Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gaas (Somali: Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali pronounced [ʕɑbdɪwɛli mɑħɑmɛd ʕɑli]; Arabic: عبدالولي محمد علي; English pronunciation (help·info)), also known as Abdiweli Gaas, is a Somali American economist, professor and politician. He served as the Prime Minister of Somalia from June 2011 to October 2012, and briefly afterwards as an MP in the newly formed Federal Parliament. During his time as Premier, Ali is credited with having devised the formal "Roadmap for the End of Transition", a political process that provided clear benchmarks leading toward the establishment of permanent democratic institutions in the country. On 8 January 2014, he was elected the 5th President of Puntland.
Cabdiweli Gaas محمد علي
|President of Puntland|
8 January 2014 – 8 January 2019
|Vice President||Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar|
|Preceded by||Abdirahman Mohamud Farole|
|Succeeded by||Said Deni|
|Prime Minister of Somalia|
19 June 2011 – 17 October 2012
|President||Sharif Sheikh Ahmed|
Muse Hassan Abdulle (Acting)
Mohamed Osman Jawari
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
|Preceded by||Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed|
|Succeeded by||Abdi Farah Shirdon|
|Born||2 July 1967|
Dhusamareb, Galgadud, Somalia
|Political party||Ururka Dadka Puntland (UDAD)|
|Alma mater||Somali National University|
George Mason University
During his tenure as the regional state's President, Ali launched a new biometric fishery database, strengthened bilateral cooperation with the European Union in the security and development sectors, initiated taxation reform with regard to international organizations working in Puntland, established a new mutual consulate agreement with Yemen, finalized a five-year development plan for Puntland, strengthened bilateral cooperation with the United Arab Emirates and Australia, launched new road, airport and seaport development initiatives in Bosaso and other local areas in conjunction with Djibouti, China and UNHABITAT officials, and successfully concluded the Galgala campaign against the Al-Shabaab militant group. He also signed a 12-point bilateral agreement in Garowe with Prime Minister of Somalia Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed, which officially reaffirms Puntland's boundaries, agrees to form a united and inclusive national army, and establishes parliamentary committees consisting of Federal and Puntland representatives to ensure equitable allocation of resources and oversee eventual Provisional Constitution talks. Additionally, Ali led Puntland delegations at global business and development conferences in Ethiopia and the United Kingdom, with the goal of highlighting the regional state's commercial potential, establishing business partnerships, and securing funding and mega development projects in the energy, agricultural and security sectors. He also established a governmental committee to formulate an official money remittance policy for the Puntland regional state.
Ali is originally from the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia. He holds both Somali and American citizenship. He is multilingual, being fluent in Somali, Arabic, Italian and English.
Ali was educated in various universities around the world, including Somalia; he initially studied in Mogadishu, Somalia's capital. In 1984, he earned a Bachelor of Arts in economics from the Somali National University, graduating with highest honors.
Ali later relocated to the United States for post-graduate studies. In 1988, he obtained a master's degree from Vanderbilt University as an AFGRAD Fellow of Economics. Between 1994 and 1995 and 1995–1998, he was a Bradley Fellow in George Mason University's Department of Economics and Center for Study of Public Choice, respectively. In 1998–1999, Ali was a Joel Fellow of Political Economy at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, where he earned a Certificate of Taxation from Harvard Law School in 1999 and a master's degree in public administration the same year. In 2000, he also obtained a Ph.D. in economics from George Mason University.
In a professional capacity, Ali served as a Director in the Excise Tax Department of Somalia's federal Ministry of Finance and Revenue in the mid- to late 1980s. Between 1988 and 1991, he was an Assistant Director in Research and Statistics at the Ministry of Finance and Revenue.
From 1995 to 1998, Ali was an Adjunct Professor of Economics in the Department of Social Science and Public Service of Northern Virginia Community College in Alexandria, Virginia. Between 1998 and 1999, he was a Teaching Fellow at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government and the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID).
His main academic areas of concentration have been in public finance, public choice and international trade. Ali's current research endeavors center around the impact that institutions have on economic growth.
Ali has written articles for many peer-reviewed journals, including the Journal of Business and Economics Research, International Advances in Economic Research, and the Journal of Public Choice. In 2001, his paper titled "Political stability, stable economic policies and growth: An empirical investigation" that was published in the Atlantic Economic Journal was given the year's Best Article Award.
Transitional Federal GovernmentEdit
On June 12, 2010, Ali was appointed the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia's Minister of Planning and International Cooperation as well as one of several Deputy Prime Ministers. Selected for the position by the former Premier Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, he served as an integral part of a technocratic Cabinet.
Prime Minister of SomaliaEdit
On June 19, 2011, Ali was appointed the Acting Premier of Somalia after Prime Minister Mohamed abruptly resigned from office as part of a controversial agreement signed in Kampala between the President and the Parliament Speaker. A few days later, on June 23, 2011, Ali was named permanent Prime Minister.
In a session held on June 28, 2011, Members of Parliament overwhelmingly approved Ali's appointment as Prime Minister. 337 of the MPs endorsed the selection, while 2 voted against it and 2 abstained.
On July 23, 2011, Parliament unanimously endorsed Prime Minister Ali's selection of new Cabinet officials. The ministerial posts were expanded to include an additional 9 state ministers and 26 deputy ministers, bringing a total of 53 federal ministers.
On July 4, 2011, in one of his first policy initiatives, Prime Minister Ali appointed a national committee to tackle the severe drought that was then affecting large parts of the country and the larger East Africa region. The committee consisted of several federal-level members of government, including the Ministers of Defense, Health, Interior, Finance, Public Works, Women's Affairs and Information. It was tasked with assessing and addressing the needs of the drought-impacted segments of the population.
In August 2011, Prime Minister Ali announced the creation of a new Special Force (SP) division of the Somali National Army (SNA). Consisting of 300 trained soldiers, the unit was initially mandated with protecting relief shipments and distribution centers in Mogadishu. Besides helping to stabilize the city, the new protection force was also tasked with combating banditry and other vices.
In October 2011, a coordinated operation between the Somalian military and the Kenyan military referred to as Linda Nchi began, with Kenyan troops crossing the border into southern Somalia in pursuit of Al-Shabaab militants that are alleged to have kidnapped several foreign tourists and workers inside Kenya. Prime Minister Ali along with President of Somalia Sharif Ahmed initially opposed the deployment of Kenyan troops into the country, as they felt it was a breach of an earlier joint defence pact reached with the Kenyan government that limited Kenya's support to logistical activities. On October 31, a Somalian delegation led by Prime Minister Ali met in Nairobi with the Kenyan Premier Raila Odinga and other government officials to iron out differences and to outline a joint strategy vis-a-vis Operation Linda Nchi. After lengthy talks, the delegations issued a joint communique pledging coordinated military, political and diplomatic support for the mission, requesting that AMISOM peacekeepers police areas captured from Al-Shabaab, and that the International Criminal Court (ICC) begin formal investigations against the group's commanders. In addition, Prime Minister Ali urged the international community to support the joint operation, and stated that the mission "would be led by Somali forces with support of Kenyan forces". The two delegations also formed a joint high-level co-ordinating committee to maintain regular contacts between their respective governments.
In early June 2012, Kenyan forces were formally integrated into AMISOM. Analysts expect the additional AU troop reinforcements to help the Somali authorities gradually expand their territorial control.
On August 7, 2012, Prime Minister Ali announced that his government was set to re-establish the Somali Navy, which had disbanded shortly after the outbreak of the civil war in the early 1990s. Speaking to reporters in the capital, the Premier indicated that his administration wanted to create a well-trained national marine force capable of efficiently patrolling Somalia's territorial waters and putting an end to the illegal plunder of the country's resources by foreign companies and nations. He also indicated that he had asked the international community to support the Somali government's extant efforts aimed at developing its maritime defensive capacity, including the possibility of acquiring speed boats and warships to more effectively secure the country's extensive seaboard.
Prime Minister Ali has been credited with devising the formal "Roadmap for the End of Transition", a political process that provided clear benchmarks leading toward the establishment of permanent democratic institutions in Somalia by mid-2012, when the Transitional Federal Government's mandate expired.
In February 2012, the Premier and other Somali government officials met in the northeastern town of Garowe to discuss post-transition political arrangements. After extensive deliberations attended by regional actors and international observers, the conference ended in a signed agreement between Prime Minister Ali, TFG President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, Speaker of Parliament Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden, Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamud Farole, Galmudug President Mohamed Ahmed Alim and Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a representative Khalif Abdulkadir Noor stipulating that: a) a new 225 member bicameral parliament would be formed, with a lower house and an upper house seating 54 Senators; b) 30% of the National Constituent Assembly (NCA) is earmarked for women; c) the President is to be appointed via a constitutional election; and d) the Prime Minister is selected by the President and he/she then names his/her Cabinet.
On June 23, 2012, the Somali federal and regional leaders met again and approved a draft constitution after several days of deliberation. The National Constituent Assembly overwhelmingly passed the new constitution on August 1, with 96% voting for it, 2% against it, and 2% abstaining.
2012 presidential electionsEdit
In early August 2012, Prime Minister Ali officially announced his intention to present himself as a presidential candidate in Somalia's 2012 elections. Speaking before a gathering of hundreds of supporters in Mogadishu, Ali highlighted his administration's various achievements during its brief tenure, saying that "if you appreciate all the hard work and the national obligations done by my government then you will be giving me your votes."
Ali was among the four contestants who made it to the second round of voting. However, he and another candidate subsequently dropped out, leaving former TFG president Sharif Sheikh Ahmed to contest the presidency with the eventual winner, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud.
End of termEdit
President of PuntlandEdit
In August 2013, Ali launched a campaign to run for President of the autonomous Puntland state in the northeastern region's 2014 elections. After meeting with Puntland leaders in the UAE, opposition groups agreed that he would make a viable compromise candidate. He later arrived in Puntland to confer with political and clan leaders in Galkayo and Qardho so as to strengthen ties with the opposition and secure new supporters. On 8 January 2014, the first and second rounds of voting saw 9 of the 11 presidential contenders eliminated from the running, with Ali and incumbent Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamud Farole left to face off in the third round. Farole initially led the final round with 31 votes, with Ali receiving 18 votes. However, a late rally by Ali saw him eventually win the election, narrowly defeating Farole by 33 votes to 32. The victory officially makes Ali the 5th President of Puntland.
In his acceptance speech, Ali expressed gratitude for the opportunity as well as the work of the Farole administration. He also pledged to defend and adhere to the Puntland Constitution, and called for collaboration in the development and security sectors. For his part, Farole indicated that he accepted the outcome of the election, and felicitated Ali on his victory. Farole also reminded Ali of the responsibility now bestowed upon him as leader, urging the new President-elect to prioritize Puntland's interests and calling on all government officials, workers and security forces to cooperate with the region's new leadership.
On 14 January 2014, former Puntland President Farole officially handed over power to his successor Ali. The transfer ceremony was held at the Puntland State House in Garowe, with incumbent Puntland Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar, former Puntland Vice President Abdisamad Ali Shire, outgoing and erstwhile Puntland cabinet ministers, the Ethiopian consul-general in the region, UNSOM officials and other international representatives in attendance. During his hand over speech, Farole recapped the accomplishments of his administration, and noted a number of infrastructural development projects in the region that were scheduled for implementation. He also thanked all members of government for having worked for the greater communal good, and pledged to assist the incoming leadership with any advice and consultations should it require them. President Ali in turn thanked the outgoing Puntland administration for its achievements, and vowed to continue and build on them. Wishing Farole well in his future endeavors, Ali also noted that his administration would benefit going forward from Farole's advice and support as a statesman.
On 25 January 2014, Puntland President Ali and Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar were officially inaugurated into office at a ceremony at the state capital Garowe. The event was attended by a number of dignitaries, including former Puntland Presidents Abdirahman Mohamed Farole and Mohamud Muse Hersi, Jubaland President Ahmed Mohamed Islam (Madobe), Galmudug President Abdi Hasan Awale Qeybdiid, former Prime Minister of Somalia Ali Mohammed Ghedi, federal MPs, ambassadors from Djibouti, Ethiopia and Turkey, UN Special Representative for Somalia Nicholas Kay, members of the Somali expatriate community and Puntland public, and US, AU and IGAD representatives. In his inaugural speech, Ali outlined his intention to prioritize the security sector in order to create an environment conducive for investment. He also indicated that his administration would facilitate commercial development and trade by renovating and growing the region's existing transport infrastructure, and would seek to tap into Puntland's natural resources through inclusive cooperation. Additionally, Ali pledged to deliver social services in the areas of free education, health and women's development, and highlighted the importance of strengthening relations with the federal government. He likewise gave a 100-day window for the unity conference for Puntland's various constituencies, vowing to revive the "spirit of 1998" when Puntland state was established.
On 15 January 2014, President Ali appointed Dr. Deeq Sulaiman Yusuf as the new Director of the Presidential Palace of Puntland. Yusuf previously served as a good governance consultant to the Somali central government during Ali's term as Prime Minister of Somalia.
Ali concurrently held his first press conference as Puntland President, during which he announced that he was in the process of forming a lean cabinet. He indicated that he would consult with the electorate before unveiling the new council of ministers. Ali also pledged to include more women in the incoming cabinet, and vowed to strengthen the security sector. Additionally, he asked for input and cooperation from the general public.
On 15 January 2014, President Ali engaged in a question and answer session with over 100 members of the public at the Puntland Development Research Center (PDRC) in Garowe. The event included politicians, former cabinet ministers, members of the diaspora, and women and youth. During his 20-minute speech, Ali touched on his development plan for the region, which he indicated would focus on institution building, good governance, security, justice, economy and reconciliation. While commending previous Puntland administrations for having established an effective state security structure, he avered to further strengthen the sector by ensuring that all regional security processes were government-led. Ali also indicated that he intended to tap into existing institutional capacity building initiatives and opportunities, including sending government staff abroad for special skills training. Additionally, Ali pledged to prioritize administrative transparency, as well as launch social campaigns on justice. With regard to the commercial sector, Ali noted the importance of tax revenue, reminding the local business community to fulfill its tax obligations. He also indicated that effective policies were scheduled for the payment of civil service salaries. Ali likewise announced that he would hold a reconciliation conference for Puntland's various constituencies, describing the initiative as the first step in his administration's action plan and a priority for his government.
On 27 January 2014, ahead of the announcement of a new Cabinet, President Ali hosted a luncheon for Members of the Puntland Parliament at the state capital Garowe. The meeting was held at the national assembly building and was also attended by Puntland Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar and Parliament Speaker Said Hassan Shire. President Ali briefed the gathered legislators about his government program, reiterating his focus on commercial development, security, reconciliation and institutional capacity building.
On 28 January 2014, the Chief of Cabinet at the Presidential office, Deeq Suleiman Yusuf, announced President Ali's new Council of Ministers at a press conference at the Puntland State House in Garowe. The new ministerial line-up consisted of 47 officials, including returning politicians, opposition figures, diaspora members and business leaders. Two former Presidents of the Khatumo State administration, Ahmed Elmi Osman (Karaash) and Abdinur Elmi Qaaje (Biindho), were named Puntland Minister of Interior and Minister of Fisheries, respectively. Ali Haji Warsame and Shire Haji Farah, two candidates who had participated in the just concluded Puntland presidential elections, were also appointed to the Cabinet, with Warsame assigned the Ministry of Education portfolio and Farah the Ministry of Finance office. The erstwhile Chairman of the Midnimo political association, Saadiq Enow, was in turn named Minister of Health. Additionally, Hassan Osman Mohamud Aloore, the former Minister of Petroleum under the Hersi administration, was given the Ministry of Security portfolio. The new Minister of Women, Anisa Abdulkadir Haji Mumin, and Minister of Constitution, Sahra Saed Nour, were likewise among five women in the new Cabinet, which included three other female Deputy ministers.
On 29 January 2014, Puntland's new Cabinet held its first meeting at the State House in Garowe. The Council of Ministers was officially sworn into office at the same venue on 1 February. The swearing-in function was attended by a number of public figures from the state, including the Vice President, Parliament Speaker, chairman of the Supreme Court and Islamic scholars. On 4 February 2014, Puntland lawmakers approved the new state Cabinet during a session at the parliament hall in Garowe. Moments before the vote of confidence took place, President Ali briefed the present legislators on his government's plans and priorities. All 55 MPs present in the 66-seat chamber subsequently voted in favor of the new Council of Ministers. Ali thanked the parliament for the endorsement, and reiterated his administration's commitment to good governance.
Puntland biometric fishery databaseEdit
On 27 March 2014, Puntland President Ali in conjunction with representatives from the EU and FAO officially launched a new database for registering local fishermen. Referred to as the Fishermen Identification Database System, it is a $400,000 project financed by a Trust Fund from seven EU Member States. The database will provide fishermen in the region with a unique identification card. It uses biometric data, which can differentiate between the identities of individuals. Registering fishermen will allow the Puntland government to identify who fishes in its waters, and to ensure efficacious management of fisheries and sustainable resource use through the gathering of vital data. President Ali indicated that the system is also expected to help the authorities more easily distinguish legitimate fishermen from possible pirate suspects. In addition, FAO representative to Somalia Luca Alinovi noted that the database will enable fishermen to work in a secure environment. According to the New York Anti-Piracy Trust Fund, more than 3,100 fishermen already registered in the new biometric database over the previous 12 months.
EU bilateral cooperationEdit
In March 2014, President Ali discussed bilateral cooperation with a European Union delegation led by EU Envoy to Somalia Michele Cervone d'Urso. The meeting concluded with an agreement by the EU officials to assist the new Puntland administration in strengthening its security sector. Additionally, the representatives indicated that the EU would start allocating directly to Puntland its share of development funds earmarked for Somalia.
In October 2014, Ali met again with EU Special Envoy Cervone d'Urso at the Puntland State House in Garowe. The officials discussed various EU-financed development initiatives that are underway in Puntland, including education, health care and environmental protection projects. They also touched on the ongoing federalization and national reconciliation talks in Somalia, maritime and regional security, and the Puntland forces' victory over Al-Shabaab insurgents during the Galgala campaign. Additionally, the delegations discussed the New Deal conference in Copenhagen slated to take place in November 2014.
On 27 March 2014, a Puntland government delegation including President Ali and cabinet ministers met with EU representatives aboard a NATO ship. The meeting concluded with an announcement by the European Union officials that the EU would begin training Puntland Maritime Police Force units in Djibouti. The new training schedule is intended to help the Puntland authorities strengthen their marine defense capabilities in keeping with the New Deal Compact's Somali Maritime and Resources Strategy. President Ali welcomed the initiative, noting that marine cooperation with national and international stakeholders would impact activities on both sea and land, including coastal development projects.
On 28 March 2014, Ali met in Bosaso with the UAE Ambassador to Somalia Mohamed Al Osmani to discuss bilateral relations. Al Osmani asserted that his government would continue supporting progress by Puntland's new leadership. A Puntland presidential office representative also indicated that both parties had reached an agreement stipulating that the UAE government would continue supporting the Puntland Maritime Police Force. The Emirati authorities have funded the PMPF's official training program since the force's formation in 2010.
Puntland tax reformEdit
In April 2014, the Puntland Ministry of Finance announced that the Puntland government would start taxation of UN and international organizations working in the regional state. According to the head of the Nugal tax department Abdiwahab Farah Ali, this is the first such initiative undertaken in Puntland, and is expected to raise available revenue for local development projects by the new Puntland authorities. The decision is part of a pledge by Puntland President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali to increase the government's development funding in part through higher taxation. Toward this end, the Puntland authorities already increased taxes on commercial firms operating in the state in order to meet regional financing benchmarks.
Puntland-Yemen bilateral cooperationEdit
In May 2014, Puntland President Ali made an official visit to Yemen to discuss bilateral cooperation between the Puntland and Yemeni governments with President of Yemen Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi. The meeting was held at the presidential palace in Sana'a, and was also attended by a number of ministers from the Puntland regional administration. The delegations touched on bilateral trade, economic investments, security and international issues. According to the Presidential Office, the gathering concluded with an agreement by the Puntland authorities to open a consulate in Sana'a, with the Yemeni government likewise agreeing to open its own consulate in the Puntland region.
Puntland five-year development planEdit
On 21 May 2014, Ali chaired a one-day roundtable meeting on the Puntland regional state's development priorities and targets at the Puntland Development Research Center (PDRC) in Garowe. The gathering was attended by officials from various national and international bodies as well as key partners, including representatives from the Somali Federal Government, Turkey, Sweden, World Bank, United Nations, European Union, African Union and IGAD. Ali opened the conference with a briefing of his administration's development goals for the next five years, which would be centered on economic growth, health, education and security. Ambassador Mahamet Saleh Annadif, the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (SRCC) for Somalia, also commended Puntland on its democratization process and emphasized the importance of the region's stability as well as its position as a role model for other federal states in Somalia. The roundtable meeting concluded with a joint press conference including EU Envoy to Somalia Ambassador Michele Cervone D'urso, during which President Ali announced that the international representatives had agreed to support the Puntland administration's five-year development plan. Between 27–29 December 2014, Ali, Puntland cabinet members, director generals, heads of agencies and departments, and senior government officials held a follow-up three-day retreat in Garowe to review the 2014 Government Action Plan. The interactive event was the first of its kind in Somalia, and was broadcast live on local media. It focused on transparently assessing progress on the Puntland administration's pledges, identifying challenges, setting priorities for 2015, and developing strategies to ameliorate performance and speed up service delivery.
Puntland-UAE bilateral cooperationEdit
In August 2014, Ali met with a United Arab Emirates delegation at the Puntland Maritime Police Force base on the outskirts of Bosaso, including UAE Ambassador to Somalia Mohamed Al-Othman and senior heads of the Dubai Port Wall (DP). The representatives discussed a number of bilateral issues such as the ongoing renovations and expansion of the Port of Bosaso and maritime security. Additionally, the officials touched on investments in Puntland's constituent provinces, which the UAE government pledged it would make.
In June 2014, Puntland President Ali along with Bosaso Mayor Hassan Abdallah Hassan and other Puntland state officials inaugurated a new 5.9 km paved road in Bosaso. The construction project leads to the Port of Bosaso, and was completed in conjunction with UNHABITAT. According to Ali, his administration plans to invest at least 23 million Euros in contributions from international partners in similar road infrastructure development initiatives.
In August 2014, Puntland Transport and Seaports Minister Abdullahi Jama Salah announced ongoing efforts by the Puntland government under President Ali to establish new seaports in the region. The initiative is part of a campaign pledge by Ali to focus on tapping into Puntland's commercial potential through various development projects. According to Salah, he met in Djibouti with representatives from an international construction firm headquartered in China, who are scheduled to soon conduct a project evaluation for a new international seaport in Puntland. The government of Djibouti will provide facilitation during the assessment. Other transportation projects in Puntland that are concurrently in development include the construction of an international airport in the commercial hub of Bosaso.
In November 2014, Ali also conferred with UNHABITAT Head of Office for Somalia Dragan Tatic on the completion of roads and houses in Bosaso, as well as water development projects in the region.
In December 2014, Ali laid the foundation stone for a new runway at the Bender Qassim International Airport in Bosaso. The inauguration event was attended by cabinet ministers, legislators, traditional leaders, and various international officials, including tender winner China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation, financial partner and Ambassador of Italy to Somalia Farbizio Marcelli, and United Nations Office for Project Services representatives. Ali described the initiative as a flagship project aimed at advancing the local aviation sector. Ambassador Marcelli similarly hailed the development, which was originally launched in 2013 under the incumbency of erstwhile Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamed Farole. The China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation is now slated to upgrade the airport's existing gravel runway, pave it with asphalt, and convert it from 1.8 km to 2.65 km in accordance with the code 4C operations clause.
In March 2015, Ali in conjunction with EU Ambassador to Somalia Michele Cervone d'Urso and German Ambassador to Somalia Andreas Peschke launched the Sustainable Road Maintenance Project. Part of the New Deal Compact for Somalia, the initiative's implementation is facilitated by 17.75 million Euros and 3 million Euros provided by the EU and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), respectively. Among other objectives, the project aims to renovate the highway between Galkayo and Garowe, including funding refurbishments on the damaged segments of the road and construction of check dams and flood control structures. The initiative also involves a routine annual maintenance program, which focuses on side brushing, clearing bridges after floods, drainage and culvert clearance, and pothole filling. Additionally, the project will offer policy support to the Puntland Ministry of Public Works and the Puntland Highway Authority, and local contractors will receive on-the-job training to upgrade their skills.
In October 2014, the Puntland Security Force launched a cleanup operation against Al-Shabaab militants in the Galgala area in the northern Golis mountain range. The heavily armed soldiers reportedly captured an unspecified number of militants as part of the final phase of the Galgala campaign. After seizing the Galgala mountain area, Puntland President Ali offered a 30-day amnesty period to all Al-Shabaab members to turn themselves in to the regional authorities. Security officials later indicated that at least 50 U.S. military personnel had participated in the Galgala attack. This was the first reported ground support in Somalia by U.S. troops since 2006. While Bari provincial Governor Abdisamad Mohamed Galan was visiting the frontlines, U.S. special forces in armoured fighting vehicles were seen in the Galgala area. The foreign military personnel were reportedly gathering intelligence ahead of the raid on the Puntland forces' behalf. They also helped Puntland army units dismantle improvised explosive devices and conducted tactical surveillance.
Garowe bilateral agreementEdit
In October 2014, Prime Minister of Somalia Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed led a federal government delegation to the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia. The delegates included Second Speaker of the Federal Parliament Mahad Abdalle Awad and Minister of Education Ahmed Mohamed Gurase, among other Cabinet members. They were received at the Garowe International Airport by senior Puntland leaders, including President Ali and Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar, and subsequently attended a well-organized welcoming ceremony at the Puntland presidential palace in Garowe alongside various members of the international community. Ahmed subsequently co-chaired a reconciliation conference in the city between the visiting federal officials and Puntland representatives led by President Ali.
The three-day meeting concluded with a 12-point agreement between the stakeholders, with UN envoy to Somalia Ambassador Nicholas Kay, EU Ambassador Michele Cervone d'Urso, IGAD representative Mohamed Abdi Afey, and Ethiopian Consul General Asmalash Woldamirat serving as witnesses. According to federal Minister of Culture and Higher Education Duale Adan Mohamed, the pact stipulates that the recent tripartite agreement between Galmudug and Himan and Heeb establishing a new central regional state within Somalia only applies to the Galguduud and south Mudug provinces. In keeping with a 2013 pact signed by former Prime Minister of Somalia Abdi Farah Shirdon and former Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamed Farole, the Garowe bilateral agreement also states that the Federal and Puntland authorities will work together to form a united and inclusive national army. Additionally, parliamentary committees consisting of Federal and Puntland representatives are mandated with ensuring equitable distribution of foreign assistance and overseeing eventual talks pertaining to the Provisional Constitution. Ambassador Kay welcomed the agreement and urged both parties to work for the public interest, and IGAD representative Afey likewise hailed the reconciliation effort.
Global African Investment SummitEdit
In October 2014, President Ali led a Puntland delegation to participate in the Global African Investment Summit in London. The Puntland authorities had reportedly been invited to take part in the international conference. The summit is slated to be attended by various global leaders, and is aimed at highlighting investment opportunities. Its focus is on establishing business partnerships, and securing funding and mega development projects in the energy and agricultural sectors. To this end, Ali indicated that his administration welcomed foreign investment in Puntland given the regional state's position as a local commercial center.
In January 2015, President Ali met with the EU head of Civilian Operations Commander for all Civilian Common Security Defence Policy (CSDP) Missions Kenneth Deane in Garowe. During the gathering, the establishment of a new EUCAP Nestor base in Puntland was discussed. The European Union's Maritime Capacity Building Mission in the Horn of Africa and Western Indian Ocean (EUCAP Nestor) is mandated to assist nations in the latter regions to strengthen their maritime security capabilities. As such, the new base aims to advance cooperation, to train Puntland forces in maritime security and to develop and firm up on existent maritime security instruments and legislation.
Money remittance policyEdit
In March 2015, Ali established a government committee to formulate an official money remittance policy for the Puntland regional state. Puntland Minister of Interior Ahmed Elmi Osman serves as the Chairman of the new panel. The committee is composed of Puntland cabinet members.
Garowe Q&A sessionEdit
In March 2015, Ali participated in a public question and answer session held at the East Africa University's Garowe branch. State ministers, legislators, civil society representatives and students were also in attendance. The event was organized by the Puntland government to give the public an opportunity to ask the President questions, and to receive in return answers vis-a-vis their queries. Ali opened the session with a short speech on ongoing development projects that his administration is implementing in the regional state. It was followed by open questions from the general public. The meeting is among the first such public question and answer sessions chaired by a political leader in Somalia.
Puntland-Australia bilateral cooperationEdit
In April 2015, Ali met with the Ambassador of Australia to Somalia, John Feakes, at his office in Garowe. The officials discussed Australian developmental initiatives in Puntland and the local security sector, among various other bilateral matters. According to Ali, the Australian government announced that it was slated to launch new development projects in the regional state. Feakes in turn specified that these multiple initiatives would be centered on infrastructure and social services.
In April 2015, Puntland President Ali and Prime Minister of Somalia Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke launched a consultative forum between Puntland and the Federal Government at the regional state's administrative capital, Garowe. Various federal and Puntland delegates were in attendance at the gathering, including Federal Minister of Planning and international cooperation Abdirahman Yusuf Hussein Aynte, Puntland Minister of Education Ali Haji Warsame and Puntland Minister of Information Abdiweli Indha-Guran. The round-table meeting centered on Federal-Puntland bilateral cooperation, as well as the scheduled 2016 national elections. Among the main areas discussed within the Framework for Action were the ongoing federalization process, the implementation of previous treaties, the constitutional review process, border demarcation, resource-sharing, the integration of troops from different regions into the national army, and the establishment of a new Central State. The forum concluded with a signed agreement, which stipulates that Puntland will contribute 3,000 troops to the Somali National Army.
In April 2015, Ali led a Puntland ministerial delegation to Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, where the representatives had been invited to attend the Tana Forum. Among the Puntland delegates was Minister of Environment and Wildlife Gulled Salah Bare, as well as the Minister of Seaports. The official invitation was the second one that Ali had received on behalf of Puntland and Somalia as a whole. Prime Minister of Ethiopia Hailemariam Desalegn and other Ethiopian government representatives welcomed the visiting delegation at the Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa. The Tana Forum is annually held between heads of state in Africa, and focuses on the economy, security and other key continental sectors. Ali is therein scheduled to brief his counterparts on the sociopolitical situation in Puntland and Somalia at large, regional counter-terrorism operations and economic development, among other matters.
In May 2015, Ali led a large Puntland delegation to Rome to discuss various bilateral matters. The official visit was expected to last several days. According to the regional president, he had received an invitation from the Italian government to hold talks on securing funds for infrastructure development projects. Ali also emphasized his administration's focus on ameliorating infrastructure in Puntland as part of the broader reconstruction and development process in Somalia.
- 2014 Top Three Economists in Africa, World Economic Studies, October 2014.
- 2005–2006 Excellence in Research Award, College of Business Administration, Niagara University, May 2006.
- Best Paper Award, European Applied Business Research Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 2004.
- 2003–2004 Excellence in Research Award, College of Business Administration, Niagara University, May 2004.
- 2001 Best Article Award, Atlantic Economic Journal, October 2002.
- "How robust is the effect of foreign aid on growth" with (Hodan Isse and Bill Peek), Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 20, pp. 4–14, Fall 2009 (Lead Article).
- "The determinants of crime in Virginia: An empirical analysis" (with Bill Peek), forthcoming in Contemporary Issues in Educational Research, Vol. 2 (4), pp. 1–11, 2009 (Lead Article).
- "Is democracy a prerequisite for political stability?", International Business and Economics Research Journal, October 2004, Vol. 3 (10), pp. 39–47, Won the Best Paper Award.
- "Determinants of economic corruption: A cross-country comparison" (with Hodan Isse), Cato Journal, Winter Issue 2003, Vol. 22 (3), pp. 449–64. Cited by 58.
- "Institutional distortions, economic freedom and growth" (with Mark Crain), Cato Journal, Winter Issue 2002, Vol. 21 (3), pp. 415–26. Cited by 63.
- "Political regimes, economic freedom, institutions and growth" (with Mark Crain), Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice, 2001, Vol. XIX (1), pp. 3–22, Lead Article. Cited by 13.
- "Political stability, stable economic policies and growth: an empirical investigation", Atlantic Economic Journal, March Issue 2001, Vol. 29, pp. 87–106. Won the 2001 Best Article Award. Cited by 13
- "Economic freedom, democracy and growth", Journal of Private Enterprise, 1997, vol. 13, pp. 1–20, Lead Article. Cited by 30.
Refereed conference proceedingsEdit
- "Is Democracy a Prerequisite for Political Stability?" (Won the Best Paper Award), European Applied Business Research Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 14–18, 2004.
- "Somalia: Puntland's new Cabinet holds first meeting in Garowe". Garowe Online. 29 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Somali Prime Minister Unveiled His Cabinet". English.alshahid.net. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-12.
- Gettleman, Jeffrey (2011-06-23). "Somalia Names New Prime Minister". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 26, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-23.
- "Abdiweli Mohamed Ali – Curriculum vitae" (PDF). Niagara University. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- lady of somalia.pdf First Lady of Somalia[permanent dead link]
- "SOMALIA: New Prime Minister of Somalia • Horseed Media". Horseed Media. 2011-06-24. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "Somali lawmakers pass proposed Cabinet". www.hiiraan.com. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- Jeffrey Gettleman (June 19, 2011). "Lauded Somalian Prime Minister Resigns Under Pressure". The New York Times.
- Barasa, Lucas (2011-06-24). "Somalia: Return Country to Stability, New PM Urged". The Nation (Nairobi). Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- Editorial, Reuters. "Somalia parliament approves new prime minister". AF. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "New Somali cabinet approved". Africa Review. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- Somalia: Government names national drought committee Archived 2011-11-09 at the Wayback Machine
- Khalif, Abdulkadir (14 August 2011). "Somalia to set up aid protection force". Africa Review. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- Mbuyisa, Slindo. "Kenyan ramps up security at Somali border, eyes al Shabaab | defenceWeb". www.defenceweb.co.za. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "Kenyan troops pursue al-Shabab into Somalia in Operation Linda Nchi". Al Jazeera English. 16 October 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
- "Somali President wants Kenya troops out". Africa Review. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- Somalia government supports Kenyan forces' mission Archived 2012-03-14 at the Wayback Machine
- Standard, The. "Breaking News, Politics, Business, Sports". The Standard. Archived from the original on 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "Kenya: Defense Minister appointed as acting Internal Security Minister". Garowe Online. 19 June 2012. Archived from the original on 30 November 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
- "Kenya agrees to join AMISOM". China Daily. 2011-12-07.
- "Somalia to Make Task Marine Forces to Secure Its Coast". Shabelle Media Network. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Ahmed, Muddassar (8 August 2012). "Somalia rising after two decades of civil war and unrest". Al Arabiya. Archived from the original on 2012-08-09. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- Second Garowe Conference Concludes Archived 2014-12-27 at the Wayback Machine
- "Garowe Online -". 2013-12-22. Archived from the original on 2013-12-22. Retrieved 2018-03-20.
- "Somalia: Somali Leaders Adopt Draft Constitution". ANP/AFP. Retrieved 23 June 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Somalia adopts a constitution, amidst insecurity". Garowe Online. 1 August 2012. Archived from the original on 7 August 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- El-Dabh, Basil. "Somali PM to run for president". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
- "Somalia Federal Parliament elects Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as President". Garowe Online. 10 September 2012. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
- "Somali president names political newcomer as PM -diplomats". Reuters. 6 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- "Office of the Somali Parliament". Office of the Somali Parliament. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
- "Former Somali Prime Minister to vie in Puntland presidential contest". RBC. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Somalia: Former Somalia PM contests outgoing Farole on the third round of Puntland election race". Raxanreeb. 8 January 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- "Somalia: Former PM Abdiweli Ali Gas wins in the Puntland Presidential Elections". Raxanreeb. 8 January 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- "Somalia: Parliament elects Dr. Abdiweli Gaas as new Puntland President". Garowe Online. 8 January 2014. Archived from the original on 8 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014.
- Ori, Konye Obaji (9 January 2014). "Puntland governance system sparks hope for Somalia". The Africa Report. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
- "Somalia: Ex-President Farole hands over power to new Puntland President Gas". Garowe Online. 14 January 2014. Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland leader pledges to root out Al Shabaab threats". Garowe Online. 25 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- Abdirahman, Ayub (25 January 2014). "Somalia: Puntland's Newly elected President Inaugurated in Garowe". Horseed Media. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland New president Abdiwali Mohamed Ali Gaas Appoints Presidential Palace Head for Dr Deeq Suliaman Yusuf". Raxanreeb. 15 January 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- "Somalia: New Puntland President promises to form the leaner cabinet in Puntland". Raxanreeb. 15 January 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland President discusses plans ahead for new government". Garowe Online. 15 January 2014. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland president hosts luncheon for MPs ahead of Cabinet announcement". Garowe Online. 27 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland leader unveils new cabinet". Garowe Online. 28 January 2014. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland cabinet ministers sworn-in in Garowe". Garowe Online. 1 February 2014. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland Parliament approves cabinet nominees". Garowe Online. 4 February 2014. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland and FAO launch a new safe database for Somali Fishermen". Horseed Media. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- "European Union Ambassadors Meet Puntland's President For Talks On Maritime Priorities". EU NAVFOR. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "Somalia: EU to start training Puntland Marine Forces". Raxanreeb. 27 March 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland leader meets EU envoy". Garowe Online. 6 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland President meets EU Special Envoy and Ambassadors". Horseed Media. 6 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
- "Somalia: UAE Pledges Continued Support for Puntland Marine Forces". Horseed Media. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland to start the taxation of UN and the other International organisations". Raxanreeb. 17 April 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-04-19. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland President meets his Yemeni counterpart". Horseed Media. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland Govt, Donors gather for roundtable meeting". Garowe Online. 21 May 2014. Archived from the original on 27 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "Somalia: Donors Agree to Support Puntland Government on Development Projects". Horseed Media. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "PRES RELEASE– THE GOVERNMENT OF PUNTLAND HOLDS ANNUAL RETREAT TO REVIEW DELIVERY OF TARGETS". Gaafo. 29 December 2014. Archived from the original on 6 April 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
- "Somalia: Puntland leader arrives back in Garowe after provincial tour". Garowe Online. 14 August 2014. Archived from the original on 14 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland president returns to Garowe". Raxanreeb. 14 August 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-08-14. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland President inaugurates new paved road in Bossaso Port City". Garowe Online. 21 November 2014. Archived from the original on June 5, 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland to establish new seaports as part of the "Boost Puntland Economy" campaign". Raxanreeb. 21 August 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-04-18. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland President Abdiweli Gaas meets UN-HAPITAT head for Somalia Mr. Dragan Tatic". Raxanreeb. 21 November 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-11-17. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland President lays foundation stone for Bossaso airport runway". Garowe Online. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- "EU and Germany Rehabilitate Garowe-Galkacyo Corridor". Goobjoog. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
- "Somalia: Puntland Army conducts clean-up operation in Galgala". Garowe Online. 1 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- "Puntland administration gives 30 days amnesty to Al-shabab members". Goobjoog. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
- "Somalia: US military personnel took part in Galgala offensive". Garowe Online. 3 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014.
- "Somalia: Prime Minister Abdiweli Shiekh Ahmed in Garowe in the second day". Raxanreeb. 11 October 2014. Archived from the original on 13 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland clinches deal with Federal Govt". Garowe Online. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- "President Gaas: Only Puntland was invited to attend African investment conference in London". Goobjoog. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland president heads to London to attend Global African Investment Summit". Raxanreeb. 17 October 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-10-18. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- "Somalia: Puntland leader to attend Global African Investment Summit". Garowe Online. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- "EUCAP NESTOR | EU Civilian Operations Commander visits EUCAP Nestor's field offices in Somalia". 2016-04-12. Archived from the original on 2016-04-12. Retrieved 2018-03-20.
- "Somalia: Puntland to establish money remittance policy". Raxanreeb. 20 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- "Somalia: Puntland President Abdiweli Gaas attends Q&A gathering in Garowe". Raxanreeb. 31 March 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Australian Government Pledges to Implement Developmental projects in Puntland". Goobjoog. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- "Somalia: Forum between Puntland and the Federal Government kicks off in Garowe". Raxanreeb. 11 April 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-04-12. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
- "Somalia: Federal Govt, Puntland discussing Framework for Action". Garowe Online. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- "Somalia: Puntland to contribute 3000 soldiers to Nat'l Army, another deal signed". Garowe Online. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
- "Somalia: Puntland President to attend Tana Forum in Bahi Dar, Ethiopia". Raxanreeb. 18 April 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-04-18. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- "Somalia: Italy and Puntland to discuss on improving infrastructure in Puntland". Raxanreeb. 2 May 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-07-17. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- "C/weli Gaas oo ka mid noqdey 3-da nin ee Afrika ugu sareysa dhinaca". Allxiiso Online. 30 October 2014. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014.