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86th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 86th Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment in the United States Army.

86th Infantry Regiment
86 IR Coat Of Arms.png
Coat of arms
Active
  • 1918–1919
  • 1942–1945
  • 1948–1957
Country United States
BranchArmy
TypeInfantry
RoleLight Infantry
SizeRegiment
Part of10th Mountain Division
Motto(s)"Courage and Dependability"
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia86 Inf Rgt DUI.png
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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85th Infantry Regiment 87th Infantry Regiment

The 86th Infantry was briefly activated during World War I but never sent overseas, then reactivated during World War II at Camp Hale in 1942, with 3 Battalions, and attached to the 10th Mountain Division. The regiment served with the 10th Mountain in Italy and was inactivated postwar. In 1948 it was reactivated and saw duty in Germany before inactivating in 1957.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The regiment was constituted on 31 July 1918 in the Regular Army as the 86th Infantry and assigned to the 18th Infantry Division. It was organized in September 1918 at Camp Travis, Texas from personnel of the 35th Infantry. The 86th was relieved from the 18th Division and demobilized on 13 February 1919 at Camp Travis.[1]

The regiment was constituted on 25 November 1942 in the Army of the United States as the 86th Infantry. It was activated between 12 December 1942 and 1 May 1943 at Camp Hale, Colorado, and assigned to the 10th Mountain Division on 15 July 1943. The regiment was redesignated the 86th Mountain Infantry and assigned to the 10th Mountain Division on 6 November 1944. It was inactivated on 27 November 1945 at Camp Carson, Colorado.[1]

The regiment was redesignated the 86th Infantry and assigned to 10th Infantry Division on 18 June 1948. It was allotted to the regular Army on 25 June 1948, and activated on 1 July 1948 at Fort Riley, Kansas. The 86th was inactivated for the last time on 1 July 1957 in Germany.[1]

Campaign streamersEdit

World War II

  • North Apennines
  • Po Valley

Distinctive unit insigniaEdit

  • Description

A Silver color metal and enamel device 1 18 inches (2.9 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Argent, a fess dancetté the points to chief fleury Azure. Attached below and to the sides of the shield is a Blue scroll inscribed "COURAGE AND DEPENDABILITY" in Silver letters.

  • Symbolism

The shield is in the colors of the Infantry. The ordinary, dancetté partition lines, and the fleury peaks are symbolic of the mountains in which the organization fought in Italy in World War II. The two campaigns in which the Regiment participated are North Apennines and Po Valley.

  • Background

The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 6 September 1951. It was amended to correct the symbolism on 4 March 1955.

Coat of armsEdit

Blazon

  • Shield- Argent, a fess dancetté the points to chief fleury Azure.
  • Crest- None.
  • Motto- COURAGE AND DEPENDABILITY.

Symbolism

  • Shield- The shield is in the colors of the Infantry. The ordinary, dancetté partition lines, and the fleury peaks are symbolic of the mountains in which the organization fought in Italy in World War II. The two campaigns in which the Regiment participated are North Apennines and Po Valley.
  • Crest- None.

Background- The coat of arms was approved on 6 September 1951. It was amended to correct the symbolism on 4 March 1955.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Sawicki 1981, p. 187.
  • Sawicki, James A. (1981). Infantry regiments of the US Army. Dumfries, Virginia: Wyvern Publications. ISBN 9780960240432.
  • Wellborn, Charles (1945). History of the 86th Mountain Infantry in Italy. Denver, Colorado: Bradford-Robinson Printing Company.
  • Chronology of the 10th Mountain Division in World War II