A.P. Indy (March 31, 1989 – February 21, 2020) was an American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the Belmont Stakes and Breeders' Cup Classic on his way to American Horse of the Year honors in 1992. His time in the Belmont Stakes tied Easy Goer for the second-fastest running in the history of the race, behind his damsire Secretariat.
|Foaled||March 31, 1989|
Versailles, Kentucky, U.S.
|Died||February 21, 2020 (aged 30)|
Versailles, Kentucky, U.S.
|Colour||Dark Bay or Brown|
|Breeder||William Farish III|
William S. Kilroy
|Owner||Tomonori Tsurumaki (1990)|
Farish, Goodman, Kilroy and Tsurumaki (1992)
|Hollywood Futurity (1991)|
San Rafael Stakes (1992)
Santa Anita Derby (1992)
Peter Pan Stakes (1992)
Belmont Stakes (1992)
Breeders' Cup Classic (1992)
|U.S. Champion 3-Yr-Old Colt (1992)|
United States Horse of the Year (1992)
Leading sire in North America (2003, 2006)
Leading broodmare sire in North America (2015)
|United States Racing Hall of Fame (2000)|
A.P. Indy subsequently became a "breed-shaping sire", leading the North American sire list twice and establishing a sire line that has produced multiple American Classic winners. A.P Indy lived most of his life at Lane's End Farm, where he was born and raised, and stood his entire stud career. For many years, he was the oldest living winner of the Breeders' Cup Classic, the oldest living winner of the Belmont Stakes, and the oldest living winner of a Triple Crown race.
He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2000. He has been called "the fantasy of every Thoroughbred industry participant, from sale-topper yearling, to champion runner, to game-changing stallion to sire of sires." Bill Farish, son of Lane's End founder William Farish, said, "Words really can't put into perspective what he's meant to us. How many sale toppers are yearlings that end up being that good where they are Horse of the Year and then go on and be two-time champion sire and then have the long term influence that he has had and will continue to have? It's pretty amazing."
A.P. Indy was a dark bay or brown horse with a narrow white blaze and a white sock on the right hind leg. He was bred in Kentucky by William Farish III and William Kilroy, and was foaled on March 31, 1989 at Lane's End Farm in Versailles, Kentucky. He was sired by Triple Crown-winner Seattle Slew. His dam Weekend Surprise was a multiple graded stakes winner whose first foal, Summer Squall, won the 1990 Preakness Stakes. Weekend Surprise was from a distinguished female family and her sire was Triple Crown winner Secretariat. Weekend Surprise was named the 1992 Kentucky Broodmare of the Year.
Combined with an elite pedigree, A.P. Indy was a near perfect physical specimen. He became the top-priced yearling of 1990 at $2.9 million. His new owner was Tomonori Tsurumaki, who named the colt in honor of his recently opened Nippon Autopolis, where Tsurumaki hoped to host a Formula One (Indy Car) event. In July 1992, A.P. Indy's breeders Farish and Kilroy bought back an interest in the colt.
A.P. Indy was born a ridgling, meaning he had one undescended testicle. As this caused him discomfort when he started his racing career, he would normally have been gelded. But because of his breeding potential, surgery was instead performed to remove the undescended testicle. His fertility was not affected by the condition.
At maturity, he reached 16 hands (64 inches, 163 cm) high. When racing, his low-headed, efficient gait was reminiscent of his broodmare sire, Secretariat. His one weakness was having rather "shelly" feet, meaning he was difficult to shoe. As a stallion, he developed a "dipped topline" (a mostly cosmetic issue not to be confused with a sway-back) that is often found in descendants of Seattle Slew. He had a white-rimmed left eye that could give him a rather wild appearance.
Trained by Hall of Famer Neil Drysdale, A.P. Indy won three of four starts in 1991, including the Grade I Hollywood Futurity. On the Experimental Free Handicap, he was co-ranked the third best two-year-old of 1991 at 124 pounds, six pounds below the juvenile champion Arazi and one pound below Bertrando.
He started his three-year-old campaign in 1992 with wins in the San Rafael Stakes and Santa Anita Derby. He was the second favorite on the morning line for the 1992 Kentucky Derby, but had to be scratched on the morning of the race due to a bone bruise. "He galloped very well", Drysdale said of a routine workout the day before. But in early afternoon, he came out of the stall and the trouble was discovered. "He just went like this", Drysdale said, lunging to one side to describe A.P. Indy's lameness.
Drysdale eventually used a fiberglass patch to repair a small, almost invisible crack in A.P. Indy's hoof. A.P Indy missed the Preakness as a result, then prepped for the Belmont in the Peter Pan Stakes. The field was no match for A.P. Indy, who won by 5+1⁄2 lengths.
On June 6, he entered the Belmont Stakes against a field of eleven that included Preakness Stakes winner, Pine Bluff. Having drawn the number 1 post, Drysdale was concerned was getting trapped on the rail so he talked to jockey Eddie Delahoussaye about working toward the outside. Also of concern were heavy rains that fell for most of the day before the race and into the night, making the track condition "muddy" for the first eight races of the undercard. And above all, Drysdale worried about A.P. Indy's hoof. "The patch? I think about it every day. I look at it every day."
The sun finally came out and the track was upgraded to "good" for the Belmont Stakes. As expected, A.P. Indy broke behind the leaders and tracked the pace in fourth for the first mile. Agincourt and Casual Lies set a brisk pace, followed by Pine Bluff. As they rounded the turn, Pine Bluff moved to the lead while A.P. Indy circled wide to close the gap. The two dueled down the stretch with A.P. Indy finally drawing clear in deep stretch. My Memoir then started closing quickly, but A.P. Indy had enough in reserve and prevailed by 3⁄4 lengths, with My Memoir beating Pine Bluff by a neck for second. "I thought I was the winner turning for home", said My Memoirs' jockey, Jerry Bailey. "Eddie had just enough horse and he rated him really well. He deserves a lot of credit. He sat chilly and knew he had enough."
Despite the track being good instead of fast, A.P. Indy raced the mile and a half in 2:26 flat, matching the second-fastest time for the Belmont Stakes set in 1989 by Easy Goer. He was two seconds off the track record set in 1973 by his grandfather Secretariat.
A.P. Indy was given the summer off to allow his hoof to completely heal, then returned on September 13 with a dull performance in the Molson Export Million, finishing fifth. On October 10, he finished third in the Jockey Club Gold Cup after stumbling at the start and tearing off his right front shoe. "There wasn't much foot left", Drysdale recalled later. "Fortunately, acrylic had just been developed, and [farrier] Joey Carroll rebuilt his foot that night." Finishing ahead of him were Pleasant Tap, who was having an outstanding year, and Strike the Gold, the previous year's Kentucky Derby winner.
The Breeders' Cup that year was held on October 31 at Gulfstream Park. There was a full field of fourteen horses for the Classic, twelve of whom had won Group 1 or Grade I races. A.P. Indy and Pleasant Tap were the two betting favorites, going off at 2-1 and 5-2 respectively. A.P. Indy broke well but soon dropped back to eighth off a fast opening pace set by Thunder Rumble. He remained on the rail at the back of the pack until the final turn when he split between horses to find running room. Under a hand ride, he drew clear to win by 2 lengths over Pleasant Tap.
A.P. Indy was retired to stud at Lane's End Farm in 1993 with an initial stud fee of $50,000. Farish explained: "We wanted to keep him in training. He's very sound and such a brilliant horse, but it would be taking a tremendous risk with a great sire prospect. So many of our top horses have been retired to Europe or Japan that we need a horse like this to stand in the U.S. Everyone involved concluded that this was the right thing to do."
A.P. Indy went on to become a "breed-shaping" sire. For much of his career, he stood for $300,000. He was the leading sire in North America for 2003 and 2006, and was among the top 10 for 10 consecutive years. He sired 88 graded stakes winners and 12 champions. His 12.5% stakes winners to foals ratio is the best among contemporary American stallions of the "big book era".
A.P. Indy was also an important broodmare sire, leading the North American list in 2015. His daughters have produced Royal Delta, Kentucky Derby winner Super Saver, Kentucky Oaks winner Plum Pretty, champion Wait A While and Grade 1 stakes winners Bluegrass Cat and Any Given Saturday.
A.P. Indy was a valuable source of stamina in the normally speed-oriented stallion ranks of North America. This means his progeny are highly prized by those who are looking for racehorses who can compete in top races at classic distances. In 2008, A.P. Indy became the 208th chef-de-race with an Intermediate/Classic designation.
A.P. Indy sired his last foals in 2010, when only 36 of 80 mares he bred conceived. Of these, two would become grade 1 winners: Honor Code and Got Lucky, whose name refers to the multiple tries it took her dam to get in foal. He was retired from stud duty on April 8, 2011, upon failing to produce a confirmed live foal in the 25 mares he covered. A.P. Indy remained in his old stall, with sons Mineshaft in the stall across the aisle from him and Honor Code in the stall next to him.
A.P. Indy lived to age 31,[a] an advanced age for a horse. From June 2017 until his death, he had been the oldest living winner of the Belmont Stakes and the oldest living Classic winner overall. He was also the oldest living winner of the Breeders' Cup Classic. He died on February 21, 2020 due to the infirmities of old age.
Major stakes winnersEdit
- Pulpit (1994) – Blue Grass Stakes
- Tomisue's Delight (1994) – Ruffian Handicap, Personal Ensign Handicap
- Golden Missile (1995) – Pimlico Special
- Old Trieste (1995)- Del Mar Breeders' Cup Handicap, Californian Stakes
- Stephen Got Even (1996) – Donn Handicap
- Symboli Indy (1996) – NHK Mile Cup
- Secret Status (1997) – Kentucky Oaks, Mother Goose Stakes
- Aptitude (1997) – Jockey Club Gold Cup
- Mineshaft (1999) – (Jockey Club Gold Cup), 2003 Horse of the Year and champion older horse
- Tempera (1999) – Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies, champion 2-year-old filly
- Jiljab (1999) – Coaching Club American Oaks
- Jump Start (1999)- Saratoga Special Stakes
- Congrats (2000) – San Pasqual Handicap
- Suave (2001) – Multiple graded stakes winner
- Friend's Lake (2001) – Florida Derby,
- Bernardini (2003) – 2006 Preakness Stakes, champion 3-year-old colt
- Rags to Riches (2004) (2007 Belmont Stakes), champion 3-year-old filly
- Marchfield (2004) – in Canada, champion older horse
- Serenading (2004) – in Canada, champion older mare
- Eldaafer (2005) – Brooklyn Handicap, Breeders' Cup Marathon
- Music Note (2005) – Coaching Club American Oaks, Ballerina Handicap
- Eye of the Leopard (2006) – Queen's Plate
- Love and Pride (2008) – Personal Ensign Handicap, Zenyatta Stakes
- Take Charge Indy (2009) – Florida Derby, Alysheba Stakes
- Dreaming of Julia (2010) – Frizette Stakes, Gulfstream Oaks
- Long River (2010) – Al Maktoum Challenge Race 3 (UAE-G1)
- Commissioner (2011) – Hawthorne Gold Cup, Pimlico Special, second in 2014 Belmont Stakes
- Got Lucky (2011) – Spinster Stakes, Molly Pitcher Stakes
- Honor Code (2011) – Metropolitan Handicap, Whitney Handicap, Champion Older Dirt Horse
A.P. Indy has numerous sons and grandsons who stand (or stood) in North America. Those with notable offspring include:
- Pulpit (died 2012):
- Tapit – Wood Memorial, leading sire in North America for 2014, 2015 and 2016
- Untapable (Kentucky Oaks, Breeders' Cup Distaff, champion 3-year-old filly)
- Stardom Bound (2008 Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies, champion juvenile filly)
- Hansen (2011 Breeders' Cup Juvenile, champion juvenile)
- Tapitsfly (2012 Just a Game Stakes, First Lady Stakes)
- Tonalist (2014 Belmont Stakes, 2014, 2015 Jockey Club Gold Cup)
- Frosted (2016 Metropolitan Handicap, Whitney Handicap)
- Creator (2016 Belmont Stakes, Arkansas Derby)
- Tapwrit (2017 Belmont Stakes, Tampa Bay Derby)
- Cupid (2017 Gold Cup)
- Constitution (2014 Florida Derby, 2015 Donn Handicap)
- Tiz the Law (2020 Belmont Stakes, Florida Derby)
- Testa Matta (2012 February Stakes, 2009 Japan Dirt Derby)
- Tapizar (2012 Breeders' Cup Dirt Mile)
- Concord Point (2010 West Virginia Derby)
- Lucky Pulpit (Stakes winner)
- Sky Mesa (2002 Hopeful Stakes)
- Stroll (2004 Turf Classic Stakes)
- Wet Your Whistle (2019 Highlander Stakes)
- Tapit – Wood Memorial, leading sire in North America for 2014, 2015 and 2016
- Bernardini: Alpha, Stay Thirsty, To Honor and Serve, Cavorting, Imperative, Rachel's Valentina, Boban (AUS), Dame Dorothy, Angela Renee
- Malibu Moon: Life at Ten, Gormley, Malibu Mint, Declan's Moon, Carina Mia, Devil May Care, Ransom the Moon, Magnum Moon (15 G1 winners)
- Mineshaft: Effinex, It's Tricky, Fly Down, Cool Coal Man, Discreetly Mine, Nates Mineshaft
- Flatter: West Coast, Flat Out, Taris, Upstart, Kobe's Back, Flatlined
- Jump Start: Prayer for Relief, Rail Trip, Pants on Fire, Miss Behaviour
- Majestic Warrior: Princess of Sylmar, Best Warrior (Japanese Gr.I winner)
- Congrats: Polar River, Haveyougoneaway, Turbulent Descent, Emma's Encore, Wickedly Perfect
- Old Trieste: Silver Train, Sinister Minister, Barcola
- Friesan Fire: Army Mule
- Judpot: Along Came Polly (South African champion)
- Stephen Got Even:
Seattle Slew (USA)
|Bold Reasoning (USA)
|Reason to Earn||Hail To Reason|
|My Charmer (USA)
|Fair Charmer||Jet Action|
Weekend Surprise (USA)
|Lassie Dear (USA)
|Gay Missile||Sir Gaylord|
|Missy Baba, family 3-l|
- "A.P. Indy Statistics and Results". www.equibase.com. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Durso, Joseph (7 June 1992). "Speed and A.P. Indy Rule the Day at Belmont". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Hot Sire: A.P. Indy". Daily Racing Form.
- "Running Rough Shod: A.P. Indy, full speed ahead at 27". runroughshod.blogspot.ca. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "A.P. Indy Still Makes Classic Mark". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "A.P. Indy". American Classic Pedigrees. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "A LIVING LEGEND: A.P. INDY TURNS 30". Lane's End Farm. March 29, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2020.
- "Pedigree Analysis: Dreaming of A.P. Indy". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Kentucky Broodmare of the Year Weekend Surprise Dead". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- "Looking Back at A.P. Indy". TrueNicks.com. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- Lazzarino, Chris (27 October 1992). "A.p. Indy Takes It Easy During Final Workout For Breeders` Classic". tribunedigital-sunsentinel. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Past the Grandstand: The Legacy of A.P. Indy". pastthegrandstand.blogspot.ca. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Pedigree Analysis: Is Bigger Always Better?". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "New Chef-de-Race: A.P. Indy". www.chef-de-race.com. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- Christine, Bill (3 May 1992). "A.P. Indy Skips Race Because of Sore Hoof". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Christine, Bill (7 June 1992). "Finally, A.P. Indy Is a Star". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Catching Up With A.P. Indy". www.americasbestracing.net. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Chart of the Belmont Stakes". equibase.com. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "A.P. Indy: The Complete Racehorse". Paulick Report. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "AP Indy: the complete thoroughbred". Issuu.com. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Chart for the Breeders' Cup Classic". equibase.com. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- Durso, Joseph (1 November 1992). "HORSE RACING; A.P. Indy Carves His Initials on the Classic". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Catching up with A.P. Indy: Still carrying himself like a champion". Daily Racing Form. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Interactive Sire Listings". www.bloodhorse.com. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Leading sire A.P. Indy retired from breeding". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Champion, dual classic winner Hansel dead at 29". Brisnet. 14 June 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
- Wincze-Hughes, Alicia. "1992 champ still making mark on racing and Classic today". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved 24 August 2019.
- "Racing Loses a Legend, A.P. Indy Dies at Age 31". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
- "Progeny Listing for A.P. Indy". www.pedigreequery.com. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Pedigree of A.P. Indy". www.equineline.com. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- A.P. Indy Hall of Fame Profile – National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame
- A. P. Indy Retired Sports Illustrated
- All thoroughbreds in the Northern Hemisphere have an official birthday of January 1 for the purposes of determining their age.