Arulpiragasam was born around 1890. He was the son of Arumugam, a schoolmaster from Valveddi in northern British Ceylon. He was educated at Udupiddy American Mission College, Jaffna College, Vaddukoddai.
Arulpiragasam married Sathyabaladevi, daughter of Kandiah from Udupiddy. They had three sons (Pulendran, Thavendran and Balendran) and four daughters (Saraswathi, Savitri, Thilakavathy and Punithavathy).
Arulpiragasam joined the Government Clerical Service after school and later qualified as an advocate. He then joined the Land Development Department as a Settlement Officer. In 1942 he was moved to the Ceylon Civil Service where he worked on the Colombo Plan Exhibition. He later served as Assistant Government Agent in Colombo, Puttalam and Kurunegala. He went on to serve in numerous senior civil servant positions including Registrar General (1952) and Commissioner of Elections (1955–57). He also held a senior position at Lake House Newspapers.
Arulpiragasam died in 1975.
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