A Hard Day's Night (album)

A Hard Day's Night is the third studio album by the English rock band the Beatles, released on 10 July 1964 by Parlophone, with side one containing songs from the soundtrack to their film of the same name. The American version of the album was released two weeks earlier, on 26 June 1964 by United Artists Records, with a different track listing. In contrast to the Beatles' first two albums, all 13 tracks on A Hard Day's Night were written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, showcasing the development of their songwriting partnership.

A Hard Day's Night
A grid of 20 black and white head shots of the Beatles – John, George, Paul, and Ringo
Studio album by
Released10 July 1964
Recorded29 January – 2 June 1964
Studio
  • EMI, London
  • Pathé Marconi, Paris
Genre
Length30:10
LabelParlophone
ProducerGeorge Martin
The Beatles chronology
With the Beatles
(1963)
A Hard Day's Night
(1964)
Beatles for Sale
(1964)
Singles from A Hard Day's Night
  1. "Can't Buy Me Love"
    Released: 20 March 1964
  2. "A Hard Day's Night"
    Released: 10 July 1964

The album includes the song "A Hard Day's Night", with its distinctive opening chord,[3] and "Can't Buy Me Love", both transatlantic number-one singles for the band. Several of the songs feature George Harrison playing a Rickenbacker 12-string electric guitar, a sound that was influential on the Byrds and other groups in the folk rock movement.

ContentsEdit

 
A Hard Day's Night by the Beatles (side one) – Parlophone yellow and black label

Musically, A Hard Day's Night eschews the rock and roll cover songs of the band's previous albums for a predominantly pop sound.[4] Sputnikmusic's Dave Donnelly observes "short, peppy" pop songs characterised by layered vocals, immediate choruses, and understated instrumentation.[5] According to Pitchfork's Tom Ewing, the lack of rock and roll covers allows listeners to "take the group's new sound purely on its own modernist terms", with audacious "chord choices", powerful harmonies, "gleaming" guitar, and "Northern" harmonica.[4] Music journalist Robert Christgau writes that Lennon–McCartney's songs were "more sophisticated musically" than before.[6] It also features lead guitarist George Harrison playing a Rickenbacker 12-string electric guitar, a sound that was influential on the Byrds and other bands in the folk rock explosion of 1965.[7][8]

Side one of the LP contains the songs from the film soundtrack. Side two contains songs written for, but not included in, the film, although a 1980s re-release of the film includes a prologue before the opening credits with "I'll Cry Instead" on the soundtrack.[9] The title of the album and film was the accidental creation of drummer Ringo Starr.[10] According to Lennon in a 1980 interview with Playboy magazine: "I was going home in the car and [film director] Dick Lester suggested the title, 'Hard Day's Night' from something Ringo had said. I had used it in In His Own Write, but it was an off-the-cuff remark by Ringo. You know, one of those malapropisms. A Ringo-ism, where he said it not to be funny ... just said it. So Dick Lester said, 'We are going to use that title.'"[11]

A Hard Day's Night is the first Beatles album to feature entirely original compositions, and the only one where all the songs were written by Lennon–McCartney.[12] Lennon is the primary author of nine of the thirteen tracks on the album, as well as being the lead singer on these same nine tracks (although Paul McCartney sings lead on the title track's middle-eight). Lennon and McCartney co-wrote "I'm Happy Just to Dance with You", sung by Harrison,[13] while McCartney wrote "And I Love Her", "Can't Buy Me Love" and "Things We Said Today". It is one of three Beatles albums, along with Let It Be and Magical Mystery Tour, in which Starr does not sing lead vocal on any songs. (Starr sang the lead vocal on "Matchbox" during the sessions; it appeared instead on the Long Tall Sally EP.) It is also one of three Beatles albums, along with Please Please Me and Beatles for Sale, in which Harrison does not contribute to the songwriting.

Critical receptionEdit

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic     [14]
The A.V. ClubA[15]
Blender     [16]
Consequence of SoundA–[17]
The Daily Telegraph     [18]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music     [19]
Paste100/100[20]
Pitchfork9.7/10[4]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide     [21]
Sputnikmusic4.5/5[5]

According to music critic Richie Unterberger, writing for AllMusic:

George Harrison's resonant 12-string electric guitar leads [on A Hard's Day's Night] were hugely influential; the movie helped persuade the Byrds, then folksingers, to plunge all out into rock & roll, and the Beatles would be hugely influential on the folk-rock explosion of 1965. The Beatles' success, too, had begun to open the US market for fellow English bands like the Rolling Stones, the Animals, and the Kinks, and inspired young American groups like the Beau Brummels, Lovin' Spoonful, and others to mount a challenge of their own with self-penned material that owed a great debt to Lennon–McCartney.[22]

In his book Yeah! Yeah! Yeah!: The Story of Pop Music from Bill Haley to Beyoncé, Bob Stanley identifies A Hard Day's Night as the album that best captures the band's early-career appeal. He writes:

If you had to explain the Beatles' impact to a stranger, you'd play them the soundtrack to A Hard Day's Night. The songs, conceived in a hotel room in a spare couple of weeks between up-ending the British class system and conquering America, were full of bite and speed. There was adventure, knowingness, love, and abundant charm.[23]

A Hard Day's Night was included in the list of "100 Essential Rock Albums" compiled by musicologists Charlie Gillett and Simon Frith for ZigZag magazine in 1975, and is one of the "Treasure Island albums" featured in Greil Marcus's 1979 book Stranded.[24] In 2000, Q magazine placed A Hard Day's Night at number 5 on its list "The 100 Greatest British Albums Ever".[25] That same year, it appeared at number 22 in Colin Larkin's book All Time Top 1000 Albums.[26] In 2012, Rolling Stone ranked it 307th on the magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time".[27]

A Hard Day's Night has also appeared in critics' lists of the best albums of all time published by the NME, in 1974 (at number 33), 1985 (number 73) and 2013 (number 195); Mojo, in 1995 (number 81); and Uncut, in 2016 (number 149).[24] It was a featured album in The Mojo Collection: The Greatest Albums of All Time, Tom Moon's book 1,000 Recordings to Hear Before You Die and Robert Dimery's 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die, and was selected as one of the "Most Significant Rock Albums" in the Greenwood Encyclopedia of Rock History.[24]

ReissuesEdit

On 26 February 1987, A Hard Day's Night was officially released on compact disc in mono, along with Please Please Me, With the Beatles, and Beatles for Sale. Having been available only as an import in the US in the past, the 13 track UK version of the album was also issued in the US on LP and cassette on 21 July 1987. Stereo mixes of "A Hard Day's Night", "Can't Buy Me Love", and "And I Love Her" had been made available on the first compact disc issue of 1962–1966 in 1993. Most of the rest of the tracks appeared in stereo on compact disc for the first time with the release of the box set The Capitol Albums, Volume 1 in 2004.

On 9 September 2009, a remastered version of this album was released and was the first time the album appeared in stereo on compact disc in its entirety. This album is also included in The Beatles Stereo Box Set. A remastered mono version of the original UK album was part of The Beatles in Mono box set.[28]

Track listingEdit

All tracks are written by Lennon–McCartney.

Side one of the UK & Australian LP release (& soundtrack to the 1964 United Artists film A Hard Day's Night)
No.TitleLead vocalsLength
1."A Hard Day's Night"Lennon with McCartney2:34
2."I Should Have Known Better"Lennon2:43
3."If I Fell"Lennon with McCartney2:19
4."I'm Happy Just to Dance with You"Harrison1:56
5."And I Love Her"McCartney2:30
6."Tell Me Why"Lennon2:09
7."Can't Buy Me Love"McCartney2:12
Total length:16:23
Side two
No.TitleLead vocalsLength
1."Any Time at All"Lennon2:11
2."I'll Cry Instead"Lennon1:45
3."Things We Said Today"McCartney2:35
4."When I Get Home"Lennon2:17
5."You Can't Do That"Lennon2:35
6."I'll Be Back"Lennon2:24
Total length:13:47

Charts and certificationsEdit

North American releaseEdit

A Hard Day's Night
 
1964 stereo United Artists release
Soundtrack album by
Released26 June 1964
Recorded29 January, 25–27 February, 1 March & 1–4 June 1964
StudioEMI Studios, London and Pathé Marconi Studios, Paris
Genre
Length29:29
LabelUnited Artists UAL-3366 (mono) UAS-6366 (stereo)
ProducerGeorge Martin
The Beatles North American chronology
The Beatles' Long Tall Sally
(1964)
A Hard Day's Night
(1964)
Something New
(1964)
The Beatles United States chronology
The Beatles' Second Album
(1964)
A Hard Day's Night
(1964)
Something New
(1964)
Singles from A Hard Day's Night
  1. "A Hard Day's Night" / "I Should Have Known Better"
    Released: 13 July 1964
  2. "And I Love Her (instrumental)" / "Ringo's Theme (This Boy)"
    Released: 18 July 1964
  3. "And I Love Her" / "If I Fell"
    Released: 20 July 1964
  4. "I'll Cry Instead" / "I'm Happy Just to Dance with You"
    Released: 20 July 1964

The American version of the album was released on 26 June 1964 by United Artists Records in both mono and stereo, the fourth Beatles album in the United States. The album went to number one on the Billboard album chart, spending 14 weeks there, the longest run of any album that year.[47] United Artists rushed the album into stores over a month before the film's US premiere; as a result, the Beatles had both the number-one album and number-one single in the country when A Hard Day's Night opened on 11 August 1964.

All seven songs from the film, the first side of the UK album, were featured along with "I'll Cry Instead", which, although written for the film, was cut at the last minute. The American version also included four easy listening-styled instrumental versions of Lennon and McCartney songs arranged by George Martin conducting an orchestra of studio musicians: "I Should Have Known Better", "And I Love Her", "Ringo's Theme", and "A Hard Day's Night". After EMI acquired United Artists Records, this album was reissued in August 1980 on the Capitol label, catalogue SW-11921.

While the stereo version of the album included the instrumental tracks in true stereo, the Beatles' own recordings appeared as electronically rechannelled stereo recordings made from the mono releases. The 1980 Capitol Records reissue used the same master tape as the original United Artists LP release in fake stereo, despite the availability of several tracks with official true stereo remixes. True stereo versions of most of the songs had been issued on the Capitol album Something New, released in July 1964. "Can't Buy Me Love" and "I Should Have Known Better" finally appeared in stereo on the 1970 Apple Records compilation Hey Jude. The song "A Hard Day's Night" did not appear in true stereo in the US until the 1982 Capitol compilation album Reel Music. In 2014, the American version of the "A Hard Day's Night" album was released on CD individually and in a boxed set of all the other US Beatles albums to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the Beatles first US visit. This CD reissue features all of the songs in both true stereo and mono mixes.

Track listingEdit

Side one
No.TitleLead vocalsLength
1."A Hard Day's Night"Lennon and McCartney2:33
2."Tell Me Why"Lennon2:10
3."I'll Cry Instead"Lennon2:06
4."I Should Have Known Better"instrumental2:10
5."I'm Happy Just to Dance with You"Harrison1:59
6."And I Love Her"instrumental3:46
Side two
No.TitleLead vocalsLength
1."I Should Have Known Better"Lennon2:44
2."If I Fell"Lennon and McCartney2:22
3."And I Love Her"McCartney2:29
4."Ringo's Theme (This Boy)"instrumental3:10
5."Can't Buy Me Love"McCartney2:12
6."A Hard Day's Night"instrumental2:06

Charts and certificationsEdit

PersonnelEdit

The Beatles

Additional personnel

Personnel sources:[51][52][53]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ World – Volume 2 – Page 61, 1973. "[on Help! and A Hard Day's Night], the soundtrack – gone – rock album is a marketing ideal that is passed off on the buying public with objectionable regularity and has already begun to backfire."
  2. ^ Spignesi & Lewis 2004, p. 140.
  3. ^ Hook 2005.
  4. ^ a b c Ewing, Tom (8 September 2009). "The Beatles A Hard Day's Night Album Review". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013.
  5. ^ a b de Sylvia, Dave (24 September 2005). "The Beatles' A Hard Day's Night Sputnik Music review". Sputnik Music. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013.
  6. ^ Christgau, Robert; et al. (1 October 2000). McKeen, William (ed.). Rock & Roll Is Here to Stay: An Anthology. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 565. ISBN 978-0-393-04700-4.
  7. ^ Jackson, Andrew Grant (2015). 1965: The Most Revolutionary Year in Music. New York, NY: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-250-05962-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  8. ^ Kruth, John (2015). This Bird Has Flown: The Enduring Beauty of Rubber Soul, Fifty Years On. Milwaukee, WI: Backbeat Books. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-61713-573-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  9. ^ Eder, Bruce. "Extracts from the Album "A Hard Day's Night" – The Beatles". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  10. ^ Badman 2001, p. 93.
  11. ^ Sheff 2000, pp. 174–175.
  12. ^ Lewisohn 1988, p. 47.
  13. ^ Miles 1997, p. 163.
  14. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "A Hard Day's Night – The Beatles". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  15. ^ Klosterman, Chuck (8 September 2009). "Chuck Klosterman Repeats The Beatles". The A.V. Club. Chicago. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  16. ^ "Maxim". blender.com. Archived from the original on 9 September 2009.
  17. ^ Consequence of Sound review Archived 4 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ McCormick, Neil (4 September 2009). "The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night, review". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012.
  19. ^ Larkin, Colin (2006). Encyclopedia of Popular Music. 1. Muze. pp. 487–489. ISBN 978-0-19-531373-4.
  20. ^ "The Beatles: The Long and Winding Repertiore". Paste. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
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  25. ^ Kelso, Paul (2 May 2000). "Beatles still rule the rockers' roost". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  26. ^ Kelso, Paul (4 September 2000). "Radiohead challenge Fab Four as Bends leaves Sgt Pepper in the cold". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  27. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: The Beatles, 'A Hard Day's Night'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  28. ^ Reuters 2009.
  29. ^ Kent, David (2005). Australian Chart Book (1940–1969). Turramurra: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-44439-5.
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  31. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  32. ^ a b "Dutchcharts.nl – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
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  35. ^ "Ultratop.be – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  36. ^ "The Beatles: A Hard Day's Night" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
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  39. ^ "Portuguesecharts.com – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". Hung Medien. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
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  43. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  44. ^ "New Zealand album certifications – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  45. ^ "British album certifications – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 25 July 2019. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type A Hard Day's Night in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  46. ^ "Beatles albums finally go platinum". British Phonographic Industry. BBC News. 2 September 2013. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  47. ^ Whitburn 2001, p. 1178.
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  49. ^ "Canadian album certifications – The Beatles – A Hard Day's Night". Music Canada. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  50. ^ "American album certifications – The Beatles – Hard Day_s Night". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 15 September 2013. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
  51. ^ Guesdon & Margotin 2014, p. 149.
  52. ^ Everett 2001.
  53. ^ MacDonald 1994, p. 90.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit