70/20/10 Model (Learning and Development)

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The 70:20:10 Model for Learning and Development (also written as 70-20-10 or 70/20/10) is a learning and development model that suggests a proportional breakdown of how people learn effectively. It is based on a survey conducted in 1996 asking nearly 200 executives to self-report how they believed they learned.[1]

In this survey respondents reported the following influences on learning:

Michael Lombardo and Robert Eichinger expressed their rationale behind the 70:20:10 model in the following way in The Career Architect Development Planner:[1]

Development generally begins with a realization of current or future need and the motivation to do something about it. This might come from feedback, a mistake, watching other people’s reactions, failing or not being up to a task – in other words, from experience. The odds are that development will be about 70% from on-the-job experiences - working on tasks and problems; about 20% from feedback and working around good and bad examples of the need; and 10% from courses and reading.

Criticisms Edit

Criticisms of the hypothesis include:

  • A lack of supporting empirical evidence. [2]
  • The use of perfectly even numbers. [3]
  • The nature of the survey (i.e. Asking already successful managers to reflect on their experiences.) [4]
  • The model may not reflect the changes in the market instigated by online technologies. For example, it does not reflect the recent focus on informal learning.[5]
  • The 70:20:10 model is not prescriptive. Author and learning & development professional Andy Jefferson asserts it "is neither a scientific fact nor a recipe for how best to develop people."[4]
  • Every business has its own optimisation levers, and it will be imprudent to apply the 70:20:10 model to all businesses.
  • The method being too old and deprecated.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b Lombardo, Michael M; Eichinger, Robert W (1996). The Career Architect Development Planner (1st ed.). Minneapolis: Lominger. p. iv. ISBN 0-9655712-1-1.
  2. ^ Clardy, Alan (2018). "70-20-10 and the Dominance of Informal Learning: A Fact in Search of Evidence". Human Resource Development Review. 17 (2): 153–178. doi:10.1177/1534484318759399. S2CID 148964020.
  3. ^ Thalheimer, Will (May 2006). "People remember 10%, 20%...Oh Really?". Work-Learning Research. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  4. ^ a b Jefferson, Andrew; Roy, Pollock. "70:20:10: Where Is the Evidence?". Association for Talent Development. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  5. ^ "The 70:20:10 Model for Learning and Development | Training Industry". www.trainingindustry.com. 2017-09-28. Retrieved 2017-09-28.