Aba is a city in southeastern Nigeria and the commercial centre of Abia State. Upon the creation of Abia State in 1991, the old Aba township was divided into two local government areas, being Aba South and Aba North, while the suburban neighborhood of what was then known as Obioma Ngwa L.G.A. was divided into three L.G.A.s (namely Osisioma Ngwa, Obingwa and Ugwunagbo) for administrative convenience. Aba South is the main city centre of Aba and Abia State at large, being located on the Aba River. Aba is made up of many villages such as Aba-Ukwu, Eziukwu-Aba, Obuda-Aba, Umuokpoji-Aba and other villages that have been merged for administrative convenience. Aba was established by the Ngwa clan of the Igbo people in Nigeria as a market town. Later, a military post was placed there by the British colonial administration in 1901.[3] It lies along the west bank of the Aba River and is at the intersection of roads leading to Port Harcourt, Owerri, Umuahia, Ikot Ekpene, and Ikot-Abasi.[4] The city became a collection point for agricultural products following construction of a British-made railway running through it to Port Harcourt. Aba is a major urban settlement and commercial centre in its region, which is surrounded by small villages and towns. The indigenous people of Aba are the Ngwa. Aba is well known for its craftsmen and is the most populous city in southeastern Nigeria. As of 2016, Aba had an estimated population of 2,534,265, making it the biggest city in South Eastern Nigeria.[1]

Aba Ngwa
Enyimba City
Aba is located in Nigeria
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 5°07′N 7°22′E / 5.117°N 7.367°E / 5.117; 7.367
Country Nigeria
LGAAba South, Aba North, Osisioma Ngwa, Obi Ngwa, Ugwunagbo, Ukwa East
 • GovernorAlex Otti (LP)
 • Total901 km2 (348 sq mi)
205 m (673 ft)
 (2016 census)[1]
 • Total2,534,265
 • Density2,800/km2 (7,300/sq mi)
 • Metro density1,474/km2 (3,820/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity
Igbo others
 • Ethnicity density7,000/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
 • Religion
Christianity Omenala
GDP (PPP, 2015 int. Dollar)
 • Year2023
 • Total$13.4 billion[2]
 • Per capita$11,300
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Area code082
National languageIgbo

History edit

Aba, although acting as unified city, is composed of many villages, including Aba-Ukwu, Eziukwu-Aba, Obuda-Aba and Umuokpoji-Aba. Aba-Ukwu has historically been the primary village in Aba, as the Eze W.E Ukaegbu of Aba-Ukwu was known and referred to as the 9th Grand Son of Aba. However, the greater Aba metropolis as defined by the Greater Aba Development Authority (GADA) comprises seven local government areas, namely Aba South, Aba North, Osisioma Ngwa, Obingwa, Ugwunagbo, Ukwa East, and Ukwa West. There are ongoing construction projects in Enyimba Economic Area and Abia State Industrial Innovation Park in Ukwa East and West local government areas to overcome the challenges of unplanned urban sprawl facing the city.[citation needed]

The city was initially a trade centre which eventually became an administrative centre of Britain's colonial government. Aba has been a major commercial centre ever since it became part of British Nigeria.[citation needed]

The Aro Expedition, which was part of a larger military plan to quell anti-colonial sentiment in the region, took place in the area of Aba during 1901 and 1902. During this military action, the British defeated the native Aro people with a presumably large number of casualties.[5] In 1901, the British founded a military post in Aba and in 1915, a railroad was constructed to link it to Port Harcourt, which transported agricultural goods such as palm oil and palm kernels.[4] In 1929, Aba was the site of a revolt by Igbo women, historically known as "The Aba Women's Riot",[nb 1] which was a protest against the colonial taxation policy.[7] The riot started out as a peaceful protest against the initial census of women in the region, and subsequent assumed taxation of the women based upon rumour. The protests spread throughout the region, but remained peaceful until a pregnant woman was knocked over during a "scuffle", and the lady losing her child.[8] News of this "act of abomination" spread rapidly, and violent reactions ensued. After more protests, a mass of 10,000 women marched on Aba. Sources dispute the casualty rate, with 55[6] to over 100 deaths being reported.[8] By the 1930s, Aba was becoming a large urban community with an established industrial complex.

During the height of the Nigerian Civil War in 1967, the capital of Biafra was moved to Umuahia from Enugu. Aba was a very strategic Biafran city and was heavily bombed and air raided during the civil war.[9]

Aba is the home of many distinguished families such as the Emejiaka Egbu family of Aba la Ohazu, the Ogbonna family of Eziukwu-Aba, the Ichita family of Umuokpoji-Aba, the Omenihu family of Obuda-Aba, the Ugbor family of Aba-Ukwu, the Ugwuzor family Umuokpoji Aba, the Ihemadu family of Ohabiam, the Ukaegbu family of Aba-ukwu, the Ahunanya family of Ohabiam, among others.[citation needed]

Economy edit

Aba is surrounded by oil wells, which separate it from the city of Port Harcourt. A 30 kilometres (19 mi) long pipeline provides Aba with gas from the Imo River natural gas repository.[4] Its major economic contributions are textiles and palm oil,[3] along with pharmaceuticals, plastics, cement, and cosmetics. This trade makes the Ariaria International Market the second largest market in Nigeria after the Onitsha Main Market. There is also a Heineken N.V., a glass-working company[3] and brewery within the city. Aba is famous for its handicrafting.[4]

Aba is a commercial hub of eastern Nigeria.[10][11] There are a few well known markets, such as Ariaria International Market, Ahia Ohuru Market, and Eziukwu Road Market, among others, that serve the entire region with wares, food, cosmetics, and other material goods.

Religion edit

The city has played a lasting role in the Christian evangelism of Southeast Nigeria ever since the British brought over the Church Mission Society (CMS), an evangelism vehicle of the Church of England used to plant what today has become the Anglican Church of Nigeria. The evangelist church known as All the Saints originated out of the initiative of three oil traders: Opopo-Joseph Cookey, Gabrial Cookey and Zedekiah Cookey. These men sailed up the Aba River in 1896 for trade and to spread Christianity. In 1897, they negotiated with Abayi and Umuocham people for land to establish their oil business; these negotiations were successful. As their oil trade began to grow, so too did Christianity in Nigeria, and the Cookeys ended up converting the Abayi and Umuocham people to Christianity. From 1901 and especially in 1902, they planned an intensive crusade and invited their landlords. This led to the construction of two congregational churches; one at the Abayi waterfront, and the other at the Umuocham waterfront, dedicated by James Johnson. The earliest converts from the Abayi and Umuocham tribes attended church services at St. Ambrose on the Abayi waterfront until 1905, when they set up their own churches further inland. Joseph Cookey was the volunteer teacher for the Abayi, whereas Gabriel Cookey was the volunteer teacher for the Umuocham.[citation needed]

St. Michael's Cathedral Anglican Church was founded in the late 1920s, although St. James Parish on the Umuleri city limit is arguably the oldest church in the region due to the fact that the diocese's first mass was celebrated in 1916.[12] Most of the primary and secondary schools mentioned below were founded by the CMS along with their associated churches.

Early missionaries who arrived in Nigeria in 1842 established what is now known as the Methodist Church of Nigeria in Badagry. Methodism quickly spread to Uzuakoli and down to Aba. Wesley Cathedral was the first cathedral to be built in Aba. It became a diocese and later an archdiocese which hosted the 2018 Methodist Conference. The Methodist Church is one of the most spiritually vibrant churches in the city of Aba.[13]

The Catholic Church also created many churches; Christ the King Church (C.K.C), which for a long time was the biggest church in the city, became its bishop's seat, and it is now known as Christ the King Cathedral.[citation needed]

With the arrival of the Pentecostal brand of Christianity in Nigeria, the city got an enormous share for itself. The Assemblies of God Church and Deeper Christian Life Ministry had massive followings in the early 1980s, followed by the Refiner's House International Church, one of the newest and fastest-growing Christian ministries in the city.[14] The African Gospel Church was founded by Bishop Ogudoro.[citation needed] This church is divided into 10 districts. The current bishop of the African Gospel Church is Rev. Dr. Robert Lang'at.[15]

In the late 1960s, a group of Nigerians discovered information on the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and established branches, but this Utah-based church did not establish any official presence in Nigeria until 1978.[16] The first stake of this church in Nigeria (and in fact in all of Africa outside of South Africa) was established in Aba in 1988, with David W. Eka as president. There are presently four LDS stakes headquartered in Aba and the only LDS temple in Nigeria is located in the city, being the Aba Nigeria Temple. There are three other temples announced for Lagos, Benin City, and Eket.[citation needed]

Mosques are also present in Aba; the largest mosque is the Hospital Road Mosque. A Chief Imam resides in the Hausa-speaking settlements at the heart of the city.

Education edit

Below are some schools in Aba.

Primary schools in Aba
  • Ogbor Hill Primary School
  • Living Word Magnet Schools
  • Aba-Owerri Road Primary School
  • Asa Road Primary School
  • Asa Triangle Primary School
  • Constitution Crescent (Santa Maria) Primary School
  • School Road Primary School Aba
  • Cameroun Barracks Primary School
  • City Primary School
  • Township Primary school
  • Ohabiam Primary School
  • Umuagabai Primary School
  • Golf Course Primary School
  • St Bridget Primary School
  • Abayi Umuocham Primary School
  • Abayi Ariaria Primary School
  • Ndoki Road Primary School
  • Danfodio Road Primary School
  • Ehere Road Primary School
  • Azikiwe Road Primary School
  • Tenant Road Primary School
  • Market Road Primary School
  • Cameroun Road Primary School
  • St. James Model Primary School (private)
  • Hospital Road Primary School
  • Okigwe Road Primary School
  • Omuma Road Primary School
  • College primary School
  • 67 Infantory Battalion Primary School, Umule
  • Living Stone Int'l Christian Primary School, Ogbor-Hill Aba, Abia State
  • Lilac primary school ogbor hil,Aba
  • International Early Learning Centre, Umuodu, Abayi Aba
  • Eagle Height Academy, 56 Cameroon road, Abayi Aba
  • Daughter of Mary Mother of Mercy Primary School - owned by the catholic church, and is among the first five primary school in Aba in the 90s alongside st Bridget and intl early learning.
Secondary schools in Aba
  • Methodist High School, Park Road Aba
  • Presbyterian Secondary School, Ogbor Hill Aba
  • Living Word Academy Secondary
  • Ngwa High School (NHS) or (NAHISCO)
  • (Ibo) National High School (NACO)
  • Girls' Technical College
  • Sacred Heart College Eziukwu Aba (SAHACO)
  • Eziama High School (Apostolic Grammar School)
  • Wilcox Memorial Comprehensive Secondary School, Ogbor hill Aba
  • All Saints Secondary School, Ehere Aba
  • Community Girls Secondary School
  • Secondary Technical School
  • Nigerian Christian Seminary School
  • Boys Technical College [BTC]
  • Girls High School, Ogbor Hill.
  • Ninlan Demonstration Secondary School.
  • Ovom Girls High School, Ovom
  • Ohabiam Girls Secondary School, Ohabiam.
  • Nneise Community Secondary School, Umuezu.
  • St. Joseph College Aba
  • Iheorji Secondary School Aba
  • Osusu Secondary School Aba
Private schools in Aba
  • Living Word Magnet Schools (Nursery/Primary)
  • Living Word Academy (Secondary)
  • Honourables International School
  • St. James Model School (Hosts JAMB and other graduate exams)
  • Premier International Secondary School
  • New Breed International Schools
  • Evangel Seminary
  • Alberto Model School
  • Dority International Secondary School (Hosts SAT and Toefl Exams for foreign colleges)
  • St Bridget High School
  • St Anthony Comprehensive Secondary School Aba.
  • Living Stone International Christian Secondary School, Ogbor-Hill Aba, Abia State
  • Living Word Academy Secondary, Abayi, Aba.
  • D-nals High school,opobo Rd Aba.
  • Rich Devos International High School, Aba.
  • Presbyterian secondary school, Ehere, Aba.
  • Awesome International Model Secondary School, Abayi Aba.
  • Infotech Demonstration School Aba.
  • stella maris secondary school aba.
  • merit base international Christian school Aba
  • St. Joseph College Aba
  • Intellectual Giants Christian Academy
  • Modern Child College Aba
  • St. Augustine's Model Academy, Ogbor Hill, Aba.
  • Lilac Comprehensive Secondary School, Ogbor Hill, Aba
  • Hawics International School
Tertiary schools in Aba

The tertiary schools are:

  • Abia State University Teaching Hospital
  • Abia State Polytechnic
  • Covenant Polytechnic
  • School of Health Technology
  • Redemption College of Education (privately owned)
  • Rhema University, Aba Take-off site (also privately owned by Living Word Ministries)
  • Infotech College of Technology (privately owned)
  • Cyberspot Institute of Information Technology (privately owned)
  • Living Word Institute of Information Technology (privately owned)
  • IMO state university extension in nursing school off Mosque Road

Transport edit

Aba is served by a station on Nigerian Railways, but this station is rarely used. Aba is also a major hub for road transport in the region—a large number of transport companies operate coaches that transport people daily to various parts of the country. The city is second only to Onitsha in mass transportation daily volume within eastern Nigeria. Commercial motorcycles have been banned in the region and are being replaced by commercial tricycles and a minibus service. This minibus service is a popular mean of transportation nowadays.[citation needed]

In 2012, a monorail system was proposed for the city.[citation needed] The plan was criticised as a potential scam, as the private company involved in the project had no experience in developing monorails.[17] As of 2021, there is no information that the proposal progressed past the signing of a memorandum of understanding.

Sports edit

Enyimba F.C., popularly called The Peoples Elephant, is the city's most popular association football club. Enyimba F.C.'s winning record is among the highest of all Nigerian football clubs. With two CAF Champions League trophies, six Nigeria Premier League titles and a pair of Nigerian Federation Cup trophies, the club is currently ranked second in the CAF Club rankings.[18][19][20]

Waste management edit

A photo of waste pileup at Osisioma Junction

There are many problems with waste management in Aba, stemming from the lack of a regular garbage disposal, which means that trash piles up in the streets from the many markets that dot the city. The federal and state governments of the area have tried to solve these waste management problems, but these efforts have so far been unsuccessful.[citation needed]

Source of electricity edit

Aba is powered by the Enugu Electricity Distribution Company, which was created by the division of the Nigerian Electricity Power Authority. There is another electrical company that is planning to start supplying Aba with electricity, being the Geometric Power Company. If it starts powering Aba, the daily hours of available electricity in the city will rise, and the electric generator will become a household item. For some places in Aba, an electric generator will be the only source of electricity due to remoteness or other factors.[21][better source needed]

Climate edit

Aba has a mainly tropical climate. Most months of the year see significant rainfall, and the brief dry season has little impact. The weather in the region is classified as Am in the Köppen climate classification system. Aba's yearly mean temperature is 25.6 °C (78.1 °F). The annual precipitation of the city clocks in to about 2,747 millimetres (108.1 in).

Due to Aba's proximity to the equator, the city is in a summer-like state most of the year. January, February, March, April, May, November, and December are the ideal months to travel.[22][23][24]

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ The Igbo People refer to it as the Women's War, whereas the British, in a belittling manner called it the Aba Riots.[6]

Footnotes edit

  1. ^ a b c "Abia (state, Nigeria) - Population". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
  2. ^ "TelluBase—Nigeria Fact Sheet (Tellusant Public Service Series)" (PDF). Tellusant. Retrieved 11 January 2024.
  3. ^ a b c Munro 1995, p. 2
  4. ^ a b c d Hoiberg 2010, p. 6
  5. ^ Oriji 2011, p. 167
  6. ^ a b Falola & Heaton 2008, p. 133
  7. ^ Lemberg & Courtlandt 1984, p. 1
  8. ^ a b Oriji 2011, p. 178
  9. ^ Opia 1972, p. 8
  10. ^ "The Commercial hub of Eastern Nigeria – Channels Television".
  11. ^ Izugbara, C. O.; Umoh, J. O. (2004). "Indigenous Waste Management Practices among the Ngwa of Southeastern Nigeria: Some lessons and policy implications". The Environmentalist. 24 (2): 87–92. Bibcode:2004ThEnv..24...87I. doi:10.1007/s10669-004-4799-4. S2CID 85122135.
  12. ^ "Aba Religions, Religions in Aba, Religions of Aba :: Traveltill.com". Traveltill. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  13. ^ "The United Methodist Church". The United Methodist Church. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  14. ^ "aba giants". echodiplomatiques.com. Archived from the original on 24 June 2021. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  15. ^ Paragonadmin. "Leadership". AGC Kenya - Africa Gospel Church Kenya. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  16. ^ Jordan 2007
  17. ^ "Abia Monorail Project Exposed". The Nigerian Voice. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  18. ^ "Enyimba Football Club Ranked Highest Nigerian Club in Latest CAF Ranking 2022". 20 June 2022.
  19. ^ "Enyimba, Ranking and Statistics - FootballDatabase".
  20. ^ Njuguna, Ciku (19 March 2022). "Enyimba FC players, owner, stadium, coach, trophies, world rankings". SportsBrief - Sport news. Retrieved 7 March 2023.
  21. ^ "Geometric Power...emPOWERing the People". Geometric Power Limited. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  22. ^ "Aba climate: Temperature Aba & Weather By Month - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 15 July 2023.
  23. ^ "Aba, Abia, NG Climate Zone, Monthly Averages, Historical Weather Data". tcktcktck.org. Retrieved 15 July 2023.
  24. ^ "Aba Climate, Weather By Month, Average Temperature (Nigeria) - Weather Spark". weatherspark.com. Retrieved 15 July 2023.

References edit

  • Falola, Toyin; Heaton, Matthew M. (2008). A History of Nigeria. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-68157-5.
  • General Conference of Seventh-day Adventist (2014). "Aba East Conference". adventistyearbook.org. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  • Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Aba". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. I: A-Ak – Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  • Jordan, Mary (2007). "In Nigeria, the New Face of Global Mormonism". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  • Lemberg, David S.; Courtlandt, Canby (1984). "The encyclopedia of historic places". Encyclopedia of Historical Places. Facts on File Library of World History. Vol. 1. New York, NY: Facts on File. ISBN 978-0871961266.
  • Munro, David, ed. (1995). "Aba". The Oxford Dictionary of the World. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-866184-3.
  • Opia, Eric Agume (1972). Why biafra? Aburi, Prelude to the Biafran Tragedy. San Rafael, CA: Leswing Press.
  • Oriji, John N. (2011). Political Organization in Nigeria since the Late Stone Age: A History of the Igbo People. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-62193-0.
  • Izugbara, C. O. and Umoh, J. O., 2004. Indigenous Waste Management Practices among the Ngwa of Southeastern Nigeria: Some lessons and policy implications. The Environmentalist. 24: 87–92.
  • Nwanju, B.N. (1991). Government of Abia State: Decision on the Newly Created Local Government Areas. (Letter to the Sole Administrator of Aba LGA). SGA/S.0003/S.1/X

5°07′N 7°22′E / 5.117°N 7.367°E / 5.117; 7.367