Abbeville, Georgia

Abbeville is a city in Wilcox County, Georgia, United States. Per the 2020 census, the population was 2,685.[4] The city is the county seat of Wilcox County.[5]

Abbeville
City
Confederate monument and historic marker to Jefferson Davis at Wilcox County Library in Abbeville
Confederate monument and historic marker to Jefferson Davis at Wilcox County Library in Abbeville
Nickname: 
Wild Hog Capitol of Georgia
Location in Wilcox County and the state of Georgia
Location in Wilcox County and the state of Georgia
Abbeville is located in Georgia
Abbeville
Abbeville
Abbeville is located in the United States
Abbeville
Abbeville
Abbeville is located in North America
Abbeville
Abbeville
Coordinates: 31°59′30″N 83°18′27″W / 31.99167°N 83.30750°W / 31.99167; -83.30750Coordinates: 31°59′30″N 83°18′27″W / 31.99167°N 83.30750°W / 31.99167; -83.30750
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyWilcox
Area
 • Total3.09 sq mi (8.01 km2)
 • Land3.06 sq mi (7.92 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation
256 ft (78 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,685
 • Density878.31/sq mi (339.17/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
31001
Area code229
FIPS code13-00184[2]
GNIS feature ID0354256[3]
Websitehttp://www.abbevillegeorgia.org

HistoryEdit

Abbeville was founded in 1857 as seat of the newly formed Wilcox County. The town was incorporated in 1883.[6] According to one tradition, the city was named after Abbie McNally, the wife of the original owner of the site, while another tradition states the name is a transfer from Abbeville, South Carolina.[7] The current Wilcox County Courthouse was built in 1903 and it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Abbeville was home to the Georgia Normal College and Business Institute.

In 1910 Abbeville had a population of 1,201.[8] In 1950 it had a population of 890.[9]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2), of which 3.1 square miles (8.0 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.65%) is water.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Abbeville, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 61.2
(16.2)
61.4
(16.3)
70.6
(21.4)
78.0
(25.6)
84.9
(29.4)
90.2
(32.3)
92.2
(33.4)
91.8
(33.2)
87.5
(30.8)
79.1
(26.2)
69.8
(21.0)
61.2
(16.2)
77.3
(25.2)
Average low °F (°C) 34.1
(1.2)
35.6
(2.0)
42.9
(6.1)
49.7
(9.8)
59.4
(15.2)
67.7
(19.8)
70.2
(21.2)
70.4
(21.3)
63.9
(17.7)
52.5
(11.4)
41.7
(5.4)
35.0
(1.7)
51.9
(11.1)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.1
(100)
4.4
(110)
4.6
(120)
3.4
(86)
3.4
(86)
4.0
(100)
5.5
(140)
4.5
(110)
3.7
(94)
2.2
(56)
2.7
(69)
3.5
(89)
45.9
(1,170)
Source: Weatherbase[10]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
188061
1890657977.0%
19001,15275.3%
19101,2014.3%
19201,119−6.8%
19301,018−9.0%
19401,010−0.8%
1950890−11.9%
1960872−2.0%
1970781−10.4%
198098526.1%
1990907−7.9%
20002,298153.4%
20102,90826.5%
20202,685−7.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
2010[12] 2020[13]

2020 censusEdit

Abbeville city, Georgia – Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[12] Pop 2020[13] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 1,087 943 37.38% 35.12%
Black or African American alone (NH) 1,607 1,639 55.26% 61.04%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 2 0 0.07% 0.00%
Asian alone (NH) 14 8 0.48% 0.30%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 6 0 0.21% 0.00%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 39 19 1.34% 0.71%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 153 76 5.26% 2.83%
Total 2,908 2,685 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 CensusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,298 people, 373 households, and 255 families residing in the city. The population density was 750.9 inhabitants per square mile (289.9/km2). There were 467 housing units at an average density of 152.6 per square mile (58.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 41.04% White, 58.40% African American, 0.17% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population.

There were 373 households, out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 12.1% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 47.0% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 302.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 369.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,193, and the median income for a family was $23,750. Males had a median income of $27,183 versus $19,107 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,029. About 28.5% of families and 31.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.7% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010 Abbeville had a population of 2,908. The racial and ethnic composition was 37.4% non-Hispanic white, 55.8% black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% non-Hispanic reporting some other race, 1.7% reporting two or more races, 5.3% Hispanic with 0.5% of the population being Hispanic who reported their race as black or African American.[14]

EducationEdit

The Wilcox County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of an elementary school, a middle school, and a high school.[15] The district has 90 full-time teachers and over 1,439 students.[16]

The schools, located in Rochelle, are:

TriviaEdit

Abbeville is famous for its large population of wild hogs. The Ocmulgee Wild Hog Festival is held annually in May with food, arts and crafts, live music, and various contests.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Abbeville city, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 215. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  7. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 1. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  8. ^ Farm Journal Complete Atlas of the World. 1912 Edition
  9. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Atlas, 1959 Edition, p. 298
  10. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Abbeville, Georgia". Weatherbase. 2011.Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  11. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  12. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Abbeville city, Georgia". United States Census Bureau.
  13. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Abbeville city, Georgia". United States Census Bureau.
  14. ^ 2010 population figures for Abbeville
  15. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 30, 2010.
  16. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 30, 2010.