76 mm regimental gun M1927

The 76 mm regimental gun M1927 (Russian: 76-мм полковая пушка обр. 1927 г.) was a Soviet infantry support gun. The gun was developed in 1927 by the design bureau of Orudiyno-Arsenalny Trest (OAT) and entered production in 1928. A total of 18,116 pieces were built. On June 22, 1941, the Red Army had 4,708 of these guns. In 1943 the gun was replaced in production by the 76 mm regimental gun M1943, but remained in service until the end of the war. The Germans placed captured guns into service as the 7.62 cm Infanteriekanonehaubitze 290(r) (infantry gun-howitzer), while in the Finnish army they were known as 76 RK/27.

76 mm regimental gun M1927
76-mm regimental gun model 1927 in the Central Armed Forces Museum, Moscow, Russia
TypeInfantry support gun
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
Used by Soviet Union
 Nazi Germany
WarsWinter War
World War II
Production history
No. built18,116[1]
Mass780 kg (1,720 lb)
Length3.5 m (11 ft 6 in)
Barrel length1.25 m (4 ft 1 in) L/16.4
Width1.7 m (5 ft 7 in)
Height1.3 m (4 ft 3 in)[2]

ShellFixed QF 76.2 x 385mm R
Shell weight6.2 kg (13 lb 11 oz)
Caliber76.2 mm (3 in)
Breechinterrupted screw
CarriagePole trail
Elevation-6° to 25°
Rate of fire10 - 12 rpm
Muzzle velocity387 m/s (1,270 ft/s)
Maximum firing range4.2 km (2.6 mi)[2]

The gun was intended for destruction of light field fortifications and openly placed personnel by direct fire. HEAT shell gave it limited anti-tank capabilities. It was chambered for the same shell size as 76.2mm divisional guns, but with a reduced propellant charge. Since firing higher-power divisional gun ammunition could damage the gun, the shell flange was modified so that divisional gun ammunition couldn't be loaded into the chamber of the regimental gun.[3]

The M1927 was issued to rifle and cavalry regiments of the Red Army. Artillery battalion of rifle brigade included one battery of M1927. Some guns were used by anti-tank artillery battalions.

Ammunition edit

  • Ammunition types:
    • Fragmentation-HE: OF-350.
    • Fragmentation: O-350A.
    • HEAT: BP-350M.
  • Projectile weight:
    • OF-350: 6.2 kg (13 lb 11 oz)
  • Muzzle velocity:
    • OF-350, O-350A: 262 m/s (860 ft/s)
    • BP-350M: 311 m/s (1,020 ft/s)
  • Effective range:
    • OF-350, O-350A: 4,200 m (4,600 yd)
    • BP-350M: 1,000 m (1,100 yd)

76 mm regimental gun M1943 edit

The M1943 used a modernized barrel from the 76 mm regimental gun M1927 and the split-trail carriage from the 45 mm anti-tank gun M1942 (M-42).

Self-Propelled Guns edit

  • SU-12 - The M1927 was mounted on a shielded pedestal mount on a modified GAZ-AAA truck, and was in production from 1933 to 1935.
  • SU-26 - The M1927 was mounted on a pedestal mount with a triangular shield on the chassis of the T-26 tank.

Tank Guns edit

A variant of the M1927 with recoil length reduced from 90 cm (2 ft 11 in) to 50 cm (1 ft 8 in) was designated the 76 mm KT tank gun model 1927/32.[4]

The 76 mm KT was installed in these Soviet tanks:

  • BT-7A - The 76 mm KT was installed in a new turret on the chassis of the BT-7.
  • T-26-4 - The 76 mm KT was installed in a new turret on the chassis of the T-26 .
  • T-28 - The primary turret of early versions of the T-28 was armed with a 76 mm KT.
  • T-35 - The primary turret was armed with a 76 mm KT.

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ Shirokorad, Alexander (2000). Энциклопедия отечественной артиллерии [Encyclopedia of Russian Artillery] (in Russian). Minsk: Kharvest. p. 1156. ISBN 985-433-703-0.
  2. ^ a b c Chamberlain, Peter (1975). Infantry, mountain, and airborne guns. Gander, Terry. New York: Arco. p. 61. ISBN 0668038195. OCLC 2067391.
  3. ^ "76-мм полковая пушка обр. 1927 г". Retrieved 2021-04-02.
  4. ^ Kolomiets, Maksim (2007). T-26 : ti︠a︡zhelai︠a︡ sudʹba legkogo tanka. Moskva: IAuza. pp. 22–24. ISBN 978-5-699-21871-4. OCLC 163620596.

External links edit

  • Chamberlain, Peter & Gander, Terry. Infantry, Mountain and Airborne Guns. New York: Arco, 1975
  • Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3
  • Ivanov A. - Artillery of the USSR in Second World War - SPb Neva, 2003 (Иванов А. Артиллерия СССР во Второй Мировой войне. — СПб., Издательский дом Нева, 2003., ISBN 5-7654-2731-6)
  • Shunkov V. N. - The Weapons of the Red Army, Mn. Harvest, 1999 (Шунков В. Н. - Оружие Красной Армии. — Мн.: Харвест, 1999.) ISBN 985-433-469-4
  • 76.2-mm Regimental gun model 1927 on the BattleField.Ru Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine