"A Season in Hell" is a 1964 Australian TV movie broadcast on the ABC which originally aired as an episode of Wednesday Theatre. It was directed by Henri Safran from a script by Patricia Hooker and was shot at the ABC's Gore Hill Studios in Sydney.
|"A Season in Hell"|
|Wednesday Theatre episode|
|Episode no.||Season 1|
|Directed by||Henri Safran|
|Teleplay by||Patricia Hooker|
|Produced by||Henri Safran|
|Original air dates||1 April 1964 (Sydney)|
22 April 1964 (Brisbane)
29 April 1964 (Melbourne)
|Running time||80 mins|
It was arguably the first depiction of a gay relationship in Australian TV drama.
The plot deals with the relationship between Arthur Rimbaud (Alan Bickford) and Paul Verlaine (Alistair Duncan). Rimbaud arrives in Paris age 16 and in three years shocks and revolts all who knows him. His only friend and confidante is Verlaine.
- Alan Bickford as Arthur Rimbaud
- Alistair Duncan as Paul Verlaine
- Marion Johns as Madam Verlaine, Verlaine's mother
- Anne Haddy as Mathilde Verlaine
- Betty Dyson as Madame Matue de Falureville, Mathilde's mother
- Eve Hardwicke as Rimbaud's mother, Mme Rimbaud
- Richard Davies as Father Martin
- Patricia Hill as Isabelle Rimbaud
- Susanne Haworth as Isabelle (child)
- Michael Thomas as Frederick Rimbaud
- Zennie Angliss as Vitalie Rimbaud
- Robyn Richards as Marie
- Ronald Morse as Official
- Stanislav Polonski as Waiter
Patricia Hooker says the friendship of the two men always fascinated her (in 1962 she wrote an episode of a radio show, Poets Corner which focused on Rimbaud), but originally felt it would be necessary to study in France to achieve an authentic background. However she then worked on Concord of Sweet Sounds with Henri Safran, a director originally from France, who became interested in her idea of a play about Rimbaud. Hooker said, "With his help it was possible to collect the information I needed, much of which had never been translated from the French."
"Surely there's no obligation on Australian playwrights to dwell exclusively on the subject of Australia past and present," said Hooker. "That field, I think, is becoming rather crowded. If a subject interests e, no matter what its derivation, and I am satisfied with its legitimacy, I write about it. My main aim is to do a craftsman-like job."
She researched the project for two-three months and wrote it in two weeks. "The research was very difficult," she said. "There are not a great deal many sources available in Australia but I managed to read about 13 to 14 books on the subject. I must admit that I became fascinated by the discover that there seemed not to be any previous study of the subject as I was attempting."
Alan Bickford was 19 when cast to play the 16 year old Rimbaud.
It was one of 20 TV plays produced by the ABC in 1964 (and one of only three Australian scripts - the others were The Angry General and The Winds of Green Monday).
The set was designed by Doug Smith.
The television critic for the Sydney Morning Herald thought the play "was thoughtfully and capably built on known episodes" from the two poets' lives but "suffered by its very episodic character, as well as from the impossibility of supplying several essentials to true story' s full realisation." He added "if the play was a gallant but incomplete effort, its production by Henri Safran was beautifully assured and sensitive, its camera work expert, while an excellent cast was headed by the impressive performances of Alastair Duncan as Verlaine and Alan Bickford as Rimbaud."
The Sunday Sydney Morning Herald called it "a first class production... one of the finest efforts to come from the studios at Gore Hill. It was top notch in all departments."
The Bulletin said "Hooker’s script was essentially a duologue with vignettes, and, although too episodic and uneven in its construction and development, incorporated the visions and images of the poet into the context of the relationship with considerable success only occasionally did Rimbaud step out of the play and declaim. Henri Safran’s production had style and atmosphere. He suggested the deliberately underwritten homosexual tensions by inference rather than by presentation, and he evoked the claustrophobic relationship by isolating the two poets in tight two-shots."
The Canberra Times said the play "in writing, acting, direction, design and technical production would rank well above par for the course in any country in the world. The fact that Australia can produce work of this kind is the strongest argument for the encouragement of our native talent. That it is not produced more often indicates how badly that encouragement, especially financial encouragement is needed." The reviewer added that:
Alistair Duncan's portrayal was brilliant. The opening, highly dramatic scenes of the play which Duncan shared with the beautiful Anne Haddy, created such excitement that the viewer readily forgave some later exaggerations... Miss Hooker's play is terribly weak on dialogue, but has enough dramatic design to have allowed director Henri Safran's imaginative cutting, clever atmospheric use of lighting and off beat camera-work to make this one of the best productions seen from one of our best producers.
The Sunday Telegraph said it was a "sensitive production... but the subject was formidably testing for living room audiences... its gloomy, unsavory theme probably chased most uncommitted viewers away after the first fifteen minutes."
Hooker was meant to follow it with another play for the ABC, Winger Chariot about Socrates. It was not filmed for TV but was adapted for radio.
The play was later translated into Italian and French. It was turned into a stage play which was on at the Traverse Theatre in Edinburgh.
A search of their website suggests the National Archives may hold a copy, with running time listed as 1:16:22.
- "TV Guide". Sydney Morning Herald. 30 March 1964. p. 33.
- "Teenager searches for hell". TV Times. 15 April 1964. p. 17.
- "TV Guide". The Age. 23 April 1964. p. 35.
- "WEDNESDAY". The Canberra Times. Vol. 39, no. 11, 110. 22 March 1965. p. 24. Retrieved 20 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "WHAT TO STAY HOME FOR..." The Canberra Times. 22 March 1965. p. 23. Retrieved 5 June 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
- Vagg, Stephen (18 February 2019). "60 Australian TV Plays of the 1950s & '60s". Filmink.
- "Season of the hellbent". The Canberra Times. 22 March 1965. p. 23. Retrieved 5 June 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Radio Guide". The Age. 13 September 1962. p. 32.
- "Sydney Woman's drama of Paris". Sydney Morning Herald. 15 March 1965. p. 13.
- "Australian TV Writer's Play about Two "Renegade" French Poets". The Age. 23 April 1965. p. 29.
- "Reaching back to advance". Sunday Telegraph. 5 April 1964.
- "A fine Season". The Canberra Times. 26 March 1965. p. 15. Retrieved 5 June 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
- "ABC Plans to Show Significant Works". The Age. 20 February 1964. p. 13.
- "TV Guide". The Age. 23 April 1964. p. 35.
- "Sydney Author's TV Play". Sydney Morning Herald. 2 April 1964. p. 5.
- Marshall, Valda (5 April 1964). "TV Merry Go Round". Sydney Morning Herald. p. 85.
- Daniels, William (11 April 1964). "TELEVISION Fallen Eagle". The Bulletin. p. 39.
- 1964 radio production at Ausstage.
- Nigel Muir (3 December 1967). "Edinburgh orders Aust. play". The Sydney Morning Herald. London – via Google News Archive Search.
- "TV Guide". Sydney Morning Herald. 23 March 1965. p. 16.
- "Television". The Age. 24 March 1965. p. 14.
- "TV Guide". The Age. 23 August 1964. p. 35.