Abdullah Mirza

‘Abdullah Mirza (after 1410 – June 1451) was a short-lived ruler of the Timurid Empire, which encompassed the territory shared by present-day Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, along with substantial areas of India, Mesopotamia and Caucasus.

Abdullah Mirza
Amir of the Timurid Empire in Transoxiana
Reign9 May 1450 – June 1451
PredecessorAbdal-Latif Mirza
SuccessorAbu Sa'id Mirza
BornAfter 1410
during the Timurid Empire
DiedJune 1451 (aged 40-41)
Central Asia
Abdullah Mirza ibn Ibrahim Sultan ibn Shah Rukh
FatherIbrahim Sultan
MotherMihr Sultan Agha

As a member of the Timurid dynasty, Abdullah Mirza was a great-grandson of Timur, a grandson of Shah Rukh and a son of Ibrahim Sultan. Granted the governorship of Fars by his grandfather, Abdullah Mirza found his position threatened by his cousin Sultan Muhammad during the 1447 succession crisis which followed Shah Rukh's death, and was forced to abandon the province. As a supporter of Ulugh Beg, he was imprisoned by 'Abd al-Latif following the latter's rise to power. When 'Abd al-Latif was murdered, he was released and made ruler of Samarkand, for which he was forced to lavish money upon the troops that supported him. Despite this, he did not enjoy widespread popularity.

During his relatively brief reign, a revolt created by Sultan Muhammad's brother Ala al-Dawla Mirza did not seriously threaten him, but a rising initiated by Abu Sa'id Mirza, whose home base, at the time, was in Bukhara, proved to be fatal. Marching from Tashkent to Samarkand with the support of Abu'l-Khayr Khan, Abu Sa'id Mirza defeated Abdullah Mirza and executed him in 1451, taking his place on the throne.


  • Roemer, H. R. (1986). "The Successors of Timur". The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 6: The Timurid and Safavid Periods. Ed. Peter Jackson. New York, New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-20094-6
Abdullah Mirza
Preceded by Timurid Empire (in Samarkand) Succeeded by