6. ^ Europa Publications Limited, p.925.
  7. ^ African and American Institute
  8. ^ Touval, p.113


Political offices
Preceded by
Inaugural Interim Somali Government
Prime Minister of Interim Somali Government Under UN trusteeship
1956 – 1960
Succeeded by
Abdirashid Ali Shermarke