Abdal-Latif Mirza (c. 1420 – 9 May 1450) was the great-grandson of Central Asian emperor Timur. He was the third son of Ulugh Beg, Timurid ruler of Transoxiana (modern Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and parts of Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan) and Roqya Katun Arolat.

'Abd al-Latif
Amir of the Timurid Empire
Reign27 October 1449— 9 May 1450
PredecessorUlugh Beg
SuccessorAbdullah Mirza
Died9 May 1450 (aged 30)
SpouseShah Sultan Agha
IssueAbdul Razaq Mirza
Ahmad Mirza
Mahmud Mirza
Juki Mirza
Muhammad Baqir Mirza
Qatak Sultan Begum
Abd al-Latif ibn Muhammad Taraghay Ulughbek
HouseTimurid Empire
FatherUlugh Beg
MotherRuqaiya Sultan Agha

Early years edit

He was brought up at the court of his grandfather Shah Rukh. It is known that he received a scientific and general education like his father, Ulugh Beg, however some historians suggest that he retained less Mongolian traditions since he grew up in Herat.[1]

Having been given the governorship of Balkh, Abdal-Latif Mirza served under his father. During the succession struggle that followed the death of Shah Rukh, he occupied Herat, although after Ulugh Beg left the city at the end of 1448 it was conquered by Abul-Qasim Babur Mirza.

Abdal-Latif Mirza did not remain loyal to his father. Angry over the fact that he was to be passed over in the transfer of rule of Samarkand, he revolted while Ulugh Beg was marching to retake Khorasan. He defeated his father at Dimashq, near Samarkand, in the fall of 1449.

Ulugh Beg later decided to surrender himself, and Abdal-Latif Mirza granted him permission to take a pilgrimage to Mecca, though he then had Ulugh Beg murdered en route. This earned Abdal-Latif Mirza the infamous nickname Padar-kush, or Pedar-kush (from Persian "killer of his father، پدر کش"). A few days later he also had his brother 'Abd al-'Aziz killed.

Death edit

In this manner he became ruler of Transoxiana. A somewhat pious person, he gained the support of the local religious groups, but this did not save him from a conspiracy hatched against him by the amirs. His reign lasted for only six months. He was succeeded by his cousin Abdullah Mirza.

Personal life edit

  • Shah Sultan Agha, daughter of Muhammad Musharaf son of Hamid, a Mughal Amir;
  • Abul Razaq Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;
  • Ahmad Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;
  • Mahmud Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;
  • Juki Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;
  • Muhammad Baqir Mirza - with Shah Sultan Agha;

Qatak Sultan Begum - with Shah Sultan Agha;

Abdal-Latif Mirza
Preceded by Timurid Empire (in Samarkand) Succeeded by

References edit

  1. ^ Foundation, Encyclopaedia Iranica. "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica". iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 2023-10-01.