8th Canadian Parliament

The 8th Canadian Parliament was in session from August 19, 1896, until October 9, 1900. The membership was set by the 1896 federal election on June 23, 1896. It was dissolved prior to the 1900 election.

8th Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
August 19, 1896 – July 18, 1900
Coat of arms of Canada (1957-1994).svg
Parliament leaders

Rt. Hon. Sir Wilfrid Laurier
(8th Canadian Ministry)
11 July 1896 – 6 October 1911
Leader of the
Charles Tupper
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party
OppositionConservative Party
Independent Conservative
House of Commons
Chambre des Communes 1896.png
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
1st Session
August 19, 1896 – October 5, 1896
2nd Session
March 25, 1897 – June 29, 1897
3rd Session
February 3, 1898 – June 13, 1898
4th Session
March 16, 1899 – August 11, 1899
5th Session
February 1, 1900 – July 18, 1900
<7th 9th>
Sir Wilfrid Laurier was Prime Minister during the 8th Canadian Parliament.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the 8th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Conservative/Liberal-Conservative, led by Charles Tupper.

The Speaker was first James David Edgar, and later Thomas Bain. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1892-1903 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were five sessions of the 8th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st August 19, 1896 October 5, 1896
2nd March 25, 1897 June 29, 1897
3rd February 3, 1898 June 13, 1898
4th March 16, 1899 August 11, 1899
5th February 1, 1900 July 18, 1900

List of membersEdit

Following is a full list of members of the eighth Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

British ColumbiaEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Burrard George Ritchie Maxwell Liberal
New Westminster Aulay MacAulay Morrison Liberal
Vancouver William Wallace Burns McInnes Liberal
Victoria* Edward Gawler Prior Conservative
Thomas Earle Conservative
Yale—Cariboo Hewitt Bostock Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Brandon Dalton McCarthy (left seat to keep Simcoe North, Ontario, riding[clarification needed]) Independent
Clifford Sifton (by-election of 1896-11-27) Liberal
Lisgar Robert Lorne Richardson Liberal
Macdonald Nathaniel Boyd Conservative
John Gunion Rutherford (by-election of 1897-04-27) Liberal
Marquette William James Roche Conservative
Provencher Alphonse Alfred Clément Larivière Conservative
Selkirk John Alexander MacDonell Liberal
Winnipeg Hugh John Macdonald (until election voided 29 March 1897) Conservative
Richard Willis Jameson (by-election of 1897-04-27) Liberal
Arthur Puttee (by-election of 1900-01-25) Labour

New BrunswickEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Albert William James Lewis Independent
Carleton Frederick Harding Hale Liberal-Conservative
Charlotte Gilbert White Ganong Liberal-Conservative
City and County of St. John Joseph John Tucker Liberal
City of St. John John Valentine Ellis Liberal
Gloucester Théotime Blanchard Conservative
Kent George Valentine McInerney Conservative
King's James Domville Liberal
Northumberland James Robinson Conservative
Restigouche John McAlister Liberal-Conservative
Sunbury—Queen's George Gerald King (until 18 December 1896 Senate appointment) Liberal
Andrew George Blair (by-election of 1896-08-25) Liberal
Victoria John Costigan Liberal-Conservative
Westmorland Henry Absalom Powell Liberal-Conservative
York George Eulas Foster Conservative

Northwest TerritoriesEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Alberta (Provisional District) Frank Oliver Liberal
Assiniboia East James Moffat Douglas Liberal
Assiniboia West Nicholas Flood Davin Liberal-Conservative
Saskatchewan (Provisional District) Wilfrid Laurier (until 11 July 1896 appointment as Prime Minister) Liberal
Thomas Osborne Davis (by-election of 1896-12-19) Liberal

Nova ScotiaEdit

Electoral district Name Party
Annapolis John Burpee Mills Conservative
Antigonish Colin Francis McIsaac Liberal
Cape Breton* Hector Francis McDougall Liberal-Conservative
Charles Tupper Conservative
Colchester Wilbert David Dimock (until election voided) Conservative
Firman McClure (by-election of 1897-04-20) Liberal
Cumberland Hance James Logan Liberal
Digby Albert James Smith Copp Liberal
Guysborough Duncan Cameron Fraser Liberal
Halifax* Robert Laird Borden Conservative
Benjamin Russell Liberal
Hants Allen Haley Liberal
Inverness Angus MacLennan Liberal
Kings Frederick William Borden (until 11 July 1896 ministerial appointment) Liberal
Frederick William Borden (by-election of 1896-07-30) Liberal
Lunenburg Charles Edwin Kaulbach Conservative
Pictou* Adam Carr Bell Conservative
Charles Hibbert Tupper Conservative
Richmond Joseph Alexander Gillies Conservative
Shelburne and Queen's Francis Gordon Forbes (until 18 July 1896 customs appointment) Liberal
William Stevens Fielding (by-election of 1896-08-05) Liberal
Victoria John Lemuel Bethune Conservative
Yarmouth Thomas Barnard Flint Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Addington John William Bell Conservative
Algoma Albert Dyment Liberal
Bothwell James Clancy Conservative
Brant South Charles Bernhard Heyd (by-election of 1897-02-04) Liberal
Robert Henry Conservative
Brockville John Fisher Wood Liberal-Conservative
William Henry Comstock (by-election of 1899-04-20) Liberal
Bruce East Henry Cargill Conservative
Bruce North Alexander McNeill Liberal-Conservative
Bruce West John Tolmie Liberal
Cardwell William Stubbs Independent Conservative
Carleton William Thomas Hodgins Conservative
Cornwall and Stormont Darby Bergin Liberal-Conservative
John Goodall Snetsinger (by-election of 1896-12-19) Liberal
Dundas Andrew Broder Conservative
Durham East Thomas Dixon Craig Independent Conservative
Durham West Robert Beith Liberal
Elgin East Andrew B. Ingram Liberal-Conservative
Elgin West George Elliott Casey Liberal
Essex North William McGregor Liberal
Essex South Mahlon K. Cowan Liberal
Frontenac David Dickson Rogers Patrons of Industry
Glengarry Roderick R. McLennan Conservative
Grenville South John Dowsley Reid Conservative
Grey East Thomas Simpson Sproule Conservative
Grey North John Clark Liberal
William Paterson (by-election of 1896-08-25) Liberal
Grey South George Landerkin Liberal
Haldimand and Monck Walter Humphries Montague Conservative
Halton David Henderson Conservative
Hamilton* Andrew Trew Wood Liberal
Thomas Henry Macpherson Liberal
Hastings East Jeremiah M. Hurley Liberal
Hastings North Alexander Augustus Williamson Carscallen Conservative
Hastings West Henry Corby Conservative
Huron East Peter Macdonald Liberal
Huron South John McMillan Liberal
Huron West Malcolm Colin Cameron (until 30 May 1898 appointment as North West Territories Lieutenant-Governor) Liberal
Robert Holmes (by-election of 1899-02-21) Liberal
Kent Archibald Campbell Liberal
Kingston Byron Moffatt Britton Liberal
Lambton East John Fraser Liberal
Lambton West James Frederick Lister (until 21 June 1898 judicial appointment) Liberal
Thomas George Johnston (by-election of 1898-12-14) Liberal
Lanark North Bennett Rosamond Conservative
Lanark South John Graham Haggart Conservative
Leeds North and Grenville North Francis Theodore Frost Liberal
Leeds South George Taylor Conservative
Lennox Uriah Wilson Conservative
Lincoln and Niagara William Gibson Liberal
London Thomas Beattie Conservative
Middlesex East James Gilmour Conservative
Middlesex North Valentine Ratz Liberal
Middlesex South Malcolm McGugan Liberal
Middlesex West William Samuel Calvert Liberal
Muskoka and Parry Sound George McCormick Liberal-Conservative
Nipissing James Bell Klock Conservative
Norfolk North John Charlton Liberal
Norfolk South David Tisdale Conservative
Northumberland East Edward Cochrane Conservative
Northumberland West George Guillet Conservative
Ontario North Duncan Graham (by-election of 1897-02-04) Independent Liberal
John Alexander McGillivray Liberal-Conservative
Ontario South Leonard Burnett Liberal
Ontario West James David Edgar (died 31 July 1899) Liberal
Isaac James Gould (by-election of 1900-01-18) Liberal
Ottawa (City of)* Napoléon Antoine Belcourt Liberal
William H. Hutchison Liberal
Oxford North James Sutherland Liberal
Oxford South Richard John Cartwright (until ministerial appointment) Liberal
Richard John Cartwright (by-election of 1896-07-30) Liberal
Peel Joseph Featherston Liberal
Perth North Alexander Ferguson Maclaren Conservative
Perth South Dilman Kinsey Erb Liberal
Peterborough East John Lang Independent Liberal
Peterborough West James Kendry Conservative
Prescott Isidore Proulx Liberal
Prince Edward William Varney Pettet Patrons of Industry
Renfrew North Thomas Mackie Liberal
Renfrew South John Ferguson Independent Conservative
Russell William Cameron Edwards Liberal
Simcoe East William Humphrey Bennett Conservative
William Humphrey Bennett (by-election of 1897-02-04) Conservative
Simcoe North Dalton McCarthy (died 11 May 1898) Independent
Leighton Goldie McCarthy (by-election of 1898-12-14) Independent
Simcoe South Richard Tyrwhitt Conservative
Toronto Centre William Lount Liberal
George Hope Bertram (by-election of 1897-11-30) Liberal
Toronto East John Ross Robertson Independent Conservative
Victoria North Samuel Hughes Liberal-Conservative
Victoria South George McHugh Liberal
Waterloo North Joseph Emm Seagram Conservative
Waterloo South James Livingston Liberal
Welland William McCleary Conservative
Wellington Centre Andrew Semple Liberal
Wellington North James McMullen Liberal
Wellington South Christian Kloepfer Conservative
Wentworth North and Brant James Somerville Liberal
Wentworth South Thomas Bain Liberal
West Toronto* Edmund Boyd Osler Conservative
Edward Frederick Clarke Conservative
York East William Findlay Maclean Conservative
York North William Mulock (until Postmaster General appointment) Liberal
William Mulock (by-election of 1896-07-30) Liberal
York West Nathaniel Clarke Wallace Conservative

Prince Edward IslandEdit

Electoral district Name Party
East Prince John Yeo (until 19 November 1898 Senate appointment) Liberal
John Howatt Bell (by-election of 1898-12-14) Liberal
East Queen's Alexander Martin Conservative
King's Augustine Colin Macdonald Conservative
West Prince Edward Hackett (until election voided 24 March 1897) Liberal-Conservative
Stanislaus Francis Perry (by-election of 1897-04-27, died 24 February 1898) Liberal
Bernard Donald McLellan (by-election of 1898-04-13) Liberal
West Queen's Louis Henry Davies (until 11 July 1896 ministerial appointment) Liberal
Louis Henry Davies (by-election of 1896-07-30) Liberal


Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil Thomas Christie Liberal
Bagot Flavien Dupont (died in office) Conservative
Joseph Edmond Marcile (by-election of 1898-12-14) Liberal
Beauce Joseph Godbout Liberal
Beauharnois Joseph Gédéon Horace Bergeron Conservative
Bellechasse Onésiphore Ernest Talbot Liberal
Berthier Cléophas Beausoleil (until 1 December 1899 postmaster appointment) Liberal
Joseph Éloi Archambault (by-election of 1900-01-18) Liberal
Bonaventure William LeBoutillier Fauvel (died 8 February 1897) Liberal
Jean-François Guité (by-election of 1897-03-17) Liberal
Brome Sydney Arthur Fisher (until 11 July 1896 ministerial appointment) Liberal
Sydney Arthur Fisher (by-election of 1896-07-30) Liberal
Chambly—Verchères Christophe Alphonse Geoffrion (died 18 July 1899) Liberal
Victor Geoffrion (by-election of 1900-01-18) Liberal
Champlain François Arthur Marcotte (until election voided 12 January 1897) Conservative
François Arthur Marcotte (by-election of 1897-04-07) Conservative
Charlevoix Louis Charles Alphonse Angers Liberal
Châteauguay James Pollock Brown Liberal
Chicoutimi—Saguenay Paul Vilmond Savard Liberal
Compton Rufus Henry Pope Conservative
Dorchester Jean-Baptiste Morin Conservative
Drummond—Arthabaska Joseph Lavergne (until 4 August 1897 judicial appointment) Liberal
Louis Lavergne (by-election of 1897-11-13) Liberal
Gaspé Rodolphe Lemieux Liberal
Hochelaga Joseph Alexandre Camille Madore Liberal
Huntingdon Julius Scriver Liberal
Jacques Cartier Frederick Debartzch Monk Conservative
Joliette Charles Bazinet Liberal
Kamouraska Henry George Carroll Liberal
Labelle Joseph Henri Napoléon Bourassa (resigned 26 October 1899) Liberal
Joseph Henri Napoléon Bourassa (by-election of 1900-01-18) Independent
Laprairie—Napierville Dominique Monet Liberal
L'Assomption Joseph Gauthier Liberal
Laval Thomas Fortin Liberal
Lévis Pierre Malcom Guay (died 19 February 1899) Liberal
Louis Julien Demers (by-election of 1899-03-22) Liberal
L'Islet Alphonse Arthur Miville Déchêne Liberal
Lotbinière Côme Isaïe Rinfret (until 25 August 1899 revenue inspector appointment) Liberal
Edmond Fortier (by-election of 1900-01-25) Liberal
Maisonneuve Joseph Raymond Fournier Préfontaine Liberal
Maskinongé Joseph Hormidas Legris Liberal
Mégantic Georges Turcot Liberal
Missisquoi Daniel Bishop Meigs Liberal
Montcalm Joseph Louis Euclide Dugas Conservative
Montmagny Philippe Auguste Choquette (until 7 July 1898 judicial appointment) Liberal
Pierre-Raymond-Léonard Martineau (by-election of 1898-12-14) Liberal
Montmorency Thomas Chase Casgrain Conservative
Nicolet Fabien Boisvert (died 12 November 1897) Conservative
Joseph Hector Leduc (by-election of 1897-12-21) Liberal
Pontiac William Joseph Poupore Conservative
Portneuf Henri Gustave Joly de Lotbinière (until 11 July 1896 revenue appointment) Liberal
Henri Gustave Joly de Lotbinière (by-election of 1896-07-30) Liberal
Quebec-Centre François Charles Stanislas Langelier (until 14 January 1898 judicial appointment) Liberal
Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin (by-election of 1898-01-24) Liberal
Quebec County Charles Fitzpatrick (until 11 July 1896 Solicitor General appointment) Liberal
Charles Fitzpatrick (by-election of 1896-07-30) Liberal
Quebec East Wilfrid Laurier (until 11 July 1896 appointment as Prime Minister) Liberal
Wilfrid Laurier (by-election of 1896-07-30) Liberal
Quebec West Richard Reid Dobell Liberal
Richelieu Arthur Aimé Bruneau Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe Michael Thomas Stenson Liberal
Rimouski Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset (until 20 October 1897 Senate appointment) Liberal
Jean Auguste Ross (by-election of 1897-11-06) Liberal
Rouville Louis Philippe Brodeur Liberal
St. Anne Michael Joseph Francis Quinn Conservative
St. Antoine Thomas George Roddick Conservative
St. Hyacinthe Michel Esdras Bernier (until 22 June 1900 revenue appointment) Liberal
Michel Esdras Bernier (by-election of 1900-07-04) Liberal
St. James Odilon Desmarais Liberal
St. Johns—Iberville François Béchard (until 17 July 1896 Senate appointment) Liberal
Joseph Israël Tarte (by-election of 1896-08-03) Liberal
St. Lawrence Edward Goff Penny Liberal
St. Mary Hercule Dupré Liberal
Shefford Charles Henry Parmelee Liberal
Sherbrooke (Town of) William Bullock Ives (died 15 July 1899) Conservative
John McIntosh (by-election of 1900-01-25) Conservative
Soulanges Augustin Bourbonnais Liberal
Stanstead Alvin Head Moore Conservative
Témiscouata Charles Eugène Pouliot (died 24 June 1897) Liberal
Charles Arthur Gauvreau (by-election of 1897-11-06) Liberal
Terrebonne Léon Adolphe Chauvin Conservative
Three Rivers and St. Maurice Joseph Philippe René Adolphe Caron Conservative
Two Mountains Joseph Arthur Calixte Éthier Liberal
Vaudreuil Henry Stanislas Harwood Liberal
Wright Charles Ramsay Devlin (until 15 March 1897 immigration appointment) Liberal
Louis Napoléon Champagne (by-election of 1897-03-23) Liberal
Yamaska Roch Moïse Samuel Mignault Liberal


By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
St. Hyacinthe July 4, 1900 Michel-Esdras Bernier      Liberal Michel-Esdras Bernier      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Inland Revenue Yes
Lotbinière January 25, 1900 Côme-Isaïe Rinfret      Liberal Edmond Fortier      Liberal Appointment as a revenue inspector Yes
Sherbrooke (Town of) January 25, 1900 William Bullock Ives      Conservative John McIntosh      Conservative Death Yes
Winnipeg January 25, 1900 Richard Willis Jameson      Liberal Arthur Puttee      Labour Death Yes
Berthier January 18, 1900 Cléophas Beausoleil      Liberal Joseph Éloi Archambault      Liberal Appointed postmaster of Montreal Yes
Labelle January 18, 1900 Henri Bourassa      Liberal Henri Bourassa      Independent Resignation to recontest in protest at Canada's participation in the Boer War No
Chambly—Verchères January 18, 1900 Christophe-Alphonse Geoffrion      Liberal Victor Geoffrion      Liberal Death Yes
Ontario West January 18, 1900 James David Edgar      Liberal Isaac James Gould      Liberal Death Yes
Brockville April 20, 1899 John Fisher Wood      Liberal-Conservative William Henry Comstock      Liberal Death No
Lévis March 22, 1899 Pierre Malcom Guay      Liberal Louis-Jules Demers      Liberal Death Yes
Huron West February 21, 1899 Malcolm Colin Cameron      Liberal Robert Holmes      Liberal Appointed Lieutenant-Governor of the North-West Territories Yes
East Prince December 14, 1898 John Yeo      Liberal John Howatt Bell      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Lambton West December 14, 1898 James Frederick Lister      Liberal Thomas George Johnston      Liberal Appointed to the Court of Appeal
Bagot December 14, 1898 Flavien Dupont      Conservative Joseph Edmond Marcile      Liberal Death No
Montmagny December 14, 1898 Philippe-Auguste Choquette      Liberal Pierre-Raymond-Léonard Martineau      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Simcoe North December 14, 1898 Dalton McCarthy      McCarthyite Leighton McCarthy      Independent (McCarthyite) Death Yes
West Prince April 13, 1898 Stanislaus Francis Perry      Liberal Bernard Donald McLellan      Liberal Death Yes
Quebec-Centre January 24, 1898 François Langelier      Liberal Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Nicolet December 21, 1897 Fabien Boisvert      Conservative Joseph Hector Leduc      Liberal Death No
Toronto Centre November 30, 1897 William Lount      Liberal George Hope Bertram      Liberal Resignation Yes
Drummond—Arthabaska November 13, 1897 Joseph Lavergne      Liberal Louis Lavergne      Liberal Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Quebec Yes
Témiscouata November 6, 1897 Charles-Eugène Pouliot      Liberal Charles Arthur Gauvreau      Liberal Death Yes
Rimouski November 6, 1897 Jean-Baptiste Romuald Fiset      Liberal Jean Auguste Ross      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
West Prince April 27, 1897 Edward Hackett      Liberal-Conservative Stanislaus Francis Perry      Liberal Election declared void No
Macdonald April 27, 1897 Nathaniel Boyd      Conservative John Gunion Rutherford      Liberal Election declared void No
Winnipeg April 27, 1897 Hugh John Macdonald      Liberal-Conservative Richard Willis Jameson      Liberal Election declared void No
Colchester April 20, 1897 Wilbert David Dimock      Conservative Firman McClure      Liberal Election declared void No
Champlain April 7, 1897 François-Arthur Marcotte      Conservative François-Arthur Marcotte      Conservative Election declared void Yes
Wright March 23, 1897 Charles Ramsay Devlin      Liberal Louis Napoléon Champagne      Liberal Appointed Canadian trade commissioner to Ireland Yes
Bonaventure March 17, 1897 William LeBoutillier Fauvel      Liberal Jean-François Guité      Liberal Death Yes
Simcoe East February 4, 1897 William Humphrey Bennett      Conservative William Humphrey Bennett      Conservative Election declared void Yes
Ontario North February 4, 1897 John Alexander McGillivray      Conservative Duncan Graham      Independent Liberal Election declared void No
Brant South February 4, 1897 Robert Henry      Conservative Charles Bernhard Heyd      Liberal Election declared void No
Saskatchewan (Provisional District) December 19, 1896 Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Thomas Osborne Davis      Liberal Laurier was elected to two seats, resigned to run in ministerial by-election in Quebec East Yes
Cornwall and Stormont December 19, 1896 Darby Bergin      Liberal-Conservative John Goodall Snetsinger      Liberal Death No
Brandon November 27, 1896 Dalton McCarthy      McCarthyite Clifford Sifton      Liberal Chose to sit for Simcoe North No
Sunbury—Queen's August 25, 1896 George G. King      Liberal Andrew George Blair      Liberal Called to Senate Yes
Grey North August 25, 1896 John Clark      Liberal William Paterson      Liberal Death Yes
Shelburne and Queen's August 5, 1896 Francis Gordon Forbes      Liberal William Stevens Fielding      Liberal Appointed Sub-Collector of Customs Yes
St. Johns—Iberville August 3, 1896 François Béchard      Liberal Joseph Israël Tarte      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Quebec County July 30, 1896 Charles Fitzpatrick      Liberal Charles Fitzpatrick      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Solicitor General Yes
Kings July 30, 1896 Frederick William Borden      Liberal Frederick William Borden      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Militia and Defence Yes
Oxford South July 30, 1896 Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Richard John Cartwright      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Trade and Commerce Yes
West Queen's July 30, 1896 Louis Henry Davies      Liberal Louis Henry Davies      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Marine and Fisheries Yes
Brome July 30, 1896 Sydney Arthur Fisher      Liberal Sydney Arthur Fisher      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Minister of Agriculture Yes
Portneuf July 30, 1896 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière      Liberal Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Controller of Inland Revenue Yes
York North July 30, 1896 William Mulock      Liberal William Mulock      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Postmaster-General Yes
Quebec East July 30, 1896 Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Wilfrid Laurier      Liberal Recontested upon appointment as Prime Minister Yes


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