1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1915th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 915th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1915, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
|Ab urbe condita||2668|
|Balinese saka calendar||1836–1837|
|British Regnal year||5 Geo. 5 – 6 Geo. 5|
|Chinese calendar||甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)|
4611 or 4551
— to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4612 or 4552
|- Vikram Samvat||1971–1972|
|- Shaka Samvat||1836–1837|
|- Kali Yuga||5015–5016|
|Japanese calendar||Taishō 4|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 4|
|Thai solar calendar||2457–2458|
2041 or 1660 or 888
— to —
2042 or 1661 or 889
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1915.|
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
- January – British physicist Sir Joseph Larmor publishes his observations on "The Influence of Local Atmospheric Cooling on Astronomical Refraction".
- January 1
- WWI: British Royal Navy battleship HMS Formidable is sunk off Lyme Regis, Dorset, England, by an Imperial German Navy U-boat, with the loss of 547 crew.
- Battle of Broken Hill: A train ambush near Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia, is carried out by two men (claiming to be in support of the Ottoman Empire) who are killed, together with 4 civilians.
- January 5 – Joseph E. Carberry sets an altitude record of 11,690 feet (3,560 m), carrying Capt. Benjamin Delahauf Foulois as a passenger, in a fixed-wing aircraft.
- January 12
- January 17 – WWI: Caucasus Campaign – Battle of Sarikamish: Russia defeats Ottoman Turkey.
- January 18 – Twenty-One Demands from Japan to China are made.
- January 19
- January 21 – Kiwanis is founded in Detroit, Michigan, as The Supreme Lodge Benevolent Order Brothers.
- January 23 – Chilembwe uprising: Baptist minister John Chilembwe initiates an ultimately unsuccessful uprising against British colonial rule in Nyasaland (modern-day Malawi).
- January 24 – WWI: Battle of Dogger Bank: The British Grand Fleet defeats the German High Seas Fleet, sinking the armoured cruiser SMS Blücher.
- January 25 - The first United States coast-to-coast long-distance telephone call is facilitated by a newly invented vacuum tube amplifier, ceremonially inaugurated by Alexander Graham Bell in New York City and his former assistant Thomas A. Watson, in San Francisco, California.
- January 26
- January 27 – WWI: French military casualties begin arriving at the Hôpital Temporaire d'Arc-en-Barrois, established earlier in the month by British volunteers.
- January 28 – An act of the United States Congress designates the United States Coast Guard, began in 1790, as a military branch.
- January 31 – WWI: Battle of Bolimów – Germany's first large-scale use of poison gas as a weapon occurs, when 18,000 artillery shells containing liquid xylyl bromide tear gas are fired on the Imperial Russian Army, on the Rawka River west of Warsaw; however, freezing temperatures prevent it being effective.
- February – While working as a cook at New York's Sloane Hospital for Women under an assumed name, "Typhoid Mary" (an asymptomatic carrier of typhoid fever) infects 25 people, and is placed in quarantine for life on March 27.
- February 4 – The Maritz Rebellion of disaffected Boers against the government of the Union of South Africa ends with the surrender of the remaining rebels.
- February 8 – The controversial film The Birth of a Nation, directed by D. W. Griffith, premieres in Los Angeles. It will be the highest-grossing film for around 25 years.
- February 18 – WWI: Germany regards the waters around the British Isles to be a war zone from this date, as part of its U-boat Campaign.
- February 20 – In San Francisco, the Panama–Pacific International Exposition is opened.
- February 25 – Armenian genocide: The Ottoman Empire transfers Armenians from its armed forces to unarmed Ottoman labour battalions.
- March – The 1915 Palestine locust infestation breaks out in Palestine; it continues until October.
- March 2 – Armenian genocide: Earliest recorded deportations.
- March 3 – The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, the predecessor of NASA, is founded in the United States.
- March 10–13 – WWI: Battle of Neuve Chapelle – In the first deliberately planned British offensive of the war, British Indian troops overrun German positions in France, but are unable to sustain the advance.
- March 11 – WWI: British armed merchantman HMS Bayano (1913) is sunk in the North Channel off the coast of Scotland by Imperial German Navy U-boat SM U-27. Around 200 crew are lost, a number of bodies being washed up on the Isle of Man, with only 26 saved.
- March 14 – WWI:
- Battle of Más a Tierra: Off the coast of Chile, the British Royal Navy forces the Imperial German Navy light cruiser SMS Dresden (last survivor of the German East Asia Squadron) to scuttle.
- Constantinople Agreement: Britain, France and the Russian Empire agree to give Constantinople (Istanbul) and the Bosphorus to Russia in case of victory (the treaty is later nullified by the Bolshevik Revolution).
- March 18 – WWI:
- Gallipoli campaign: A Franco-British naval attack on the Dardanelles fails.
- British Royal Navy battleship HMS Dreadnought (1906) sinks German submarine U-29 with all hands in the Pentland Firth off the coast of Scotland by ramming her, the only time this tactic is known to have been successfully used by a battleship.
- March 19 – Pluto is photographed for the first time, but is not classified as a planet.
- March 26 – The Vancouver Millionaires win the Stanley Cup in ice hockey over the Ottawa Senators, 3 games to 0.
- March 28 – The first Roman Catholic liturgy at the newly consecrated Cathedral of Saint Paul, Minnesota, is celebrated by Archbishop John Ireland.
- April 5 – Boxer Jess Willard, the latest "Great White Hope", defeats Jack Johnson with a 26th-round knockout in sweltering heat, at Havana, Cuba. Willard becomes very popular among white Americans, for "bringing back the championship to the white race".
- April 11 – Charlie Chaplin's film The Tramp is released in the United States.
- April 19 – The Armenian genocide begins at scale with the defense of Van, continuing to May 17, during which time 55,000 civilians from the Ottoman Armenian population of Van Vilayet will be massacred by Turkish Ottoman forces.
- April 22 – WWI: Start of Second Battle of Ypres – Germany makes its first large scale use of poison gas on the Western Front.
- April 24 – Armenian genocide: deportation of Armenian notables from Istanbul begins.
- April 25 – WWI: Start of the Gallipoli Campaign by land forces (lasting until January 1916) – A landing at Anzac Cove is conducted by Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, and a landing at Cape Helles by British and French troops, to begin the Allied invasion of the Gallipoli peninsula in the Ottoman Empire.
- April 26 – Treaty of London: Italy secretly agrees to leave the Triple Alliance with Germany and Austria-Hungary, and join with the Entente Powers, in exchange for certain territories of Austria-Hungary on its borders.
- May 1 – WWI:
- May 3 – Canadian soldier John McCrae writes the poem "In Flanders Fields".
- May 5 – WWI: Forces of the Ottoman Empire begin shelling ANZAC Cove from a new position behind their lines.
- May 6 – Baseball player Babe Ruth hits his first career home run (off Jack Warhop), for the Boston Red Sox.
- May 6 – Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition: The SY Aurora broke loose from its anchorage during a gale, beginning a 312-day ordeal.
- May 7 – WWI: Sinking of the RMS Lusitania: RMS Titanic's main rival, the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania, is sunk by Imperial German Navy U-boat U-20 off the south-west coast of Ireland, killing 1,198 civilians en route from New York City to Liverpool. The best-known of the celebrities on board was Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt. American sportsman (b. 1877)
- May 9 – WWI – Second Battle of Artois: German and French forces fight to a standstill; German forces defeat the British at the Battle of Aubers Ridge.
- May 17 – The last purely Liberal government in the United Kingdom ends, when the prime minister H. H. Asquith forms an all-party coalition government, the Asquith coalition ministry, effective May 25.
- May 19 – WWI: The third attack on Anzac Cove by Ottoman forces is repelled by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.
- May 22
- Quintinshill rail disaster in Scotland: The collision and fire kill 226, mostly troops, the largest number of fatalities in a rail accident in the United Kingdom.
- Lassen Peak, one of the Cascade Volcanoes in California, erupts, sending an ash plume 30,000 feet in the air, and devastating the nearby area with pyroclastic flows and lahars. It is the only volcano to erupt in the contiguous United States this century, until the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens.
- May 23 – WWI: Italy joins the Allies after declaring war on Austria-Hungary.
- May 25 – China agrees to the Twenty-One Demands of the Japanese.
- May 27 – Armenian genocide: The Tehcir Law is promulgated by the Turkish Ottoman Empire authorizing deportation of the Ottoman Armenian population to Deir ez-Zor in the Syrian desert, leading to the deaths of anywhere between 800,000 and over 1,500,000 civilians and confiscation of their property.
- May 28 – International Congress of Women meet at the Hague as a major peace initiative.
- May 29 – Teófilo Braga becomes president of Portugal.
- June – Armenian genocide: 15,000 civilians from the Ottoman Armenian population of Bitlis are massacred by Ottoman Turks and Kurds.
- June 3 – Mexican Revolution: Troops of Álvaro Obregón and Pancho Villa clash at León; Obregón loses his right arm in a grenade attack, but Villa is decisively defeated.
- June 5 – Women's suffrage in national elections is introduced in Denmark.
- June 9 – U.S. Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan resigns over a disagreement regarding his nation's handling of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania.
- June 11 – Friar Leonard Melki and hundreds of other Christians are driven out of Mardin and massacred by Ottoman troops.
- June 16 – Women's Institutes are established in Britain.
- June 19 – In Iceland, at this time a dependency of Denmark:
- June 22 – WWI: The Battle of Gorlice ends in the victory of the Central Powers.
- WWI: South West Africa Campaign – The Union of South Africa occupies German South West Africa with assistance from Canada, the United Kingdom, the Portuguese Republic and Portuguese Angola. South Africa will occupy South West Africa until March 1990.
- Armenian genocide: 17,000 civilians from the Ottoman Armenian population of Trebizond are massacred by Ottoman Turks.
- July 1 – WWI: In aerial warfare, German fighter pilot Kurt Wintgens becomes the first person to shoot down another plane, using a machine gun equipped with synchronization gear.
- July 7
- An extremely overloaded International Railway (New York–Ontario) trolleycar with 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, resulting in 15 casualties.
- Sinhalese militia captain Henry Pedris is executed in British Ceylon for inciting race riots, a charge later proved false; he becomes a hero of the Sri Lankan independence movement.
- July 9 – WWI: Theodore Seitz, governor of German South West Africa, surrenders to General Louis Botha, between Otavi and Tsumeb.
- July 11 – WWI: Battle of Rufiji Delta – German cruiser SMS Königsberg (1905) is forced to scuttle in the Rufiji River, German East Africa (present-day Tanzania).
- July 14 – The McMahon–Hussein Correspondence between Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and the British official Henry McMahon concerning the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire begins; in exchange for assistance against the Ottomans, the British offer bin Ali their recognition of an independent Arab kingdom, although clear terms are never agreed.
- July 22 – WWI: The "Great Retreat" is ordered on the Eastern Front; Russian forces pull back out of Poland (at this time part of the Russian Empire), taking machinery and equipment with them.
- July 24 – Steamer Eastland capsizes in central Chicago, with the loss of 844 lives.
- July 28 – The American occupation of Haiti (1915–34) begins.
- August 5–23 – Hurricane Two of the 1915 Atlantic hurricane season over Galveston and New Orleans leaves 275 dead.
- August 6 – WWI: Battle of Sari Bair – The Allies mount a diversionary attack timed to coincide with a major Allied landing of reinforcements at Suvla Bay.
- August 16 – WWI: The Allies promises the Kingdom of Serbia, should victory be achieved over Austria-Hungary and its allied Central Powers, the territories of Baranja, Srem and Slavonia from the Cisleithanian part of the Dual Monarchy, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and eastern Dalmatia (from the river of Krka to Bar).
- September 5 – The Zimmerwald Conference begins in Switzerland.
- September 6 – The prototype military tank is first tested by the British Army.
- September 7 – Former cartoonist John B. Gruelle is given a patent for his Raggedy Ann doll.
- September 8 – WWI: A Zeppelin raid destroys No. 61 Farringdon Road, London; it is rebuilt in 1917, and called The Zeppelin Building.
- September 11 – The Pennsylvania Railroad begins electrified commuter rail service between Paoli and Philadelphia, using overhead AC trolley wires for power. This type of system is later used in long-distance passenger trains between New York City, Washington, D.C., and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
- September 12 – French soldiers rescue over 4,000 Armenian genocide survivors stranded on Musa Dagh, a mountain in the Hatay province of Turkey.
- September 25–October 14 – WWI: Battle of Loos – British forces take the French town of Loos, but with substantial casualties, and are unable to press their advantage. This is the first time the British use poison gas in World War I, and also their first large-scale use of 'New' (or Kitchener's Army) units.
- September 30 – WWI: Serbian Army private Radoje Ljutovac becomes the first soldier in history to shoot down an enemy aircraft, with ground-to-air fire.
- October – Franz Kafka's novella The Metamorphosis (Die Verwandlung) is first published in Germany.
- October 12 – WWI: British nurse Edith Cavell is executed by a German firing squad, for helping Allied soldiers escape from Belgium.
- October 15 – WWI: Serbian Campaign – Austria-Hungary invades the Kingdom of Serbia. Bulgaria enters the war, also invading Serbia. The Serbian First Army retreats towards Greece.
- October 16 – WWI: France declares war on Bulgaria.
- October 19
- October 21 – The United Daughters of the Confederacy holds its first annual meeting outside the South, in San Francisco. Historian General Mildred Rutherford addresses the gathering on the "Historical Sins of Omission & Commission", of Yankee historians.
- October 23 – WWI: The torpedoing of armored cruiser SMS Prinz Adalbert (1901) results in only 3 men being rescued from a crew of 675, the greatest single loss of life for the Imperial German Navy in the Baltic Sea during the war.
- October 25 – Lyda Conley, the first American Indian woman to appear before the Supreme Court of the United States as a lawyer, is admitted to practice there.
- October 27 – William Morris "Billy" Hughes becomes the 7th Prime Minister of Australia.
- October 28 – St. Johns School fire: Fire at St. John's School in Peabody, Massachusetts, claims the lives of 21 girls between the ages of 7 and 17.
- November 2 – PSM Makassar is founded as Makassar Voetbal Bond, making it the oldest Indonesian association football club.
- November 18 – The U.S. silent film Inspiration, the first mainstream movie in which a leading actress (Audrey Munson) appears nude, is released.
- November 21 – British polar exploration ship Endurance finally breaks apart from pressure of ice around it and sinks into the Weddell Sea, stranding Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition party in the Antarctic. The wreck is discovered at a depth of 3,008 metres (9,869 ft), 107 years later in 2022.
- November 23 – The Triangle Film Corporation opens its new motion picture theater in Massillon, Ohio.
- November 24 – William J. Simmons revives the American Civil War era Ku Klux Klan at Stone Mountain, Georgia.
- November 25 – Albert Einstein presents part of his theory of general relativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.
- December 10 – The 1 millionth Ford car rolls off the assembly line, at the River Rouge Plant in Detroit, Michigan.
- December 12 – President of the Republic of China Yuan Shikai declares himself Emperor.
- December 18 – United States President Woodrow Wilson marries Edith B. Galt, in Washington, D.C.
- December 23 – HMHS Britannic, which will be the largest British ship lost in WWI (though with only 30 fatalities), departs Liverpool on her maiden voyage as a hospital ship.
- December 26 – The Irish Republican Brotherhood Military Council decides to stage an Easter Rising in 1916.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1
- January 3 – Mady Rahl, German stage, film actress (d. 2009)
- January 4 – Adolf Opálka, Czechoslovak soldier (d. 1942)
- January 5 – Humberto Teixeira, Brazilian flautist (d. 1979)
- January 6 – Alan Watts, British philosopher (d. 1973)
- January 7
- January 9
- January 11 – Robert Blair Mayne, British soldier, co-founder of the Special Air Service (d. 1955)
- January 16
- January 17 – Sammy Angott, American boxer (d. 1980)
- January 18 – Santiago Carrillo, Spanish politician (d. 2012)
- January 20 – Ghulam Ishaq Khan, Pakistani civil servant, 7th President of Pakistan (d. 2006)
- January 23
- January 24 – Robert Motherwell, American painter (d. 1991)
- January 25 – Ewan MacColl, English folk singer, songwriter, and poet (d. 1989)
- January 29
- January 30
- January 31 – Thomas Merton, American monk, author (d. 1968)
- February 1
- February 2
- February 4
- February 5 – Robert Hofstadter, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
- February 6 – Danuta Szaflarska, Polish actress (d. 2017)
- February 7
- February 10 – Karl Winsch, American professional baseball player, manager (d. 2001)
- February 11
- February 12
- February 13 – Aung San, Burmese national leader (d. 1947)
- February 16
- February 19
- February 20 – Danuta Szaflarska Polish screen, stage actress (d. 2017)
- February 21
- February 23
- February 25 – S. Rajaratnam, 1st Senior Minister of Singapore (d. 2006)
- February 27 – Dick Crockett, American actor, stunt performer (d. 1979)
- February 28
- March 1 – Elizabeth Peet McIntosh, American spy (d. 2015)
- March 4
- March 5 – Sydney Sturgess, British-Canadian actress (d. 1999)
- March 6
- March 7 – Jacques Chaban-Delmas, French politician, Prime Minister of France (d. 2000)
- March 8 – Drue Heinz, American literary publisher (d. 2018)
- March 9 – John Edgar "Johnnie" Johnson, English pilot (d. 2001)
- March 11 – Vijay Hazare, Indian cricketer (d. 2004)
- March 15 – Carl Emil Schorske, American cultural historian (d. 2015)
- March 17 – Bill Roycroft, Australian equestrian (d. 2011)
- March 19 – Patricia Morison, American actress (d. 2018)
- March 20
- March 23 – Vasily Zaytsev, Soviet sniper (d. 1991)
- March 27 – Robert Lockwood Jr., American musician (d. 2006)
- March 28 – Jeremy Hutchinson, British lawyer, peer (d. 2017)
- March 30
- March 31 – Albert Hourani, English historian (d. 1993)
- April 1 – O. W. Fischer, Austrian actor (d. 2004)
- April 3
- April 4 – Dorothy Fay, American actress (d. 2003)
- April 6
- April 7
- April 8
- April 10
- April 12
- April 19 – Vonda Phelps, American actress (d. 2004)
- April 20
- April 21 – Anthony Quinn, Mexican actor (d. 2001)
- April 24 – Sam Burston, Australian farmer (d. 2015)
- April 29 – Donald Mills, lead tenor of the Mills Brothers (d. 1999)
- April 30 – Elio Toaff, Italian rabbi (d. 2015)
- May 1 – Archie Williams, American athlete (d. 1993)
- May 2
- May 3
- May 5 – Alice Faye, American entertainer (d. 1998)
- May 6
- May 8 – John Archer, American actor (d. 1999)
- May 10
- May 12
- May 15
- May 16 – Mario Monicelli, Italian film director (d. 2010)
- May 19 – Renée Asherson, British actress (d. 2014)
- May 20 – Moshe Dayan, Israeli military leader and politician (d. 1981)
- May 25 – Aarne Kainlauri, Finnish athlete (d. 2020)
- May 27
- May 29 – Karl Münchinger, German conductor (d. 1990)
- May 31 – Carmen Herrera, Cuban-American painter (d. 2022)
- June 1
- June 2
- June 3 – Milton Cato, Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (d. 1997)
- June 4 – Modibo Keïta, 1st President of Mali (d. 1977)
- June 9
- June 10
- June 11
- June 12
- June 14
- June 15
- June 16 – Mariano Rumor, Italian politician and Prime Minister of Italy from 1968 to 1970 and again from 1973 to 1974 (d. 1990)
- June 17
- June 20 – Terence Young, British film director and screenwriter (d. 1994)
- June 21 – Karol Miklosz, Polish-Soviet footballer, Soviet referee and Soviet-Ukrainian football administrator (d. 2003)
- June 22
- June 24
- June 25 – Floyd Boring, American Secret Service agent (d. 2008)
- June 26
- June 27
- Grace Lee Boggs, American author, social activist, and philosopher (d. 2015)
- Graham Botting, New Zealand cricketer and hockey (d. 2007)
- Marie Clarke, American activist and labor leader (d. 2020)
- Aideu Handique, Indian actress (d. 2002)
- John Alexander Moore, American zoology professor emeritus (d. 2002)
- June 28
- June 29 – John Charles Cutler, American surgeon (d. 2003)
- June 30
- July 1
- A. F. M. Ahsanuddin Chowdhury, 9th President of Bangladesh (d. 2001)
- Willie Dixon, American blues musician (d. 1992)
- Philip Lever, 3rd Viscount Leverhulme, British peer (d. 2000)
- Rudolf Pernický, Czechoslovak soldier and paratrooper (d. 2005)
- Boots Poffenberger, American Major League Baseball pitcher (d. 1999)
- Oscar Valicelli, Argentine actor (d. 1999)
- July 3
- July 4 – Timmie Rogers, American actor and singer-songwriter (d. 2006)
- July 5
- July 6
- July 7
- July 8
- July 9
- July 10 – Kevin Barrett, Australian rules footballer (d. 1984)
- July 11 – Leonard Goodwin, British protozoologist (d. 2008)
- July 12
- July 13
- July 14 – Harold Pupkewitz, Namibian entrepreneur (d. 2012)
- July 15
- William O. Baker, former president of Bell Labs (d. 2005)
- Alicia Zubasnabar de De la Cuadra, Argentine human rights activist (d. 2008)
- A. A. Englander, British television cinematographer (d. 2004)
- Albert Ghiorso, American nuclear scientist (d. 2010)
- Kashmir Singh Katoch, Indian military advisor (d. 2007)
- Alexandru Usatiuc-Bulgăr, Moldovan activist (d. 2003)
- July 16 – Elaine Barrie, American actress (d. 2003)
- July 17
- July 18
- July 19
- July 20
- July 22 – Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani female politician, diplomat and author (d. 2000)
- July 24 – Enrique Fernando, Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court (d. 2004)
- July 25
- July 26 – K. Pattabhi Jois, Indian yogi (d. 2009)
- July 28
- August 2
- August 3
- August 4 – William Keene, American actor (d. 1992)
- August 8
- August 9 – George W. BonDurant, American preacher (d. 2017)
- August 12
- August 14
- August 16 – Herbert Greenwald, American real estate developer (d. 1959)
- August 18 – Joseph Arthur Ankrah, 2nd President of Ghana (d. 1992)
- August 19 – Ring Lardner Jr., American film screenwriter (d. 2000)
- August 21 – Arnold Goodman, Baron Goodman, British lawyer, political adviser (d. 1995)
- August 24
- August 25 – Walter Trampler, American violist (d. 1997)
- August 27 – Norman F. Ramsey, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2011)
- August 28
- August 29 – Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress (d. 1982)
- August 30
- August 31 – Víctor Pey, Spanish-Chilean engineer (d. 2018)
- September 2 – Meinhardt Raabe, American actor (d. 2010)
- September 3
- September 6 – Franz Josef Strauss, German politician (d. 1988)
- September 7 – Richard E. Cole, American air force officer (d. 2019)
- September 8 – Frank Cady, American actor (d. 2012)
- September 9 – Richard Webb, American actor (d. 1993)
- September 10
- September 11 – Raúl Alberto Lastiri, 39th President of Argentina (d. 1978)
- September 14
- September 15
- September 16 – Eddie Filgate, Irish politician (d. 2017)
- September 17 – M. F. Husain, Indian artist (d. 2011)
- September 19 – Germán Valdés, Mexican actor, singer and comedian (d. 1973)
- September 20 – Malik Meraj Khalid, Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 2003)
- September 22 – Bernardino Piñera, Chilean Roman Catholic bishop (d. 2020)
- September 23
- September 24 – Joseph Montoya, American politician (d. 1978)
- September 27 – Ira Colitz, American politician (d. 1998)
- September 28 – Kay Mander, British film director, shooting continuity specialist (d. 2013)
- September 29
- September 30
- October 1
- October 2 – Chuck Williams, American businessman (d. 2015)
- October 6 – Neus Català, Spanish political activist (d. 2019)
- October 7 – Walter Keane, American plagiarist (d. 2000)
- October 11 – T. Llew Jones, Welsh author, poet (d. 2009)
- October 12
- October 13 – Frederick Rosier, British Royal Air Force commander (d. 1998)
- October 14 – Loris Francesco Capovilla, Italian Roman Catholic prelate (d. 2016)
- October 17
- October 18 – Thomas Round, English opera singer, actor (d. 2016)
- October 19 – Andreas Peter Cornelius Sol, Dutch prelate (d. 2016)
- October 21 – Aleksandr Ezhevsky, Soviet engineer, statesman (d. 2017)
- October 22 – Yitzhak Shamir, Israeli politician (d. 2012)
- October 23 – Shin Hyun-joon, South Korean general (d. 2007)
- October 24 – Bob Kane, American comic book artist/writer, co-creator of Batman (d. 1998)
- October 27 – Harry Saltzman, Canadian theatre, film producer (d. 1994)
- October 28 – Dody Goodman, American actress, dancer (d. 2008)
- October 29 – William Berenberg, American physician (d. 2005)
- November 1
- November 2 – Kay Armen, American Armenian singer (d. 2011)
- November 4
- November 7
- November 8 – Richard Luyt, 1st Governor General of Guyana (d. 1994)
- November 9 – Sargent Shriver, American politician (d. 2011)
- November 11
- November 12 – Roland Barthes, French philosopher, literary critic (d. 1980)
- November 13 – Clara Marangoni, Italian gymnast (d. 2018)
- November 17 – Albert Malbois, French prelate (d. 2017)
- November 18 – James Whittico Jr., American physician (d. 2018)
- November 19 – Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1974)
- November 20 – Bill Daniel, American politician (d. 2006)
- November 23
- November 25
- November 29
- November 30
- December 2
- December 5 – Ren Xinmin, Chinese aerospace engineer (d. 2017)
- December 6 – Alan Sayers, New Zealand journalist, photographer and athlete (d. 2017)
- December 7 – Eli Wallach, American actor (d. 2014)
- December 8 – Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (d. 2005)
- December 9 – Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, German-born soprano (d. 2006)
- December 12
- December 13
- December 14 – Dan Dailey, American actor, dancer (d. 1978)
- December 15
- December 17 – Robert A. Dahl, American political scientist (d. 2014)
- December 18 – Bill Zuckert, American actor (d. 1997)
- December 19
- December 21 – Werner von Trapp, member of the Austrian Trapp Family Singers (d. 2007)
- December 22 – Barbara Billingsley, American actress (d. 2010)
- December 27
- December 31 – Davuldena Gnanissara Thero, Sri Lankan Buddhist monk (d. 2017)
- January 9 – Yang Shoujing, Chinese historical geographer and calligrapher (b. 1839)
- January 10 – Marshall Pinckney Wilder, American actor, humorist, comedian and monologist (b. 1859)
- January 13 – Mary Slessor, Scottish Christian missionary (b. 1848)
- January 14 – Richard Meux Benson, English founder of an Anglican religious order (b. 1824)
- January 18 – Anatoly Stessel, Russian baron and general (b. 1848)
- January 19 – Anna Leonowens (Anna of The King and I) (b. 1831)
- January 22 – James M. Spangler, American inventor (b. 1848)
- February 3 – Bosnian Serb conspirators (executed for their part in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria):
- February 5 – Ross Barnes, American baseball player (b. 1850)
- February 18
- February 22 – Sir John Gough, British general, Victoria Cross recipient (killed in action) (b. 1871)
- February 26 –Edward Richardson, New Zealand engineer and politician (b. 1831)
- March 4 – William Willett, English promoter of daylight saving time (b. 1856)
- March 13 – Sergei Witte, Russian aristocrat, statesman and former Prime Minister (b. 1849)
- March 14 – Lincoln J. Beachey, American pilot (b. 1887)
- March 15 – George Llewelyn Davies, English soldier, inspiration for the "Lost Boys" of Peter Pan (killed in action) (b. 1893)
- March 21 – Frederick Winslow Taylor, American engineer, economist (b. 1856)
- March 24
- March 31
- April 4 – Andrew Stoddart, English sportsman (b. 1863)
- April 9 – Friedrich Loeffler, German bacteriologist (b. 1852)
- April 16 – Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island (b. 1841)
- April 20 – Daniel Webster Jones, American Latter-day Saint pioneer (b. 1830)
- April 23
- April 25 – Frederick W. Seward, American politician (b. 1830)
- April 26 – John Bunny, American actor (b. 1863)
- April 27
- May 7 – Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt, American sportsman (b. 1877; died in the Sinking of the RMS Lusitania)
- May 9
- May 18 – Sir William Bridges, Australian army general (b. 1861)
- May 24 – John Condon, Irish private soldier in British Army, claimed as youngest British soldier to die in WWI (killed in action) (b. 1896)
- May 26
- May 30 – Marcelo Azcárraga Palmero, 3-time Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1832)
- May 31 – Victor Child Villiers, 7th Earl of Jersey, 18th Governor of New South Wales (b. 1845)
- June 5 – Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, French artist and sculptor (killed in action) (b. 1891)
- June 7 – Charles Reed Bishop, American businessman, philanthropist in Hawaii (b. 1822)
- June 10 – Ignatius Maloyan, Armenian Eastern Catholic archbishop and blessed (b. 1869)
- June 13 – Zbigniew Dunin-Wasowicz, Polish military leader (killed in action) (b. 1882)
- June 19 – Benjamin F. Isherwood, American admiral, United States Navy Engineer-in-Chief (b. 1822)
- June 25 – Tok Janggut, Malayan rebel leader (killed in action) (b. 1853)
- July 2 – Porfirio Díaz, 29th President of Mexico (b. 1830)
- July 6 – Lawrence Hargrave, Australian engineer (b. 1850)
- July 10 – Alice Bellvadore Sams Turner, American physician (b. 1859)
- July 16 – Ellen G. White, American prophetess, co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, most translated American author (b. 1827)
- July 18 – Ozra Amander Hadley, American politician (b. 1826)
- July 22 – Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
- July 25 – Virginie Amélie Avegno Gautreau, American-born French socialite, model for the painting Portrait of Madame X (b. 1859)
- July 30 – Charles Becker, American policeman and murderer (executed) (b. 1870)
- August 10 – Henry Moseley, English physicist (killed in action) (b. 1887)
- August 16 – Kálmán Széll, 13th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1843)
- August 17 – Leo Frank, Jewish-American factory superintendent who was falsely convicted of the murder of Mary Phagan (b. 1884)
- August 20
- August 21 – Josiah T. Settle, American lawyer and politician (b. 1850)
- August 30 – Antonio Flores Jijón, 13th President of Ecuador (b. 1833)
- August 31 – Adolphe Pégoud, French acrobatic pilot, World War I fighter ace (killed in action) (b. 1889)
- September 1 – August Stramm, German poet, playwright (killed in action) (b. 1874)
- September 9
- September 11 – William Sprague IV, American politician from Rhode Island (b. 1830)
- September 13 – Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero, 44th Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)
- September 21 – Anthony Comstock, American anti-indecency reformer (b. 1844)
- September 26 – Keir Hardie, British labour leader (b. 1856)
- September 27 – Fergus Bowes-Lyon, brother of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (killed in action) (b. 1889)
- October 4
- October 7 – Friedrich Hasenöhrl, Austrian physicist (b. 1874)
- October 10 – Albert Cashier, born Jennie Hodgers, Irish American soldier (b. 1843)
- October 12 – Edith Cavell, British nurse, war heroine (shot) (b. 1865)
- October 13 – Charles Sorley, British poet (killed in action) (b. 1895)
- October 15 – Theodor Boveri, German biologist (b. 1862)
- October 16 – Zdeňka Wiedermannová-Motyčková, Moravian pioneer of female education (heart attack) (b. 1868)
- October 22 – Wilhelm Windelband, German philosopher (b. 1848)
- October 23 – W. G. Grace, English cricketer (b. 1848)
- October 26 – August Bungert, German composer, poet (b. 1845)
- October 30 – Sir Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1821)
- October 31 – Blanche Walsh, American actress (b. 1873)
- November 14
- November 15 – Félix de Blochausen, 6th Prime Minister of Luxembourg (b. 1834)
- November 21 – Dixie Haygood, American magician (b. 1861)
- November 28 – Mubarak Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1837)
- December 18 – Sir Henry Roscoe, English chemist (b. 1833)
- December 18 – Édouard Vaillant, French Socialist politician (b. 1840)
- December 19 – Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist, neuropathologist (b. 1864)
- December 22 – Rose Talbot Bullard, American medical doctor, professor (b. 1864)
- December 31 – Tommaso Salvini, Italian actor (b. 1829)
- Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 75:205–10.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Heller, Charles E. (September 1984). "Chemical Warfare in World War I: The American Experience, 1917–1918". Leaveanworth Papers, 10. Combat Studies Institute. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- "The Deportation of the Armenians of Dörtyol", Ciphered telegram from the Ministry of the Interior (Ottoman Empire) to the Province of Adana, BOA. DH. ŞFR, nr. 50/141.
- Johnston, Willie (March 12, 2015). "Centenary of HMS Bayano disaster off the Galloway coast". BBC News. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
- Haddelsey, Stephen (2008). Ice Captain. Stroud, Gloucestershire: The History Press. pp. 51–52. ISBN 978-0-7509-4348-2.
- Paull, John (2018). "12:The Women Who Tried to Stop the Great War: The International Congress of Women at The Hague 1915". In Campbell, A. H. (ed.). Global Leadership Initiatives for Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. pp. 249–266.
- Walker, Christopher J. "The End of Armenian Taron and Baghesh, 1914-1916". Armenian Baghesh/Bitlis and Taron/Mush. pp. 191–206.
- Simon, Hyacinthe (1991). Mardine la ville héroïque. Jounieh-Lebanon: Maison Naaman pour la culture.
- Jonasson, Stefan. "100 years of women's suffrage in Iceland". Lögberg Heimskringla. Archived from the original on March 17, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- Gilbert, Martin (2009). A History of the Twentieth Century. New York: Avon Books. p. 357.
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- In Die Weißen Blätter.
- “Washington, Oct. 25.” The New York Times, October 26, 1915.
- Shackleton, Ernest (1983). South. London: Century Publishing. p. 98. ISBN 0-7126-0111-2.
- "Ernest Shackleton, Endurance Voyage, Time Line and Map". CoolAntarctica.com. 2001. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
- "Endurance: Shackleton's lost ship is found in Antarctic". BBC News. March 9, 2022. Retrieved March 9, 2022.
- Einstein, Albert (November 25, 1915). "Die Feldgleichungen der Gravitation". Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin: 844–847. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
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- Layman; Gale Cengage (1997). South Slavic Writers Since World War II. Gale Research. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-7876-1070-8.
- Alan Watts; John Snelling (1987). The Early Writings of Alan Watts: The British Years, 1931-1938 : Writings in Buddhism in England. Celestial Arts. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-89087-480-6.
- Siri Engberg; Joan Banach; Robert Motherwell (2003). Robert Motherwell: the Complete Prints 1940-1991: Catalogue Raisonne. Hudson Hills. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-55595-163-4.
- Nick Talevski (1999). The Encyclopedia of Rock Obituaries. Omnibus. p. 260. ISBN 978-0-7119-7548-4.
- James Vinson; D. L. Kirkpatrick (1979). Novelists and Prose Writers. Macmillan. p. 1116. ISBN 978-0-333-25292-5.
- Caribbean Review. Caribbean Review, Incorporated. 1983.
- Recorded Sound. British Institute of Recorded Sound. 1983. p. 72.
- Black Women in America. Macmillan Library Reference USA. 1999. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-02-865363-1.
- Deborah Andrews (1991). Annual Obituary, 1990. St. James Press. p. 752. ISBN 978-1-55862-092-6.
- Ken Vail (1996). Lady Day's Diary: The Life of Billie Holiday, 1937-1959. Castle Communications. p. 4. ISBN 978-1-86074-131-9.
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- Barry Rivadue (1990). Alice Faye: A Bio-bibliography. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-313-26525-9.
- Milton Friedman; Paul Anthony Samuelson (1980). Milton Friedman and Paul A. Samuelson Discuss the Economic Responsibility of Government. Center for Education and Research in Free Enterprise, Texas A&M University. p. 17.
- Heinz-Dietrich Fischer (1996). Novel / Fiction Awards, 1917-1994. Saur. p. 135. ISBN 978-3-598-30180-3.
- Carmen Herrera; Alejandro Anreus; Carolina Ponce de León (1998). Carmen Herrera: The Black-and-white Paintings, 1951-1989. El Museo del Barrio. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-882454-07-5.
- The Georgia Review. University of Georgia. 1995. p. 76.
- Charles W. Carey (2009). American Inventors, Entrepreneurs, and Business Visionaries. Infobase Publishing. pp. 139–40. ISBN 978-0-8160-6883-8. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- Fred Hoyle (1986). The Small World of Fred Hoyle: An Autobiography. M. Joseph. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-7181-2740-4.
- Clifford M. Caruthers (1995). Letters of Ring Lardner. Orchises Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-914061-52-6.
- "M.F. Husain". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
- Neil Carson (April 25, 2008). Arthur Miller. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-137-02141-0.
- Edmond Grant (1999). The Motion Picture Guide: 1999 Annual (The Films of 1998). CineBooks. p. 505. ISBN 978-0-933997-43-1.
- Graham Allen (June 2, 2004). Roland Barthes. Routledge. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-134-50340-7.
- Nicholas Mosley (1976). Julian Grenfell, His Life and the Times of His Death, 1888-1915. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-03-017596-1.
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- "Ignatius Maloyan".
- "Biography of Porfirio Diaz, Ruler of Mexico for 35 Years". ThoughtCo. Retrieved May 29, 2019.
- Hasenöhrl, Friedrich (in German)
- "Blanche Walsh (1873-1915)".
- Williams, John. The Other Battleground The Home Fronts: Britain, France and Germany 1914–1918 (1972) pp 43–108.
Primary sources and year booksEdit
- Pictures of the 1915 Galveston Hurricane at the University of Houston Digital Library