Mohun Bagan Super Giant

(Redirected from ATK Mohun Bagan FC)

Mohun Bagan Super Giant, commonly referred to as Mohun Bagan, is an Indian association football club based in Kolkata, West Bengal. Founded in 1889, it is one of the oldest football clubs in Asia. The club competes in the Indian Super League, the top tier of Indian football league system. The club is most notable for its victory over the East Yorkshire Regiment in the 1911 IFA Shield final. This victory made Mohun Bagan the first all-Indian club to win a championship over a British club and was a major moment during India's push for independence.[2]

Mohun Bagan Super Giant
Full nameMohun Bagan Super Giant
Nickname(s)The Mariners
Short nameMBSG
Founded15 August 1889; 134 years ago (1889-08-15) (as Mohun Bagan Sporting Club)[1]
Ground
Capacity
  • 85,000
  • 22,000
OwnerRPSG Mohun Bagan Pvt. Ltd.:
  • Kolkata Games and Sports Pvt. Ltd. (80%)
  • Mohun Bagan Football Club Pvt. Ltd. (20%)
ChairmanSanjiv Goenka
Head coachJosé Francisco Molina
LeagueIndian Super League
2023–24Indian Super League, 1st of 12 (champions)
Playoffs: Runners-up
Current season

The club is commonly referred to as Mohun Bagan, and had several sponsored names. In 2020, KGSPL, the company that owned ATK, took an 80% stake in the football division of Mohun Bagan alongside dissolving its own club.[3] This disbanded club was absorbed into the football of Mohun Bagan and Mohun Bagan was rebranded as ATK Mohun Bagan FC.[3] In 2023, the team was rebranded as Mohun Bagan Super Giant after continuous protest from the fans.[4]

Till now the club has won the top-flight football league a record six times — National Football League thrice, I-League twice and Indian Super League Shield once.[5] They are one of the most successful Indian clubs in the history of the Federation Cup, having won the championship a record 14 times.[6] The club have also won the 2022–23 ISL Cup. The club had also won several other trophies, including the Durand Cup (17 times), the IFA Shield (22 times), the Rovers Cup (14 times) and the Calcutta Football League (30 times).[7][8][9]

The club annually contests in Asia's oldest rivalry, the Kolkata Derby against its long-time local rival East Bengal FC,[10] with the first derby match being played on 8 August 1921.[11] Mohun Bagan was one of the founding members of National Football League in 1996, and has never been relegated from the top-tier league of the country. In its 130th year of existence, the club was inducted into the "Club of Pioneers", a network of the oldest existing football clubs around the world, on 29 July 2019.[12]

History

Early years (1889–99)

Mohun Bagan was established on 15 August 1889. Bhupendra Nath Bose became the first president of the newly founded club and Jyotindra Nath Bose was the first secretary of it. Mohun Bagan played their first match in 1889 against the team of Eden Hindu Hostel students, and lost 1–0.[13][14] The initial players to play for the club were Girin Basu, Pramatha Nath Chattopadhyay, Sachin Bandhyopadhyay, Ram Goswami, Sarat Mitra, Hem Nath Sen, Nalin Basu, Upen Ghosh, Manindra Nath Basu, Manomoham Pandey, Probhas Mitra, and the captain Manilal Sen.[14] The first tournament that the club participated in was the 1893 Coochbehar Cup, where the team suffered to perform against the British Indian Army teams and the clubs like Aryan, National, Town Club, Kumurtuli, Fort William's Arsenal and the famed Sovabazar, which was founded by the Father of Indian football Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari himself.[13][14]

Administrative and tactical overhaul under Subedar-major Sailen Basu (1900s)

The early exits from major tournaments suffered in the 1900s evoked ridicule from its local rivals, including Sovabazar.[13] Soon after the appointment of Subedar-major Sailen Basu as the secretary, the club adopted European playing methods and players underwent rigorous physical training and followed austere fitness regime similar to what Subedar-major Basu had experienced during his service in the army.[14][13] The club also began recruiting players from other clubs, especially from National, where footballers played in boots rather than barefoot. Rev. Sudhir Chatterjee was one of the notable recruitment from National, who was also the only player in the club to play in boots at that time.[14] As a result of such incredible changes made, the club achieved its first success by winning the 1904 Coochbehar Cup.[15][14]

The following year Mohun Bagan won the Coochbehar Cup once again and reached the Gladstone Cup final, held in Chinsurah, where they defeated the reigning IFA Shield champions Dalhousie 6–1,[13][14] with Shibdas Bhaduri scoring four goals.[16] Maharaja Rajendra Bhup Bahadur of Coochbehar, impressed by the team, would become a chief patron of the club.[15] In 1906, Mohun Bagan also won the Minto Fort tournament by defeating one of the major English clubs in India, Calcutta.[14] But they missed the chance of participating for the 1906 IFA Shield because P.K. Biswas, who had played for National but also played for Mohun Bagan in the same year which was considered illegal by the Indian Football Association, the then de facto governing body of Indian football. Therefore, Mohun Bagan was disqualified.[14]

Apart from team building, Subedar-major Basu had a remarkable contribution in arranging a new club tent and ground after the demolition of Mohun Bagan Villa in 1891. The club did not had a permanent club tent and had an increasing number of club members through a minimal membership fee of 8 annas, half for students.[14] During this period a major meeting was held among the club officials including Jyotindra Nath Basu, Subedar-major Sailen Basu, Dwijendra Nath Basu, Sir Bhupendra Nath Mitra and Dr. Girish Ghosh.[14] The meeting was regarding the construction of a club tent at Maidan, which was financially not feasible. A few days later a club tent within Mohun Bagan's premises in Maidan was constructed and is still in use.[14][13] To date there is no evidence of this in the financial records of the club and the donors remain unknown.[14] Mohun Bagan also won the Trades Cup four consecutive times between 1906 and 1909, which was the second most prestigious tournament in India after IFA Shield. Mohun Bagan won Coochbehar Cup in 1907 and 1908, and then both the Laxmibilas Cup and the Gladstone Cup in 1909 and 1910.[14][13]

The historic year of 1911

 
A colourized image of the IFA Shield winning team of 1911

In 1909 and 1910, among only a few other native clubs, the team had the honor to play in the IFA Shield for its consistent performances over the recent years. However, they would struggle to match the regiment teams of British and British Indian armies in the first two years.[13] In 1911, Mohun Bagan formed a dominant side for the IFA Shield,[17] which included Hiralal Mukherjee, Bhuti Sukul, Rev. Sudhir Chatterjee, Monmohun Mukherjee, Rajen Sengupta, Nil Madhav Bhattacharya, Kanu Roy, Habul Sarkar, Abhilash Ghosh, Bijoydas Bhaduri and captained by Shibdas Bhaduri.[18][19] They battled out against the professionally equipped teams of St. Xavier's College, Calcutta Rangers Club, Rifle Brigade and Middlesex Regiment to reach the IFA Shield final without conceding a goal. The enthusiasm for the final on 29 July 1911 (which is now known as "Mohun Bagan Day") was such that people came from other districts of Bengal as well as from neighbouring provinces of Bihar and Assam.[13] The East Indian Railway Company ran a special train and additional steamer services were pressed into service to ferry spectators to Calcutta from the mofussil areas.[13] Tickets for the match, originally priced at ₹1 and ₹2, were sold at ₹15 due to its immense demand in the country.[13] After trailing by a goal from Sgt. Jackson of East Yorkshire Regiment team within the first 15 minutes of the 50 minutes of the match, Shibdas Bhaduri soon scored an equalizer in the first half and then set up Abhilash Ghosh to score the winner with just two minutes remaining of the match.[18][20] The club became the first native team to lift the IFA Shield, that too in front of an estimated crowd of 80,000, although the referee, H.G. Pooler, estimated approximately 20,000 to be the number.[18][21] Reuters in its cablegram to English newspapers mentioned: "For the first time in the history of Indian football an Indian team, the Mohun Bagan, consisting purely of Bengalees, has won the Indian Football Association Shield beating crack teams of English regiments. About 80,000 spectators were present on the ground, but most of them could not see the match. By noticing the flying of kites, they were following the actions of the match. And when they came to know about the win of their team, they started tearing off their shirts, waving them, tearing their hairs."[13][18] The mood can be gauged by what Achintya Kumar Sengupta wrote in Kallol Jug: "Mohun Bagan is not a football team. It is a tortured country, rolling in the dust, which has just started to raise its head."[22] Mohun Bagan supporters and the public at large went berserk, even supporters of Muslim representative clubs like Moslem and Mohammedan went to the streets to celebrate and the Muslims from Dharmatala joined the victory procession of Hindus near the Thanthania Kalibari.[13][23][24] On 31 July 1911, The Englishman wrote, "What the Congress failed to achieve, Mohun Bagan has. In other words, they have succeeded in degrading the English." The performance was appreciated by Manchester Guardian saying, "The team comprisingof the Bengalis won the IFA Shield by defeating three top military teams. 80,000 Indians will remain witnesses to this event. There is nothing to be surprised at. The team that is physically more fit, has sharp surveillance and intelligence, wins.".[18] On 30 July 1911, India Mirror reported, "The Japanese victory over the Russians did not stir the East half as much as did the match between Mohun Bagan and East York."[25] After the match ended, a Brahmin, pointing to the Union Jack fluttering atop Fort William, asked Rev. Chatterjee, "When will that come down?" and according to popular legend, it was predicted that the flag would come down only when Mohun Bagan regained the shield, which would later come true.[23]

Nation-wide exposure of the club (1912–30)

 
Gostha Pal featuring on 1998 stamp of India

After a comparatively disappointing year in 1912, Shibdas Bhaduri handed the captaincy to Habul Sarkar the following year, but they failed to win any trophy that year.[18] The same year Gostha Pal joined the club as a defender at the young age of 16 and continued to play for 22 years, also leading the team from 1921 to 1926, soon became known as the "Chinese Wall".[26] In 1914, Mohun Bagan for the first time played in CFL 2nd Division and finished third with only the top non-military team be promoted to CFL 1st Division but after a team from the 1st Division withdrew, Mohun Bagan got promoted.[18] Mohun Bagan played their first match on 15 May 1915 against Calcutta, which was drawn.[27] Meanwhile, Subedar-major Sailen Basu had to leave for his commitments in the military service for the World War I.[28] Dwijendra Nath Basu, nephew of Bhupendra Nath Basu and brother of Subedar-major Basu, replaced him as the club's secretary. Mohun Bagan finished fourth in their league debut, while a junior team of the club made the semi-finals of the Trades Cup and Coochbehar Cup.[28] The next year, Mohun Bagan reached the second position in the league and the following year, narrowly lost the IFA Shield final to Middlesex Regiment.[29]

On 8 August 1921, the club played its first match against East Bengal Club in the Coochbehar Cup semi-final, which ended in a goalless draw, but Mohun Bagn went on to beat them in the replay by 1–0 and gave rise to the Kolkata Derby. In 1922, Mohun Bagan played exhibition matches of cricket and football against a team of Indians from South Africa.[30] The following year, Mohun Bagan was invited to Rovers Cup in Bombay,[31] where they lost to Durham Light Infantry by 4–1.[32] After 35 years of long association of Bhupendra Nath Basu with Mohun Bagan came to an end with his demise in 1924. After his death, Sir Rajendranath Mukherjee became the club's new president.[28] The next year, Mohun Bagan became the first civilian Indian team to be invited to the oldest football tournament in Asia, Durand Cup, where they lost to Sherwood Foresters in the semi-finals.[33][34] That year Mohun Bagan also failed to win the league and finished second. During this period, the club attended as well as hosted numerous charity-matches all over the country for fundraising as the earnings from memberships were not enough to run the club over a long period.[28] On 28 May 1925, the club played its first official Derby against East Bengal and lost by 1–0. That year club played a charity match against Cheshire Regiment in 1927 to raise relief funds for the floods in Gujarat. In 1929, due to a clash during the match of Mohun Bagan and Dalhousie, all the native teams withdrew their names from the IFA registration.[35] Later, it was negotiated on the condition that there would be equal number of European and Indian clubs in the association.[35]

Significant contributions to the national team (1931–47)

 
Karuna Bhattacharya, a long-time associate of Mohun Bagan as a player and later as secretary and coach of the team.

Renowned Barrister Shailendra Nath Banerjee became the secretary of the club with the turn of the decade.[36] In 1931 the club acquired the services of highly skilled players like, Karuna 'Habla' Bhattacharya and Syed Abdus Samad.[36][37] In 1933, Gostho Pal got selected as the captain of IFA XI representing India for an away match against Ceylon, but the following year, due to injury, his defence partner Dr. Sanmatha Dutta led the tour to South Africa for a series of matches.[38] 1935 saw a great change in Mohun Bagan's tradition of playing with bare-feet when on the behest of Abdul Hamid, a renowned player who joined from Quetta, the club decided to use boots for the first time.[36][39][40] In 1937, Mohun Bagan for the first time faced off against a foreign team – an English amateur club Islington Corinthians, who were on a world tour; but narrowly lost by 1–0.[41] In 1938 the tradition of Mohun Bagan players leading IFA teams continued with Karuna Bhattacharya captaining a side to Australia, where he also scored against Australia as well as Football Queensland team during the tour.[42][36][37][43] Mohun Bagan also broke a 29-year-old barren run in Trades Cup, in 1938.[36] In second half 1930s both Umapati Kumar and Gostha Pal had retired, but the squad got competent reinforcements – Anil Dey in half back position and Satyen 'Mana' Guin in attack, who a right winger was nicknamed "Racing Deer" for his speed along the flanks.[36][44] Captained by Bimal Mukherjee, son of Manmohan Mukherjee, and a host of quality players, Mohun Bagan broke their long wait for a major trophy in 1939 when they won their first ever Calcutta Football League title.[44] Significantly, Mohun Bagan also celebrated its golden jubilee the same year, which was marked with celebrations across the city, match organized featuring renowned former players and medals and jerseys were distributed to the players. From 1933 to 1939 the club won 29 trophies, also out of 23 Derbies, they beat East Bengal 12 times, including 1 walkover win, drew 10 matches and lost only once to their arch-rival.[45]

In 1941, the secretaryship was given to another famed barrister, B.C. Ghosh replaced Sailen Banerjee, who was elected as the club's vice-president. In 1942, for the first time, an insurance policy was implemented for the medical aid of the injured players during matches, and a medical board composed of reputed doctors was formed to oversee the medical issues.[46] A trusty board was also formed on the initiative of a Solicitor B.K.Ghosh and Barrister S.K.Gupta for the monetary support of the club.[46] In 1943 and 1944, Mohun Bagan won CFL in succession. In 1944, B.C. Ghosh became the club's vice-president, and Dr. S.K. Gupta took charge of the general secretary's office. Meanwhile, a junior football team was formed under the guidance of a former Mohun Bagan player, Balaidas Chattopadhyay, and also made efforts to introduce sports like rugby and baseball among the youth.[46] In 1945, former vice-president and first captain of Mohun Bagan Manilal Sen expired. The same year, George Curtis, who was an Arsenal player stationed in India as a part of Royal Air Force in the World War II, took charge of the team as a coach for a brief stint.[46][47] In 1947, Mohun Bagan got invitation to Madurai Cup but was beaten by Hyderabad Police in the final. This year the team once again participated in Rover's Cup. Still, the tournament was called off due to the collapse of the Cooperage Ground during the quarter-final match against 1st Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment.[46][48] This year Mohun Bagan won its second IFA Shield on 15 November by defeating its arch-rival East Bengal, thus fulfilling the prophecy of the club winning its second Shield only in the year of India's independence, and becoming the first club to win the Shield in post-independent India.[49][46]

Struggle with consistency (1948–1950s)

 
Dr. Talimeren Ao featuring on the 2018 postage stamp of India

In the first year after the independence the club handed the captaincy for two years to Talimeren Ao, who had been a part of the club since 1943 after leaving Maharana Club in Guwahati.[46][50] Ao went on to lead the national team in 1948 Summer Olympics in London, and along with him Mahabir Prasad and Sailen Manna.[51][52] The club's secretary, Balai Das Chattopadhyay too had to leave for London as the team's head coach and trainer, therefore Gostho Pal took charge of his duties in club temporarily. Anil Dey was selected for the team as well but stayed behind. Dhanadaranjan' Bokai' Sen carried out the captain's duties in the absence of Ao.[53] In the same year, the Kingdom of Afghanistan invited Mohun Bagan on the occasion of their independence celebrations. Still, the club could not attend because of its preplanned agenda.[46] That year, Mohun Bagan successfully defended the IFA Shield against Bhawanipore in the final. After the Olympics, Ao played for the club until 1953 and retired to pursue a career in medicine after completing MBBS.[50] His excellence on-field caught the eyes of many foreign clubs, including Arsenal, who offered a one-year contract to Ao, but he famously refused to carry on with his studies.[54]

The year 1949 was the club's diamond jubilee. On this occasion, a vivid processions were organized on 11 December from the club's birthplace, Balaram Ghosh Street.[55] On the occasion West Bengal's Chief Minister Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy commented, "I am proud and delighted that, fortunately, I have witnessed the IFA Shield tournament of 1911. During the freedom struggle, Mohun Bagan's existence inspired the youth. In the sports world of Bengal, Mohun Bagan has still maintained its excellence. Even after 60 years, Mohun Bagan has kept its youth unaffected. I pray that on our beloved Motherland, Mohun Bagan's sporting spirit may survive forever," and attended the ceremonies and exhibitions hosted by the club.[55] Mohun Bagan also invited Swedish club Helsingborgs to play three friendlies, along with many other exhibition matches of cricket, hockey and football.[46] Runu Guha Thakurta, a renowned forward, was acquired by the club that year. In 1950, India had received a direct qualification to the FIFA World Cup, with Manna being the captain of the team, but All India Football Federation refused to play, failing to realize its importance. Despite acquiring the services of some of the famed players the club failed to dominate in major tournaments, where they were regularly outshined by the Pancha Pandavas led East Bengal and Syed Abdul Rahim's Hyderabad City Police team.

 
Chuni Goswami at Mohun Bagan Ground in 2020.

S Manna, T Aao, Abhay Ghosh, and R Guhathakurta got their call for the national team to play the Asian Games, and Manna led the team to the gold medal.[56] In 1952 Summer Olympics three Mohun Bagan players including Manna as the captain and Mohammad Abdus Sattar, who joined the club from Mohammedan in 1950. Mohun Bagan won the CFL in 1951 after a wait of seven years, the IFA Shield in 1952, and its first Durand Cup in 1953 by 4–0 against National Defence Academy team.[56] During the prize distribution of Durand Cup, the President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad said, "Mohun Bagan was my favorite team from my childhood. I was a regular visitor of all Mohun Bagan matches when I was a student at Kolkata. Sometimes, when I didn't have money to buy the ticket, I could not stop myself. I watched the match from the outside. I was always aware of the up-to-date news of the club." That year Samar 'Badru' Banerjee joined the team and formed an important attacking duo with Md. Sattar.[56] During Manna's spell as the captain, he was named among the top 10 captains around the world by The Football Association in 1953, becoming the first Asian to have the honor.[57] In 1954 Mohun Bagan became the first club ever to clinch the double crown of Kolkata — CFL and IFA Shield, courtesy to Badru's solitary goal against the formidable side of Hyderabad City Police.[56][58] That year Mohun Bagan beat the Austrian club Grazer AK by 2–1 and beat the visiting Afghanistan by 3–0. That year Subimal 'Chuni' Goswami joined the senior team from the club's youth ranks.[56] Mohun Bagan defended the CFL title successfully till 1956 and won the IFA Shield and its first Rover's Cup in 1956.[56] In December 1954, Mohun Bagan lost a match against AIK, featuring Kurt Hamrin, by 3–1 and in March 1955, played against the visiting Soviet Union featuring Lev Yashin and lost by 3–0.[59][56][60] The following year Mohun Bagan also played against Austria but lost by 2–0. The following year Mohun Bagan, as a representative from India, toured Indonesia, Singapore, Hong Kong and Malaya, which was organized solely by the assistant secretary of the club Dhiren Dey.[56] Mariappa Kempaiah, a versatile footballer playing in the offense as well as defense, joined Mohun Bagan in 1957.[56] For the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Badru captained the national team. While Krishnachandra 'Kesto' Pal was included in the main squad, Chuni, S Chatterjee, and Sushil Guha were selected as reserved players .[56] The following years were mostly unsuccessful as the club failed to win several major trophies, but during this time, Mohun Bagan obtained the services of a tough and tackling defender Jarnail Singh Dhillon from Rajasthan Club. The arrival of Thazhatheri Abdul Rahman at the back partnering Singh with Sanath Sett in goal, enhanced the team. With an immediate impact, Mohun Bagan won CFL and Durand Cup in 1959.[56]

The Golden era (1960s)

 

Chandreshwar(C)
Pradip
Bhabani
Altaf
Priyalal
Sitesh
Pranab
Amal Dutta's 4–2–4 line-up against East Bengal in the 1969 IFA Shield final.

Mohun Bagan in 1960, captured CFL, IFA Shield, and Durand Cup, losing just once in 42 matches played in these three tournaments.[61] Based on their dominative performance, They were invited to a number of matches in East Africa travelling to Uganda, Kenya, Zanzibar and Tanganyika.[62] During the tour, out of nineteen matches 15 were won, 3 were drawn and only 1 was lost. Mohun Bagan won the Shield consecutively in 1961 and 1962. Under Dhiren Dey, a strict regime was reinstated in the club and under the coaching of Arun Sinha, scrapped the archaic 2–3–5 formation and began using 3-defenders system.[63] Sinha was primarily responsible for properly grooming the likes of Chuni and Singh.[63] On the recommendations of Chuni and Kempiah, Isaiyah Arumayinayigam had joined the team before the tour and proved his talents during the tour, earning the nickname "Baby Taxi". On 27 April 1962 Gostho Pal received the Padma Shri, becoming the first footballer to do so.[62] The club won its tenth CFL title and IFA Shield that year. Chuni was selected to lead the national team in 1962 Asian Games and won the gold medal, with Jarnail Singh playing a pivotal part in the campaign. Ashok Chatterjee, a well-built forward, was another vital addition to the team in 1962. In 1963, Mohun Bagan won CFL again and added Durand Cup to their cabinet after a 2–0 victory against Andhra Pradesh Police. A new club tent was inaugurated this year by the Chief of Army Staff Jayanto Nath Chaudhuri and the Chief Minister of West Bengal Prafulla Chandra Sen.[64] 1964 saw Mohun Bagan celebrate its platinum jubilee with a year-long celebration involving numerous sporting events.[62] Popular Hungarian club Tatabánya was invited to play a series of friendly matches. An exhibition cricket match was arranged between India and Commonwealth XI, featuring names like Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, Vijay Manjrekar, Farokh Engineer, M. L. Jaisimha, Salim Durani, Garfield Sobers, Colin Cowdrey, Mushtaq Mohammad and Lance Gibbs. An exhibition hockey match between India and Calcutta XI and tennis matches featuring the likes of Ramanathan Krishnan, Jaidip Mukerjea, Bob Hewitt and Martin Mulligan were arranged as well. A team of East German athletes was invited to take part in the athletic meet along with an Indian team. Off-the-field numerous processions and shows were organized to celebrate this occasion, and several high-profile personalities attended the festivities. Fittingly, the club enjoyed massive success in cricket by winning CAB Cricket League, in hockey by winning Aga Khan Gold Cup, in football by winning the IFA Shield, the CFL and the Durand Cup by defeating East Bengal.[62]

Chandreshwar Prasad, a tough and uncompromising defender skilled in the air, joined Mohun Bagan in 1965. Pungam Kannan and Sukalyan Ghosh Dastidar, famous for their long-range shots, joined the club in 1967 and 1969, respectively. In 1967 and 1968, Mohun Bagan won just two trophies, the Shield and Rover's Cup, respectively. Chuni retired from football in 1968 after spending his whole career at Mohun Bagan; thus, the golden era slowly ended. In 1969 a young and eccentric coach named Amal Dutta joined, who was also the first professional coach in India, and introduced the concept of overlapping full-backs in 4–2–4 to Indian football, for which Bhabani Roy was the primary candidate. With the new strategy in place, Mohun Bagan played scintillating football and captured CFL and IFA Shield with a 3–1 victory against East Bengal in the Shield final.[62]

Decline and revival under P. K. Banerjee (1970s)

 
Syed Nayeemuddin played for five years (1968–74) and later became the coach (1992–93, 1996, and 1999).

Mohun Bagan struggled to assert dominance in the first half of the 1970s and failed to match their arch-rivals regarding team building. Although they won Rover's Cup from 1970 to 1972, they fared poorly in other major tournaments.[65] Mohun Bagan failed to beat East Bengal even once between 1969 and 1974 and lost to their arch-rivals in Durand Cup and IFA Shield finals multiple times. The lowest point of their decline came in 1975 IFA Shield final when Mohun Bagan lost 5–0 to East Bengal, the biggest margin of defeat in the derby till then.[66] The ignominy surrounding the heavy defeat was that several Mohun Bagan players spent the night holed up on a boat in the Ganges as the supporters laid siege to the club tent.[67] Umakanto Palodhi, an ardent Mohun Bagan fan, committed suicide. He wrote in his suicide note that he will be born as a Mohun Bagan footballer in the next life and will take revenge for that 0–5 defeat.[68] In May 1972, Mohun Bagan toured to newly independent Bangladesh to play exhibition matches, where they defeated Dhaka Mohammedan in their first match, but lost to Shadhin Bangla football team later.[69] Mohun Bagan did recruit a number of young players in 1974 and 1975 so as to steer the team back to success. Subrata Bhattacharya, an indomitable defender, Prasun Banerjee, a dictating midfielder, and Narayanswami Ulaganathan, a swift winger, joined in 1974 at a young age. In 1975, Compton Dutta, an impeccable right-back, and Dilip Palit, a combative full-back, joined the team. In 1976 the wheel had finally turned as Mohun Bagan assembled their best team in years under the helm of Chandra Madhab Roy.[70] Along with the strong core group that joined in 1974 and 1975, the club added a host of players from their two local rivals, including Mohammed Habib, his brother Mohammed Akbar and Subhash Bhowmick. Habib was an extremely tactful attacker, Akbar was a prolific striker, and Bhowmik was one of the finest wingers. Young winger Bidesh Bose also donned the Green-Maroon jersey for the first time and would soon make his mark with his darting runs along the touchline. Pradeep Chowdhury arrived at the club to partner with Subrata in the defense. Mohun Bagan's most important investment was in the coaching post, where Prasun's brother, P.K. Banerjee was employed after his immensely successful spell at East Bengal. Under him, 1976 turned into one of the best years in the club's history when Mohun Bagan won their first CFL and IFA Shield titles since 1969 and added Rover's Cup to their success. In 1976, a hattrick of Bordoloi Trophy was completed along with a victory in Darjeeling Gold Cup. Most significantly, Mohun Bagan ended a seven-year wait to win the Derby in 1976 with a 17 seconds header from Akbar, assisted by Ulanganathan. Along with Shyam Thapa, other iconic names like Sudhir Karmakar and Gautam Sarkar, who were affectionately called "Indian Beckenbauer" for his snatching abilities in the midfield, also joined Mohun Bagan in the following year.[71] Shibaji Banerjee played his first senior game for the club in 1977 after being a part of the youth teams. With one of the best squads in its history, Mohun Bagan suffered a shocking defeat of 1–0 against ITI team in the inaugural Federation Cup, which became the most prestigious title in the country, and also lost the first Derby of that year. But they successfully captured Bordoloi Trophy by thrashing Mohammedan with 4–0 and also became the first club to win the "triple crown" – the IFA Shield, the Durand Cup, and the Rover's Cup, in that year and as per club traditions, they invited East Bengal for dinner.[65][72]

 

Pradip
Sudhir
Dilip
Akbar
Supposed formation of PK Banerjee's Mohun Bagan against NY Cosmos.

On 24 September 1977, through the efforts of Dhiren Dey Mohun Bagan played a friendly match against the American club New York Cosmos which featured Brazilian World Cup winners like Pelé and Carlos Alberto Torres, and Serie A icon Giorgio Chinaglia.[73] The game, which took place at Eden Gardens, had a match attendance of 80,000 along with the Chief Minister of West Bengal Jyoti Basu.[73] NY Cosmos had taken a lead through Alberto but it was soon equalized by Thapa. Surprisingly, Mohun Bagan took the lead through Habib but late in the game, Chinaglia's goal kept the final scoreline at 2–2. One of the remarkable instances in the game was Shibaji's brilliant save to deny a Pelé free-kick.[73][65]

 
P.K. Banerjee in 2011.

After the further additions of Manas Bhattacharya and Shyamal Banerjee, Mohun Bagan continued their dominant run in 1978, consisting of a CFL win with record 78 goals in 22 matches and a Federation Cup joint-win with East Bengal. In the IFA Shield final, Mohun Bagan was up against the Soviet club Ararat Yereven featuring Arkady Andreasyan and Khoren Oganesian.[74] P.K. Banerjee lined up in a defensive 5–2–3 formation, but the visitors still took an early lead. As the visitors struggled with the wet climatic conditions, Banerjee changed to a more attacking 4–2–4 formation by bringing on winger Bidesh Bose. Bose instantly changed the game as Mohun Bagan raced to a 2–1 lead with the goals from Habib and Manas, but a late goal from Oganesian prevented a famous win for Mohun Bagan, and both the clubs were declared winners.[75][65] Thus, the club became the first Indian team, post-independence, to win the IFA Shield while competing against a non-Asian side in the final.[76] The following year, Mohun Bagan squad saw the arrival of Xavier Pius who became popular for his individual flair. Mohun Bagan had a cent percent success record winning all four trophies they participated in, including CFL, Durand Cup, and IFA Shield.[65]

The National Club of India (1980s)

 
1989 postage stamp commemorating the centenary year of Mohun Bagan

The dominance in Durand Cup and Federation Cup continued in 1980, meanwhile CFL and IFA Shield was called off after a tragic incident that took place during the Derby on 16 August where sixteen people died in a riot among the supporters inside Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan.[77][78][79][80]

 

Compton (C)
Samar
Shyamal
Xavier
Starting 11 of Mohun Bagan in 1981 Federation Cup final.

In 1981 Mohun Bagan won their first standalone Federation Cup after beating Mohammedan by 2–0 with goals from Ulaganathan and Shyam Thapa, and added IFA Shield and Rover's Cup to the collection as well.[77][78] The club made some impactful signings like Krishanu Dey, Krishnendu Roy and Sudip 'Tulu' Chatterjee. The year 1983 was a comparatively unsuccessful year. After six golden years, the club only managed to win Calcutta League, with Manas Bhattacharya being the league's top scorer.[77] As a result, a host of new players were recruited in 1984, and the most notable names being Prasanta Banerjee, Babu Mani and Tanumoy Basu, who replaced Shibaji in the goal, and that led to major successes, including Durand Cup and the Calcutta League title. Later, Sisir Ghosh was brought in and he made a successful attacking duo with Mani. In 1986 players like Satyajit Chatterjee, Aloke Mukherjee and Amit Bhadra were to the squad, and the year ended with the Calcutta League, third consecutive Durand Cup and the Federation Cup after a four-year wait and also qualifying for the 1987 Asian Club Championship.[77] Mohun Bagan won twice in the group stage of Asian Championship with 12 goals, half of which were scored by Sisir. However, finishing second in the group failed to progress to the semi-final group. They qualified for ACC once again for the 1988–89 season by winning the 1987 Federation Cup and displayed outstanding performance in the group stage, including a 6–0 defeat of Pakistani team Crescent Textiles Mill with a hat-trick from Sisir. Still, in the semi-final group, they lost every game and finished at the bottom.[77] At the domestic level, the club failed to win any major tournament except Rover's Cup.[77]

Mohun Bagan celebrated their 100th anniversary in 1989 with a grand torch rally starting from Basu Bati in North Kolkata and covered several important places in Mohun Bagan's history before reaching the Mohun Bagan Ground.[44] The Prime Minister of India Rajiv Gandhi arrived for the celebrations and during his speech, he referred to Mohun Bagan as "The National Club of India".[81] Fittingly, Mohun Bagan won CFL and IFA Shield by defeating Tata Football Academy in the final by 1–0.[81] Mohun Bagan became the first club to be honored by a postage stamp from the Government of India on this historical year.[82]

Commercialisation and incoming of foreigners (1990–2000)

 
I.M. Vijayan played for Mohun Bagan for a total of 3 years and was nicknamed "Kalo Horin" (transl. Black Buck) by the fans.

The centenary celebrations continued till 1990 when Mohun Bagan played against an assembled team that featured Cameroonian World Cupper Roger Milla.[83] The club invested significantly to bring back Krishanu Dey and Babu Mani and along with other major signings like Bikash Panji and especially I. M. Vijayan, who was being approached by every major club in the country.[84] In 1991 Mohun Bagan made their first-ever foreign recruitment, which was a Nigerian striker Chima Okorie from East Bengal, and later the second foreign signing was another Nigerian striker Bernard Operanozie, who would play as a defender.[85] With the arrival of Syed Nayeemuddin on the bench, Mohun Bagan defended their Rover's Cup and won another Federation Cup in 1992.[85] The following year Oparanozie got the captain's responsibilities after Bhadra got out with injury, and being the club's first foreign captain, he led the team to win Federation Cup again.[86] Mohun Bagan also famously won over Croatian club Varteks that year in the group stage of DCM Trophy.[87] 1994 was a decorative year with four trophies including Federation Cup for the third consecutive time, Durand Cup after an eight-year wait, and the CFL.[88] While in 1993–94 Asian Club Championship, Mohun Bagan easily thumped Club Valencia and Ratnam in the preliminary stage, but after a 4–0 away loss to Thai Farmers' Bank in the 1st leg of the second round, Mohun Bagan was ejected out of the tournament for refusing to play the 2nd leg in Malaysia. India was amid plague outbreak and Mohun Bagan failed to win any major trophy for the following two years.[89]

 

Aloke (C)
Lorendra
Reazul
Basudeb
Abdul
Amit
Mohun Bagan's preferred line-up under Amal Dutta in his "Diamond System".

In December 1996 the National Football League began as the top-tier league in the country and Mohun Bagan finished at the bottom in the group stage with just one win and was relegated in the next season, which was later revoked by the organizers.[90] The club appointed their former coach, Amal Dutta and under him, Mohun Bagan began to play in an innovative 3–4–3 "Diamond System", which was bolstered by the likes of Abdul Khaliq and Okerie in the front, Mohun Bagan played very offensively, which was rare in Indian football.[91] The glamorous success achieved by Amal Dutta and P.K. Banerjee, who was now coaching East Bengal, had given birth to a significant coaching rivalry between them during the 80s, which reached its peak at the 1997 Federation Cup semi-final. It was one of the most anticipated matches in Indian football history, pitting two fierce rivalries – Mohun Bagan and Amal Dutta against East Bengal and P.K. Banerjee – at one stage. With a record 131,000 attendance at Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan, Mohun Bagan's defensive frailties were exposed by Bhaichung Bhutia, who scored a hattrick in a 4–1 victory for East Bengal.[92] Despite the loss, fans lauded Mohun Bagan's impressive style of play under Dutta's Diamond System. Regardless, the club steered back to win the 1997–98 National Football League with ten matches unbeaten run and only two losses in the league, under the mentorship of T. K. Chathunni after Dutta left midway due to internal strife with the club officials. Players like Okorie, Dipendu Biswas, Reazul Mustafa and Sri Lankan winger Roshan Pereira played pivotal roles in the team.[93][94]

In 1998, United Spirits, a subsidiary of Vijay Mallya owned United Breweries Group, entered into a partnership with Mohun Bagan by buying a 50% stake in the club's football division and formed a joint-venture entity named United Mohun Bagan Private Limited.[95] For the first time the club was transformed into a corporate establishment from a society status, and the name of the club's football division was thus changed to McDowell's Mohun Bagan FC.[96] That season saw them defeat Uzbek giant Pakhtakor Tashkent in the IFA Shield group stage, and eventually win the Shield. Mohun Bagan signed a host of foreigners for the 1999–00 National Football League. Renowned internationals like Uzbek striker Igor Shkvyrin, Nigerian forward Stephen Abarowei, Thai full-back Dusit Chalermsan and Kenyan defender Samuel "Pamzo" Omollo, and Brazilian José Ramirez Barreto joined the club. The Indian contingent in the club was kept almost intact from the last season with the addition of the striker R.C. Prakash and full-back Dulal Biswas, Mohun Bagan comfortably won the league along with Durand Cup and Rover's Cup with former club player Subrata Bhattacharya at the helm. But at the continental stage, got eliminated with an 8–0 defeat against Júbilo Iwata in the second round of the 1999–00 Asian Club Championship.

Heightened foreign influence (2000–2010)

 
Baggu, Mohun Bagan's mascot.

In the 2001–02 season Mohun Bagan's bid to win back-to-back league titles was shattered when they finished second by just a point behind East Bengal. However, Barreto finished as the league's top scorer.[93][94] Mohun Bagan captured the 2001 Federation Cup due to the heroics of goalkeeper Bibhas Ghosh and Barreto, who was awarded the tournament's best player.[97] Mohun Bagan also triumphed in the Bordoloi Trophy after thrashing Thai club Rajpracha 4–0 in the final.[98] Mohun Bagan's squad was joined by another Nigerian, Abdulatif Seriki replacing Omollo. On the final matchday, in a must-win situation against the title contender – Churchill Brothers, Mohun Bagan clinched their third league title with a 73rd-minute header by the Nigerian defender Abdul Wastu Saliu assisted by Basudeb Mandal's corner kick. Under Subrata Bhattacharya, Mohun Bagan became the first club to win Federation Cup and NFL in a season. Bhaichung Bhutia, who had joined the club in 2002 missed out on most of the season to injuries producing a negligible impact on the team.[99] As a result, Mohun Bagan's on-field form slumped remarkably with the club winning just one major trophy in the form of the IFA Shield in these two years. To make matters worse, in 2004 Mohun Bagan's most influential foreigner – Barreto also left the club and Mohun Bagan finished 7th and 9th in 2002–03 and 2003–04 seasons respectively. The barren period of major trophies also continued next season, as they finished 8th in the league and runner-up in Federation Cup. In 2004, Mohun Bagan became the first Indian club to launch a credit card in association with ICICI Bank.[100]

 
Crowd at the exhibition match against Bayern Munich.
 
Bhaichung Bhutia, with his wife, at Mohun Bagan Ground in 2009.

With internal problems slowly subsiding, Mohun Bagan assembled a strong side in 2006 that included Barreto and Bhaichung's return, along with a combative Brazilian midfielder Douglas Silva. The team was further bolstered with top Indian players like Sangram Mukherjee, Deepak Mondal as well as youngsters like Lalawmpuia Pachuau, Lalkamal Bhowmick and Sushil Kumar Singh. With the sudden resignation of coach Biswajit Bhattacharya, the Brazilian physio of the team, Robson Mattos was hastily promoted as the team's coach. Bhutia and Sangram's collective heroics led them to their 12th Federation Cup. While the 2006–07 league season did not go well with as many as three foreign coaches taking part during the campaign in the form of Robson Mattos and former players – Chima Okorie and Bernard Oparanozie. FIFA president Sepp Blatter came to Kolkata and attended Mohun Bagan's won 2–1 Derby win on 15 April 2007.[101] On Mohun Bagan Day, the club became the first in India to launch an official mascot which was a tiger named "Baggu". In 2007 Mohun Bagan sealed their first-ever Indian Super Cup with a 4–0 victory over the league champions Dempo, with Bhutia scoring a hattrick. In 2007–08 season, where NFL got rebranded as I-League, Brazilian coach Carlos Roberto Pereira took the reins of the team but failed to win any significant accolade. The following season, Mohun Bagan appointed Moroccan coach Karim Bencherifa, who led the team to a record 10-match winning run in the league and a Federation Cup victory. Still, poor performance in his second league resulted in him being sacked midway through the 2009–10 season and putting Satyajit Chatterjee as the interim coach. The only highlight of his second campaign was the 5–3 Derby victory on 25 October 2009.[102]

In 2008, Mohun Bagan players got the opportunity to play against German icon Oliver Kahn in his official testimonial match for Bayern Munich, which also featured Brazilian star Zé Roberto. The match was played on 27 May 2008 at Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan and finished with Bayern Munich comfortably winning by 3–0.[103] The same year Argentine World Cup winner Diego Maradona paid a visit to the club tent during a tour to India.[104]

Strive for success and ultimate takeover by KGSPL (2010–20)

 
Bengaluru vs Mohun Bagan, the final match of 2014–15 I-League.

Mohun Bagan emerged as third ranked Indian team and 611th position worldwide, in the international rankings of clubs during the first ten years of the 21st century (2001–2010) issued by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics in 2011.[105] The club though struggled for supremacy in the first five years of the new decade, and the seasons were marked by poor team recruitment, which lacked balance and overpaying for players. The management focused only on recruiting big names while ignoring essential areas of the team which needed bolstering. Some of the foreign stars recruited during this period were Odafa Onyeka Okolie from Churchill Brothers, with a record salary of 1.4 crores per year in 2011, Muritala Ali from Mahindra United and Tolgay Özbey from East Bengal.[106] These players failed to replicate their form shown at their former clubs and as a result Mohun Bagan teams which were often built around them also suffered. After an illustrious career at Mohun Bagan, Barreto finally made his exit in 2012. A crowd of 30,000 turned up at Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan on 6 May 2012 as Barreto played his last match for the club against Pune, where he scored his final goal for the team.[107] The Brazilian ended his career at the club as the first foreigner to score over 200 goals in India for a club with his final tally reading 228 goals in 371 matches.[108]

The club endured a phase of five years without a major trophy between 2010 and 2015, the longest such phase since the nation's independence. On 29 December 2012, Mohun Bagan was barred from competing in I-League for two years following a decision taken by the league's core committee. The suspension came because Mohun Bagan had refused to take the field in the second half of the match against East Bengal on 9 December 2012, citing crowd violence and an unsuitable atmosphere for the continuation of the match.[109] All their results in the 2012-13 season were declared null and void and all their remaining fixtures were cancelled.[110] However, on 15 January 2013, Mohun Bagan appealed against the decision and were reinstated, but a hefty amount was fined, their officials were suspended from all the AIFF meetings for a year and, the team would start with 0 points and would play out only the remaining 16 fixtures in the league. This did not affect their win-loss and goal difference record in the table.[111] This led the team in a dire relegation fight but were successful to avoided it. In the following season, the team performed disastrously and finished 8th in the table, scarcely avoiding relegation. A constant incoming and outgoing of coaches saw established names like Subrata Bhattacharya, Subhash Bhowmick and Karim Bencherifa, along with younger coaches like Stanley Rozario and Santosh Kashyap failing to end the precarious state of the team.

 
Sanjay Sen, who led Mohun Bagan to its first I-League trophy.

Mohun Bagan started the 2014–15 season with Subhash Bhowmick on the bench. However, poor performance in CFL and Bhowmick's lack of mandatory AFC Pro license saw Sanjoy Sen taking over the reins before Federation Cup. Mohun Bagan's Cup campaign did not go well as they crashed out of the tournament after a 4–1 loss against Salgaocar. Before I-League started, Sen made numerous tactical changes and played in a 4–2–3–1 formation. The trident of foreigners – Katsumi Yusa, Pierre Boya and Sony Norde was backed by energetic ball-winners like Sehnaj Singh and led by Balwant Singh in front. The defense was reinforced by veteran Bello Razaq and Pritam Kotal, while the goal was guarded by young Debjit Majumder. The final league match was against the title contender, Bengaluru at Sree Kanteerava Stadium, with just one point advantage. In the 86th minute, a corner kick from Norde was headed in Razaq to equalize the score-line to 1–1, thereby winning their first major trophy in five seasons and the first league title in eleven years. Mohun Bagan had reached their quasquicentennial year of existence in 2014, therefore club organized a huge rally in North Kolkata chiefly to celebrate the anniversary on 1 June 2015.[112] The celebration was capped off with their league victory achieved the previous month. The victory parade saw around 200,000 supporters, by some estimates, lined up along the streets, with prominent former club associates like P.K. Banerjee, Manas Bhattacharya, Bidesh Bose, Compton Dutta, Shibaji Banerjee, and Satyajit Chatterjee involved with the celebrations.[113] FIFA president Sepp Blatter also congratulated Mohun Bagan in a special letter.[114] At the continental stage, Mohun Bagan became the first Indian club to win a match in AFC Champions League and qualify for the second preliminary round of ACL qualifying play-offs, when they defeated Singaporen club Tampines Rovers by 3–1.[115] Mohun Bagan also recorded the biggest margin of victory by an Indian club in an AFC Cup away match when they defeated Hongkongese club South China by 4–0.[116][117] In that edition, the team also reached the round of 16 but got eliminated by Tampines Rovers.

 
Mohun Bagan's 2–1 Kolkata Derby victory, held on 19 January 2020.

After a breakaway from United Breweries in 2015, Mohun Bagan was once again re-established as a society. Still, in 2017 Mohun Bagan Football Club (India) Private Limited was registered as a legal entity on 31 July 2017. The new legal entity created was exclusively for all football activities of Mohun Bagan.[118] On 28 September 2018 in the Clash of Legends (a match between the teams of retired former players of the respective clubs), Mohun Bagan Legends hosted Barcelona Legends at Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan, that was attended by a crowd of 45,000, along with one of the directors of Barcelona Pau Vilanova and the mayor of Kolkata Sovan Chatterjee.[119] The fixture concluded with a heavy defeat for the hosts by a score-line of 6–0.[120] The following three seasons since the title win, Mohun Bagan continued their strong contest for trophies, but succeeding to win only the 2016 Federation Cup, though foreigners like Yusa and Norde continued to make their presence felt with strong performances, along with single season signings like Darryl Duffy and Cornell Glen. Among the Indians, Jeje Lalpekhlua, Pritam Kotal, and Prabir Das produced some of their best performances for the team. In 2018, the team managed to reach the semi-final of the inaugural Super Cup that replaced Federation Cup as the country's top knock-out tournament. The following season was considerably poor under the new coach Khalid Jamil, as the team finished 5th on the table. The club also pulled out of Super Cup along with the other participating I-League clubs in protest against the unfair schedule favoring the Indian Super League clubs. Therefore, the season concluded with no national trophies in three consecutive seasons. The management appointed Kibu Vicuña for the next season, and he gave the leadership duties to Dhanachandra Singh and Gurjinder Kumar. He promoted several players like Subha Ghosh, Sk. Sahil and Kiyan Nassiri from the youth ranks to the first team and assembled a squad with a blend of youth and experience. Vicuña brought a brand of football to India, which was very similar to that commonly seen in Spain. He believed in playing a possession-based game and incorporated build-up from the back, for which he used Baba Diawara at the front and supported by Joseba Beitia with Nongdamba Naorem and V.P. Suhair running down the flanks. The midfield was dictated by Fran González while the defense was held by the strong pair of Daneil Cyrus and Fran Morante. With record 14 matches unbeaten run, Mohun Bagan sealed their second I-League title and fifth national league title on their 16th matchday with a 1–0 win over Aizawl at the Kalyani Stadium. With four matches still to be played, 2019–20 season was terminated by the AIFF due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[121]

During this period, the organizers of ISL, as well as the club managements themselves, made efforts to include Mohun Bagan and East Bengal in the league. Accordingly, on 16 January 2020, Kolkata Games and Sports Private Limited, owner of ATK led by Sanjiv Goenka entered into an ownership deal with Mohun Bagan Football Club (India) Private Limited. As a result, ATK absorbed into the football division of Mohun Bagan to form ATK Mohun Bagan Football Club Private Limited, that rebranded the football division of Mohun Bagan as ATK Mohun Bagan FC.[122][123][124][125] ATK Mohun Bagan entered ISL as one of the expansion teams in the 2020–21 season.[126][127]

Newfound dominance (2020–)

ATK Mohun Bagan started its debut ISL season with most of its players including five of the foreigners—Roy Krishna, David Williams, Edu García, Carl McHugh, Javi Hernández—and the coaching staff led by Antonio López Habas was retained under their old contracts with KGSPL owned ATK. They narrowly lost the ISL Premiership on the last matchday as well as the ISL Championship in the final, both to Mumbai City, but became joint-most points earner in a single season.[128][129] At the continental stage, ATK Mohun Bagan lost the inter-zone play-off semi-final to the Uzbek side Nasaf Qarshi by 6–0.[130] The club made some of the biggest transfers of 2021 in Indian football that included, Liston Colaco, Hugo Boumous and UEFA Euro 2020 featuring Joni Kauko.[131][132] On 19 December, Juan Ferrando replaced Habas as the new head coach after some disappointing results.[133][134][135] ATK Mohun Bagan matched Goa's 15 matches unbeaten streak in the league until they lost against Jameshedpur and finished 3rd in the league table.[136][137] Among some of the eye-catching summer transfers the following season, ATK Mohun Bagan signed Asish Rai, along with one of the foreign replacements as Dimitri Petratos. The season formally began with consecutive disappointments in Durand Cup and then in inter-zone play-off semi-final against a Malaysian club Kuala Lumpur City. The team had a considerably successful run in the league, finishing third and qualifying for the playoffs for the third time in a row. On 18 March, ATK Mohun Bagan became the ISL Champions for the first time after defeating Bengaluru in the penalties by 4–3. To commemorate the victory, "ATK" was removed, and the team was renamed as Mohun Bagan Super Giant after three years of consistent protests by the fans.[138][139][140][141][142][143]

In May 2023, Lucknow Super Giants, a RPSG Group owned Indian Premier League franchise, sported a special Green-Maroon jersey in their away fixture against Kolkata Knight Riders to pay tribute to the century-old legacy of Mohun Bagan.[144] On 3 July the club management hosted 2022 FIFA World Cup Golden Glove winner Emiliano Martínez and Mohun Bagan unveiled their new logo after their rebranding.[145][146] For the preparations of the new season, the club appointed their former coach Habas as the technical director to begin with. With the aims for a continental success, Mohun Bagan signed a number of big national as well as international names like Anwar Ali, Anirudh Thapa, Sahal Abdul Samad and the most popular of all – 2022 FIFA World Cup pre-quarterfinalist Jason Cummings.

Club crest and kits

The club's crest is circular and consists of a sailing country boat painted in green and maroon colors. The boat perhaps signifies the club's place of establishment; northern Kolkata, on the banks of the Ganges. The city was the capital during the later 19th century and a prime trade center of British India, and the primary mode of transportation was through the waterways.

The initial crest of the club varied much due to the lack of any requirement for logo registration, hence any club could use any logo during any tournament. Initially the club crest consisted of the picture of a Royal Bengal tiger laying either amidst a dense jungle, probably indicating the famous Sundarbans, or simply a palm tree.[147] The crest with the tiger lying under a palm tree was used during the famous 1911 IFA Shield. A similar logo was used by another Maidan based club Rajasthan Club, which incited confusions among the locals, henceforth, in 1920s the club came up with a new logo with the iconic sailing boat.[148]

The club's crest is used for all sporting activities other than the football division of the club. The crest for the football division of the club has changed mutatis mutandis from time to time due to ownership changes, all the while retaining the signature Green and Maroon colours and the sailboat.

After the 2020 rebranding to ATK Mohun Bagan, for the first time the football team crest did not mention the foundation year – 1889, which fueled the ongoing controversy over the ownership deal.[125] Later, in 2023, when the football team undergo another rebrand, the new crest incorporated 1889.[146]

Priyanath Mitra, the successor of one of the founding families' head Kirti Mitra, had the club's first green-maroon jerseys stitched by a renowned European tailoring shop, Messrs. Rankin on Old Court House Street and since then the primary colours for the home kit has ever been green and maroon.[13] The patterns for the home kit had many variations including halves, stripes and diagonals. The away colours of the team is predominantly white with green-maroon imprints.

 
 
 
 
 
 
1889–1930[a]
 
 
 
 
 
 
1930–1960
 
 
 
 
 
1960–1990
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1990–2010
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2010–2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014–2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2019–2023
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2023–present

Kit manufacturers and sponsors

Note: In numerous seasons, the sponsors have varied according to the tournament the team participated in. The following list includes only the kit sponsors during the national league games.

Period Kit manufacturer Primary sponsor Back sponsor Chest sponsor Sleeve sponsor
1993–94 Power
1994–95 Emami
1995–96 Pepsi
1996–97 McDowell's No.1
1997–98 Tata Tea
1998–01 McDowell's No.1[95] Coca-Cola
2001–06
2006–11 Reebok
2011-12 Adidas
2012–13 Fila Amra
2013–15 Shiv Naresh Ripley
2015–17
2017-18 M.P Birla Cement
2018-19 Officer's Choice Blue
2019-20
2020–21 Nivia SBOTOP[149] TV9 Bangla CESC
2021–22 CESC BKT
2022–23 Parimatch News[150] Gigabyte CESC
2023– 1XBAT

Stadiums

Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan

Mohun Bagan plays most of its home matches at Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan, commonly called Salt Lake Stadium, located in the suburb of Kolkata in Bidhannagar.[151]

 
Oliver Kahn's farewell match against Mohun Bagan at the Salt Lake Stadium

A multi-purpose stadium owned by the Government of West Bengal under Youth Affairs and Sports Department, the VYBK primarily hosts football matches, apart from occasional track and field events. The stadium was built in 1984, predominately for matches like Kolkata Derby that featured attendance too huge for the grounds in Maidan to accommodate.

Before its renovation in 2011, it was the largest football stadium in the world, with a capacity of 120,000. Before the construction and opening of Rungrado 1st of May Stadium in 1989, it was the largest football stadium in the world. It is currently the fourth-largest sports stadium in Asia by capacity. The gigantic stadium features three tiers of concrete galleries with nine entry gates, including a VIP gate and 30 ramps for the spectators to reach the viewing blocks.

Mohun Bagan Ground

The Mohun Bagan Ground is a football stadium located in the Maidan region of central Kolkata, just opposite the Eden Gardens.[152] The stadium is operated by Mohun Bagan uses it as a training ground, although in 2017 it had been used for a few of their I-League matches. The office and club tent is adjacent to the stadium.

 
Mohun Bagan Ground in 2018

This ground is mainly used for Calcutta Football League matches. The stadium has galleries on three sides and a rampart on the fourth side. The north side, a contemporary gallery of the stadium, having bucket seats installed, is for the members.[153]

In 1977 Mohun Bagan became the first club in Maidan to have floodlights installed in their stadium. The floodlights operated till the mid-1990s, after which they were renovated and inaugurated on 25 February 2016 with an IFA Shield match between Mohun Bagan U19s and DSK-Liverpool Academy.[154] After coming in as the principal investor, KGSPL renovated the stadium in the lines of Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan with artificial turf and upgraded amenities so that it can be used for practice and home matches in Indian Super League and other big tournaments as and when required.

Supporters

The fans, known as Mariners, have the reputation of being very loyal and respectful of the club, whom they often consider to be a mother-like figure in their lives. They have had the distinction of the highest attendance during the club's tenure in I-League.[155] There are several fan clubs dedicated to Mohun Bagan in different parts of India. Mohun Bagan had the highest average attendance with an average home crowd of 17,068 in the 2013–14 season, as per the AIFF reports.[156] In the 2014-15 I-League season, their vocal support in away matches in Pune, Mumbai and Bengaluru was arguably unseen in Indian football until then.

In 2015 an all-female supporters' group called Lady Mariners, was established. The group became India's first all-female football supporter's club.[157] Around 2016, ultras of Mariners, called Mariners' Base Camp, was formed with its various wings spread all around India, to revolutionize the Indian football fan movement through tifos, chants, slogans and pyrotechnics.[158][159][160]

 
One of the biggest banners in Indian football unfurled by Mumbai Pune Mariners at the Cooperage Ground in 2016

The Economic Times, a leading Indian newspaper, reported that the club had an average attendance of over 35,000 in their home matches, possibly an I-League record. Over 21,000 attended the league decider of the 2014-15 I-League between Mohun Bagan and Bengaluru FC in Bengaluru, of this ".. over 8,000 were away fans, traveling from as far as Kolkata, Mumbai and Pune to watch the game", noted Sunando Dhar, chief executive officer of the I-League in the same article.[161] Their grand reception when, by some estimates, over 200,000 fans gathered to greet the 2014-15 I-League clinching squad (on their way back to Kolkata from Bengaluru) has been dubbed as "legendary", "unparalleled" and "surreal" by the press as well as football historians.[162]

Mohun Bagan fans have also provided financial help to the club during times of struggle. In the early 2000s, a Mohun Bagan fan mortgaged his house to raise funds for signing Brazilian superstar Jose Ramirez Barreto.[163] In 2013 another fan donated his entire monthly salary to the club.[164]

Crazy and passionate football fans, Pannalal and Chaitali Chatterjee, who traveled abroad to 10 FIFA World Cups to represent India's footballing passion, had once said, "You can cut open my wrist. You will see Mohun Bagan running in my veins, and nothing will ever change that."[165]

On 29 July 2020 (Mohun Bagan Day), Marines abroad took an initiative to feature the club on the billboards of NASDAQ at Times Square, in order to celebrate the occasion during the times of pandemic when all the fans in India were under a lockdown.[166][167] This made Mohun Bagan the first ever Indian sports entity to be featured on the NASDAQ billboards at Times Square and got featured in one of the Twitter posts of FIFA.[168]

The takeover of KGSPL of the football division of Mohun Bagan met with a harshly negative response from the Mariners, followed by numerous protests around the city, digitally and on the streets.[169][170] The supporters believed that this takeover, which was popularly termed as "the merger of ATK and Mohun Bagan" would become a mark of conclusion for their 'mother club' and its century-old legacy. Gradually as the air of doubts were cleared, the resentment thawed. However, most of the ultras continued to voice their demands with hard statements.[171][172][173] Ultimately, the principal owner of the football team Sanjiv Goenka announced the removal of "ATK" from the team's name at the end of the season and renaming it as Mohun Bagan Super Giant officially on 1 June 2023.[174]

Mohun Bagan had been backed by numerous celebrities among whom includes Hemendra Kumar Ray,[175] Manna Dey,[176] Jyoti Basu,[177] R. D. Burman,[178] Sourav Ganguly,[179] Amitabh Bachchan,[180] Uttam Kumar,[181] Mithun Chakraborty[182] and many more.

Rivalries

Rivalry of the Big Three

Kolkata Derby

 
The Kolkata Derby

Mohun Bagan's biggest rivalry is with city rivals East Bengal FC, popularly known as the Kolkata Derby. The rivalry dates back to pre-independence India and trascends sports. Culturally, the rivalry has a lot of significance to the people of Kolkata. Mohun Bagan represents people existing in the western part of Bengal (known as Ghotis), while East Bengal is primarily supported by people hailing from the eastern part of pre-independence Bengal (known as Bangals).

Mohun Bagan vs East Bengal, termed as the Kolkata Derby, is the biggest derby in India and is also considered one of Asia's most heated rivalries. Matches between the two teams are often sold out.The celebrations of a derby win is traditionally marked with dishes prepared from either ilish or golda chingri, depending on which team wins. The East Bengal supporters celebrate their win with ilish courses, being associated to the eastern region of Bengal (now Bangladesh), where as the Mohun Bagan fans celebrate with courses of golda chingri.

Till 25 February 2023, 384 matches have been played between the two teams out of which Mohun Bagan has won 127 matches and East Bengal FC have won 132 times[183] (including all competitive matches and exhibition games) and rest of the matches ended in draws.[184]

 
The first official Kolkata Derby news report

The first match between the sides was played on 8 August 1921 in the Coochbehar Cup, and the semifinal match ended in a 0–0 draw. Mohun Bagan won the replayed semifinal 3–0. Rabi Ganguly scored the first-ever derby goal in that match, and the other two goals were scored by Poltu Dasgupta and Abhilash Ghosh.

The first CFL match between the sides was played on 28 May 1925 in CFL, where East Bengal FC beat Mohun Bagan 1–0. Mohun Bagan holds the record of scoring the fastest goal in a derby (24 July 1976, a 17-second goal from Md Akbar of Mohun Bagan). They have the record of winning two consecutive derbies on two successive days (7 and 8 August 1935) and had the unique distinction of losing only one derby in 7 years (1933 to 1939).

A few notable victories include the Darbhanga Shield match on 5 September 1934, when Mohun Bagan won 4–1 (Amiyo Deb scored all four goals, the only time a player scored four goals in this derby), and a 5–3 win in an I-League encounter on 25 October 2009 (Chidi Edeh scored four goals). They have won several derbies scoring four goals against East Bengal FC. One such instance was in Raja Memorial Shield final played on 6 August 1937 at the common ground of both the clubs (Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan), where Mohun Bagan beat East Bengal FC 4–0 and Asit Ganguly scored three goals in that match.[185]

Mini Derby

 
Tifo displaying fans of (left to right) Mohammedan, Mohun Bagan and East Bengal united as the 12th man in support for India at Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan in 2019.

Mohun Bagan also has a significant rivalry against Mohammedan.[186] The feud dates back to the early 1930s, when Mohammedan came out as one of the powerhouses in the Calcutta Football League, winning seven titles from 1934 to 1941. After that, until 1958, all the CFL titles were won by the three rival clubs, often referred to as the Big Three of Maidan (Bengali: ময়দানের তিন প্রধান).[187] They also competed against each other in major tournaments like Durand Cup, Rover's Cup and IFA Shield.[188][189][190]

The rivalry had a communal background in the beginning, with Mohammedan being a Muslim-only club representing the Muslim population of Kolkata, leading to the Hindus in the city to show their support for Mohun Bagan and East Bengal despite them not having communal backgrounds. The communal tension faded by the 1960s when Mohammedan began to sign non-Muslim players regularly.[191]

However by then, the club had lost their dominance in Indian football. After the inception of national tournaments like Federation Cup and National Football League, Mohammedan was no longer seen as an elite club as they played in the lower tiers of Indian football. Thus, the club rarely met Mohun Bagan and East Bengal at major tournaments as the latter were competing in the top tier.

After winning the 2023-24 I-League, Mohammedan won promotion to the Indian Super League for the first time in their history. The 2024-25 ISL season will be the first time in 10 years that the three Kolkata giants will be competing in the same national league. With this, the derby will getting back its lost glare.[192] Unlike the ever-flirting East Bengal-Mohun Bagan feud termed the Kolkata Derby, the matches including Mohammedan and Mohun Bagan, or East Bengal, are commonly termed as Mini Kolkata Derby.[193][194][195]

Ownership

Presently, a consortium called RPSG Mohun Bagan Private Limited, whose 80% shares are owned by Kolkata Games and Sports Private Limited and 20% shares by Mohun Bagan Football Club (India) Private Limited, controls the football department of Mohun Bagan.[196] RPSG Group founder and chairman Sanjiv Goenka is the principal owner of the consortium.[197]

History of ownerships and respective naming
Year Ownership Football team name
1889–1890 Mohun Bagan Society[198] Mohun Bagan Sporting Club
1890–1998 Mohun Bagan Athletic Club
1998–2015 United Mohun Bagan Private Limited[b] McDowell's Mohun Bagan Football Club
2015–2017 Mohun Bagan Society Mohun Bagan Athletic Club
2017–2020 Mohun Bagan Football Club (India) Private Limited[118] Mohun Bagan Football Club
2020–2023 ATK Mohun Bagan Private Limited ATK Mohun Bagan Football Club
2023–present RPSG Mohun Bagan Private Limited Mohun Bagan Super Giant

Management

 
Sanjiv Goenka, the principle owner of Mohun Bagan Super Giant
Office Name
Chairman Sanjiv Goenka[200]
Chief executive officer Raghu Iyer[149]
Board members Utsav Parekh[200]
Gautam Roy[200]
Sanjeev Mehra[200]
Debasish Dutta[200]
Soumik Bose[201]

Coaching staff

 
José Francisco Molina, the head coach of Mohun Bagan Super Giant
Position Name
Head coach   José Francisco Molina
Assistant coach   Bastab Ray
Goalkeeping coach   Martin Ruiz
Fitness coach   Alvaro Ros Bernal
Performance analyst Vacant
Strength & Conditioning coach   Sergi Morera
Physiotherapist   Abhinandan Chatterjee
Youth/Reserve team Head coach   Deggie Cardozo

Players

First-team squad

As of 12 June 2024[202]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   IND Vishal Kaith
2 DF   IND Sumit Rathi
3 DF   IND Raj Basfore
7 MF   IND Anirudh Thapa
9 FW   AUS Dimitri Petratos
11 FW   IND Manvir Singh
13 MF   IND Ningomba Engson Singh
15 DF   IND Subhasish Bose (captain)
16 MF   IND Abhishek Suryavanshi
17 FW   IND Liston Colaco
18 MF   IND Sahal Abdul Samad
19 FW   IND Ashique Kuruniyan
No. Pos. Nation Player
22 MF   IND Deepak Tangri
24 GK   IND Syed Zahid Hussain Bukhari
27 FW   IND Md. Fardin Ali Molla
31 GK   IND Arsh Anwer Shaikh
32 DF   IND Dippendu Biswas
33 MF   IND Glan Martins
35 FW   AUS Jason Cummings
44 DF   IND Asish Rai
45 DF   IND Amandeep Vrish Bhan
72 FW   IND Suhail Bhat
77 DF   IND Ravi Bahadur Rana
99 FW   ALB Armando Sadiku
MF   IND Lalengmawia Ralte
DF   SCO Tom Aldred

Top scorers in Tier 1 Indian League (NFL/I-League/ISL)

Ranking Nationality Name Years Goals
1   Brazil José Ramirez Barreto 1999–2004, 2006–2012 94[203]
2   Nigeria Odafa Onyeka Okolie 2011–2014 51[203]
3   India Baichung Bhutia 2002–2003, 2006–2009 25[203]
4   Fiji Roy Krishna 2020–2022 21
5   Nigeria Chidi Edeh 2009–2011 21

Top scorers in Calcutta Football League

 
Mohun Bagan's all-time top Indian goalscorer, Chuni Goswami

Note: Only senior team players with more than 50 goals have been listed below.

Ranking Nationality Name Years Goals
1   India Chuni Goswami 1954–1968 145
2   India Sisir Ghosh 1985–1992, 1995–1996 67
3   India Manas Bhattacharya 1977–1980, 1982–1984, 1986–1988 64
4   India Nanda Ray Chowdhury 1935–1943 63
5   India Ashok Chatterjee 1961–1968, 1972 58
  India Subhash Bhowmick 1970–1972, 1976–1978
7   Brazil José Ramirez Barreto 1999–2004, 2006–2012 57
  India Kesto Pal 1954–1959
9   India Samar Banerjee 1952–1959 55
  India Shyam Thapa 1977–1983
11   India Mohammad Akbar 1976–1978 51
  India Poongam Kannan 1966–1968, 1971, 1973–1975

Notable players

The eleven players of the 1911 IFA Shield winning team are often regarded as the Amar Ekadash (transl. Immortal Eleven).[204][205]

Season overview

Note: The club's competitive record only since 1996, when the first national-level league was incepted, is listed below.

Season National Football League (till 2007)
I-League (2007–2020)
ISL Regular Season (2020– )
ISL Play–Offs
(2020–)
Federation Cup (till 2017, 2024– )
Super Cup (2018–2024)
Durand Cup Asian club competition Calcutta Premier Division Other major honours
Pos Pl W D L GF GA Pts.
1996–97 [c]5th of 6 (First phase) 5 1 3 1 6 5 6 N/A Quarterfinalists DNP DNQ 1st Bordoloi Trophy
1997–98 1st 18 9 6 2 20 10 34 Semifinalists Runners-up 2nd
1998–99 4th 20 6 9 5 19 17 27 Winners Semifinalists 2nd IFA Shield
1999–00 1st 22 14 5 3 36 17 47 Cancelled Semifinalists Asian Club Championship Qualifying
round 2
2nd IFA Shield
2000–01 2nd 22 13 6 3 40 19 45 Winners DNQ 1st Rovers Cup
2001–02 1st 22 13 5 4 31 19 44 Winners 2nd of 3

(Final group stage)

3rd Bordoloi Trophy
2002–03 7th 22 9 6 7 35 25 33 Semifinalists DNP AFC Champions League Qualifying
round 4
2nd All Airlines Gold Cup
2003–04 9th 22 6 6 10 23 24 24 Cancelled DNQ 2nd IFA Shield
2004–05 8th 22 5 8 9 16 19 23 Runners-up Runners-up 1st All Airlines Gold Cup
2005–06 3rd 17 8 6 3 17 10 30 Pre-quarterfinalists DNP 2nd All Airlines Gold Cup
2006–07 8th 18 5 6 7 15 21 21 Winners Semifinalists AFC Cup 2nd of 4

(Group stage)

1st Indian Super Cup
2007–08 4th 18 8 6 4 22 17 30 Semifinalists DNP DNQ 1st
2008–09 2nd 22 13 4 5 30 20 43 Winners AFC Cup 4th of 4

(Group Stage)

1st Indian Super Cup
2009–10 5th 26 10 6 10 48 43 36 Semifinalists Runners-up DNQ 2nd
2010–11 6th 26 8 10 8 34 32 34 Runners-up DNP 3rd
2011–12 4th 26 13 8 5 51 32 47 4th of 4

(Final Group Phase)

2nd All Airlines Gold Cup
2012–13 [d]10th 26 11 8 7 40 34 29 2nd of 4

(Final group phase)

2nd
2013–14 8th 24 6 10 8 23 24 28 Semifinalists 2nd
2014–15 1st 20 11 6 3 33 16 39 3rd of 5

(Group stage)

2nd
2015–16 2nd 16 8 6 2 32 16 30 Winners Cancelled AFC Champions League Qualifying round 2 3rd
AFC Cup Round of 16
2016–17 2nd 18 10 6 2 27 12 36 Runners-up DNP AFC Cup 3rd of 4

(Group stage)

3rd
2017–18 3rd 18 8 7 3 28 14 31 Semifinalists Cancelled DNQ 2nd
2018–19 5th 20 8 5 7 27 28 29 DNP[e] 1st
2019–20 1st 16 12 3 1 35 13 39 Cancelled Runners-up 2nd
2020–21 2nd 20 12 4 4 28 15 40 Runners-up Cancelled AFC Cup Inter-zone play-off semifinal Cancelled
2021–22 3rd 20 10 7 3 37 26 37 Semifinalists DNP AFC Cup Inter-zone play-off semifinal DNP
2022–23 3rd 20 10 4 6 24 17 34 Winners 3rd of 4

(Group Stage)

3rd of 5

(Group Stage)

2023–24 1st 22 15 3 4 47 26 48 Runners-up 2nd of 4

(Group Stage)

Winners AFC Cup 3rd of 4

(Group Stage)

5th of 6

(Super Six)


Performance in AFC competitions

All stats as per Mohun Bagan official site[206][207][208]

  Win   Draw   Loss

Season Competition Round Club 1st leg 2nd leg Agg. Highest Scorer
1987 Asian Club Championship Qualifying round   Al-Rasheed SC 0–2 Sisir Ghosh
(6 goals)
  Manang Marshyangdi Club 6–1
  PAF FC 4–1
  Mohammedan SC 2–2
1988–89 Asian Club Championship Qualifying round   Crescent Textile FC 8–0 Sisir Ghosh
(5 goals)
  Kathmandu SC 4–2
  Fanja SC 1–0
Semi-final round   Kazma SC 0–1
  Guangdong Hongyuan FC 0–6
  Al-Rasheed SC 0–2
1990–91 Asian Cup Winners' Cup First round   Dalian Shide FC 0–1 0–4 0–5
1994–95 Asian Club Championship Preliminary round   Club Valencia 7–1 Tausif Jamal
(4 goals)
  Ratnam SC 5–1
Second round   Thai Farmers Bank FC 0–4 0–3 [f] 0–7
1995 Asian Club Championship First round   Club Valencia 2–1 0–1 2–2
(a)
Manoharan, Satyabrata Bhowmik
(1 goal each)
1999–00 Asian Club Championship First round   Muktijoddha Sangsad KC 2–1 0–0 2–1 Chima Okorie, Dipendu Biswas
(1 goal each)
Second round   Júbilo Iwata 8–0 n/p[g] 8–0
2002–03 AFC Champions League Qualifying stage   Saunders SC 2–0 5–1 5–3 Baichung Bhutia
(4 goals)
  Club Valencia 2–2 3–0 5–2
  Daejeon Hana Citizen 0–6 1–2 2–7
2007 AFC Cup Group stage   Tampines Rovers FC 0–0 0–2 0–2 Lalawmpuia Pachuau
(2 goals)
  Osotspa Samut Prakan FC 1–0 0–0 1–0
  Pahang FC 2–1 2–0 4–1
2009 AFC Cup Group stage   Al-Karamah SC 0–1 0–4 0–5 Rakesh Masih
(1 goal)
  Al-Wehdat SC 1–2 0–5 1–7
  Kuwait SC 0–1 0–6 0–7
2016 AFC Champions League Qualifying stage   Tampines Rovers FC 3–1 Cornell Glen, Jeje Lalpekhlua, Katsumi Yusa
(1 goal each)
  Shandong Taishan FC 0–6
AFC Cup Group stage   Maziya S&RC 5–2 1–1 6–3 Jeje Lalpekhlua
(6 goals)
  South China AA 4–0 0–3 4–3
  Yangon United FC 3–2 1–1 4–3
Round of 16   Tampines Rovers FC 1–2
2017 AFC Cup Qualifying stage   Colombo FC 2–1 2–1 4–2 Jeje Lalpekhlua
(4 goals)
  Club Valencia 1–1 4–1 5–2
Group stage   Bengaluru FC 1–2 3–1 4–3
  Abahani Limited Dhaka 3–1 1–1 4–2
  Maziya S&RC 0–1 2–5 2–6
2021 AFC Cup Group stage   Bengaluru FC 2–0 Roy Krishna

(2 goals)

  Maziya S&RC 3–1
  Bashundhara Kings 1–1
Inter-zone play-offs   Nasaf Qarshi 0–6
2022 AFC Cup Qualifying stage   Blue Star SC 5–0 Liston Colaco

(4 goals)

  Abahani Limited Dhaka 3–1
Group stage   Gokulam Kerala FC 2–4
  Bashundhara Kings 4–0
  Maziya S&RC 5–2
Inter-zone play-offs   Kuala Lumpur City FC 1–3
2023–24 AFC Cup Qualifying stage   Machhindra F.C. 3–1 Jason Cummings

(4 goals)

  Abahani Limited Dhaka 3–1
Group stage   Odisha FC 4–0 2–5 6–5
  Maziya S&RC 2–1 0–1 2–2
  Bashundhara Kings 2–2 1–2 3–4


Honours

Mohun Bagan have won a record cumulative number of 258 honours in their 135 years of existence. Note: The following honours are only the AIFF certified titles that Mohun Bagan have won.[209]

Type Competition No. Seasons
National 6 1997–98, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2014–15, 2019–20, 2023–24
ISL Cup 1 2022–23
Federation Cup/Super Cup 14 1978, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1998, 2001, 2006, 2008, 2015–16
Durand Cup 17 1953,[210] 1959, 1960, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1974, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1994, 2000,[211] 2023
IFA Shield 20[212] 1911, 1947, 1948, 1954, 1956, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1969, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1982, 1987, 1989, 1998, 1999, 2003
Indian Super Cup 2 2007, 2009[213]
Rovers Cup 14 1955, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1976, 1977, 1981, 1985, 1988, 1991, 1992, 2000[214]
Regional Trades Cup 11 1906, 1907, 1908, 1938, 1939, 1943, 1944, 1945, 1949, 1950, 1965[215]
Calcutta Football League 30[216] 1939, 1943, 1944, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2018
Bolded denotes that the tournament is an active national competition.
Italicised denotes that the tournament is discontinued.
  Record
  1. ^ I-League was a top-tier league until 2021–2022

Mohun Bagan Day

On 10 July 1911, Mohun Bagan had begun their third IFA Shield campaign. The tournament continued for the next 19 days, with Mohun Bagan eventually becoming the champions by defeating the East Yorkshire Regiment team. Thus, for the first time, a native club defeated the British and the British-Indian teams in a football tournament.[217]

Since 2001, 29 July is celebrated as Mohun Bagan Day in honor of the club's victory over East Yorkshire Regiment in the 1911 IFA Shield Final. To commemorate the day, the club organises an award distribution ceremony along with various festivities.[218]

Campaign

1
Mohun Bagan3–0St. Xavier's College
  • A Ghosh  
  • B Bhaduri   
Rangers Ground, Kolkata
2
Mohun Bagan2–1Calcutta Rangers Club
  • Allen  
Customs Ground, Kolkata

Quarter Final
Mohun Bagan1–0Rifle Brigade
  • B Bhaduri  
Dalhousie Ground, Kolkata

Semi-final
Mohun Bagan1–1Middlesex Regiment
  • Roy  
  • H Mukherjee   (o.g.)
Dalhousie Ground, Kolkata
Semi Final rematch
Mohun Bagan3–0Middlesex Regiment
Dalhousie Ground, Kolkata

Final
Mohun Bagan2–1East Yorkshire Regiment
Attendance: 80000 (approx.)[219]
Referee: HG Pooler

Filmography

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The club used this kit during the early decades of its establishment.
  2. ^ The first corporate ownership of the club.[199]
  3. ^ Mohun Bagan originally finished the season in the relegation zone, but the decision to relegate was repelled later.
  4. ^ Mohun Bagan refused to field a side for the second half of a league match due to crowd troubles. For this reason the club was fined and had to start from nil points midway through the season.
  5. ^ Super Cup was boycotted by I-League clubs in protest of partiality against them over ISL clubs.
  6. ^ The AFC ordered that the 2nd leg was to be played in Malaysia due to a plague threat in India, but Mohun Bagan objected to the ruling; Thai Farmers Bank was given a walkover and Mohun Bagan was ejected from the competition, fined $3,000 and banned from AFC competitions for three years. The ban was later lifted.
  7. ^ The match was played over one leg by mutual agreement

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Further reading