76th Airlift Squadron

The 76th Airlift Squadron is part of the 86th Airlift Wing at Ramstein Air Base, Germany. It operates executive airlift aircraft, including the Learjet C-21A and Gulfstream C-37A Gulfstream V.

76th Airlift Squadron
McDonnell Douglas VC-9C (DC-9-32), USA - Air Force AN1673261.jpg
Active1943–1944; 1952–present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleAirlift
Part ofUnited States Air Forces in Europe
Garrison/HQRamstein Air Base
Motto(s)Safety Spirit Service
EngagementsPersian Gulf War[1]
DecorationsAir Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm[1]
Insignia
76th Airlift Squadron emblem (approved 11 February 1958)[1]76 AS.jpg
Lockheed C-121C-LO Super Constellation 54-0168

The squadron was first activated during World War II as the 76th Ferrying Squadron its primary mission was training aircrews on transport aircraft and it was redesignated the 76th Transport Transition Squadron in 1943. The squadron was disbanded in a general reorganization of Army Air Forces training units in the spring of 1944.

The squadron was reconstituted as the 76th Air Transport Squadron in July 1952, flying the Douglas C-54 Skymasters it had flown during the war. When Military Air Transport Service ended its airlift operations at Kelly Air Force Base, Texas in 1956, the squadron moved to Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina, from which it performed global airlift missions until 1993, when it moved to Ramstein and assumed its current mission.

MissionEdit

Conduct executive airlift missions.

HistoryEdit

World War IIEdit

The squadron was first activated in February 1943 at Homestead Army Air Base, Florida as the 76th Ferrying Squadron. It trained flight crews on a variety of multi-engine transport aircraft as part of Air Transport Command's 2d Operational Training Unit (OTU).[1] Despite its name, the 2d OTU acted primarily as a Replacement Training Unit, training train pilots and aircrews,[2] although just before it was disbanded, the first three Bomber Support Squadrons were activated at Homestead.[3] However, the Army Air Forces found that standard military units, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were not well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly, it adopted a more functional system in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit.[4] The 2d OTU and its components were disbanded and replaced at Homestead by the 563d AAF Base Unit, which continued the transport training mission for the remainder of the war.[1][5]

Global AirliftEdit

The squadron was reconstituted as the 76th Air Transport Squadron and activated with Douglas C-54 Skymasters at Kelly Air Force Base, Texas in July 1952, replacing the 1289th Air Transport Squadron, which was simultaneously discontinued.[1][6] As Military Air Transport Service increasingly moved its airlift operations from the central United States to the coasts and the Skymaster was withdrawn from service, the squadron moved to Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina in February 1956 and began to operate Lockheed C-121 Constellations. The squadron transported United Nations troops during the Suez Crisis in November 1956. As the 76th Military Airlift Squadron, it supported operations in Southeast Asia from 1966 through 1973, ald later participated in the evacuation of Saigon in May 1975. It participated in Operation Urgent Fury, the 1983 replacement of revolutionary government of Grenada with a constitutional one and in Operation Just Cause, the 1989 incursion into Panama to outs Manuel Noriega. It provided airlift for The Gulf War from August 1990 through December 1991. The squadron moved to Ramstein Air Base, Germany as the number of Lockheed C-141 Starlifter at Charleston was reduced.[1]

Executive airliftEdit

At Ramstein, the squadron has provided operational support airlift with a variety of passenger aircraft.[1]

Secretary of Commerce IncidentEdit

On 3 April 1996, 76th Boeing CT-43 Bobcat (Flight IFO-21) crashed on approach to Dubrovnik Airport, Croatia, while on an official trade mission. The aircraft, originally built as T-43A navigational trainer and later converted into an executive transport aircraft, was carrying United States Secretary of Commerce Ron Brown and 34 other people, including The New York Times Frankfurt bureau chief Nathaniel C. Nash.[7] While attempting an instrument approach, the airplane crashed into a mountainside. Air Force Technical Sergeant Shelly Kelly survived the initial impact, but died en route to hospital. Everyone else on board died at the scene of the crash.[8] Unlike civilian 737s, the military CT-43A version was equipped with neither a flight data recorder nor a cockpit voice recorder.[9]

LineageEdit

  • Constituted as the 76th Ferrying Squadron (Special) on 30 January 1943
Activated on 8 February 1943
Redesignated as 76th Transport Transition Squadron on 4 June 1943
Disbanded on 31 March 1944
  • Reconstituted and redesignated 76th Air Transport Squadron, Medium on 20 June 1952
Activated on 20 July 1952
Redesignated 76th Military Airlift Squadron on 8 January 1966
Redesignated 76th Airlift Squadron on 1 October 1991[1]

AssignmentsEdit

StationsEdit

  • Homestead Army Air Base, Florida, 8 February 1943 – 31 March 1944
  • Kelly Air Force Base, Texas, 20 July 1952
  • Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina, 1 February 1956
  • Ramstein Air Base, Germany, 1 October 1993 – present[1]

AircraftEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Forte, Maria (4 April 2018). "Factsheet 76 Airlift Squadron (USAFE)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  2. ^ Craven & Cate, Introduction, p. xxxvi
  3. ^ Mueller, p. 255 (these squadrons were immediately designated as Air Transport Squadrons, Mobile).
  4. ^ Goss, p. 75
  5. ^ Mueller, p. 255
  6. ^ Mueller, pp. 283-284
  7. ^ Staff reporter, no byline (4 April 1996). "State Department releases list of crash victims". CNN. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  8. ^ No byline (22 August 2008). "Najpotresnije zrakoplovne nesreće u hrvatskoj povijesti". Index.hr. (in Croatian)
  9. ^ Hughes, David "USAF, NTSB, Croatia Probe 737 Crash", Aviation Week & Space Technology, April 8, 1996

BibliographyEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.