8th New Zealand Parliament
The 8th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament.
|8th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||18 May 1882 – 24 June 1884|
|Election||1881 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Hall ministry (until 1882) |
Whitaker ministry (1882 - 1883)
Third Atkinson ministry (from 1883)
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Maurice O'Rorke|
|Premier||Harry Atkinson |
––from 25 September 1883
––until 21 April 1882
|Members||47 (at start) |
49 (at end)
|Speaker of the Council||William Fitzherbert|
|Premier||Frederick Whitaker |
––21 April 1882 – 25 September 1883
|Governor||HE Lt. Gen. Sir William Jervois from 20 January 1883|
––HE Rt. Hon. Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon until 24 June 1882
Elections for this term were held in 4 Māori electorates and 91 general electorates on 8 and 9 December 1881, respectively. A total of 95 MPs were elected, i.e. multi-member electorates were no longer used. Parliament was prorogued in June 1884. During the term of this Parliament, three Ministries were in power.
|first||18 May 1882||15 September 1882|
|second||14 June 1883||8 September 1883|
|third||5 June 1884||24 June 1884|
Political parties had not been established yet; this only happened after the 1890 election. Anyone attempting to form an administration thus had to win support directly from individual MPs. This made first forming, and then retaining a government difficult and challenging.
The Hall Ministry under Premier John Hall had been in power since 8 October 1879. This ministry lasted until 21 April 1882. It was succeeded by the Whitaker Ministry, which lasted until 25 September 1883. The second Atkinson Ministry succeeded it. This Ministry finished on 16 August 1884, just after the 1884 general election for the 9th Parliament.
Ninety-one general and four Māori electorates were used for the 1881 elections, i.e. the previous multi-member electorates were abolished. The changes were the result of the Representation Act 1881. The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–76 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed: Ashburton, Auckland North, Awarua, Christchurch North, Christchurch South, Coromandel, Dunedin Central, Dunedin East, Dunedin South, Dunedin West, Foxton, Franklin North, Franklin South, Hawke's Bay, Hokonui, Inangahua, Kumara, Lincoln, Manukau, Moeraki, Peninsula, St Albans, Stanmore, Sydenham, Taranaki, Tauranga, Te Aro, Thorndon, Waimate, Waipawa, Wairarapa North, Wairarapa South, Waitotara, Wakanui, and Wellington South. In addition, two electorates that had previously been abolished were recreated: Bay of Islands and Oamaru.
Initial composition of the 8th ParliamentEdit
95 seats were created across the electorates.
The following table shows the successful candidate for each electorate.
Changes during termEdit
There were a number of changes during the term of the 8th Parliament.
|1882||Franklin North||9 June||Benjamin Harris||Election declared void||Benjamin Harris|
|1882||Wakanui||16 June||Cathcart Wason||Election declared void||Joseph Ivess|
|1882||Stanmore||11 July||Walter Pilliet||Election declared void||Walter Pilliet|
|1883||Peninsula||22 January||James Seaton||Death||William Larnach|
|1883||Selwyn||6 April||John Hall||Resignation||Edward Lee|
|1883||Inangahua||14 May||Thomas S. Weston||Resignation||Edward Shaw|
|1883||Bruce||29 June||James Rutherford||Death||James McDonald|
|1884||Selwyn||15 February||Edward Lee||Death||Edward Wakefield|
|1884||Thorndon||13 May||William Levin||Resignation||Alfred Newman|
|1884||Kaiapoi||16 May||Isaac Wilson||Resignation||Edward Richardson|
|1884||East Coast||16 June||Allan McDonald||Resignation||Samuel Locke|
- Scholefield 1950, p. 68.
- King 2003, p. ?.
- King 2003, p. 534.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 37–38.
- "Representation Act 1881(45 VICT 1881 No 14)". New Zealand Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
- "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2010.
- Cooper 1882, pp. 1–3.
- "Stanmore Election". The Star (4437). 14 July 1882. p. 3. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
- "The Peninsula Election". Otago Daily Times (6534). 23 January 1883. p. 2. Retrieved 28 June 2012.
- Cooper, G. S. (1882). Votes Recorded for Each Candidate. Government Printer. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1903). "Southland". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1906). "Present And Past Members Of Parliament". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Nelson, Marlborough & Westland Provincial Districts. Christchurch.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch.
- King, Michael (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand (20 ed.). Auckland: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-301867-1.
- Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.