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86th United States Congress

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The Eighty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1959, to January 3, 1961, during the last two years of the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventeenth Census of the United States in 1950. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. When Alaska and Hawaii were admitted as states in 1959, the membership of the House temporarily increased to 437 (seating one member from each of those newly admitted states and leaving the apportionment of the other 435 seats unchanged); it would remain at 437 until reapportionment resulting from the 1960 census.

86th United States Congress
85th ←
→ 87th
USCapitol1956.jpg
January 3, 1959 (1959-01-03) – January 3, 1961 (1961-01-03)
Senate PresidentRichard Nixon (R)
Senate President pro temCarl Hayden (D)
House SpeakerSam Rayburn (D)
Members96 (then increasing to 100) senators
435 (then temporarily increasing to 437)
members of the House
Senate MajorityDemocratic
House MajorityDemocratic
Sessions
1st: January 7, 1959 – September 15, 1959
2nd: January 6, 1960 – September 1, 1960

Contents

Major eventsEdit

Major legislationEdit

Constitutional amendmentsEdit

 
The official Joint Resolution of Congress proposing what became the 23rd Amendment as contained in the National Archives

TreatiesEdit

States admittedEdit

  • August 21, 1959: Hawaii was admitted as the 50th state.

Party summariesEdit

SenateEdit

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 50 45 95 1
Begin 64 34 98 0
End 66 100
Final voting share 66.0% 34.0%
Beginning of next congress 65 35 100 0

House of RepresentativesEdit

Party
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of previous congress 232 193 425 10
Begin 282 153 435 0
End 281 151 4325
Final voting share 65.0% 35.0%
Beginning of next congress 263 174 437 0

TOTAL members: 437. The increase over the usual 435 members was due to the admission of Alaska and Hawaii, whose seats were temporary until reapportionment following the 1960 Census.

LeadershipEdit

Congressional Leaders
Senate President
Richard Nixon (R)
Senate President pro tempore
Carl Hayden
House Speaker
Sam Rayburn

SenateEdit

Majority (Democratic) leadershipEdit

Minority (Republican) leadershipEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

Majority (Democratic) leadershipEdit

Minority (Republican) leadershipEdit

CaucusesEdit

MembersEdit

SenateEdit

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1960; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1962; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1964.

House of RepresentativesEdit

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membershipEdit

SenateEdit

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Hawaii
(1)
New seats Hawaii achieved statehood August 21, 1959. Hiram Fong (R) August 21, 1959
Hawaii
(3)
Oren E. Long (D)
North Dakota
(1)
William Langer (R) Died November 8, 1959. Clarence N. Brunsdale (R) November 19, 1959
Oregon
(2)
Richard L. Neuberger (D) Died March 9, 1960 Hall S. Lusk (D) March 16, 1960
North Dakota
(1)
Clarence N. Brunsdale (R) Successor elected June 28, 1960.
Successor qualified August 8, 1960.
Quentin N. Burdick (D) August 8, 1960
Missouri
(3)
Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. (D) Died September 13, 1960 Edward V. Long (D) September 23, 1960
Oregon
(2)
Hall S. Lusk (D) Successor elected November 8, 1960 Maurine Brown Neuberger (D) November 9, 1960
Massachusetts
(1)
John F. Kennedy (D) Resigned December 22, 1960, after being elected President of the United States Benjamin A. Smith II (D) December 27, 1960

House of RepresentativesEdit

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[a]
Missouri 4th George H. Christopher (D) Died January 23, 1959 William J. Randall (D) March 3, 1959
New York 43rd Daniel A. Reed (R) Died February 19, 1959 Charles Goodell (R) May 26, 1959
Ohio 6th James G. Polk (D) Died April 28, 1959 Ward Miller (R) November 8, 1960
Hawaii Territory At-large John A. Burns (D) Hawaii achieved statehood. Seat eliminated August 21, 1959
Hawaii At-large New seat Hawaii achieved statehood August 21, 1959 Daniel Inouye (D) August 21, 1959
Illinois 12th Charles A. Boyle (D) Died November 4, 1959 Vacant Not filled this term
Iowa 4th Steven V. Carter (D) Died November 4, 1959 John H. Kyl (R) December 15, 1959
Pennsylvania 17th Alvin Bush (R) Died November 5, 1959 Herman T. Schneebeli (R) April 26, 1960
New York 23rd Isidore Dollinger (D) Resigned December 31, 1959 Jacob H. Gilbert (D) March 8, 1960
Pennsylvania 18th Richard M. Simpson (R) Died January 7, 1960 Douglas H. Elliott (R) April 26, 1960
North Carolina 12th David M. Hall (D) Died January 29, 1960 Roy A. Taylor (D) June 25, 1960
Washington 3rd Russell V. Mack (R) Died March 28, 1960 Julia Butler Hansen (D) November 8, 1960
Pennsylvania 18th Douglas H. Elliott (R) Died June 19, 1960 J. Irving Whalley (R) November 8, 1960
North Dakota At-large Quentin N. Burdick (D) Resigned August 8, 1960, after becoming U.S. Senator Vacant Not filled this term
Massachusetts 5th Edith Nourse Rogers (R) Died September 10, 1960
Wyoming At-large Edwin K. Thomson (R) Died December 9, 1960
New York 5th Albert H. Bosch (R) Resigned December 31, 1960, after being elected judge of Court of Queens County

CommitteesEdit

Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (2 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.

SenateEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

Joint committeesEdit

Employees and legislative agency directorsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.

ReferencesEdit

Specific citations
  1. ^ "Nation Honor Lincoln On Sesquicentennial" (PDF). Yonkers Herald-Statesman. Northern Illinois University Libraries. Associated Press. February 11, 1959. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 1, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013. Congress gets into the act tomorrow, when a joint session will be held. Carl Sandburg, famed Lincoln biographer, will give and address, and actor Fredric March will read the Gettysburg Address.
General references