Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour

Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour (Arabic: عبد العزيز بن حبتور, born 8 August 1955) is a Yemeni politician who served as Governor of Aden during the Houthi takeover in Yemen. He is a member of the General People's Congress, sitting on its permanent committee since 1995.[1] An ally of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, he condemned the 2014–15 Yemeni coup d'état[2] and received the deposed leader after his flight from the Houthi-controlled capital of Sana'a on 21 February 2015.[3] He is also a vocal opponent of the separatist movement in the former South Yemen, saying the movement is too fractured and small to achieve its goals.[4][5]

Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour
ابن حبتور١.JPG
Prime Minister of Yemen
Assumed office
4 October 2016*
PresidentSaleh Ali al-Sammad
Mahdi al-Mashat
DeputyJalal al-Rowaishan
Akram Abdullah Attaya
Hussein Abdullah Mkabuli
Preceded byTalal Aklan (Acting)
Governor of Aden Governorate
In office
25 December 2014 – 20 July 2015
DeputyNayef al-Bakri
Preceded byWaheed Ali Rashid
Succeeded byNayef al-Bakri
Personal details
Born (1955-08-08) 8 August 1955 (age 65)
Ghareer, Aden (now Yemen)
Political partyGeneral People's Congress
Children5
Alma materUniversity of Aden
Berlin School of Economics and Law
Leipzig University
*Habtour's term has been disputed by Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr and Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed.

In October 2016, bin Habtour was appointed as Prime Minister in the Houthi-led parallel government.

Bin Habtour served as Deputy Minister of Education from 2001 to 2008 and subsequently as Rector of the University of Aden.[1]

Professional careerEdit

The University of Aden employed bin Habtour as a prorector from 1994 to 2001. In 2001, President Ali Abdullah Saleh named bin Habtour to serve as Deputy Minister of Education, an office he held until 2008.[1] Afterward, he became president and rector of the University of Aden.[6]

President Hadi appointed bin Habtour as Governor of Aden by decree on 22 December 2014.[7] He was sworn three days later.[8][9] As Aden's new governor, he confronted the unrest created by the Houthi takeover in 2015, including a pro-separatist uprising in Aden seaport.[5] He also met with Hadi after he fled to Aden from the capital of Sana'a.[3]

At some point during the months-long battle for Aden in 2015, bin Habtour fled the city.[10] In July, the Yemeni government-in-exile in Saudi Arabia announced the appointment of his former deputy, Nayef al-Bakri, as governor.[11]

PremiershipEdit

On 2 October 2016, he was appointed as Prime Minister by the Houthis.[12] On 4 October, he formed his cabinet.[13] The cabinet, which includes members of the Southern Movement,[14] is not internationally recognized.[15]

On 28 November 2016, a new cabinet was formed.[16] Ansarullah and the General People's Congress announced a government of national salvation to be led by Habtour. He then said that the new coalition would be a vital step towards re-organizing Yemen's internal affairs and dealing with the consequences of the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.[17]

However, the UN Special Envoy for Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed said the move was "a new and unnecessary obstacle. Yemen is at a critical juncture. The actions recently taken by Ansarullah and the General People's Congress will only complicate the search for a peaceful solution. The parties must hold Yemen’s national interests above narrow partisan ambitions and take immediate steps to end political divisions and address the country’s security, humanitarian and economic challenges." He further claimed that such an action could harm peace talks.[18]

On 13 December 2016, he accused United Kingdom of war crimes against Yemen, by giving bombs to the Saudi-led coalition.[19]

On 5 April 2017, he tendered his resignation as Prime Minister by submitting it to the Supreme Political Council, according to sources close to him. This occurred after Houthi militiamen stormed the headquarters of the General Authority for Social Security and Pensions in Sana'a, reportedly taking over the establishment and seizing funds intended for pensioners.[20]

Personal lifeEdit

Bin Habtour was born in 1955 in the Shabwah Governorate, part of what was then the British Aden Protectorate. He earned a bachelor's degree in economics and administration from the University of Aden in 1981, a master's degree in economics from the Berlin School of Economics and Law in 1988, and a doctorate from Leipzig University in 1992. He is married with five children.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Curriculum Vitae" (PDF). University of Aden. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Southern Yemen moves towards secession as Houthis call for reconciliation". Asharq al-Awsat. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Yemen leader meets governors after fleeing capital". Agence France-Presse. 22 February 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  4. ^ Al-Arashi, Fakhri (15 February 2015). "Aden's Governor Says Secession Impossible". National Yemen. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  5. ^ a b Mukhashaf, Mohammed (16 February 2015). "Forces loyal to president seize parts of Yemen's economic hub". Reuters. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
  6. ^ "To be affected by the world crisis, determined by relation to Washington: Mahatir". Almotamar.net. 24 December 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  7. ^ "Republican Decree Appoints Seven Governors". Yemen Observer. 25 December 2014. Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  8. ^ "Newly-appointed governors sworn in". Saba News Agency. 26 December 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Newly-appointed governors sworn in before President Hadi". President of the Republic of Yemen. 25 December 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-02-24. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  10. ^ "UAE team arrives in Yemen to reopen Aden airport - The National".
  11. ^ "Yemen death toll from rebel shelling doubles to nearly 100, aid group says". CTV News. 20 July 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
  12. ^ "Yemen's Houthis ask former Aden governor to form government". 2 October 2016 – via Reuters.
  13. ^ "Yemen rebels form rival government". Archived from the original on 2016-10-05.
  14. ^ https://en.qantara.de/content/yemen-rebels-form-rival-government
  15. ^ "UN rejects Yemen rebels' bid to form government". Gulf News. 5 October 2016.
  16. ^ "Saba Net - Yemen news agency".
  17. ^ "PressTV-Houthi: New govt. meant to better serve nation".
  18. ^ "PressTV-New Yemen government criticized by UN".
  19. ^ https://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2016/12/14/yemen-rebel-leader-accuses-uk-of-war-crimes
  20. ^ "Yemen's Houthi-appointed PM tenders resignation". Anadolu Agency. 6 April 2017.
Political offices
Preceded by
Talal Aklan
Acting
Prime Minister of Yemen
2016–present
Incumbent