82nd Operations Group

(Redirected from 82d Fighter Group)

The 82nd Operations Group (82 OG) is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 82nd Training Wing, stationed at Williams Air Force Base, Arizona. It was inactivated on 31 March 1993.

82nd Operations Group
Emblem of the 82nd Fighter Group
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleFlying Training
Part ofAir Education and Training Command
Motto(s)Adorimini – Up and at'em!
  • World War II
European Campaign (1942–1945)

The Group's history goes back to January 1942, when the War Department constituted the 82nd Pursuit Group (Interceptor).


A formation of P-38 Lightnings from the 96th Fighter Squadron, 82nd Fighter Group over Italy, 1944

World War II


The history of the 82nd Operations Group goes back to 13 January 1942, when the War Department constituted the 82nd Pursuit Group (Interceptor).[1]

The 82nd was activated at Harding Field, Baton Rouge, Louisiana on 9 February 1942.[1] From February 1942 to 9 September 1945, the primary components of the group were the 95th, 96th and 97th Pursuit (later Fighter) Squadrons.[2]

At the end of April 1942 when it had sufficient personnel and equipment, the 82nd moved to Muroc Army Air Field, California, and started formation flying and gunnery and bombing training with Lockheed P-38 Lightning aircraft.[1] Half of the first class of flying sergeant enlisted pilots served with the 82nd.[3] In May the War Department redesignated the unit as the 82nd Fighter Group (Two Engine). The group left California in September and arrived in Northern Ireland in October where it received additional training.[1] At about the same time, the Allies launched their invasion of French North Africa. By December 1942, Axis forces had repelled the Allied advance, and the long winter campaign had begun. It was at this time that the 82nd Fighter Group moved to North Africa to serve with Twelfth Air Force.

Between Christmas and New Year's Day, the 82nd operated from Tafaraoui Airfield, Algeria, to protect two convoys in an anti-submarine patrol. On 1 January 1943, the air echelon moved to Telergma Airport, Algeria, where it was joined by the ground echelon in February 1943.

The 82nd soon distinguished itself in dogfights with enemy fighters while escorting bombers over Gabes, Sfax, Tunis, Bizerte, Kairouan, Sardinia, and other points. On 20 March 1943, while escorting North American B-25 Mitchells in a sea search off Cape Bon, a group of P-38s engaged the enemy in an air battle. Even though they were outnumbered by 50 enemy fighters, the 82nd emerged with 11 confirmed kills, 2 probables, and 2 damaged, while not losing a single bomber.[citation needed]

In April 1943, the group moved to Tunis to take part in the final phase of the Tunisian Campaign. On 11 April it destroyed 32 Junkers Ju 52s during a fighter sweep against enemy transport planes that were coming from Italy to supply the crumbling Afrika Korps. The group scored hits on 14 April during a bombing mission on a large transport off Cape Zebid and on 8 May executed a bombing attack on the airdrome at Pantelleria.

The Tunisian campaign ended in May 1943. Between December 1942 and May 1943, the 82nd Fighter Group flew 152 combat missions and 2,439 combat sorties. While escorting B-25, B-26, and B-17 bombers on 1,880 sorties, the group encountered 751 enemy aircraft, destroyed 199 of them, and lost 64 P-38s.

From July to August 1943, the 82nd engaged in the Allied invasion of Sicily while supporting bomber raids against Naples on 17 July and participating in the first raid on Rome on 19 July. It flew 191 combat missions in this period. The missions amounted to 3,335 combat sorties; escorted 2,987 B-25 and 382 B-26s; and engaged in 57 skip and dive bombing attacks. [Needs clarification.] The 82nd destroyed 78 enemy planes, had 17 probables, and damaged 56, while losing only 11 P-38s. On 25 August, it conducted a low level strafing attack against enemy aircraft concentrations at Foggia, Italy for which it received a Distinguished Unit Citation(DUC).[1] Just over a week later, the group was awarded a second DUC for its actions in protecting a group of bombers that encountered strong enemy opposition in an attack on marshalling yards near Naples.[1]

During the invasion of Italy by the United States Fifth Army, between 6 and 18 September 1943, the group patrolled the beachhead at Salerno where the pilots flew a round-the-clock schedule, dive-bombing enemy transports, communications, and gun positions. They also flew low altitude reconnaissance missions through the Foggia area reporting crucial enemy activities.

The movement of the 82nd to Italy and its assignment to Fifteenth Air Force was part of the airpower buildup to provide fighter protection for the bombers of the Fifteenth Air Force, when they strafed and bombed Axis oil targets. From January 1944 until May 1945, the P-38s of the 82nd Fighter Group struck oil centers at Ploiești in Romania, Blechhammer in Poland, Vienna in Austria, Dubova in Czechoslovakia, as well as in Hungary, France, and Yugoslavia. On 10 June 1944, the 82nd participated in one of the most daring strikes of the war, bombing the Romano-Americano oil refineries at Ploiești, the most heavily defended target on the continent.[1] The group was awarded a third DUC for this mission, in which it braved head-on attacks by enemy interceptors.[1]

The 82nd engaged in another spectacular episode when it used a single-seat fighter aircraft for the first time to rescue a downed fighter pilot on enemy soil. On 4 August 1944, while on a strafing mission against the airdrome at Focsani, Rumania, the aircraft flown by Capt E. Willsie was hit by ground fire. A veteran of 60 missions, Willsie radioed his position to the formation, crash-landed his plane, demolished it, and then hitched a ride in the lap of Second Lieutenant Richard T. Andrews, who had landed his P-38 in a pasture to rescue Willsie. On 7 Nov 1944 in the Niš incident P-38s of the 82rd Fighter Group became involved in a friendly fire incident with the 886th Aviation regiment of the Red Air Force; and had three casualties:Lt Coulson of 43-28662 Lt Brewer of 44-24035 both killed and Captain King forced to land at the Nis Airfield with a damaged plane 44-24392.

When the war in Europe ended in May 1945, the 82nd Fighter Group remained in Italy until it was inactivated on 9 September 1945.[1]

Aerial Victories Number
Group Hq 7 [4]
95th Fighter Squadron 199[5]
96th Fighter Squadron 194[6]
97th Fighter Squadron 145.98[7]
Group Total 545.98

Strategic Air Command


On 12 April 1947, the War Department activated the 82nd Fighter Group at Grenier Field in New Hampshire, and assigned it to Strategic Air Command (SAC).[1]

The group was outfitted with F-51 Mustang aircraft, and it trained in long range fighter and fighter escort operations. A few months later the Air Force decided to test the wing-base (Hobson Plan) organization. Under this plan, combat wings were established. On 15 August, the 82nd Fighter Group became a subordinate component of the 82nd Fighter Wing.[8] The test continued until 1 August 1948, by which time the Air Force had decided to adopt this type of organization as its standard. As a result, on 1 August, the 82nd Fighter Wing was discontinued, and the Air Force activated a permanent 82nd Fighter Wing, still with the 82nd Fighter Group assigned as a subordinate organization. In August 1949, the wing and its components were transferred from SAC to Continental Air Command.The group continued to operate at Grenier until its inactivation on 2 October 1949.[1]

Air Defense Command

F-94 Starfire

In 1955, the Air Force redesignated the unit as the 82nd Fighter Group (Air Defense) and activated it at New Castle Airport, DE,[1] where it assumed the personnel and equipment of the inactivating 525th Air Defense Group[9] as part of Air Defense Command's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars.[10] It was assigned to Air Defense Command (ADC)'s 4710th Air Defense Wing. Its operational squadrons were the 96th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, which was transferred from the 525th Air Defense Group,[11] and the 97th FIS, which moved from Wright-Patterson AFB, OH without personnel or equipment and replaced the 332nd FIS,[12] since another goal of Project Arrow was to reunited fighter squadrons with their traditional headquarters.[10] Both Squadrons flew F-94C Starfire interceptors.[13] Its primary mission was to provide air defense for the northeastern United States. It also acted as the host base organization for the USAF portion of New Castle Airport and was assigned several support units to fulfil this mission.[14][15] In 1957, it was announced that Air Defense Command would be reducing its forces, and the 82nd FIG was inactivated on 8 January 1958.

Williams AFB 1991-1993


On 15 December 1991, the group was redesignated as the 82nd Operations Group (82nd OG) and activated at Williams AFB, AZ as a result of the 82 Flying Training Wing implementing the USAF objective wing organization. The 82nd OG was assigned all the flying units of the 82nd Flying Training Wing. In 1991 Congress approved the second round of base closures, as identified by the Base Realignment and Closure Commission. On that list was Williams AFB. The base was to cease operation as of 30 September 1993. As a result, the 82nd Operations Group was inactivated on 31 March 1993.


  • Constituted as the 82nd Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 13 January 1942
Activated on 9 February 1942
Redesignated as the 82nd Fighter Group (Two Engine) on 15 May 1942
Inactivated in Italy on 9 September 1945.
  • Redesignated as the 82nd Fighter Group, Single Engine 1947
Activated on 12 April 1947
Inactivated on 2 October 1949
Redesignated as 82nd Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 20 June 1955
Activated on 18 August 1955
Inactivated on 30 June 1958
  • Redesignated as 82nd Operations Group and activated on 15 December 1991
Inactivated on 31 March 1993







Awards and campaigns

Award streamer Award Dates Notes
  Distinguished Unit Citation 25 April 1943 82nd Fighter Group, Italy[1]
  Distinguished Unit Citation 2 September 1943 82nd Fighter Group, Italy[1]
  Distinguished Unit Citation 10 June 1944 82nd Fighter Group, Ploiești, Romania[1]
82nd Fighter Group[1]
Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates
  Air Offensive, Europe 3 October 1942 – 5 June 1944
  Tunisia 24 December 1942 – 13 May 1943
  Sicily 14 May 1943 – 17 August 1943
  Naples-Foggia 18 August 1943 – 21 January 1944
  Rome-Arno 22 January 1944 – 9 September 1944
  Normandy 6 June 1944 – 24 July 1944
  Northern France 25 July 1944 – 14 September 1944
  Southern France 15 August 1944 – 14 September 1944
  North Apennines 10 September 1944 – 4 April 1945
  Rhineland 15 September 1944 – 21 March 1945
  Central Europe 22 March 1944 – 21 May 1945
  Po Valley 3 April 1945 – 8 May 1945
  Air Combat, EAME Theater 3 October 1942 – 11 May 1945

Aircraft assigned

  • Lockheed P-38 Lightning, (1942–1945)
  • North American P/F-51 Mustang, (1947–1949)
  • Lockheed F-94 Starfire, (1955–1958)
  • Cessna T-37 Tweet, (1991–1992)
  • Northrop T-38 Talon, (1991–1993)




  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Maurer 1983, pp. 147–149.
  2. ^ Maurer 1982, p. 321.
  3. ^ "1941-1945: World War II Sergeant Pilots".
  4. ^ Newton & Senning 1978, p. 575.
  5. ^ Newton & Senning 1978, pp. 581–582.
  6. ^ Newton & Senning 1978, pp. 583–584.
  7. ^ Newton & Senning 1978, pp. 584–585.
  8. ^ a b c Haulman, Daniel L. (21 June 2017). "82 Training Wing (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  9. ^ Cornett & Johnson 1980, p. 83.
  10. ^ a b Sturm, Volan & McMullen 1956, p. 6.
  11. ^ Haulman, Daniel L. (26 December 2007). "96 Flying Training Squadron (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  12. ^ Haulman, Daniel L. (1 April 2008). "Factsheet 97 Flying Training Squadron (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  13. ^ Cornett & Johnson 1980, p. 121.
  14. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson 1980, p. 147.
  15. ^ a b Abstract, History of 82nd USAF Infirmary, Jul-Dec 1955. Retrieved 16 May 2012
  16. ^ a b c "Factsheet 47 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 5 October 2007. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  17. ^ "Factsheet 5 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 4 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  18. ^ "Factsheet 305 Air Division, Bombardment". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 5 October 2007. Archived from the original on 29 November 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  19. ^ Haulman, Daniel (27 March 2017). "Factsheet 98 Flying Training Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  20. ^ Robertson, Patsy (12 January 2009). "Factsheet 99 Flying Training Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  21. ^ Abstract, History of 82nd USAF Dispensary, Jan-Jun 1957. Retrieved 16 May 2012



  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency

Further reading