86th Carnatic Infantry

The 86th Carnatic Infantry was an infantry regiment originally raised in 1794 as the 36th Madras Native Infantry, part of the Presidency of Madras Army which was itself part of the Honourable East India Company Army. The presidency armies, like the presidencies themselves, belonged to the East India Company until the Government of India Act 1858 (passed in the aftermath of the Indian Rebellion of 1857) transferred all three presidencies to the direct authority of the British Crown. In 1903 all three presidency armies were merged into the British Indian Army. The unit was disbanded before Indian Independence.

86th Carnatic Infantry
Active1794–1922
CountryBritish India
BranchArmy
TypeInfantry
SizeBattalion
Part ofMadras Army (to 1895)
Madras Command
ColorsRed; faced dark green, 1882 green, 1898 emerald green
EngagementsFourth Anglo-Mysore War
First Burmese War
Second Burmese War
World War I

HistoryEdit

Their first action was in the Battle of Nagpore in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War; then the Battle of Kemendine in the First Burmese War. They returned to Burma in 1885, in the Second Burmese War.

During World War I they were attached to the 9th (Secunderabad) Division which remained in India, on internal security and training duties.

After World War I the Indian government reformed the army moving from single battalion regiments to multi battalion regiments.[1] In 1922, the 86th Carnatic Infantry became the 10th (Training) Battalion, 3rd Madras Regiment. The regiment was later disbanded for economic reasons.

Predecessor namesEdit

  • 36th Madras Native Infantry - 1794
  • 2nd Battalion, 13th Madras Native Infantry - 1798
  • 26th Madras Native Infantry - 1824
  • 26th Madras Infantry - 1885
  • 86th Carnatic Infantry - 1903

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sumner p.15
  • Barthorp, Michael; Burn, Jeffrey (1979). Indian infantry regiments 1860-1914. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-85045-307-0.
  • Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 0-9776072-8-3.
  • Sharma, Gautam (1990). Valour and sacrifice famous regiments of the Indian Army. Allied Publishers. ISBN 81-7023-140-X.
  • Sumner, Ian (2001). The Indian Army 1914-1947. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-196-6.
  • Moberly, F.J. (1997). Military Operations Mesopotamia. ISBN 978-1-870423-30-4.