AFC U-19 Championship

  (Redirected from AFC Youth Championship)

The AFC U-19 Championship, formerly known as the AFC Youth Championship, is a biennial international association football competition organised by the sport's Asian governing body, the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). The competition has been held since 1959. Between 1959 and 1978 the tournament was held annually, since 1980 it has been held every two years.

AFC U-19 Championship
AFC U-19 Championship.png
Founded1959; 61 years ago (1959)
RegionAFC (Asia)
Number of teams16
Current champions Saudi Arabia
(3rd title)
Most successful team(s) South Korea (12 titles)
2020 AFC U-19 Championship

The tournament has been played in a number of different formats during its existence. Currently it consists of two stages, similarly to AFC's other Asian Championship competitions. The qualifying stage is open to all AFC members, and the final stage is contested between sixteen teams. The most recent edition, the fortieth, was held in Indonesia. The AFC have proposed switching the tournament from under-19 to under-20 starting from 2023.[1]

ResultsEdit

  • Coordinate is based on the capital of the country.
Edition Year Host Final Third place match
Champions Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place
1 1959   Malaya  
South Korea
3  
Malaya
 
Japan
3  
Hong Kong
2 1960   Malaya  
South Korea
4–0  
Malaya
 
Japan
3–2  
Indonesia
3 1961   Thailand  
Indonesia

 
Myanmar
0–0
1
 
Thailand
2–1  
South Vietnam
4 1962   Thailand  
Thailand
2–1  
South Korea
 
Indonesia
3–0  
Malaya
5 1963   Malaya  
South Korea

 
Myanmar
2–2
1
 
Thailand
 
Hong Kong
2–2
2
6 1964   South Vietnam  
Myanmar

 
Israel
0–0
1
 
Malaysia
5–1  
South Korea
7 1965   Japan  
Israel
5–0  
Myanmar
 
Malaysia
4–1  
Hong Kong
8 1966   Philippines  
Israel

 
Myanmar
1–1
1
 
Republic of China[2]
 
Thailand
0–0
2
9 1967   Thailand  
Israel
3–0  
Indonesia
 
Myanmar
4–0  
Singapore
10 1968   South Korea  
Myanmar
4–0  
Malaysia
 
South Korea
 
Israel
0–0
2
11 1969   Thailand  
Myanmar

 
Thailand
2–2
1
 
Iran
2–1  
Israel
12 1970   Philippines  
Myanmar
3–0  
Indonesia[3]
 
South Korea
5–0  
Japan
13 1971   Japan  
Israel
1–0  
South Korea
 
Myanmar
2–0  
Japan
14 1972   Thailand  
Israel
1–0  
South Korea
 
Iran
3–0  
Thailand
15 1973   Iran  
Iran
2–0  
Japan
 
South Korea
3–0  
Saudi Arabia
16 1974   Thailand  
India

 
Iran
2–2
1
 
South Korea
2–1  
Thailand
17 1975   Kuwait  
Iraq

 
Iran
0–0
1
 
Kuwait
 
North Korea
2–2
2
18 1976   Thailand
Thailand
 
Iran

 
North Korea
0–0
1
 
South Korea
2–1  
Thailand
19 1977   Iran  
Iraq
4–3  
Iran
 
Bahrain
3–1  
Japan
20 1978   Bangladesh  
Iraq

 
South Korea
1–1
1
 
North Korea
 
Kuwait
1–1
2
21 1980   Thailand  
South Korea
3  
Qatar
 
Japan
3  
Thailand
22 1982   Thailand  
South Korea
3  
China PR
 
Iraq
3  
United Arab Emirates
23 1985   United Arab Emirates  
China PR
3  
Saudi Arabia
 
United Arab Emirates
3  
Thailand
24 1986   Saudi Arabia  
Saudi Arabia
2–0  
Bahrain
 
North Korea
1–0  
Qatar
25 1988   Qatar  
Iraq
1–1
(5–4 p)
 
Syria
 
Qatar
2–0  
United Arab Emirates
26 1990   Indonesia  
South Korea
0–0
(4–3 p)
 
North Korea
 
Syria
1–0  
Qatar
27 1992   United Arab Emirates  
Saudi Arabia
2–0  
South Korea
 
Japan
3–0  
United Arab Emirates
28 1994   Indonesia  
Syria
2–1  
Japan
 
Thailand
1–1
(3–2 p)
 
Iraq
29 1996   South Korea  
South Korea
3–0  
China PR
 
United Arab Emirates
2–2
(4–3 p)
 
Japan
30 1998   Thailand  
South Korea
2–1  
Japan
 
Saudi Arabia
3–1  
Kazakhstan
31 2000   Iran  
Iraq
2–1  
Japan
 
China PR
2–2
(8–7 p)
 
Iran
32 2002   Qatar
Qatar
 
South Korea
1–0  
Japan
 
Saudi Arabia
4–0  
Uzbekistan
33 2004   Malaysia  
South Korea
2–0  
China PR
 
Japan
1–1
(4–3 p)
 
Syria
34 2006   India  
North Korea
1–1
(5–3 p)
 
Japan
 
South Korea
2–0  
Jordan
Edition Year Host Final Losing semi-finalists 4
Champions Score Runners-up
35 2008   Saudi Arabia  
United Arab Emirates
2–1  
Uzbekistan
  Australia and   South Korea
36 2010   China  
North Korea
3–2  
Australia
  South Korea and   Saudi Arabia
37 2012   United Arab Emirates  
South Korea
1–1
(4–1 p)
 
Iraq
  Australia and   Uzbekistan
38 2014   Myanmar  
Qatar
1–0  
North Korea
  Myanmar and   Uzbekistan
39 2016   Bahrain  
Japan
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(5–3 p)
 
Saudi Arabia
  Iran and   Vietnam
40 2018   Indonesia  
Saudi Arabia
2–1  
South Korea
  Japan and   Qatar
41 2020   Uzbekistan TBD TBD TBD TBD and TBD
Notes
1 Title shared.
2 Third place shared.
3 Final tournaments in round-robin format.
4 No third place match played since 2008; losing semi-finalists are listed in alphabetical order.

Successful national teamsEdit

Team Champions Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place Semi-finalists Total
(Top 4)
  South Korea 12 (1959, 1960, 1963, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1990, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2004, 2012) 5 (1962, 1971, 1972, 1992, 2018) 6 (1968, 1970, 1973, 1974, 1976, 2006) 1 (1964) 2 (2008, 2010) 26
  Myanmar 7 (1961, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970) 1 (1965) 2 (1967, 1971) 1 (2014) 11
  Israel 6 (1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1971, 1972) 1 (1968) 1 (1969) 8
  Iraq 5 (1975, 1977, 1978, 1988, 2000) 1 (2012) 1 (1982) 1 (1994) 8
  Iran 4 (1973, 1974, 1975, 1976) 1 (1977) 2 (1969, 1972) 1 (2000) 1 (2016) 9
  North Korea 3 (1976, 2006, 2010) 2 (1990, 2014) 3 (1975, 1978, 1986) 8
  Saudi Arabia 3 (1986, 1992, 2018) 2 (1985, 2016) 2 (1998, 2002) 1 (1973) 1 (2010) 9
  Thailand 2 (1962, 1969) 4 (1961, 1963, 1966, 1994) 5 (1972, 1974, 1976, 1980, 1985) 11
  Japan 1 (2016) 6 (1973, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2006) 5 (1959, 1960, 1980, 1992, 2004) 4 (1970, 1971, 1977, 1996) 1 (2018) 17
  China PR 1 (1985) 3 (1982, 1996, 2004) 1 (2000) 5
  Indonesia 1 (1961) 2 (1967, 1970) 1 (1962) 2 (1960, 1964) 6
  Qatar 1 (2014) 1 (1980) 1 (1988) 2 (1986, 1990) 1 (2018) 6
  Syria 1 (1994) 1 (1988) 1 (1990) 1 (2004) 4
  United Arab Emirates 1 (2008) 2 (1985, 1996) 3 (1982, 1988, 1992) 6
  India 1 (1974) 1
  Malaysia 3 (1959, 1960, 1968) 2 (1964, 1965) 1 (1962) 6
  Bahrain 1 (1986) 1 (1977) 2
  Uzbekistan 1 (2008) 1 (2002) 2 (2012, 2014) 4
  Australia 1 (2010) 2 (2008, 2012) 3
  Kuwait 2 (1975, 1978) 2
  Hong Kong 1 (1963) 2 (1959, 1965) 3
  Chinese Taipei 1 (1966) 1
  Singapore 1 (1967) 1
  Kazakhstan 1 (1998) 1
  Jordan 1 (2006) 1
  Vietnam
1 (1961) 1 (2016) 2
Total (as of 2018) 49 31 39 29 12 160

Notes:

  • Bold Italic indicates hosts for that year.
  • Total (40 editions): 9 editions shared champions, 5 editions shared third place, and 6 editions with no third place match.

Medal summaryEdit

As of 2018 tournament
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  South Korea125825
2  Myanmar71311
3  Israel6017
4  Iraq5117
5  Iran4138
6  North Korea3238
  Saudi Arabia3238
8  Thailand2046
9  Japan16613
10  China PR1315
11  Indonesia1214
12  Qatar1124
13  Syria1113
14  United Arab Emirates1023
15  India1001
16  Malaysia0325
17  Australia0123
  Uzbekistan0123
19  Bahrain0112
20  Kuwait0022
21  Chinese Taipei0011
  Hong Kong0011
  Vietnam0011
Totals (23 nations)493151131

Participating nationsEdit

Legend:
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • SF – Semi-finalists
  • QF – Quarter-finals
  • GS – Group stage
  • q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
  • DQ – Disqualified
  •  ••  – Qualified but withdrew
  •  •  – Did not qualify
  •  ×  – Did not enter
  •  ×  – Withdrew / Banned / Entry not accepted by FIFA
  • — Country not affiliated to AFC at that time
  • — Country did not exist or national team was inactive
  •      – Hosts
  •      – Not affiliated to FIFA
Nation  
1959
 
1960
 
1961
 
1962
 
1963
 
1964
 
1965
 
1966
 
1967
 
1968
 
1969
 
1970
 
1971
 
1972
 
1973
 
1974
 
1975
 
1976
 
1977
 
1978
  Afghanistan × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS × QF GS
  Australia
  Bahrain × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS × QF × 3rd QF
  Bangladesh × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS × GS GS
  Bhutan × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
  Brunei × × × × × × × × × × × GS × GS × GS GS × × ×
  Cambodia × × × × GS × × × × × × × × GS × GS × × × ×
  China PR × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × QF QF × GS
  Chinese Taipei × × GS × × × × 3rd GS GS GS GS GS GS × GS × × × ×
  Guam × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
  Hong Kong 4th × × GS 3rd × 4th QF GS GS GS QF GS GS GS QF QF GS GS ×
  India × × × × GS GS GS QF QF GS × × QF GS GS 1st GS GS QF GS
  Indonesia × 4th 1st 3rd × × × × 2nd × GS 2nd GS QF GS × GS QF × QF
  Iran × × × × × × × × × × 3rd QF QF 3rd 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd QF
  Iraq × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 1st QF 1st 1st
  Israel × × × × × 1st 1st 1st 1st 3rd 4th QF 1st 1st × × × × × ×
  Japan 3rd 3rd GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS QF 4th 4th QF 2nd QF GS GS 4th GS
  Jordan × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS GS
  Kazakhstan
  Kuwait × × × × × × × × × × × × QF × × × 3rd GS × 3rd
  Kyrgyzstan
  Laos × × × × × × × × × × GS QF × GS × GS × × × ×
  Lebanon × × × × × × × × × × × × × × QF × × × × ×
  Macau × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
  Malaysia 2nd 2nd GS 4th GS 3rd 3rd QF GS 2nd QF GS QF GS GS QF GS GS GS GS
  Maldives × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
  Mongolia × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
  Myanmar 6th GS 1st GS 1st 1st 2nd 1st 3rd 1st 1st 1st 3rd QF QF GS GS QF × ×
    Nepal × × × × × × × × × × × × GS GS × GS × × × ×
  North Korea × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 3rd 1st × 3rd
  Oman × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
  Pakistan × × × GS × × × × × × × × × × GS × × × × ×
  Palestine × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
  Philippines 9th GS × × GS × GS GS GS R2 GS GS GS GS × GS GS × × ×
  Qatar × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
  Saudi Arabia × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 4th × × × QF QF
  Singapore 7th GS GS GS GS × × GS 4th GS GS GS GS QF QF QF GS GS GS GS
  South Korea 1st 1st GS 2nd 1st 4th GS QF GS 3rd QF 3rd 2nd 2nd 3rd 3rd × 3rd QF 1st
  South Yemen × × × × × × × × × × QF × × ×
  Sri Lanka 8th × GS × GS × × GS QF × GS GS × × × × × GS × GS
  Syria × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS × × ×
  Tajikistan
  Thailand 5th GS 3rd 1st 3rd GS GS 3rd QF R2 1st GS GS 4th QF 4th × 4th × ×
  Timor-Leste
  Turkmenistan
  United Arab Emirates × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × ×
  Uzbekistan
  Vietnam
  South Vietnam (before 1975)
× × 4th GS GS GS GS × QF GS QF GS GS × × GS × × × ×
  Yemen × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × GS
Nation  
1980
 
1982
 
1985
 
1986
 
1988
 
1990
 
1992
 
1994
 
1996
 
1998
 
2000
 
2002
 
2004
 
2006
 
2008
 
2010
 
2012
 
2014
 
2016
 
2018
 
2020
Total
  Afghanistan × × × × × × × × × × × × DQ × × 3
  Australia Part of OFC QF SF 2nd SF GS GS QF q 8
  Bahrain × 2nd GS GS GS QF q 10
  Bangladesh 5th × × × GS GS × 6
  Bhutan × × × × × × × × × × × × × × 0
  Brunei × × × × × × × × × × 4
  Cambodia × × × × × × × × × × × × × × × q 4
  China PR 2nd 1st GS 2nd GS 3rd QF 2nd QF QF QF GS QF GS GS 18
  Chinese Taipei × × Part of OFC GS 10
  Guam × × × × × × × × × × × × 0
  Hong Kong × × × × × 16
  India GS × GS GS × GS GS QF GS GS 22
  Indonesia GS × GS GS × GS GS × QF q 18
  Iran × × × × × GS × GS 4th GS GS GS GS QF GS SF q 21
  Iraq × 3rd 1st × × 4th × GS 1st QF QF GS GS 2nd GS QF GS q 18
  Israel Part of OFC and later UEFA 9
  Japan 3rd GS GS 3rd 2nd 4th 2nd 2nd 2nd 3rd 2nd QF QF QF QF 1st SF q 38
  Jordan × × × × × × × × × 4th GS GS QF GS 7
  Kazakhstan × GS 4th Part of UEFA 2
  Kuwait × × GS GS GS GS × 8
  Kyrgyzstan × × GS × × × 1
  Laos × × × × × × × × × GS q 6
  Lebanon × × × × × × × × GS × 2
  Macau × × × × 0
  Malaysia × × QF GS GS q 24
  Maldives × × × × × 0
  Mongolia × × × × × × × × × × × × × 0
  Myanmar × × × × × × × × × × SF 19
    Nepal × × × GS × 4
  New Zealand OFC member GS OFC member 1
  North Korea × DQ × 3rd GS 2nd × × × × × × 1st QF 1st GS 2nd GS GS 13
  Oman × × × × GS GS 2
  Pakistan × × GS DQ × × × 3
  Palestine × × × × × × × × × × × × 0
  Philippines × × × × × × × × × × 13
  Qatar 2nd × 4th 3rd 4th GS GS GS GS GS QF GS 1st GS SF q 15
  Saudi Arabia × 2nd 1st × × 1st × 3rd 3rd QF QF SF GS 2nd 1st q 15
  Singapore × × 18
  South Korea 1st 1st GS GS 1st 2nd GS 1st 1st GS 1st 1st 3rd SF SF 1st GS GS 2nd q 39
  South Yemen × × × 1
  Sri Lanka × × × GS × × × × × × 10
  Syria × × 2nd 3rd 1st GS QF 4th GS GS QF × 10
  Tajikistan × × GS GS QF QF q 5
  Thailand 4th 4th GS 3rd GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS GS QF GS QF 33
  Timor-Leste × × DQ × × × 0
  Turkmenistan × × •• × 0
  United Arab Emirates × 4th 3rd 4th 4th 3rd GS QF GS 1st QF GS QF GS GS 14
  Uzbekistan × × 4th QF 2nd QF SF SF QF q 8
  Vietnam × × × × × × × × GS GS GS GS GS GS SF GS q 20
  Yemen × × × × × × × GS GS GS GS GS q 7

All-time resultsEdit

As of 2018 tournament
Rank Team Part Pld W D L GF GA Dif Pts
1   South Korea 38 179 105 42 32 354 145 +209 357
2   Japan 37 168 70 29 69 293 232 +61 239
3   Myanmar 19 94 60 15 19 245 83 +162 195
4   Iran 20 88 53 17 18 183 69 +114 176
5   Thailand 33 132 51 21 60 218 206 +12 174
6   Saudi Arabia 14 69 42 13 14 144 75 +69 139
7   Iraq 17 70 36 18 16 137 72 +65 126
8   Israel 9 49 37 8 4 138 14 +124 119
9   Malaysia 23 88 35 13 40 152 158 –6 118
10   North Korea 13 65 31 15 19 98 61 +37 108
11   China PR 18 72 30 18 24 104 89 +15 108
12   Qatar 14 59 28 9 22 96 87 +9 93
13   Indonesia 17 66 25 13 29 104 116 –12 88
14   India 22 81 25 13 43 104 150 –46 88
15   Syria 10 44 22 7 15 70 46 +24 73
16   United Arab Emirates 14 56 18 15 23 83 80 +3 69
17   Hong Kong 16 60 20 9 31 96 132 –36 69
18   Vietnam * 19 66 17 13 36 71 138 –67 64
19   Uzbekistan 7 34 17 9 8 57 44 +13 60
20   Singapore 18 67 16 7 44 79 190 –11 55
21   Bahrain 9 37 14 10 13 47 44 +3 52
22   Australia 7 30 14 9 7 44 31 +13 51
23   Kuwait 8 36 12 15 9 49 44 +5 51
24   Tajikistan 4 14 6 3 5 14 28 –14 21
25   Chinese Taipei 10 35 5 6 24 30 98 –68 21
26   Jordan 7 24 4 6 14 22 52 –30 18
27   Philippines 13 45 5 3 37 32 161 –129 18
28   Laos 5 16 4 4 8 20 29 –9 16
29   Yemen * 7 24 4 3 17 19 45 –26 15
30   Syria 10 36 4 2 30 34 152 –118 14
31   Cambodia 3 11 3 1 7 14 26 –12 10
32   Pakistan 3 11 3 0 8 12 35 –23 9
33   Kazakhstan 2 10 2 2 6 15 25 –10 8
34   Bangladesh 6 21 1 5 15 11 54 –43 8
35   Lebanon 2 7 1 3 3 5 13 –8 6
36   Oman 2 7 0 3 4 3 15 –12 3
37     Nepal 4 12 1 0 11 6 47 –41 3
38   Kyrgyzstan 1 3 0 2 1 1 8 –7 2
39   Afghanistan 3 10 0 2 8 9 31 –22 2
40   New Zealand ^ 1 4 0 0 4 2 13 –11 0
41   Brunei 4 13 0 0 13 3 94 –91 0
  • Consist of South Vietnam from 1959 to 1974.
  • Consist of South Yemen in 1975 and North Yemen in 1978.
  • ^ Not an AFC member; Participated in tournament as part of intercontinental play-off to qualify for the 1993 FIFA World Youth Championship.

FIFA U-20 World Cup performancesEdit

Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarterfinals
  • R2 – Round 2
  • R1 – Round 1
  •      – Hosts
  •      – Not affiliated to AFC
  • q – Qualified for upcoming tournament
Team  
1977
 
1979
 
1981
 
1983
 
1985
 
1987
 
1989
 
1991
 
1993
 
1995
 
1997
 
1999
 
2001
 
2003
 
2005
 
2007
 
2009
 
2011
 
2013
 
2015
 
2017
 
2019
 
2021
Total
  Australia OFC member R1 R1 R1 3
  Bahrain R1 1
  China PR R1 QF R1 R2 R2 5
  Indonesia R1 Q 2
  Iran R1 R1 R1 3
  Iraq R1 QF R1 4th 4
  Japan R1 QF QF 2nd R1 QF R2 R2 R2 R2 10
  Jordan R1 1
  Kazakhstan Part of Soviet Union R1 UEFA member 1
  Malaysia R1 1
  Myanmar R1 1
  North Korea R1 R1 R1 3
  Qatar 2nd R1 R1 R1 4
  Saudi Arabia R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R1 R2 R2 R1 9
  South Korea R1 R1 4th QF R1 R1 R1 R2 R1 R1 QF R2 QF R2 2nd 15
  Syria R1 QF R1 R2 4
  United Arab Emirates R2 QF QF 3
  Uzbekistan Part of Soviet Union R1 R1 QF QF 4
  Vietnam R1 1

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "AFC Competitions Committee recommends changes to youth competitions". AFC. 26 November 2018.
  2. ^ "The Straits Times, 16 May 1966, Page 22". Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  3. ^ "Newspapers – The Straits Times, 3 May 1970, Page 22, Myanmar rout Indons 3–0 in final". Retrieved 6 June 2013.

External linksEdit