837th Air Division
The 837th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with Tactical Air Command's Ninth Air Force at Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina where it was inactivated on 1 February 1963.
|837th Air Division
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Role||Command of tactical reconnaissance forces|
|Part of||Tactical Air Command|
|837th Air Division emblem (Approved 4 August 1958)|
The division was activated in February 1958 as the headquarters for the 363d and 432d Tactical Reconnaissance Wings at Shaw. It was also responsible for the Air Force's Advanced Tactical Reconnaissance Flying Training School, which was managed by the 432d Wing until the wing was inactivated in June 1959, then by the 4411th Combat Crew Training Group.
During the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, the division deployed most of its 363d Wing to MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, from which it conducted low altitude reconnaissance missions over harbors and military sites in Cuba. Shortly after the end of the crisis, in February 1963, the division was inactivated and its resources transferred to the USAF Tactical Air Reconnaissance Center, which was simultaneously activated at Shaw.
The 837th Air Division was activated at Shaw Air Force Base on 9 February 1958 when the 432d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing was activated as Tactical Air Command (TAC)'s second tactical reconnaissance wing there.[note 2] The 432d joined the 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing, which had been at Shaw since April 1951. The two wings were equipped with a variety of reconnaissance aircraft including both WB-66 and RB-66 Destroyers, Republic RF-84F Thunderflash aircraft and McDonnell RF-101 Voodoos. The division's 837th Air Base Group absorbed the resources of the inactivating 363d Air Base Group and became the host unit for active duty United States Air Force units stationed at Shaw. Brigadier General Mack, the commander of the 363d Wing, became the first commander of the division. The division's units performed visual, photographic, electronic, and weather reconnaissance.
In March 1958, the Air Force's advanced tactical reconnaissance school was assigned to the division, but was operated by the 432d Wing. The 4411th Combat Crew Training Group was organized and assigned to the division on 8 April 1959 and began preparations to manage the advanced flying school. In June, the 432d Wing was inactivated and the 4411th Group assumed command of the school from the division.
Before President Kennedy announced the presence of Soviet intermediate-range ballistic missiles in Cuba, the division and its 363d wing were notified of the high altitude reconnaissance missions by Lockheed U-2 aircraft of Strategic Air Command, which had indicated the construction of missile sites in Cuba, and began preparing target materials for possible low-level reconnaissance flights over the island. On 21 October 1962, the 363d Wing deployed RB-66s and RF-101s to MacDill Air Force Base, Florida, along with photographic interpreters and equipment from its 363d Reconnaissance Technical Squadron. For three weeks, beginning on 26 October, the wing conducted an intensive low level reconnaissance campaign over Cuba to detect missiles and short range Soviet Ilyushin Il-28 bombers. These sorties also provided the first evidence of a buildup of air defenses in Cuba when it detected SA-2 surface-to-air missiles.
The division was inactivated in February 1963 and its personnel formed the cadre for the USAF Tactical Air Reconnaissance Center, which was activated at Shaw the same day. The 4411th Combat Crew Training Group and the 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing were assigned to the new center. Brigadier General Aynesworth, the division commander, became the commander of the center.
- Established as the 837 Air Division on 16 January 1958
- Activated on 8 February 1958
- Discontinued and inactivated on 1 February 1963
- 363d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing: 8 February 1958 – 1 February 1963
- 432d Tactical Reconnaissance Wing: 8 February 1958 – 18 June 1959
- 837th Air Base Group (later 837th Combat Support Group): 8 February 1958 – 1 February 1963
- 4411th Combat Crew Training Group: 8 April 1959 – 1 February 1963
- USAF Advanced Flying Training School (Tactical Reconnaissance): March 1958 – c. 18 June 1959
- Douglas RB-66 Destroyer, 1958–1963
- Douglas WB-66 Destroyer, 1958–1963
- Republic RF-84F Thunderflash, 1958
- McDonnell RF-101 Voodoo, 1958–1963
- Aircraft is Douglas RB-66B serial 53-415.
- The 432d Wing's 432d Tactical Reconnaissance Group had been at Shaw since March 1954. Maurer, Combat Units, p. 302
- "Factsheet 837 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 11 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
- Mueller, p. 527
- "Biography, Brigadier General Stephen B. Mack". United States Air Force. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Ravenstein, pp.225-227
- "Abstract, History 4411 Combat Crew Training Group Apr-Jun 1959". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Ravenstein, pp. 191-194
- Russell, pp. 33-36
- Mueller, p. 533
- "Biography, Brigadier General Horace D. Aynesworth". United States Air Force. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Lineage, including components, aircraft and commanders in AFHRA Factsheet, except as noted
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Russell, Edward T. (2000). "The Cuban Missile Crisis". In Warnock, A. Timothy (ed.). Short of War: Major USAF Contingency Operations 1947-1997 (PDF). Maxwell AFG, AL: Air University Press. ISBN 978-0160504112. Retrieved 7 September 2015.