83rd New York State Legislature

The 83rd New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to April 17, 1860, during the second year of Edwin D. Morgan's governorship, in Albany.

83rd New York State Legislature
82nd 84th
Old State Capitol at Albany NY.jpg
The Old State Capitol (1879)
Legislative bodyNew York State Legislature
JurisdictionNew York, United States
TermJanuary 1 – December 31, 1860
PresidentLt. Gov. Robert Campbell (R)
Temporary PresidentNathan Lapham (R), from January 25
Party controlRepublican (23-9)
SpeakerDeWitt C. Littlejohn (R)
Party controlRepublican (91-37)
1stJanuary 3 – April 17, 1860


Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (four districts) and Kings County (two districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.

At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. The Know Nothings, or "American Party," endorsed either Republican or Democratic nominees.


The 1859 New York state election was held on November 8. The nine statewide elective offices were carried by six Republicans and three Democrats. The approximate party strength at this election, as gathered from the vote for State officers was: Republican 251,000; Democratic 227,000; and American 25,000. The Americans did not nominate own candidates, but endorsed five Republicans and four Democrats on their State ticket. This led to easy elections of the endorsed Republicans, but very tight races for the endorsed Democrats, three of whom were elected by very slim majorities.


The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1860; and adjourned on April 17.

DeWitt C. Littlejohn (R) was re-elected Speaker with 89 votes against 30 for Theophilus C. Callicot (D).

On January 25, Nathan Lapham (R) was elected president pro tempore of the State Senate.

State SenateEdit


Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.


The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Francis B. Spinola, Lyman Truman, Alexander B. Williams and Erastus S. Prosser were re-elected. Edward A. Lawrence and Thomas A. Gardiner changed from the Assembly to the Senate.

Party affiliations follow the vote on Senate officers.

District Senator Party Notes
1st Edward A. Lawrence* Democrat
2nd Thomas A. Gardiner* Democrat
3rd Francis B. Spinola* Democrat
4th John McLeod Murphy Democrat
5th Bernard Kelly Democrat
6th Benjamin F. Manierre Republican
7th Richard B. Connolly Democrat
8th Hezekiah D. Robertson Republican
9th Robert Y. Grant Democrat
10th Joshua Fiero Jr. Republican
11th John H. Ketcham Republican
12th Volney Richmond Republican
13th Andrew J. Colvin Democrat
14th Joseph H. Ramsey Republican
15th Isaiah Blood Democrat
16th Nathan Lapham Republican on January 25, elected president pro tempore
17th Charles C. Montgomery Republican
18th James A. Bell Republican
19th William H. Ferry Republican
20th Francis M. Rotch Republican
21st Andrew S. Warner Republican
22nd Allen Munroe Republican
23rd Perrin H. McGraw Republican
24th Lyman Truman* Republican
25th Alexander B. Williams* Republican
26th Thomas Hillhouse Republican
27th Samuel H. Hammond Republican
28th Ephraim Goss Republican
29th Peter P. Murphy Republican
30th David H. Abell Republican
31st Erastus S. Prosser* Republican
32nd Walter L. Sessions Republican


  • Clerk: James Terwilliger
  • Deputy Clerk: Loren B. Sessions
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: James C. Clark
  • Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms: George H. Knapp
  • Doorkeeper: Peter Kilmer
  • First Assistant Doorkeeper: Charles Johnson
  • Second Assistant Doorkeeper: John H. France
  • Third Assistant Doorkeeper: Caspar Walter

State AssemblyEdit


The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.

Party affiliations follow the vote for Speaker.

District Assemblymen Party Notes
Albany 1st John I. Slingerland Republican
2nd Stephen Merselis Jr. Republican
3rd Samuel W. Gibbs Democrat
4th Lorenzo D. Collins* Republican
Allegany 1st William M. Smith Republican
2nd Darwin E. Maxson Republican
Broome Henry Mather Republican
Cattaraugus 1st Ulysses P. Crane Republican
2nd James M. Smith Republican
Cayuga 1st William W. Payne* Republican
2nd Allen D. Morgan Republican
Chautauqua 1st Ebenezer G. Cook Republican
2nd Hiram Smith 2d Republican
Chemung Lucius Robinson Republican
Chenango 1st Samuel L. Beebe Republican
2nd Joseph Bush Republican
Clinton Henry McFadden Republican
Columbia 1st Peter McArthur Republican
2nd P. Edward Van Alstyne Republican
Cortland John A. McVean Republican
Delaware 1st vacant Assemblyman-elect Donald Douglas Shaw died on December 29, 1859
Barna R. Johnson Republican elected to fill vacancy; seated on February 15
2nd Samuel A. Law* Republican
Dutchess 1st Abiah W. Palmer Republican
2nd Richard J. Garretson Democrat
Erie 1st Orlando Allen Republican
2nd Henry B. Miller* Republican
3rd Hiram Newell Republican
4th Joseph H. Plumb Republican
Essex Martin Finch Republican
Franklin Wells S. Dickinson Republican
Fulton and Hamilton James Kennedy Democrat
Genesee Elbridge G. Moulton* Republican
Greene Gerry Coonley Democrat
Herkimer 1st Stephen R. Millington Republican
2nd Irving Holcomb Republican
Jefferson 1st Bernard D. Searles Republican
2nd William W. Taggart Republican
3rd Moses C. Jewett Republican
Kings 1st Andrew A. Myers Democrat
2nd Charles Kelsey Democrat
3rd Theophilus C. Callicot Democrat
4th James Darcy Democrat
5th William C. Jones Democrat
6th Charles M. Briggs Republican
7th George H. Fisher Republican
Lewis Richardson T. Hough Republican
Livingston 1st Samuel L. Fuller* Republican
2nd John Wiley* Republican
Madison 1st David Clark Republican
2nd James Barnett Republican
Monroe 1st Thomas J. Jeffords Republican
2nd Elias Pond* Republican
3rd Alphonso Perry* Republican
Montgomery Jay D. Bowman Am./Dem.[1]
New York 1st William Burns Democrat
2nd William Walsh Democrat
3rd Christian B. Woodruff* Democrat
4th William Gover* Democrat
5th William L. Coles Democrat
6th Samuel T. Webster Democrat
7th Frederick A. Conkling* Republican on November 6, 1860, elected to the 37th U.S. Congress
8th Thomas O'Rourke Democrat
9th David R. Jaques Republican
10th Joseph P. Cooper Republican
11th Cummings H. Tucker Republican
12th Andrew Smith Democrat
13th Peter Masterson* Democrat
14th Theodore B. Voorhees Democrat
15th George W. Varian Democrat
16th Henry Arcularius Democrat
17th William Harris Democrat
Niagara 1st Thomas T. Flagler Republican
2nd Burt Van Horn* Republican on November 6, 1860, elected to the 37th U.S. Congress
Oneida 1st James McQuade Republican
2nd Benjamin Allen Republican
3rd Thomas Evans Republican
4th George Williams Republican
Onondaga 1st Jeremiah Emerick Republican
2nd Austin Myers Republican
3rd Philetus Clark Republican
Ontario 1st Lewis Peck Republican
2nd Shotwell Powell* Republican
Orange 1st Peter C. Regan Democrat
2nd Harvey R. Cadwell Democrat
Orleans Abel Stilson Republican
Oswego 1st DeWitt C. Littlejohn* Republican re-elected Speaker
2nd William H. Carter Republican
3rd Robert S. Kelsey Republican
Otsego 1st Ezra S. Whipple Republican
2nd David B. St. John* Republican
Putnam Edwin A. Pelton* Republican
Queens 1st Stephen Taber Democrat
2nd John Pettit Democrat
Rensselaer 1st Thomas Coleman* Republican
2nd James A. Culver Republican
3rd Anson Bingham* Republican
Richmond Theodore C. Vermilye Democrat
Rockland Peter S. Yeury Democrat
St. Lawrence 1st Charles Richardson Republican
2nd Edwin A. Merritt Republican
3rd Clark S. Chittenden Republican
Saratoga 1st John Fulton Democrat
2nd Judiah Ellsworth Republican
Schenectady Peter Dorsch Republican
Schoharie John W. Couchman Democrat
Schuyler Edwin H. Downs Republican
Seneca John C. Hall Democrat
Steuben 1st Daniel Gray Republican
2nd Wickham R. Crocker* Republican
3rd Lorenzo N. Rider Republican
Suffolk 1st Philander R. Jennings Republican
2nd Richard J. Cornelius* Democrat
Sullivan Abram W. Decker Democrat
Tioga David Earll* Republican
Tompkins Jeremiah W. Dwight Republican
Ulster 1st Humphrey Jewell Republican
2nd Jeremiah Clark Democrat
3rd John H. Kortright Democrat
Warren Benjamin C. Butler Republican
Washington 1st James Savage Republican
2nd Pelatiah Jakway Republican
Wayne 1st James M. Servis Republican
2nd Abel J. Bixby Republican
Westchester 1st William T. B. Milliken Republican
2nd N. Holmes Odell Democrat
3rd Gaylord B. Hubbell* Republican
Wyoming George G. Hoskins Republican
Yates George R. Barden Republican


  • Clerk: William Richardson[2]
  • Assistant Clerk: Luther Caldwell
  • Sergeant-at-Arms: Eleazer A. Williams
  • Doorkeeper: Joseph Ball
  • First Assistant Doorkeeper: Charles L. Curtis
  • Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Bradford Davis
  • Journal Clerk: Cornelius S. Underwood
  • Engrossing Clerk: Henry S. Crandall
  • Senior Deputy Clerk: John A. Haddock


  1. ^ Bowman was elected on the Know Nothing and Democratic tickets, and voted for Samuel L. Law as Speaker. Law had been the Know Nothing candidate for Speaker in 1858, but voted now for Littlejohn.
  2. ^ William Richardson (1822–1893), later an alderman in Brooklyn, and owner of the Atlantic Avenue Railroad; see Biography