This article needs to be updated.(September 2022)
The 72nd Separate Mechanized Brigade named after the Black Zaporozhians is a formation of the Ukrainian Ground Forces. It was previously named the 29th Rifle Division (2nd formation) and then the 72nd Guards Rifle Division of the Soviet Ground Forces. In 1957, it became a motor rifle division.
|72nd Mechanized Brigade|
72nd Guards Mechanized Brigade
72nd Guards Mechanized Division
72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division
72nd Guards Rifle Division
29th Rifle Division (2nd Formation)
|Active||December 5, 1941 – Present|
|Part of||Operational Command North|
|Garrison/HQ||Bila Tserkva, Kyiv Oblast|
|Nickname(s)||The Black Brigade|
|Motto(s)||Ukraine or death! (Ukrainian: Україна або смерть!)|
|March||"Brave Lads, Brave Army" (Ukrainian: Хоробрі хлопці, відважне військо!)|
|Engagements||World War II|
|Decorations||Order of the Red Banner (removed)|
|Colonel Ivan Vinnik|
Since 2014, the brigade has participated in the Ukrainian-Russian war in Donbas as part of the Anti-Terrorist Operation. In the summer of 2014, units of the brigade fought hard on the Russian-Ukrainian border, in the Azov region, and in the winter of 2016 - near Avdiivka in the industrial zone.
World War IIEdit
The 29th Rifle Division (2nd formation) was redesignated the 72nd Guards Rifle Division by Directorate of the General Staff order No.104 on 1 March 1943. The units of the division were renumbered as follows:
|29th Rifle Division||72nd Guards Rifle Division|
|106th Rifle Regiment||222nd Guards Rifle Regiment|
|128th Rifle Regiment||224th Guards Rifle Regiment|
|77th Artillery Regiment||155th Guards Artillery Regiment|
On March 3, 1943, 72nd Guards Rifle Division was involved in battles for liberation of Belgorod. Soon they were near Kharkiv and Krasnohrad. On 19 September, the division was awarded the title Krasnohrad. On 8 January 1944, the division was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
The division fought in the Budapest Offensive from late October 1944. On 15 December, units of the division reinforced Cavalry Mechanized Group Pliev during the attack on Szécsény. On 9 January, the division was attached to the 24th Guards Rifle Corps. The division captured the area around Bart. The division's attack was stopped by the 1st Battalion of Grenadier Regiment 317 a kilometer north of the village.
In May 1946, the division became the 7th Guards Rifle Brigade, part of the 33rd Guards Rifle Corps. In October 1953, it became a division again. The 72nd Guards Rifle Division became a motor rifle division stationed in the Kyiv Military District at Bila Tserkva on 4 June 1957. It was part of the 1st Guards Army (Soviet Union). On 19 February 1962, the 280th Separate Equipment Maintenance and Recovery Battalion was activated. A missile battalions was also activated on the same day. In 1968, the 220th Separate Guards Sapper Battalion became an Engineer Sapper Battalion. In 1972, the 191st Separate Chemical Defence Company became the 23rd Separate Chemical Defence Battalion. The 1345th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion was activated on 15 November 1972. The motor transport battalion became the 892nd Separate Material Supply Battalion in 1980. In 1990, the division was equipped with 133 T-64 main battle tanks. During the Cold War, the division was maintained at 25% strength, with one full strength regiment.
After the fall of the Soviet Union it was transferred to Ukraine. In 1992, Colonel Volodymyr Lytvyntsev – Commander 72nd Guards Motor Rifle Division of the Kyiv Military District was given the rank of Major General.
On August 23, 1995, Colonel Nikolai Nikolaevich Tsytsyursky, Commander 72nd Mechanized Infantry Division of the 1st Army Corps of the Odessa Military District, was given the rank of Major-General. In accordance with a decree of August 23, 1998, division commander Colonel Grigoriy Pedchenko was promoted to major-general. On June 29, 1999, the 72nd Guards Mechanized Division of the Operational Command North of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was given the honorary title of "Kyiv".
It was reduced in size to a mechanized brigade in 2002.
In May 2014 72nd Guards Mechanized Brigade was involved in the Mariupol standoff during the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine. During this conflict Ukrainian singers Zlata Ognevich and Anastasia Prikhodko raised money for the Brigade. The brigade defended Sector D near Chernopartyzhansk, Sverdlovsk and Diakove alongside the 51st Mechanized Brigade from July 2014. Separatist and Russian attacks resulted in the brigade being surrounded and cut off from supply by early August. The brigade's 1st Battalion and elements of the 51st Brigade, along with a group of border guards (about 400 total), destroyed their weapons and crossed into Russia. They were interned and returned to Ukrainian territory. Major Mykhailo Drapatyi's 2nd Battalion of the brigade near Chernopartyzhansk broke out of the encirclement, covered by the 30th Mechanized and 95th Airmobile Brigades from the south. Two soldiers from the 2nd Battalion were killed in the breakout. The convoy in which 195 soldiers of the brigade returned to Ukrainian territory after crossing into Russia on 4 August 2014 was fired on by separatists.
On 18 November 2015 the brigade's honorific "Red Banner" was removed as part of an Armed Forces-wide removal of Soviet awards and honorifics. On 22 August 2016, its Guards title was removed. Its honorifics "Krasnohrad–Kyiv" were removed and replaced with the honorific Black Zaporozhian in honor of the Ukrainian People's Army Black Zaporizhian Cavalry Regiment on 23 August 2017.
Famous people of the divisionEdit
Divisional order of battleEdit
- 222nd Guards Motor Rifle Regiment – Bila Tserkva
- 224th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment – Bila Tserkva
- 229th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment – Bila Tserkva
- 292nd Guards Tank Regiment – Honcharivske
- 155th Guards Artillery Regiment – Smila
- 1129th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Regiment – Bila Tserkva
- 1345th Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 117th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 538th Separate Communications Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 23rd Separate Chemical Defence Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 220th Separate Engineer Battalion – Bila Tserkva
- 280th Separate Maintenance Battalion
- 892nd Combat Service Support Battalion
- Command and Staff of the 72nd Mechanized Infantry Division
- 224th Separate Mechanized Infantry Regiment
- 229th Separate Mechanized Infantry Regiment
- Separate Tank Battalion
- 155th Separate Self-Repelled Artillery Regiment
- 1129th Separate Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment
- 1345th Separate Anti-Tank Artillery Battalion
- 220th Separate Engineer Battalion
- 538th Separate Signal Battalion
- 117th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
- 23rd Separate Chemical Battalion
- 892nd Separate Logistics Battalion
- 280th Separate Repair and Recovery Battalion
- 149th Separate Medical Battalion
As of 2017 the brigade's structure is as follows:
- 72nd Mechanized Brigade, Bila Tserkva
- Headquarters & Headquarters Company
- 1st Mechanized Battalion
- 2nd Mechanized Battalion
- 3rd Mechanized Battalion
- Tank Battalion
- 12th Motorized Infantry Battalion "Kyiv"
- Brigade Artillery Regiment
- Anti-Aircraft Missile Artillery Battalion
- Engineer Battalion
- Maintenance Battalion
- Logistic Battalion
- Reconnaissance Company
- Sniper Company
- Electronic Warfare Company
- Signal Company
- Radar Company
- CBRN-defense Company
- Medical Company
Own symbolism appeared in the division in the second half of the 1990s. In the fall of 1996, the head of the group of socio-psychological department of the 229th Mechanized Regiment of the 72nd Mechanized Division Major V. Pektny developed a system of shrug management and parts of this connection. The emblems of the parts were a single -shaped shield and sizes, divided by horizontal into two halves. In the upper half of the shield, the symbolism of the division was contained: a bow with three arrows from the city coat of arms of the White Church against the background of the molding wall and the rising sun. The lower half of the shield was intended for the symbolism of a particular regiment or a separate battalion.
Until 2017, she had the honorary name of Krasnograd-Kyiv.
On August 23, 2017, in order to restore the historical traditions of the National Army on the names of military units, given the exemplary completion of the tasks, high rates in combat training and on the occasion of the 26th anniversary. On August 24, 2017, at the Independence Day parade of Ukraine, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko presented the brigade to the brigade.
On March 7, 2019, the Head of the General Staff of the Armed Forces Viktor Muzhenko approved the new symbolism of the brigade. The sketch mark consists of two elements: a wicked emblem and the motto. The emblem contains a British heraldic shield of red, the color of the shield symbolizes belonging to the point of permanent dislocation - the White Church, the color of which is also red. At the heart of the shield is an image of a black triangle, which combines the corners of the shield, which symbolizes the black headdress - the snack of the fighter of the equestrian regiment of the Black Cossacks. In the center of the shield is the image of the Adam's head, which is located on the back of the banners of the Black Cossacks. The deviation tape is a curved ribbon with the motto of the horse regiment of the Black Cossacks "Ukraine or Death" in the middle.
In December 2019, the brigade received a personal honorary flag (Korogwa) based on the historical symbolism of the Horse Regiment of Black Cossacks.
On May 6, 2022, the brigade was awarded the honorary award "For Courage and Bravery".
- Major General Anatoly Losev (1 March 1943 – 24 March 1945)
- Lieutenant Colonel Grigory Balatov (25 March – 25 April 1945)
- Colonel Alexander Pankov (26 April – 11 May 1945)
- Major General Pyotr Berestov (July 1945 – January 1947)
- Major General Sergiy Bezlishchenko
- Colonel Andriy Hryshchenko (– June 2015)
- Colonel Andriy Sokolov (June 2015 – present)
- Президент України перебуває у 72-й окремій Гвардійській механізованій бригаді [President of Ukraine visits 72nd Separate Guards Mechanized Brigade] (in Ukrainian). Press Service of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. 6 December 2005. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
- Під час польового виходу підрозділів 72-ї окремої механізованої бригади 8-го армійського корпусу Сухопутних військ ЗС України проводитиметься тренування екіпажів танків Т-64 та відпрацьовуватимуться питання із застосування радіозв’язку [72nd Separate Mechanized Brigade begins radio and T-64 tank training] (in Ukrainian). Press Center of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine. 9 February 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
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- Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 90/92
- Edict of the President of Ukraine No. 792/95
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- Decree of the President of Ukraine from 23 серпня 2017 year № 234/2017 «Про присвоєння почесних найменувань військовим частинам Збройних Сил України та уточнення деяких найменувань» (in Ukrainian)
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