Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour
Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour (Arabic: عبد العزيز بن حبتور, born 8 August 1955) is a Yemeni politician who served as Governor of Aden during the Houthi takeover in Yemen. He is a member of the General People's Congress, sitting on its permanent committee since 1995. An ally of President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, he condemned the 2014–15 Yemeni coup d'état and received the deposed leader after his flight from the Houthi-controlled capital of Sana'a on 21 February 2015. He is also a vocal opponent of the separatist movement in the former South Yemen, saying the movement is too fractured and small to achieve its goals.
Abdel-Aziz bin Habtour
|Prime Minister of Yemen|
|Assumed office |
4 October 2016*
|President||Saleh Ali al-Sammad|
Akram Abdullah Attaya
Hussein Abdullah Mkabuli
|Preceded by||Talal Aklan (Acting)|
|Governor of Aden Governorate|
25 December 2014 – 20 July 2015
|Preceded by||Waheed Ali Rashid|
|Succeeded by||Nayef al-Bakri|
|Born||8 August 1955|
Ghareer, Aden (now Yemen)
|Political party||General People's Congress|
|Alma mater||University of Aden|
Berlin School of Economics and Law
|*Habtour's term has been disputed by Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr and Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed.|
In October 2016, bin Habtour was appointed as Prime Minister in the Houthi-led parallel government.
The University of Aden employed bin Habtour as a prorector from 1994 to 2001. In 2001, President Ali Abdullah Saleh named bin Habtour to serve as Deputy Minister of Education, an office he held until 2008. Afterward, he became president and rector of the University of Aden.
President Hadi appointed bin Habtour as Governor of Aden by decree on 22 December 2014. He was sworn three days later. As Aden's new governor, he confronted the unrest created by the Houthi takeover in 2015, including a pro-separatist uprising in Aden seaport. He also met with Hadi after he fled to Aden from the capital of Sana'a.
At some point during the months-long battle for Aden in 2015, bin Habtour fled the city. In July, the Yemeni government-in-exile in Saudi Arabia announced the appointment of his former deputy, Nayef al-Bakri, as governor.
On 2 October 2016, he was appointed as Prime Minister by the Houthis. On 4 October, he formed his cabinet. The cabinet, which includes members of the Southern Movement, is not internationally recognized.
On 28 November 2016, a new cabinet was formed. Ansarullah and the General People's Congress announced a government of national salvation to be led by Habtour. He then said that the new coalition would be a vital step towards re-organizing Yemen's internal affairs and dealing with the consequences of the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.
However, the UN Special Envoy for Yemen Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed said the move was "a new and unnecessary obstacle. Yemen is at a critical juncture. The actions recently taken by Ansarullah and the General People's Congress will only complicate the search for a peaceful solution. The parties must hold Yemen’s national interests above narrow partisan ambitions and take immediate steps to end political divisions and address the country’s security, humanitarian and economic challenges." He further claimed that such an action could harm peace talks.
On 5 April 2017, he tendered his resignation as Prime Minister by submitting it to the Supreme Political Council, according to sources close to him. This occurred after Houthi militiamen stormed the headquarters of the General Authority for Social Security and Pensions in Sana'a, reportedly taking over the establishment and seizing funds intended for pensioners.
Bin Habtour was born in 1955 in the Shabwah Governorate, part of what was then the British Aden Protectorate. He earned a bachelor's degree in economics and administration from the University of Aden in 1981, a master's degree in economics from the Berlin School of Economics and Law in 1988, and a doctorate from Leipzig University in 1992. He is married with five children.
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- "Yemen's Houthi-appointed PM tenders resignation". Anadolu Agency. 6 April 2017.
| Prime Minister of Yemen