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The ninth European Parliament was elected in the 2019 elections and is to last until the 2024 elections.

9th European Parliament
2 July 2019 – TBD
The logo of the European Parliament
President (1st Half)David Sassoli (S&D), Italy
President (2nd Half)TBD
Vice-Presidents
First Vice-President:


Vice-Presidents:

CommissionJuncker (until 1 November 2019)
Von der Leyen (from 1 November 2019)
Political groupsPosition (442) (unofficial, de-facto):[1]
     EPP (182)
     S&D (152)
     RE (108)

Opposition (304) (unofficial, de-facto):
     Greens/EFA (75)
     ID (73)
     ECR (62)
     GUE-NGL (41)
     NI (57)

     Vacant (5)
MEPs751 (705 after and if UK leaves EU)
9th EU Parliametn Composition 11-7-2019.svg
ElectionsMay 2019 (Union)
Treaty on European Union
Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union[a 1]
Websitewww.europarl.europa.eu

Contents

Major eventsEdit

 
Constitutive session in Strasbourg on 2 July 2019
  • 2 July 2019 at 10:00 a.m.[3]
    • First Session (constitutive session) of the 9th Parliament.
  • 3 July 2019
  • 16 July 2019 at 6:00 p.m.[6]
  • September/October (TBD)
    • Hearings of candidates for European Commissioners
  • 21-24 October 2019 (exact date TBD)
  • 31 October 2019
    • Scheduled date for the United Kingdom to withdraw from the European Union, subsequently resulting in a reduction in the number of seats in the European Parliament from 751 to 705.
  • 1 November 2019
    • New European Commission takes office

LeadershipEdit

First Half of the termEdit

President S&D David Sassoli   ITA  
Vice-President
For the Order of precedence look at the results of the election of Vice-presidents (3 July 2019).
EPP Mairead McGuinness   IRL
EPP Rainer Wieland   GER
EPP Othmar Karas   AUT
EPP Ewa Kopacz   POL
EPP Lívia Járóka   HUN
S&D Pedro Silva Pereira   POR
S&D Katarina Barley   GER
S&D Klára Dobrev   HUN
RE Dita Charanzová   CZE
RE Nicola Beer   GER
G/EFA Heidi Hautala   FIN
G/EFA Marcel Kolaja   CZE
GUE/NGL Dimitrios Papadimoulis   GRE
NI Fabio Massimo Castaldo   ITA
Quaestors EPP Anne Sander   FRA
EPP David Casa   MLT
S&D Monika Beňová   SVK
RE Gilles Boyer   FRA
ECR Karol Karski   POL

Elections of the PresidentEdit

President of the
European Parliament
 
David Sassoli (PES)
of   Italy
from 3 July 2019

3 July 2019 electionEdit

The President was due to be elected at the first meeting of Parliament on 2 July but the vote was delayed until 3 July because of the European Council's ongoing negotiations to fill other major EU roles. Nominations for candidates remained open until late in the evening on 2 July.[4] The President is elected with the majority of valid votes.

Candidate Group Ballots
1st Ballot 2nd Ballot
David Sassoli   ITA S&D 325 345
Jan Zahradil   CZE ECR 162 160
Ska Keller   GER G/EFA 133 119
Sira Rego   SPA GUE/NGL 42 43
Votes cast 662 667
Votes needed for election 332 334
Blank or void 73 37
Voted 735 704
Source: European Parliament News

Elections of the Vice-PresidentsEdit

The 14 Vice-Presidents are elected in a single ballot by an absolute majority of votes cast. If the number of successful candidates is less than 14, a second vote is held to assign the remaining seats under the same conditions. If a third vote is necessary, a simple majority is sufficient to fill the remaining seats. Vice-Presidents take precedence in the order in which they are elected and, in the event of a tie, by age. At each round MEPs may vote for up to as many candidates as the number of seats available at that round, but they have to vote for more than half of the positions to be filled.[8]

3 July 2019 electionEdit

Candidate Group Ballots Electronic
1st Ballot 2nd Ballot 3rd Round
Mairead McGuinness   IRL EPP 618
Pedro Silva Pereira   POR S&D 556
Rainer Wieland   GER EPP 516
Katarina Barley   GER S&D 516
Othmar Karas   AUT EPP 477
Ewa Kopacz   POL EPP 461
Klara Dobrev   HUN S&D 402
Dita Charanzová   CZE RE 395
Nicola Beer   GER RE 363
Lívia Járóka   HUN EPP 349
Heidi Hautala   FIN G/EFA 336
Marcel Kolaja   CZE G/EFA 237 426
Dimitrios Papadimoulis   GRE GUE/NGL 303 401
Fabio Massimo Castaldo   ITA NI 143 284 248
Zdzisław Krasnodębski   POL ECR 169 261 85
Mara Bizzotto   ITA ID 130 142 17
Laura Huhtasaari   FIN ID 135 withdrew
Votes cast 661 663 350
Votes needed for election 331 332 175
Blank or void 41 16 61
Voted 702 679 411
Source: European Parliament News

Elections of the QuaestorsEdit

4 July 2019 electionEdit

The five Quaestors were chosen by acclamation.

Candidate Group Votes
Anne Sander   FRA EPP 407
Monika Beňová   SVK S&D 391
David Casa   MLT EPP 391
Gilles Boyer   FRA RE 317
Karol Karski   POL ECR 261
Source: European Parliament News

Political groups leadershipEdit

Political group Presidents Vice-Presidents
EPP

[9]

Group of the European People's Party Manfred Weber   GER Dubravka Šuica   CRO
Esteban González Pons   SPA
Ewa Kopacz   POL
Siegfried Mureșan   ROU
Mairead McGuinness   IRL
Esther de Lange   NED
Arnaud Danjean   FRA
Andrey Kovatchev   BUL
Vangelis Meimarakis   GRE
Paulo Rangel   POR
S&D

[10]

Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament Iratxe García Pérez   SPA Éric Andrieu   FRA
Biljana Borzan   CRO
Miriam Dalli   MLT
Heléne Fritzon   SWE
Roberto Gualtieri   ITA
Bernd Lange   GER
Claude Moraes   UK
Kati Piri   NED
Rovana Plumb   ROU
RE

[11]

Renew Europe Dacian Cioloș   ROU Malik Azmani   NED
Katalin Cseh   HUN
Luis Garicano   SPA
Martin Horwood   UK
Morten Løkkegaard   DEN
Iskra Mihaylova   BUL
Frédérique Ries   BEL
Dominique Riquet   FRA
G/EFA

[12]

Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance Ska Keller   GER Alice Bah Kuhnke   SWE
Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield   FRA
Bas Eickhout   NED
Terry Reintke   GER
Philippe Lamberts   BEL
Molly Scott Cato   UK
Alyn Smith   UK
Ernest Urtasun   SPA
ID

[13]

Identity and Democracy Marco Zanni   ITA Nicolas Bay   FRA
Jörg Meuthen   GER
ECR

[14]

European Conservatives and Reformists Raffaele Fitto   ITA Roberts Zīle   LAT
Assita Kanko   BEL
Peter Lundgren   SWE
Ryszard Legutko   POL Daniel Hannan   UK
Derk Jan Eppink   NED
Hermann Tertsch   SPA
GUE/NGL

[15]

Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left Manon Aubry   FRA João Ferreira   POR
Marisa Matias   POR
Martin Schirdewan   GER Sira Rego   SPA
Nikolaj Villumsen   DEN

Political groups and partiesEdit

There are currently 7 politicial groups in the parliament, which is 1 less than in the previous parliament. Each MEP can belong to only one group.

Political group can be founded by at least 25 MEPs which come from at least one quarter of all EU member states (currently 7).[3]

Political group MEPs
Pre-Brexit Post-Brexit
EPP

[16]

Group of the European People's Party
- European People's Party
182 / 751
187 / 705
  5
24.23 % 26.52 %   2.29 %
S&D

[17]

Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament
- Party of European Socialists
152 / 751
148 / 705
  6
20.24 % 19.70 %   0.84 %
RE

[18]

Renew Europe
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
- European Democratic Party
108 / 751
97 / 705
  11
14.38 % 13.76 %   0.62 %
G/EFA

[19]

Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance
- European Green Party
- European Free Alliance
- European Pirate Party
- Volt Europa
74 / 751
67 / 705
  7
9.84 % 9.50 %   0.34 %
ID

[13]

Identity and Democracy
- Identity and Democracy Party
- European Alliance of People and Nations
73 / 751
76 / 705
  3
9.72 % 10.78 %   1.06 %
ECR

[20]

European Conservatives and Reformists
- Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe
- European Christian Political Movement
62 / 751
62 / 751
  0
8.26 % 8.79 %   0.53 %
GUE/NGL

[21]

Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left
- Party of the European Left
- Nordic Green Left Alliance
- Now the People!
- Animal Politics EU
41 / 751
40 / 705
  1
5.46 % 5.67 %   0.21 %
NI

[22]

Non-inscrits and others
- including Brexit Party, DUP, Five Star Movement, Jobbik, Golden Dawn, KKE, Živi zid, Die Partei and Kotleba
54 / 751
25 / 705
  29
7.19 % 3.33 %   3.86 %
Vacant[23][24][25] 5 3   46
Source for MEPs: Seats by Member State

MembersEdit

List of membersEdit

MEPs that previously served as President or Prime Minister:

MEPs that previously served as European Commissioner:

  •   Andrus Ansip, former Vice-President of the European Commission for Digital Single Market
  •   Dacian Cioloș, former European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development
  •   Corina Crețu, former European Commissioner for Regional Policy
  •   Danuta Hübner, former European Commissioner for Regional Policy and for Trade
  •   Sandra Kalniete, former European Commissioner for Agriculture and Fisheries
  •   Janusz Lewandowski, former European Commissioner for Financial Programming and the Budget
  •   Antonio Tajani, former European Commissioner for Industry and Entrepreneurship and for Transport

MEPs that previously served as President of a national parliament:

MEPs that previously served as President of the European Parliament:

MEPs that previously served as Foreign minister:

Member state seats allocationsEdit

Pre-Brexit allocationEdit

As of the end of May 2019, the United Kingdom was still an EU member state. As such, it took part in the 2019 election and returned 73 MEPs as shown below.

State Seats State Seats State Seats State Seats
  Germany 96   Netherlands 26   Austria 18   Lithuania 11
  France 74   Belgium 21   Bulgaria 17   Latvia 8
  Italy 73   Czech Republic 21   Denmark 13   Slovenia 8
  United Kingdom 73   Greece 21   Finland 13   Cyprus 6
  Spain 54   Hungary 21   Slovakia 13   Estonia 6
  Poland 51   Portugal 21   Croatia 11   Luxembourg 6
  Romania 32   Sweden 20   Ireland 11   Malta 6
[26] Total 751

Potential post-Brexit allocationEdit

If or when the United Kingdom leaves the EU, 27 of the seats will be reallocated to the other 27 EU member states as shown below and the other 46 seats will be abolished, resulting in a total of 705 MEPs.[27]

State Seats State Seats State Seats State Seats
  Germany 96   0   Belgium 21   0   Bulgaria 17   0   Latvia 8   0
  France 79   5   Czech Republic 21   0   Denmark 14   1   Slovenia 8   0
  Italy 76   3   Greece 21   0   Finland 14   1   Estonia 7   1
  Spain 59   5   Hungary 21   0   Slovakia 14   1   Cyprus 6   0
  Poland 52   1   Portugal 21   0   Ireland 13   2   Luxembourg 6   0
  Romania 33   1   Sweden 21   1   Croatia 12   1   Malta 6   0
  Netherlands 29   3   Austria 19   1   Lithuania 11   0   United Kingdom 0   73
[28][29] Total 705

Post-Brexit political groups membership changesEdit

State Political groups MEPs
EPP
(EPP)
S&D
(PES)
RE
(ALDE, EDP)
ECR
(AECR, ECPM)
GUE/NGL
(EL, NGLA, EACL)
G/EFA
(EGP, EFA)
ID
(EAPN)
NI
  Austria +1 (Grüne) +1
  Croatia +1 (SDP) +1
  Denmark +1 (V) +1
  France +1 (PS) +2 (LREM) +1 (EELV) +1 (RN) +5
  Estonia +1 (ISAMAA) +1
  Finland +1 (VIHR) +1
  Ireland +1 (FG) +1 (FF) +2
  Italy +1 (FI) +1 (FdI) +1 (LN) +3
  Netherlands +1(VVD) +1 (FvD) +1 (PVV) +3
  Poland +1 (PiS) +1
  Romania +1 (PSD) +1
  Slovakia +1 (KDH) +1
  Spain +1 (PP) +1 (PSOE) +1 (C's) +1 (VOX) +1 (JxCat) +5
  Sweden +1 (MP) +1
  UnitedKingdom -10 (Lab) -16 (LibDem)
-1 (Alliance Party)
-4 (Con) -1 (SF) -7 (Green)
-3 (SNP)
-1 (PC)
-1 (DUP)
-29 (Brexit Party)
-73
Total +5 -6 -11 0 -1 -7 +3 -29 MEPs
EPP S&D RE ECR GUE/NGL G/EFA ID NI

Working bodiesEdit

Standing committeesEdit

MEPs are divided up among 20 standing committees which are specialised for a certain field. Each MEP is usually member of one committee and a substitute member of another. Committees discuss legislative proposals from the Commission before the European Parliament decides on them in plenary session. The European Parliament has an equal role to the Council of the EU in the ordinary legislative procedure, which is usually used in decision-making process at the EU level.[30]

Each committee elects its chair and vice-chairs which then lead the work of the committee. Committees normally meet in Brussels. Committee chairs are members of the Conference of Committee chairs which coordinates the work of all the committees.[30]

Committee Members First half of the term
Chair Vice-Chairs
Committee on Foreign Affairs AFET 71 EPP David McAllister   GER ECR Witold Waszczykowski   POL
TBE
TBE
TBE
Subcommittee on Security and Defence SEDE 30 RE Nathalie Loiseau   FRA S&D Nikos Androulakis   GRE
EPP Kinga Gál   HUN
GUE/NGL Özlem Demirel   GER
EPP Lukas Mandl   AUT
Subcommittee on Human Rights DROI 30 S&D Marie Arena   BEL RE Irina Von Wiese   UK
G/EFA Hannah Neumann   GER
EPP Karoline Edtstadler   AUT
S&D Raphaël Glucksmann   FRA
Committee on Development DEVE 26 EPP Tomas Tobé   SWE G/EFA Pierrette Herzberger-Fofana   GER
S&D Norbert Neuser   GER
RE Chrysoula Zacharopoulou   FRA
G/EFA Erik Marquardt   GER
Committee on International Trade INTA 41 S&D Bernd Lange   GER ECR Jan Zahradil   CZE
EPP Iuliu Winkler   ROM
EPP Anna Michelle Asimakopoulou   GRE
RE Marie-Pierre Vedrenne   FRA
Committee on Budgets BUDG 41 ECR Johan Van Overtveldt   BEL EPP Janusz Lewandowski   POL
RE Olivier Chastel   BEL
S&D Margarida Marques   POR
EPP Niclas Herbst   GER
Committee on Budgetary Control CONT 30 EPP Monika Hohlmeier   GER S&D Isabel García Muñoz   SPA
S&D Caterina Chinnici   ITA
RE Martina Dlabajová   CZE
EPP Tamás Deutsch   HUN
Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs ECON 60 S&D Roberto Gualtieri   ITA EPP Luděk Niedermayer   CZE
RE Stéphanie Yon-Courtin   FRA
ECR Derk Jan Eppink   NED
GUE/NGL José Gusmão   POR
Committee on Employment and Social Affairs EMPL 55 ECR Lucia Ďuriš Nicholsonová   SVK S&D Vilija Blinkevičiūtė   LIT
GUE/NGL Sandra Pereira   POR
EPP Tomáš Zdechovský   CZE
G/EFA Katrin Langensiepen   GER
Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety ENVI 76 RE Pascal Canfin   FRA G/EFA Bas Eickhout   NED
S&D Seb Dance   UK
EPP Cristian Bușoi   ROM
GUE/NGL Anja Hazekamp   NED
Committee on Industry, Research and Energy ITRE 72 EPP Adina-Ioana Vălean   ROM ECR Zdzisław Krasnodębski   POL
RE Morten Petersen   DEN
S&D Patrizia Toia   ITA
S&D Lina Gálvez   SPA
Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection IMCO 45 G/EFA Petra De Sutter   BEL RE Pierre Karleskind   FRA
S&D Maria Grapini   ROM
EPP Róża Thun   POL
S&D Maria Manuel Leitão Marques   POR
Committee on Transport and Tourism TRAN 49 G/EFA Karima Delli   FRA S&D Johan Danielsson   SWE
EPP Sven Schulze   GER
S&D István Ujhelyi   HUN
RE Jan-Christoph Oetjen   GER
Committee on Regional Development REGI 43 GUE/NGL Younous Omarjee   FRA EPP Krzysztof Hetman   POL
RE Cristian Ghinea   ROM
S&D Adrian-Dragoş Benea   ROM
EPP Isabel Benjumea Benjumea   SPA
Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development AGRI 48 EPP Norbert Lins   GER G/EFA Francisco Guerreiro   POR
EPP Daniel Buda   ROM
ECR Mazaly Aguilar   SPA
RE Elsi Katainen   FIN
Committee on Fisheries PECH 28 RE Chris Davies   UK EPP Peter van Dalen   NED
RE Søren Gade   DEN
S&D Giuseppe Ferrandino   ITA
EPP Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar   POR
Committee on Culture and Education CULT 31 EPP Sabine Verheyen   GER G/EFA Romeo Franz   GER
ECR Dace Melbārde   LAT
S&D Julie Ward   UK
TBE
Committee on Legal Affairs JURI 25 RE Lucy Nethsingha   UK G/EFA Sergey Lagodinsky   GER
EPP Marion Walsmann   GER
S&D Iban García del Blanco   SPA
ECR Raffaele Stancanelli   ITA
Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs LIBE 68 S&D Juan Fernando López Aguilar   SPA RE Maite Pagazaurtundúa   SPA
S&D Pietro Bartolo   ITA
TBE
EPP Emil Radev   BUL
Committee on Constitutional Affairs AFCO 28 EPP Antonio Tajani   ITA S&D Gaby Bischoff   GER
TBE
TBE
TBE
Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality FEMM 35 S&D Evelyn Regner   AUT GUE/NGL María Eugenia Rodríguez Palop   SPA
G/EFA Gwendoline Delbos-Corfield   FRA
EPP Eliza Vozemberg   GRE
S&D Robert Biedroń   POL
Committee on Petitions PETI 35 EPP Dolors Montserrat   SPA G/EFA Tatjana Ždanoka   LAT
RE Yana Toom   EST
ECR Ryszard Czarnecki   POL
S&D Cristina Maestre   SPA
Sources:[30][31][32][33]

Other bodiesEdit

Body Members President Members
Conference of Presidents BCPR 11[b 1] S&D David Sassoli (ex-officio)   ITA President of the European Parliament
Presidents of political groups
One NI MEP, invited by the President (no voting right)
The Bureau BURO 20 S&D David Sassoli (ex-officio)   ITA President of the European Parliament
Vice-Presidents of the European Parliament
Quaestors (in advisory capacity)
College of Quaestors QUE 5 Quaestors
Conference of Committee Chairs CCC 22 Chairs of all standing and temporary committees
The Conference of Delegation Chairs CDC 45 Chairs of all standing interparliamentary delegations
Sources:[34][35]

Composition of the executiveEdit

Executive
     
President of the European Council President of the European Commission High Representative of the Union
Donald Tusk (EPP)
of   Poland
from 1 December 2014
Jean-Claude Juncker (EPP)
of   Luxembourg
from 1 November 2014
Federica Mogherini (PES)
of   Italy
from 1 November 2014
Parliament term:
2 July 2019 - TBA
European Council
President   Donald Tusk (EPP), from 1 December 2014
President-Elect   Charles Michel (ALDE), taking office on 1 December 2019
European Commission
Juncker Commission, from 1 November 2014
President   Jean-Claude Juncker (EPP), from 1 November 2014
High Representative of the Union   Federica Mogherini (PES), from 1 November 2014
Von der Leyen Commission, taking office on 1 November 2019
President-Elect   Ursula von der Leyen (EPP), taking office on 1 November 2019
High Representative of the Union-Designate   Josep Borrell (PES), taking office on 1 November 2019

Appointment of the new executiveEdit

On 2 July 2019 European Council finished a three-day-long summit with a decision to propose:[36]

It is up to the European Parliament to confirm the proposed candidate for President of the European Commission.

Vote on Candidate for the President of the CommissionEdit

Secret paper ballot took place on 16 July 2019 at 18:00.

Candidate Votes cast Majority In favor Against Blank Void Result Source
EPP Ursula von der Leyen   GER 733 374 383 327 22 1 ELECTED [7]

Confirmation vote on the new European CommissionEdit

Following the election of the new President of the Commission, President-Elect will call upon member states to propose candidates for European Commissioners. President-Elect, in agreement with the Council of the EU, asigns to each proposed candidate a portfolio, and the Council sends the list of candidates to the European Parliament. Candidates are then to be questioned about their knowledge of the assigned portfolio and confirmed by European Parliament Committees. When all of the candidates are confirmed by the respective committee, European Parliament takes a vote of confirmation of the new European Commission in the plenary session. European Commission is then officially appointed by the European Council using qualified majority.[37]

Coalition Commission Votes cast Majority In favor Against Abstain Result Source
EPP Von der Leyen Commission
S&D
RE
Hearings and votes on commissioners-designateEdit

The responsible committee of the European Parliament will hold a hearing of the Commissioner-designate to examine the candidate's competence and suitability. After each hearing, the committee will vote on the candidate.

United Kingdom, expected to elave the EU on 31 October 2019, will not nominate a candidate for commissioner, according to their Prime Minister Boris Johnson.[38]

Candidate Official
nomination
Portfolio Committee vote Refs
Date Committe In favor Against Abstain
EPP Johannes Hahn   AUT 22 July 2019 [39]
  BEL
EPP Mariya Gabriel   BUL 23 July 2019 [40]
  CRO
EPP Stella Kyriakidou   CYP 23 July 2019 [41]
  CZE
ALDE Margrethe Vestager   DEN 1 August 2019 [42]
ALDE Kadri Simson   EST 22 July 2019 [43]
PES Jutta Urpilainen   FIN 22 July 2019 [44]
  FRA
EPP Margaritis Schinas   GRE 23 July 2019 [45]
  HUN
EPP Phil Hogan   IRL 31 July 2019 [46]
  ITA
EPP Valdis Dombrovskis   LAT 23 July 2019 [47]
  LIT
  LUX
  MLT
  NED
  POL
  POR
  ROM
PES Maroš Šefčovič   SVK 19 July 2019 [48]
Ind Janez Lenarčič   SLO 26 July 2019 [49]
PES Josep Borrell   SPA High Representative of the Union (Vice President) [36]
  SWE

Council presidencyEdit

Presidency of the
Council of the EU
 
Republic of Finland
1 July 2019 - 31 December 2019

Council of the EU (Council) is one of three EU institutions that are involved in the EU lawmaking process. It is de-facto upper house of the EU legislature, if we compare it to the organisation of state (European Parliament being the lower house). Council consists of representatives of member states' national governments. Council has an equal role in the ordinary legislative procedure as European Parliament. Council decides using qualified majority.

Every six months one of the EU member states takes over the presidency of the Council. As presiding country it organises the meetings of the Council (with the help of Secretariat-General) and decides on the agenda of the meetings. Agenda is prepared in cooperation with other two member states that are part of so-called trio. Trio forms common 18 months policy agenda.

Presidency of the Council of the European Union
Member state Trio Term Head of Government Cabinet Government coalition
  Romania T9 Member of the T9 Trio, held presidency before the start of term of the Ninth European Parliament. PES Prime Minister
Viorica Dăncilă
(Social Democratic Party)
Dăncilă PES Social Democratic Party
None Alliance of Liberals and Democrats
  Republic of Finland 1 July 2019 – 31 December 2019 PES Prime Minister
Antti Rinne
(Social Democratic Party of Finland)
Rinne PES Social Democratic Party of Finland
ALDE Centre Party
EGP Green League
PEL Left Alliance
ALDE Swedish People's Party of Finland
  Republic of Croatia 1 January 2020 – 30 June 2020 TBD TBD
Start of the 2nd Cycle of Presidency Trios
  Federal Republic of Germany T10 1 July 2020 – 31 December 2020 TBD TBD
  Portuguese Republic 1 January 2021 – 30 June 2021 TBD TBD
  Republic of Slovenia 1 July 2021 – 31 December 2021 TBD TBD
  French Republic T11 1 January 2022 – 30 June 2022 TBD TBD
  Czech Republic 1 July 2022 – 31 December 2022 TBD TBD
  Kingdom of Sweden 1 January 2023 – 30 June 2023 TBD TBD
  Kingdom of Spain T12 1 July 2023 – 31 December 2023 TBD TBD
  Kingdom of Belgium 1 January 2024 – 30 June 2024 TBD TBD
  Hungary 1 July 2024 – TBA TBD TBD

AppointmentsEdit

European Parliament has role in the appointment of:[50]

  • President of the European Commission;
  • European Commission;
  • Members of the Court of Auditors;
  • Members of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank;
  • economic governance bodies:
    • Chair and Vice-Chair of the Supervisory Board of the Single Supervisory Mechanism,
    • Chair, Vice-Chair and full-time members of the Single Resolution Board of the Single Resolution Mechanism,
    • Chairs and Executive Directors of the European Supervisory Authority (European Banking Authority, European Securities and Markets Authority, European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority),
    • Managing Director and Deputy Managing Director of the European Fund for Strategic Investments.
Position Candidate EP Role Apponiter Hearing European Parliament vote Source
Party Name Country Committe In favor Against Abstain Votes cast Majority In favor Against Blank/void
President of the European Central Bank EPP Christine Lagarde   FRA Consultation European Council ECON

StatisticsEdit

European Parliament statisticsEdit

There is currently 302 female MEPs, which represents 40,2% of all MEPs (or 40,4% if vacant seats are not counted). At 21 Kira Peter-Hansen of Denmark is the youngest MEP, while Silvio Berlusconi, former Prime Minister of Italy is the oldest at the age of 82. Average age of all MEPs is 50.[51]

435 of current MEPs is newly elected and weren't members of European Parliament before. 295 MEPs were also members of the previous Parliament. 16 of current MEPs held position before, but not between 2014 and 2019.[51]

Statistics by member statesEdit

Most bureau positions is held by Germany, while on the other side Luxembourg and Slovenia have no bureau positions. With 5, Germany has most Committee Chairmen, followed by France with 4.

Finland is currently, with 7 women out of 13 MEPs, the only member state that has more female than male MEPs. Austria, Latvia, Luxembourg and Slovenia are member states with equal number of male and female MEPs. Cyprus is meanwhile the only member state without woman among its MEPs. After Cyprus, the Netherlands is the member state with lowest ratio of female MEPs, at 11,5%.

Slovakia has the highest per cent of newly elected MEPs at 85%, while Malta only has 33% of newly elected MEPs.[51]

With 60 years of age Lithuania has the oldest national delegation, while Malta has the youngest at 44. Sweden has the youngest "oldest" MEP at the age of 58 and Lithuania has the oldest "youngest" MEP at the age of 54.[51]

Member state Positions No. of female MEPs New MEPs Age
EP Bureau Committees' bureaus Groups' bureaus Youngest Average Oldest
  Austria
1 / 20
3 / 110
0 / 55
9 / 18
12 / 18
27 47 61
  Belgium
0 / 20
4 / 110
3 / 55
7 / 21
11 / 21
34 52 68
  Bulgaria
0 / 20
1 / 110
2 / 55
4 / 17
8 / 17
30 45 67
  Croatia
0 / 20
0 / 110
2 / 55
4 / 11
6 / 11
28 47 62
  Cyprus
0 / 20
0 / 110
1 / 55
0 / 6
3 / 6
49 55 59
  Czech Republic
2 / 20
4 / 110
0 / 55
7 / 21
11 / 21
26 46 66
  Denmark
0 / 20
2 / 110
1 / 55
5 / 12
8 / 12
21 46 74
  Estonia
0 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
2 / 6
3 / 6
28 48 62
  Finland
1 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
7 / 13
6 / 13
40 55 73
  France
2 / 20
10 / 110
6 / 55
35 / 74
51 / 74
23 50 72
  Germany
3 / 20
17 / 110
6 / 55
34 / 96
50 / 96
26 49 78
  Greece
1 / 20
3 / 110
1 / 55
5 / 21
11 / 21
33 52 67
  Hungary
2 / 20
3 / 110
1 / 55
7 / 21
8 / 21
30 46 66
  Ireland
1 / 20
0 / 110
1 / 55
5 / 11
7 / 11
32 54 68
  Italy
2 / 20
7 / 110
3 / 55
31 / 73
41 / 73
30 49 82
  Latvia
0 / 20
2 / 110
1 / 55
4 / 8
4 / 8
43 57 69
  Lithuania
0 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
3 / 11
6 / 11
54 60 65
  Luxembourg
0 / 20
0 / 110
0 / 55
3 / 6
3 / 6
35 52 67
  Malta
1 / 20
0 / 110
1 / 55
2 / 6
2 / 6
29 44 71
  Netherlands
0 / 20
4 / 110
5 / 55
3 / 26
12 / 26
29 46 66
  Poland
2 / 20
7 / 110
2 / 55
18 / 51
31 / 51
34 56 79
 Portugal
1 / 20
5 / 110
1 / 55
9 / 21
12 / 21
27 49 66
  Romania
0 / 20
7 / 110
3 / 55
8 / 32
22 / 32
66 49 67
  Slovakia
1 / 20
1 / 110
0 / 55
2 / 13
11 / 13
34 49 65
  Slovenia
0 / 20
0 / 110
0 / 55
4 / 8
3 / 8
30 50 59
  Spain
0 / 20
11 / 110
6 / 55
19 / 54
32 / 54
25 20 74
  Sweden
0 / 20
2 / 110
3 / 55
9 / 20
16 / 20
32 45 58
  United Kingdom
0 / 20
5 / 110
5 / 55
34 / 73
48 / 73
29 53 77
Source:[51]

Statistics by political groupsEdit

EPP as the biggest political group also holds most bureau positions. All of the political groups declared cordon sanitaire on Identity and Democracy group, which holds no bureau positions.

Group of Identity and Democracy has the highest per cent of newly elected MEPs with 81%, while EPP Group has the highest per cent of "old" MEPs at 59%.[51]

Group Positions New MEPs
EP Bureau Committees' bureaus
EPP
7 / 20
29 / 110
74 / 182
S&D
5 / 20
27 / 110
78 / 152
RE
3 / 20
18 / 110
75 / 108
G/EFA
2 / 20
12 / 110
74 / 182
ID
0 / 20
0 / 110
59 / 73
ECR
1 / 20
10 / 110
36 / 62
GUE/NGL
1 / 20
6 / 110
24 / 41
Source:[51]

DelegationsEdit

Delegations are established to maintain amd develop relations with entities, European Union and especially European Parliament has an interest to cooperate with. Among these are third countries (i. e. countries that are not EU member states) with which EU has close, especially trade, relations, or countries expected to join EU in the future (Western Balkan). EP also cooperates with bodies of other international organisations, such as NATO.[52]

Delegations consist of full and substitute members. Number of members varies between delegations. Each delegations elects its chair.[52]

Delegations can be divided in two groups, standing delegations and ad hoc delegations.[52]

Delegations to parliamentary assembliesEdit

Delegation Chair
Delegation for relations with the NATO Parliamentary Assembly DNAT
Delegation to the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly DACP
Delegation to the Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly DLAT
Delegation to the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly DEPA
Delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union for the Mediterranean DMED
Source:[53]

Joint parliamentary committees (JPCs)Edit

JPCs are created with bilateral agreement between EU and specific country.[54]

Delegation Chair
Delegation for Northern cooperation and for relations with Switzerland and Norway and to the EU-Iceland Joint Parliamentary Committee and the European Economic Area (EEA) Joint Parliamentary Committee DEEA
Delegation for relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo DSEE
Delegation for relations with the Maghreb countries and the Arab Maghreb Union, including the EU-Morocco, EU-Tunisia and EU-Algeria Joint Parliamentary Committees DMAG
Delegation to the Cariforum-EU Parliamentary Committee DCAR
Delegation to the EU-Albania Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee D-AL
Delegation to the EU-Armenia Parliamentary Partnership Committee, the EU-Azerbaijan Parliamentary Cooperation Committee and the EU-Georgia Parliamentary Association Committee DSCA
Delegation to the EU-Chile Joint Parliamentary Committee D-CL
Delegation to the EU-Mexico Joint Parliamentary Committee D-MX
Delegation to the EU-Moldova Parliamentary Association Committee D-MD
Delegation to the EU-Montenegro Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee D-ME
Delegation to the EU-North Macedonia Joint Parliamentary Committee D-MK
Delegation to the EU-Serbia Stabilisation and Association Parliamentary Committee D-RS
Delegation to the EU-Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee D-TR
Delegation to the EU-Ukraine Parliamentary Association Committee D-UA
Source:[55]

Parliamentary Cooperations committees (PCCs)Edit

Delegation Chair
Delegation to the EU-Armenia Parliamentary Partnership Committee, the EU-Azerbaijan Parliamentary Cooperation Committee and the EU-Georgia Parliamentary Association Committee DSCA
Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan, EU-Uzbekistan and EU-Tajikistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees and for relations with Turkmenistan and Mongolia DCAS
Delegation to the EU-Russia Parliamentary Cooperation Committee D-RU
Source:[56]

Bilateral and multilateral relations delegationsEdit

Delegation Chair
Delegation for relations with Afghanistan D-AF
Delegation for relations with Australia and New Zealand DANZ
Delegation for relations with Belarus D-BY
Delegation for relations with Canada D-CA
Delegation for relations with India D-IN
Delegation for relations with Iran D-IR
Delegation for relations with Iraq D-IQ
Delegation for relations with Israel D-IL
Delegation for relations with Japan D-JP
Delegation for relations with Mercosur DMER
Delegation for relations with Palestine DPAL
Delegation for relations with South Africa D-ZA
Delegation for relations with the Arab Peninsula DARP
Delegation for relations with the countries of Central America DCAM
Delegation for relations with the countries of South Asia DSAS
Delegation for relations with the countries of Southeast Asia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) DASE
Delegation for relations with the countries of the Andean Community DAND
Delegation for relations with the Federative Republic of Brazil D-BR
Delegation for relations with the Korean Peninsula DKOR
Delegation for relations with the Mashreq countries DMAS
Delegation for relations with the Pan-African Parliament DPAP
Delegation for relations with the People's Republic of China D-CN
Delegation for relations with the United States D-US
Source:[57]

SecretariatEdit

Secretary-General, who heads theSecretaria,t is appointed by the European Parliament Bureau.

Composition of the Secretariat is also decided by the EP Bureau and consists of:

Other services that assist the Secretariat:

  • Secretariat of the Bureau and Quaestors
  • Secretariat of the Conference of Presidents
  • Directorate for Relations with Political Groups
  • Internal Audit Unit
  • Eco-Management and Audit Scheme Unit (EMAS)
  • Management Team Support Office
  • Business Continuity Management Unit
  • Data Protection Service

Directorates-GeneralEdit

Directorate-General Director-General
Directorate-Generale for the Presidency DG PRES   Markus Winkler
Directorate-General for Internal Policies of the Union DG IPOL   Riccardo Ribera d'Alcalá
Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union DG EXPO   Pietro Ducci
Directorate-General for Communication DG COMM   Jaume Duch Guillot
Directorate-General for Parliamentary Research Services DG EPRS   Anthony Teasdale
Directorate-General for Personnel DG PERS   Kristian Knudsen
Directorate-General for Infrastructure and Logistics DG INLO   Leena Maria Linnus
Directorate-General for Translation DG TRAD   Valter Mavrič
Directorate-General for Logistics and Interpretation for Conferences DG LINC   Agnieszka Walter-Drop
Directorate-General for Finance DG FINS   Didier Klethi
Directorate-General for Innovation and Technological Support DG ITEC   Walter Petrucci (Acting)
Directorate-General for Security DG SAFE  Elio Carozza

2019 elections resultsEdit

2019 European Parliament elections took place from 23 to 26 May 2019. These are the second biggest democratic elections in the world, following Indian parliamemtary election and biggest trans-national elections.

2019 results by political group[58]
Group (2019–24) Seats 2019 Outgoing
seats
EPP European People's Party group (Christian democrats and liberal conservatives) 182 216   −34
S&D Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (Social democrats) 154 185   −31
RE Renew Europe (Social liberals and conservative liberals) 108 69   +39
Greens/EFA Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens and regionalists) 74 52   +22
ID Identity and Democracy (Right-wing populists and nationalists) 73 36   +37
ECR European Conservatives and Reformists (National conservatives and sovereignists) 62 77   −15
GUE/NGL European United Left–Nordic Green Left (Democratic socialists and communists) 41 52   −11
NI Non-attached 57 20   +37
EFDD Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (Populists and hard eurosceptics) 42   −42
Vacant N/A 0 2 N/A
Total 751 751  
Notes on changes in groups

Results by countryEdit

State Political groups MEPs
EPP
(EPP, ECPM)
S&D
(PES)
RE
(ALDE, EDP)
ECR
(AECR, ECPM)
GUE/NGL
(EL, NGLA, EACL)
G/EFA
(EGP, EFA)
ID
(EAPN)
NI
  Austria 7 (ÖVP) +2 5 (SPÖ) = 1 (NEOS) = 2 (Grüne) −1 3 (FPÖ) −1 18
  Belgium 2 (CD&V)
1 (CDH)
1 (CSP)
=
=
=
2 (PS)
1 (SP.A)
−1
=
2 (Open VLD)
2 (MR)
−1
−1
3 (N-VA) −1 1 (PTB) +1 2 (ECOLO)
1 (Groen)
+1
=
3 (VB) +2 21
  Bulgaria 6 (GERB)
1 (DSB)
=
+1
5 (BSP) +1 3 (DPS) −1 2 (IMRO) +1 17
  Croatia 4 (HDZ) −1 3 (SDP) +1 1 (AMS/IDS) −1 1 (HKS) = 1 (Human Shield)
1 (Kolakušić)
+1 11
  Cyprus 2 (DISY) = 1 (EDEK)
1 (DIKO)
=
=
2 (AKEL) = 6
  Czech Republic 2+1 (TOP 09+STAN)
2 (KDU–ČSL)
−1
−1
6 (ANO) +2 4 (ODS) +2 1 (KSČM) −2 3 (Piráti) +3 2 (SPD) +2 21
  Denmark 1 (C) = 3 (S) = 3 (V)
2 (B)
+1
+1
1 (RG) +1 2 (SF) +1 1 (O) −3 13
  France 7 (LR)
1 (LC)
−12 2 (PS)
2 (PP)
1 (ND)
−8 10 (LREM)
5 (MoDem)
1 (MR)
1 (Agir)
4 (Ind.)
+21 5 (FI)
1 (GRS)
+6 8 (EELV)
2 (AEI)
1 (PNC)
1 (Ind.)
+6 20 (RN)
2 (Ind.)
−2 74
  Estonia 2 (SDE) +1 2 (RE)
1 (KE)
=
=
1 (EKRE) +1 6
  Finland 3 (Kok.) = 2 (SDP) = 2 (Kesk.)
1 (SFP)
−1
=
1 (Vas.) = 2 (VIHR) +1 2 (PS) = 13
  Germany 23 (CDU)
6 (CSU)
−5
+1
16 (SPD) −11 5 (FDP)
2 (FW)
+2
+1
1 (Familie) = 5 (Linke)
1 (Tierschutz)
−2
=
21 (B’90/Grüne)
1 (ÖDP)
1 (Piraten)
1 (Volt Europa)
1 (Die Partei)
+10
=
=
+1
+1
11 (AfD) +4 1 (Die Partei) = 96
  Greece 8 (ND) +3 2 (KINAL) = 1 (Greek Solution)[60] +1 6 (SYRIZA) = 2 (KKE)
2 (XA)
=
=
21
  Hungary 12+1 (Fidesz+KDNP) +1 1 (MSZP)
4 (DK)
−1
+2
2 (MoMo) +2 1 (Jobbik) −2 21
  Ireland 4 (FG) = 1 (FF) = 2 (I4C)
1 (SF)
1 (Flanagan)
+2
−2
=
2 (GP) +2 11
  Italy 6 (FI)
1 (SVP)
−7
=
19 (PD) −12 5 (FdI) +5 28 (Lega) +23 14 (M5S) −3 73
  Latvia 2 (JV) −2 2 (Saskaņa SDP) +1 1 (AP!) +1 2 (NA) +1 1 (LKS) = 8
  Lithuania 3 (TS–LKD)
1 (Maldeikienė)
+1
+1
2 (LSDP) = 1 (DP)
1 (LRLS)
=
−1
1 (LLRA) = 2 (LVŽS) +1 11
  Luxembourg 2 (CSV) −1 1 (LSAP) = 2 (DP) +1 1 (Gréng) = 6
  Malta 2 (PN) −1 4 (PL) +1 6
  Netherlands 4 (CDA)
1 (50+)
1 (CU)
−1
+1
+1
6 (PvdA) +3 2 (D66)
4 (VVD)
−2
+1
3 (FvD)
1 (SGP)
=
+1
1 (PvdD) = 3 (GL) +1 26
  Poland 14 (PO)
3 (PSL)
−5
−1
5 (SLD)
3 (WIOSNA)
=
+3
25 (PiS)
1 (SP)
+6
+1
51
  Portugal 6 (PSD)
1 (CDS–PP)
=
=
9 (PS) +1 2 (CDU: PCP)
2 (BE)
−1
+1
1 (PAN) +1 21
  Romania 10 (PNL)
2 (UDMR)
2 (PMP)
−1
=
=
8 (PSD)
2 (PRO Romania)
−8
+2
8 (USRPLUS) +8 32
  Slovakia 2 (SPOLU)
1 (KDH)
1 (OĽaNO)
+2
−1
=
3 (Smer–SD) −1 2 (PS) +2 2 (SaS) +1 2 (ĽSNS) +2 13
  Slovenia 2+1 (SDS+SLS)
1 (NSi)
−1
=
2 (SD) +1 2 (LMS) +2 8
  Spain 12 (PP) −4 20 (PSOE) +6 7 (C's)
1 (CEUS/EAJ/PNV)
+1
=
3 (VOX) +3 2 (UP/Podemos)
2 (UP/IU)
1 (UP/Ind.)
1 (AR/EH Bildu)
−5 2 (AR/ERC)
1 (UP/ICV)
= 2 (JuntsxCat) +2 54
  Sweden 4 (M)
2 (KD)
+1
+1
5 (S) = 2 (C)
1 (L)
+1
−1
3 (SD) +1 1 (V) = 2 (MP) −2 20
  United Kingdom 10 (Lab) −10 16 (LibDem)
1 (Alliance Party)
+15
+1
4 (Con) −15 1 (SF) = 7 (Green)
3 (SNP)
1 (PC)
+4
+1
=
29 (Brexit Party)
1 (DUP)
+29

=

73
Total MEPs
EPP S&D RE ECR GUE/NGL G/EFA ID NI
182 (24.2%) −39 154 (20.5%) −37 108 (14.4%) +41 62 (8.2%) −8 41 (5.5%) −11 75 (10.0%) +25 73 (9.7%) +73 57 (7.5%) −36 751

Interesting factsEdit

  • There are 6 former Polish Prime Ministers currently serving as MEPs, the 7th former Polish Prime Minister in the EU institutions is Donald Tusk, currently serving as President of the European Council.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Treaty of Rome and the Treaty of Maastricht as amended by the Treaty of Lisbon and all preceding amending treaties.
  1. ^ G/EFA, ECR and GUE/NGL each have 2 Co-Chairs

External websitesEdit

ReferencesEdit

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