9th century BC

The 9th century BC started the first day of 900 BC and ended the last day of 801 BC. It was a period of great change for several civilizations. In Africa, Carthage is founded by the Phoenicians. In Egypt, a severe flood covers the floor of Luxor temple, and years later, a civil war starts.

It is the beginning of the Iron Age in Central Europe, with the spread of the Proto-Celtic Hallstatt culture, and the Proto-Celtic language.


King Jehu of the Kingdom of Israel bows before Shalmaneser III of Assyria.

890s BCEdit

880s BCEdit

870s BCEdit

860s BCEdit

850s BCEdit

840s BCEdit

830s BCEdit

820s BCEdit

810s BCEdit

800s BCEdit

Inventions, discoveries, introductionsEdit

In works of fictionEdit

  • In Highlander, the immortal Juan Sánchez Villa-Lobos Ramírez (Sean Connery) was born in Egypt in 896 BC.
  • In True Blood, the vampire known as Russell Edgington was born around 850 BC, and was turned about 800 BC.

Sovereign statesEdit

See: List of sovereign states in the 9th century BC.


  1. ^ Zimmer 1952, p. 182-183.
  2. ^ Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 153–154
  3. ^ Fattovich, Rodolfo, "Akkälä Guzay" in Uhlig, Siegbert, ed. Encyclopaedia Aethiopica: A-C. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz KG, 2003, p. 169.


  • Zimmer, Heinrich (1952), Joseph Campbell (ed.), Philosophy of India, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, Not in copyright