A Hard Day's Night (album)
A Hard Day's Night is the third studio album by the English rock band the Beatles, released on 10 July 1964, with side one containing songs from the soundtrack to their film of the same name. The American version of the album was released two weeks earlier, on 26 June 1964 by United Artists Records, with a different track listing. In contrast to their first two albums, all 13 tracks on A Hard Day's Night were written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney showcasing the development of their songwriting talents. The album includes the title track, with its distinct opening chord, and the previously released "Can't Buy Me Love", both transatlantic number-one singles for the band.
|A Hard Day's Night|
|Studio album by|
|Released||10 July 1964|
|Recorded||29 January – 2 June 1964|
|Studio||EMI Studios, London, and Pathé Marconi Studios, Paris|
|the Beatles chronology|
|Singles from A Hard Day's Night|
The title of the album was the accidental creation of drummer Ringo Starr. According to Lennon in a 1980 interview with Playboy magazine: "I was going home in the car and Dick Lester [director of the movie] suggested the title, 'Hard Day's Night' from something Ringo had said. I had used it in In His Own Write, but it was an off-the-cuff remark by Ringo. You know, one of those malapropisms. A Ringo-ism, where he said it not to be funny ... just said it. So Dick Lester said, 'We are going to use that title.'"
Musically, A Hard Day's Night eschews the rock and roll cover songs of the band's previous albums for a predominantly pop sound. Sputnikmusic's Dave Donnelly observes "short, peppy" pop songs characterised by layered vocals, immediate choruses, and understated instrumentation. According to Pitchfork's Tom Ewing, the lack of rock and roll covers allows listeners to "take the group's new sound purely on its own modernist terms", with audacious "chord choices", powerful harmonies, "gleaming" guitar, and "Northern" harmonica. Music journalist Robert Christgau writes that Lennon–McCartney's songs were "more sophisticated musically" than before.
Side one of the LP contains the songs from the movie soundtrack. Side two contains songs written for, but not included in, the film, although a 1980s re-release of the movie includes a prologue before the opening credits with "I'll Cry Instead" on the soundtrack.
A Hard Day's Night is the first Beatles album to feature entirely original compositions, and the only one where all the songs were written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney. Lennon dominates the songwriting, being the primary author of nine out of the thirteen tracks on the album, as well as being the lead singer on these same nine tracks (although McCartney sings lead on the chorus part of the title track which otherwise is strictly Lennon territory). Lennon and McCartney co-wrote "I'm Happy Just to Dance with You", while McCartney wrote "And I Love Her", "Can't Buy Me Love", and "Things We Said Today". It is one of three Beatles albums, along with Let It Be and Magical Mystery Tour, in which Starr does not sing lead vocal on any songs. (Starr sang the lead vocal on "Matchbox" during the sessions; it appeared instead on the Long Tall Sally EP.) It is also one of three Beatles albums, along with Please Please Me and Beatles for Sale, in which Harrison does not contribute to the songwriting (though Harrison does sing lead vocal on I'm Happy Just to Dance with You).
Reception and legacyEdit
|The A.V. Club||A|
|Consequence of Sound||A–|
|The Daily Telegraph|||
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|||
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
George Harrison's resonant 12-string electric guitar leads [on A Hard's Day's Night] were hugely influential; the movie helped persuade the Byrds, then folksingers, to plunge all out into rock & roll, and the Beatles would be hugely influential on the folk-rock explosion of 1965. The Beatles' success, too, had begun to open the US market for fellow English bands like the Rolling Stones, the Animals, and the Kinks, and inspired young American groups like the Beau Brummels, Lovin' Spoonful, and others to mount a challenge of their own with self-penned material that owed a great debt to Lennon–McCartney.
In his book Yeah! Yeah! Yeah!: The Story of Pop Music from Bill Haley to Beyoncé, Bob Stanley identifies A Hard Day's Night as the album that best captures the band's early-career appeal. He writes:
If you had to explain the Beatles' impact to a stranger, you'd play them the soundtrack to A Hard Day's Night. The songs, conceived in a hotel room in a spare couple of weeks between up-ending the British class system and conquering America, were full of bite and speed. There was adventure, knowingness, love, and abundant charm.
In 2000, Q placed A Hard Day's Night at number five in its list of the 100 Greatest British Albums Ever. In 2012, it was ranked 307th on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". The album was included in Robert Dimery's 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
On 26 February 1987, A Hard Day's Night was officially released on compact disc in mono, along with Please Please Me, With the Beatles, and Beatles for Sale. Having been available only as an import in the US in the past, the 13 track UK version of the album was also issued in the US on LP and cassette on 21 July 1987. Stereo mixes of "A Hard Day's Night", "Can't Buy Me Love", and "And I Love Her" had been made available on the first compact disc issue of 1962–1966 in 1993. Most of the rest of the tracks appeared in stereo on compact disc for the first time with the release of the box set The Capitol Albums, Volume 1 in 2004.
On 9 September 2009, a remastered version of this album was released and was the first time the album appeared in stereo on compact disc in its entirety. This album is also included in The Beatles Stereo Box Set. A remastered mono version of the original UK album was part of The Beatles in Mono box set.
All tracks written by Lennon–McCartney.
|Side one of the UK & Australian LP release (& soundtrack to the 1964 United Artists film A Hard Day's Night)|
|1.||"A Hard Day's Night"||Lennon with McCartney||2:34|
|2.||"I Should Have Known Better"||Lennon||2:43|
|3.||"If I Fell"||Lennon with McCartney||2:19|
|4.||"I'm Happy Just to Dance with You"||Harrison||1:56|
|5.||"And I Love Her"||McCartney||2:30|
|6.||"Tell Me Why"||Lennon||2:09|
|7.||"Can't Buy Me Love"||McCartney||2:12|
|1.||"Any Time at All"||Lennon||2:11|
|2.||"I'll Cry Instead"||Lennon||1:45|
|3.||"Things We Said Today"||McCartney||2:35|
|4.||"When I Get Home"||Lennon||2:17|
|5.||"You Can't Do That"||Lennon||2:35|
|6.||"I'll Be Back"||Lennon and McCartney||2:24|
Charts and certificationsEdit
BPI certification awarded only for sales since 1994.
North American releaseEdit
|A Hard Day's Night|
1964 stereo United Artists release
|Soundtrack album by|
|Released||26 June 1964|
|Recorded||29 January, 25–27 February, 1 March & 1–4 June 1964|
|Studio||EMI Studios, London and Pathé Marconi Studios, Paris|
|Label||United Artists UAL-3366 (mono) UAS-6366 (stereo)|
|The Beatles North American chronology|
|The Beatles United States chronology|
|Singles from A Hard Day's Night|
The American version of the album was released on 26 June 1964 by United Artists Records in both mono and stereo, the fourth Beatles album in the United States. The album went to number one on the Billboard album chart, spending 14 weeks there, the longest run of any album that year.
All seven songs from the film, the first side of the UK album, were featured along with "I'll Cry Instead", which, although written for the film, was cut at the last minute. The American version also included four easy listening-styled instrumental versions of Lennon and McCartney songs arranged by George Martin conducting an orchestra of studio musicians: "I Should Have Known Better", "And I Love Her", "Ringo's Theme", and "A Hard Day's Night". After EMI acquired United Artists Records, this album was reissued in August 1980 on the Capitol label, catalogue SW-11921.
While the stereo version of the album included the instrumental tracks in true stereo, the Beatles' own recordings appeared as electronically rechannelled stereo recordings made from the mono releases. The 1980 Capitol Records reissue used the same master tape as the original United Artists LP release in fake stereo, despite the availability of several tracks with official true stereo remixes. True stereo versions of most of the songs had been issued on the Capitol album Something New, released in July 1964. "Can't Buy Me Love" and "I Should Have Known Better" finally appeared in stereo on the 1970 Apple Records compilation Hey Jude. The song "A Hard Day's Night" did not appear in true stereo in the US until the 1982 Capitol compilation album Reel Music. In 2014, the American version of the "A Hard Day's Night" album was released on CD individually and in a boxed set of all the other US Beatles albums to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the Beatles first US visit. This CD reissue features all of the songs in both true stereo and mono mixes.
|1.||"A Hard Day's Night"||Lennon and McCartney||2:33|
|2.||"Tell Me Why"||Lennon||2:10|
|3.||"I'll Cry Instead"||Lennon||2:06|
|4.||"I Should Have Known Better"||instrumental||2:10|
|5.||"I'm Happy Just to Dance with You"||Harrison||1:59|
|6.||"And I Love Her"||instrumental||3:46|
|1.||"I Should Have Known Better"||Lennon||2:44|
|2.||"If I Fell"||Lennon and McCartney||2:22|
|3.||"And I Love Her"||McCartney||2:29|
|4.||"Ringo's Theme (This Boy)"||instrumental||3:10|
|5.||"Can't Buy Me Love"||McCartney||2:12|
|6.||"A Hard Day's Night"||instrumental||2:06|
Charts and certificationsEdit
- John Lennon – vocals; acoustic and rhythm guitars; piano; harmonica
- Paul McCartney – vocals; bass guitar; piano; cowbell
- George Harrison – vocals; lead (six- and twelve-string) and acoustic guitars
- Ringo Starr – drums, percussion
- A Hard Day's Night. beatlesbible.com Retrieved 22 January 2015.
- World – Volume 2 – Page 61, 1973. "[on Help! and A Hard Day's Night], the soundtrack – gone – rock album is a marketing ideal that is passed off on the buying public with objectionable regularity and has already begun to backfire."
- Spignesi & Lewis 2004, p. 140.
- Hook 2005.
- Badman 2001, p. 93.
- Sheff 2000, pp. 174–175.
- Pitchfork review Archived 10 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Sputnik Music review Archived 11 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
- Christgau, Robert; et al. (1 October 2000). McKeen, William (ed.). Rock & Roll Is Here to Stay: An Anthology. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 565. ISBN 978-0-393-04700-4.
- allmusic.com: A Hard Day's Night
- Lewisohn 1988, p. 47.
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- A Hard Day's Night at AllMusic
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- "Maxim". blender.com. Archived from the original on 9 September 2009.
- Consequence of Sound review Archived 4 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine
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- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: The Beatles, 'A Hard Day's Night'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
- ^ Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (23 March 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.
- Reuters 2009.
- Kent, David (2005). Australian Chart Book (1940–1969). Turramurra: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-44439-5.
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- "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
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- "Ultratop.be – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- "The Beatles: A Hard Day's Night" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- "Italiancharts.com – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- "Charts.org.nz – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- "Portuguesecharts.com – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- "Spanishcharts.com – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
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- "Swisscharts.com – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "British album certifications – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 15 September 2013. Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type A Hard Day's Night in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "Beatles albums finally go platinum". British Phonographic Industry. BBC News. 2 September 2013. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- Whitburn 2001, p. 1178.
- "The Beatles Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Canadian album certifications – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". Music Canada. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "American album certifications – The Beatles – Hard Day_s Night". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 15 September 2013. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.
- Guesdon & Margotin 2013.
- Everett, Walter (2001). The Beatles as Musicians: The Quarry Men Through Rubber Soul. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514105-9.
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- MacDonald 2005.
- Badman, Keith (2001). The Beatles Off the Record. Omnibus Press.
- Hook, Chris (2 May 2005). "The "A Hard Day's Night" Chord – Rock's Holy Grail". Archived from the original on 31 October 2012.
- Lewisohn, Mark (1988). The Beatles Recording Sessions. New York: Harmony Books. ISBN 978-0-517-57066-1.
- Spignesi, Stephen J.; Lewis, Michael (2004). Here, There, and Everywhere: The 100 Best Beatles Songs. New York: Black Dog. ISBN 978-1-57912-369-7.
...after the unabashed more-or-less traditional pop rock of A Hard Day's Night and Help!...
- Miles, Barry (1997). Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now (1st Hardcover ed.). Henry Holt & Company. ISBN 978-0-8050-5248-0.
- "The 100 Greatest British Albums Ever". Q. June 2000. Retrieved 20 November 2007.[dead link]
- Collett-White, Mike (7 April 2009). "Original Beatles digitally remastered". Reuters. Archived from the original on 30 November 2009.
- "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 1 November 2003. Archived from the original on 24 October 2010. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
- Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying: The Last Major Interview with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-25464-3.
- Stanley, Bob (2014). Yeah! Yeah! Yeah!: The Story of Pop Music from Bill Haley to Beyoncé. New York, NY: W.W. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-24269-0.
- Unterberger, Richie (2009). "The Beatles Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
- Whitburn, Joel (2001). Top Pop Albums 1955–2001. Menomonee Falls, WI: Record Research.
- "Suomen virallinen lista".[permanent dead link]
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