Abdi Hasan Awale Qeybdiid
Abdi Hasan Awale or Abdi Qeybdiid (Somali: Cabdi Xasan Cawaale (Qeybdiid), Arabic: عبدي حسن عوالي قيبديد) (Hawiye) was born in 1948 in Galkacyo, Somalia. He was elected on August 1, 2012, as the new president of Galmudug state, a semi-autonomous region in Somalia. In December 2006, he led an engagement on behalf of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG), backed by a sizable contingent of Ethiopian troops, known as the Battle of Bandiradley. He is also the "tiger Abdi" of the July 12, 1993 Abdi House Raid, which presaged the First Battle of Mogadishu.
Abdi Hasan Awale
|President of Galmudug|
1 August 2012 – 23 July 2015
|Preceded by||Mohamed Ahmed Alin|
|Succeeded by||Abdikarim Hussein Guled|
|Chief of police|
12 November 2001 – 8 December 2003
|Prime Minister||Hassan Abshir Farah|
Qeybdiid rose to prominence as Mohammed Farrah Aidid's interior minister in its clashes with UN forces during the so-called "nation-building" phase of UNOSOM II in 1993. Like Aidid, he is a member of the Sacad sub-clan of the Habar Gedir clan.
In 1993, an assault force of Delta Force commandos backed up by nearly 140 United States Army Rangers and four US Army Special Forces operators under the command of Gen. William F. Garrison and Col. Lee Van Arsdale captured Qeybdiid together with Osman Ali Atto. He stayed in American custody for some months. The arrest is portrayed in the film Black Hawk Down.
In 2006, he fought with the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT) against the Islamic Courts Union in the Second Battle of Mogadishu. They surrendered on 11 July 2006, the last Alliance forces to do so.
In late 2006, after retreating from Mogadishu, he fought under the name of the newly formed autonomous region known as Galmudug but without any known affiliation or permission as yet. He led its forces, fighting alongside Ethiopia and Puntland allies, in the Battle of Bandiradley.
On January 1, 2007, he returned to Mogadishu where he pleaded for there to be no reprisals against the defeated Islamists.
- Chris Albin-Lackey, Human Rights Watch (Organization), "So much to fear": war crimes and the devastation of Somalia, Human Rights Watch, 2008, p. 44
- "Disorder reigns, but Somalia rulers see calm, progress". 2001-03-12. Archived from the original on 2006-11-18. Retrieved 2007-01-29.
- Somali Islamists win city battle, BBC, July 11, 2006
- "Somalia: No revenge against Islamists - former warlord". SomaliNet. 2007-01-01. Archived from the original on 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2007-01-29.