700s BC (decade)
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This article concerns the period 709 BC – 700 BC.
|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
Events and trendsEdit
- 709 BC—First reported use of the conducting staff in a performance by "Pherekydes of Patrae, giver of rhythm".
- 708 BC—Traditional date of the foundation of Croton (modern Crotone) by colonists from Achaea.
- 707 BC—Spring and Autumn period: Duke Zhuang of Zheng defeats the armies of King Huan of Zhou, becoming the first vassal of the ruler of China to revolt.
- 706 BC—Traditional date when Spartan immigrants found Taras (Tarentum, the modern Taranto) colony in southern Italy.
- 706 BC—Sargon II, king of Assyria, dies.
- 705 BC—Sennacherib succeeds his father Sargon II.
- 704 BC—Sennacherib moves the capital of Assyria to Nineveh.
- 701 BC—November 10—King Hezekiah of Judah, backed by the Kingdom of Kush, revolts against King Sennacherib of Assyria. Sennacherib sacks many Israelite cities, but fails in his attempt to take Jerusalem.
- 700 BC—The Scythians start settling in Cimmerian areas, slowly replacing the previous inhabitants.
- 700 BC—End of the Villanovan culture in northern Italy and rise of the Etruscan civilization.
- 700 BC—The Upanishads, a sacred text of Hinduism, are written around this time.
- c. 700 BC—Geometric period of vases ends in Ancient Greece. Orientalizing period of vases starts. It starts in Corinth.
- c. 700 BC—Hesiod writes "Theogony".
- c. 700 BC–509 BC—Etruscan supremacy period in Italy.
- After c. 700 BC – Cities again begin to appear on the Indian subcontinent, especially in the north.
- 701 BC—Death of Duke Zhuang of Zheng, China.
- E.J. Bickerman, Chronology of the Ancient World (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1968), p. 197