Aïssa Maïga

Aïssa Maïga is a Senegal-born French actress, director, writer, producer, and activist.[1] Maïga has worked with major auteurs like Michael Haneke, Abderrahmane Sissako and Michel Gondry, and recently starred in Chiwetel Ejiofor’s directorial debut.[2]

Aïssa Maïga
Aïssa Maïga Césars 2017.jpg
Aïssa Maïga in 2017
Born
Aïssa Maïga

(1975-05-25) 25 May 1975 (age 45)
OccupationActress, Producer
Years active1997–present

Maïga is an advocate for inclusion and has been vocal about racial discrimination in the film industry throughout her career. Maïga was inspired to speak out and create the DiasporAct collective after realising she was often the sole performer of colour to receive top billing and awards season attention—despite the abundance of diverse talent around her.[3]

Early life and educationEdit

Maïga was born in Dakar, Senegal to a Malian father and Senegalese mother. Maïga grew up in Dakar but would go to Mali on holidays as a child to spend time with her grandmother, uncles, aunts, and cousins. Her family comes from a small town in the region of Gao—near the Sahara desert—and her father is of the Songhay people.[4]

She moved to France when she was 4 years old to live with her aunt and uncle. Her father, Mohamed Maïga was murdered in 1987, a few months before the Head of State in Burkina Faso was killed in a coup.[5][6]

CareerEdit

Career beginnings (1996-2005)Edit

Maïga landed a role alongside Yvan Attal in Denis Amart's Saraka Bô (1996), her acting was well received and she went on to play a rebellious young girl in Michael Haneke's Code Unknown (2000) and his later film Caché (2005). Her work in Cédric Klapisch's Russian Dolls (2005) cemented her role as a notable performer in French cinema.[7]

Bamako and career breakthrough (2006-2011)Edit

Maïga was nominated for a César Award for Most Promising Actress for her role in Abderrahmane Sissako’s Malian drama Bamako (2006) and became the first French actress of African descent to ever receive a nomination, thereby becoming the most visible black actress working in France.[3][8] That same year, an anthology film called Paris, je t’aime (2006) was also premiered at Cannes and Maïga was the female lead in the short film directed by South African filmmaker Oliver Schmitz. Maïga was joined on the Cannes red carpet by Oliver Schmitz and producer Danny Glover.[4]

Bianco e nero (2008) starring Maïga and Favio Volo was the first successful and mainstream Italian film to tackle interracial romance.[9] In 2009, Maïga won Best Actress for Bianco e nero (2008) at the Festival du Cinema Italien de Bastia.[10]

Rise to stardom and international career (2012—present)Edit

Maïga starred alongside Audrey Tatou and Romain Duris in Michel Gondry's surreal and whimsical Mood Indigo (2014).[11] In 2016, Maïga starred in the Netflix film The African Doctor (2016) alongside Belgian Congo actor Marc Zinga.[12]

In 2018, Maïga premiered in the Irish RTE crime series Taken Down (2018—present) written by Stuart Carolan and her role was received with critical acclaim.[13]

Maïga co-starred with Chiwetel Ejiofor in his joint film with Netflix set during the Malawian food crisis in the 2000s, The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind (2019). She was the lead female character—Agnes Kamkwamba—and the film premiered at the Sundance Film Festival and was added to Netflix on March 1st, 2019.[14]

Political activismEdit

Maïga is a leading figure in a new wave of activism by people of colour in French cinema[15] in response to the lack of black representation in French films. The few roles available in the industry for black actors and actresses are usually racial stereotypes and Maïga uses her platform to challenge this and encourage change.[16]

DiasporAct collectiveEdit

Maïga has collaborated with fifteen other black actresses and French personalities to create the DiasporAct collective. The group consists of Maïga, Nadège Beausson-Diagne, Mata Gabin, Maïmouna Gueye, Eye Haïdara, Rachel Khan, Sara Martins, Marie-Philomène Nga, Sabine Pakora, Firmine Richard, Sonia Rolland, Magaajyia Silberfeld, Shirley Souagnon, Assa Sylla, Karidja Touré, and France Zobda.[17]

DiasporAct book 'Black is Not My Job'Edit

Before Maïga went to Malawi in 2017 to film Chiwetel Ejiofor’s adaptation of The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind (2019), Maïga wrote the essay that would become the book’s forward. Once the filming was over, she dedicated herself to the book and contacted a group of performers to bring many perspectives to the project.[17]

“I’ve often asked myself why I’m one of the only black actresses to work in a country as racially mixed as France.”—Aïssa Maïga, Black is Not My Job[2]

The DiasporAct group published a book called Noire n’est pas mon métier (which means 'Black is not my job') (ed. Seuil).[18] The essays in this book featured a response to the lack of representation and inclusion that black actresses face in French cinema, as well as the stereotypical portrayal of black people whenever they are included. The book details the inequity and racism black women face in the French film industry and outlines personal stories and casting experiences specific to black actresses,[17][19] and came to fruition amid the #MeToo movement and the Cannes festival that had a wave of calls for inclusion.[3] The book was a success in France and has sparked debate about minority representation,[3] and with these newly opened doors the group has aimed to continue to spread the message to combat racism within the French film industry and media.[20]

 
Aïssa Maïga at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival

DiasporAct red carpet anti-racism protest at CannesEdit

Maïga and the DiasporAct collective held a peaceful anti-racism protest as they went into the premiere of Lee Chang-dong’s FIPRESCI Prize–winning film, Burning at the 71st Annual Cannes Film Festival in 2018.[3] The group of women stood at the top of the red carpet steps at the festival and raised their fists while dancing joyously to the Rihanna song Diamonds to protest the racial bias and discrimination that is rampant within the French film industry.[21] During a press conference that featured the group, Maïga told Agence France-Presse that setting up a racial quota in the French film industry is a potential option for combating the lack of onscreen diversity, and acknowledged that this could spark strong opposition in France.[22] All members of the group wore matching black and white[16] ensembles created by Balmain's mixed-race designer Olivier Rousteing who told Vogue:

“I think we are really at a huge turning point in every industry, whether film, or fashion, or music. We are living in a world where we are trying to break from the past and define what we want from the future. I believe in the power of women, I have since I was a little boy, and this moment means a lot to me.”[22]

The clear message of the protest, combined with the recently released book to back it up, was met positively—the consequent media reports talked of their beauty, style and courage[16]—and the group hope that the industry will continue to evolve to be more inclusive.[20]

2020 César awardsEdit

Maïga and 30 fellow actors of colour all spoke out against the lack of diversity among those nominated for a 2020 César award in an open letter entitled '#BlackCesars' that was published just before the awards ceremony. The intention of the open letter was to shed light on the absence of Black, Arab, and Asian performers and filmmakers in the nominations for the event.[23][24]

On the night of the 45th César awards, Maïga gave a speech calling out the lack of diversity in French cinema. The speech was unexpected and contrasted with the congratulatory speeches that had taken place throughout the evening, the predominantly white audience of the "French Oscars" were all frozen in silent surprise and discomfort. Maïga began her speech by greeting the 12 black people (out of the 1,600 guests) and proceeded to outline the ways in which black people and their stories are systemically ignored in French media, TV, and cinema.[16]

"We survived whitewashing, blackface, tonnes of dealer roles, housekeepers with a Bwana accent, we survived the roles of terrorists, all the roles of hypersexualised girls...but we are not going to leave French cinema alone."—Aïssa Maïga, 2020 César awards[16]

When Roman Polanski was awarded Best Director later in the ceremony, Maïga walked out along with Adèle Haenel to join the protestors outside the awards ceremony[15][24][25] who were chanting "Polanski is a rapist".[16]

PhilanthropyEdit

Maïga was an ambassador for AMREF's Stand Up for African Mothers Campaign (SU4AM). In 2013 AMREF Africa organised a trip for French SU4AM ambassadors to visit Uganda for events in collaboration with French midwives to support their colleagues in Africa. Here Maïga (along with singer Zazie, international fencing champion Laura Flessel, former midwife Mathilde de Calan who works at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and AMREF France's Haweya Mohamed) met Ugandan midwife Esther Madudu at the Katine Health Centre, took part in an outreach mission, and visited the Masaka School of Midwifery and Comprehensive Nursing in Kampala and the Tiriri Health Centre IV in Soroti.[26][27]

Personal lifeEdit

Vogue cites Maïga as their “French style crush” and says she has “never once disappointed”,[3] Maïga challenges the “just rolled out of bed” Parisian style and opts for a look that is glamorous and elegant.[28]

TheaterEdit

Year Title Author Director Notes
2004 Brooklyn Boy Donald Margulies Michel Fagadau Comédie des Champs-Élysées
2011 Les Grandes Personnes Marie NDiaye Christophe Perton Théâtre national de la Colline
2015 Good People David Lindsay-Abaire Anne Bourgeois Théâtre Hébertot

FilmographyEdit

FilmEdit

Year Title Role Director Notes
1997 Saraka bô Danièle Denis Amar
1998 La revanche de Lucy Lucy Janusz Mrozowski
1998 Le cadeau de maman Patrick Halpine Short
1999 Jonas et Lila, à demain Lila Alain Tanner
2000 Code Unknown Black Girl Michael Haneke
2000 Le prof Julie Alexandre Jardin
2000 Lise et André Esther Denis Dercourt
2000 Marie-Line Malika Mehdi Charef
2000 Mom's Present Farida Patrick Halpine (2) Short
2001 Voyage à Ouaga Loutaya Camille Mouyéké
2002 Georges chez les tops Gisela Olivier Chrétien Short
2003 Mes enfants ne sont pas comme les autres Myriam Denis Dercourt (2)
2003 Les baigneuses Rita's sister Viviane Candas
2003 Rien que du bonheur Anna Denis Parent
2004 Libre armada Ingrid Gogny, Vincent Jaglin, ...
2005 Russian Dolls Kassia Cédric Klapisch
2005 Caché Chantal Michael Haneke (2)
2005 L'un reste, l'autre part Farida Claude Berri
2005 Travaux, on sait quand ça commence... Condé's fiancé Brigitte Roüan
2005 Le train The barman Brahim Fritah Short
2006 Bamako Melé Abderrahmane Sissako Nominated - César Award for Most Promising Actress
2006 Paris, je t'aime Sophie Oliver Schmitz
2006 Don't Worry, I'm Fine Léa Philippe Lioret
2006 I Do Kirsten Hansen Éric Lartigau
2006 Mamdou il est où ? Mariettou Khady N'Diaye Short
2007 L'âge d'homme... maintenant ou jamais ! Tina Raphaël Fejtö
2007 Carcasse Aïssa Ismael El Iraki Short
2008 Black and White Nadine Cristina Comencini Bastia Italian Film Festival - Best Actress
2008 Les insoumis Kathia Claude-Michel Rome
2009 Diamant 13 Farida Gilles Béhat (2)
2009 L'aide au retour The official Mohammed Latreche Short
2010 Ensemble, c'est trop Clémentine Léa Fazer
2010 Le temps de la kermesse est terminé Martina Frédéric Chignac
2010 L'avocat Ève Cédric Anger
2011 Mineurs 27 Aminata Tristan Aurouet
2011 Dédicace Elise Olivier Chrétien (2) Short
2012 HOUBA! On the Trail of the Marsupilami Clarisse Iris Alain Chabat
2012 Today Nella Alain Gomis
2012 One Man's Show Elisa Newton Aduaka
2013 Mood Indigo Alise Michel Gondry
2013 Aya of Yop City Aya Alain Chabat Voice
2014 Prêt à tout Alice Nicolas Cuche Globes de Cristal Award for Best Actress
2016 The African Doctor Anne Zantoko Julien Rambaldi
2016 Corniche Kennedy Awa Dominique Cabrera (2)
2016 Love Is Dead Léane Éric Capitaine
2017 Il a déjà tes yeux Salimata Aloka Lucien Jean-Baptiste
2019 The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind Agnes KamKwamba Chiwetel Ejiofor

TelevisionEdit

Year Title Role Director Notes
1998 Un mois de réflexion Sylvie Serge Moati TV movie
1999 Maison de famille
2002 Négro Aïssa Karim Akadiri Soumaïla TV movie
2003 Commissaire Moulin Dolly Joyce Buñuel Episode: "Série noire"
2003 Les Cordier, juge et flic Aline Gilles Béhat Episode: "Adieu mulet"
2004 Par accident Constance Jérôme Foulon TV movie
2005 Sometimes in April Young Militant Raoul Peck
2005 P.J. Marie-Laure Vecchiali Christophe Barbier Episode: "Délivrance"
2006 Une famille parfaite Martha Patrick-Mario Bernard & Pierre Trividic TV movie
2008 Sex, Okra and Salted Butter Amina Mahamat Saleh Haroun
2009 Pas de toit sans moi Ashanti Guy Jacques
2009 Suite noire Sara Dominique Cabrera Episode: "Quand la ville mord"
2012 Toussaint Louverture Suzanne Philippe Niang TV miniseries
2013 Mortel été Julie Denis Malleval TV movie
Luchon International Film Festival - Best Actress
2015 Mystère à la Tour Eiffel Henriette Léa Fazer (2) TV movie
2018 Taken down Abeni David Caffrey Miniseries

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Aïssa Maïga Elle
  2. ^ a b "French Actress Aissa Maiga on Her Eye-Opening Bestseller 'My Profession is Not Black'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Okwodu, Janelle. "Aïssa Maïga Brought the Fight for Representation to Cannes". Vogue. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  4. ^ a b "Aïssa Maïga: the French African actress trying to conquer Hollywood". TRUE Africa. 2017-08-24. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  5. ^ "AÏSSA MAÏGA". OkayAfrica. 2017-03-06. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  6. ^ Gilbertat, Bertrand (2020-02-11). "Au bord des larmes, Aïssa Maïga (Il a déjà tes yeux) évoque son éducation après la mort de son père assassiné (VIDEO)". www.programme-tv.net (in French). Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  7. ^ "«Escale fatale»: Aïssa Maïga, comédienne et militante". Télécâble Sat Hebdo (in French). Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  8. ^ French, Philip (2007-02-25). "Other films: Bamako | Orchestra Seats | Satan | The Number 23 | School for Scoundrels". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  9. ^ Povoledo, Elisabetta (2008-12-01). "Cristina Comencini takes on interracial love in 'Bianco e Nero'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  10. ^ "Festival du Cinema Italien de Bastia - festivals". Filmitalia. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  11. ^ "Michel Gondry's 'Mood Indigo' Starring Audrey Tautou Acquired by Drafthouse Films". TheWrap. 2014-01-14. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  12. ^ "Watch Aïssa Maïga in Fish Out of Water French Dramedy, 'The African Doctor,' Now Streaming on Netflix". shadowandact.com. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  13. ^ "«Escale fatale»: Aïssa Maïga, comédienne et militante". Télécâble Sat Hebdo (in French). Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  14. ^ Lee, Benjamin (2019-01-26). "The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind review – Chiwetel Ejiofor's charming directorial debut". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  15. ^ a b Dazed (2020-03-04). "Why Adèle Haenel's walkout over Roman Polanski matters". Dazed. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  16. ^ a b c d e f Diallo, Rokhaya. "French cinema is still refusing to face its racism". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  17. ^ a b c "My job is not 'being Black': 16 French Black actresses take a stand against erasure". AFROPUNK. 2018-05-03. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  18. ^ "Noire n'est pas mon métier". www.goodreads.com. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  19. ^ Vourlias, Christopher; Vourlias, Christopher (2018-05-17). "Black Actresses Raise Cannes Cry Against Racism". Variety. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  20. ^ a b Webb, Daisy (2018-06-11). "Actresses take a stand as film industry racism continues". Film Daily. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  21. ^ Festival de Cannes: "Noires n’est pas leur métier", retrieved 2020-03-06
  22. ^ a b Rawlinson, Kevin (2018-05-16). "BME actors stage red-carpet anti-racism protest at Cannes". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  23. ^ BFMTV. "#BlackCesars: une trentaine de stars dénoncent le manque de diversité du cinéma français". BFMTV (in French). Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  24. ^ a b Bouattia, Malia. "The speech that stunned an all-white French Oscars audience into embarrassed silence". alaraby. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  25. ^ "YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  26. ^ "AMREF Annual Report 2013" (PDF). AMREF. 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2020.
  27. ^ Kamukama, Polly. "Uganda: France Reaches Out to Ugandan Midwives". allAfrica. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  28. ^ Okwodu, Janelle. "Meet Aïssa Maïga, Your New French Girl Style Crush". Vogue. Retrieved 2020-03-22.

External linksEdit